Surnames Starting with B

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BLAUGerman
Means "blue" in German, most likely used to refer to a person who wore blue clothes.
BLAŽEKCzech
Derived from a given name which was a diminutive of BLAŽEJ.
BLECHERGerman
Occupational name for someone who worked with tin or sheet metal, from German blech "tin".
BLEIERGerman
Occupational name for a worker of lead, derived from German blei "lead".
BLEVINSWelsh
Derived from the Welsh given name BLEDDYN.
BLOMSwedish
Means "bloom, flower" in Swedish.
BLOMGRENSwedish
From Swedish blomma meaning "flower" and gren meaning "branch".
BLOODWORTHEnglish
Originally indicated someone from the town of Blidworth in Nottinghamshire, which was derived from the Old English byname Blīþa (meaning "happy, blithe") combined with worð "enclosure".
BLOXHAMEnglish
From a place name meaning "Blocca's homestead". The Old English byname Blocca is of uncertain origin.
BLUEEnglish
From a nickname for a person with blue eyes or blue clothing.
BLUMGerman, Jewish
Means "flower" in German and Yiddish.
BLUMENTHALGerman, Jewish
Derived from German Blumen "flowers" and Thal "valley".
BLUMSTEINJewish
Ornamental name meaning "flower stone" in German.
BLYTHEEnglish
From Old English meaning "happy, joyous, blithe".
BOATWRIGHTEnglish
Occupational name meaning "maker of boats".
BOBALCzech
Derived from Czech bob meaning "bean".
BODILSENDanish
Means "son of BODIL".
BODNÁRHungarian
Means "cooper, barrel maker" in Hungarian.
BODROGIHungarian
Originally denoted someone living near the Bodrog, a river in northeastern of Hungary.
BOELENSDutch
Means "son of BOELE".
BOELSDutch
Means "son of BOELE".
BOERDutch
Dutch form of BAUER.
BOEREFIJNDutch
Possibly an adaptation of French beurre fin meaning "good butter".
BOERIOItalian
From Italian boaro meaning "cowherd".
BOGDANIĆCroatian
Means "son of BOGDAN".
BOGNÁRHungarian
Hungarian form of WAGNER.
BOGOMOLOVRussian
Patronymic derived from Russian богомол (bogomol) meaning "pious one, devotionalist".
BÖHLERGerman
Derived from the name of several German towns called Boll or Böhl, meaning "hill".
BÖHMGerman
Originally indicated a person from the region of BOHEMIA (Böhmen in German).
BÖHMEGerman
Variant of BÖHM.
BOHNGerman
Occupational name for a bean grower, derived from Middle High German bone "bean".
BOIVINFrench
Nickname for a wine drinker, from Old French boi "to drink" and vin "wine".
BOKORHungarian
Topographic name derived from Hungarian bokor "bush". This is also the name of a village in Hungary.
BOLÍVARSpanish
From Bolibar, the name of a small Basque village, derived from Basque bolu "mill" and ibar "meadow". This name was borne by the revolutionary Simón Bolívar (1783-1830).
BOLKVADZEGeorgian
From Georgian ბოლქვი (bolkvi) meaning "tuber, bulb".
BOLOGNAItalian
From the name of the city of Bologna in northern Italy. It may derive from a Celtic word meaning "settlement".
BOLTONEnglish
From any of the many places in England called Bolton, derived from Old English bold "house" and tun "enclosure".
BONACCORSIItalian
From the given name BONACCORSO.
BONACCORSOItalian
From the given name BONACCORSO.
BONAVENTURAItalian
From the given name BONAVENTURA.
BONDEnglish
Occupational name for a peasant farmer, from Middle English bonde.
BONDESANItalian
Venetian name derived from the name of the town of Bondeno in northern Italy.
BONE (1)English
Derived from Old French bon meaning "good".
BONFILSFrench
Derived from Old French bon fils meaning "good son".
BONHAMEnglish
English form of BONHOMME.
BONHEURFrench
From Old French bonne heure meaning "good time", or "lucky".
BONHOMMEFrench
Derived from Old French bon homme meaning "good man".
BONNAIREFrench
French form of BONNER.
BONNAYFrench
Variant of BONNET.
BONNEREnglish
From Middle English boneire "kind, courteous", derived from Norman French bon aire "good bloodline".
BONNETFrench
From the given name BONITUS.
BONNEYEnglish
From northern Middle English boni meaning "pretty, attractive".
BONOMOItalian
Italian cognate of BONHOMME.
BOON (2)English
Originally indicated a person from the town of Bohon, in Manche in France. The town's name is of unknown origin.
BOON (3)Dutch
Dutch cognate of BOHN.
BOOTHEnglish
Topographic name derived from Middle English both meaning "hut, stall".
BOOTSMAFrisian
Occupational name meaning "boatman", derived from Dutch boot "boat".
BORBÉLYHungarian
Hungarian cognate of BARBER.
BORCHARDGerman
Derived from the given name BURKHARD.
BORCHARDTGerman
Derived from the given name BURKHARD.
BORDEFrench
From Frankish bord meaning "board, plank". This name belonged to a person who lived in a house made of planks.
BORGSwedish
From Swedish borg meaning "fortification, castle".
BORGHIItalian
Locative origin, from the common place name Borgo meaning "village".
BORGNINOItalian
From nickname derived from the Piedmontese dialect word borgno meaning "one-eyed". This was the real surname of American actor Ernest Borgnine (1917-2012).
BORGOGNIItalian
From the name of the French region of Burgundy (called Bourgogne in French), which is named after the Germanic tribe the Burgundians, itself meaning "people from the high land".
BOROSHungarian
Derived from Hungarian bor "wine". Originally it could have indicated someone who made or sold wine.
BORSTDutch
From a nickname derived from Dutch borst "chest".
BORYSOVUkrainian
Means "son of BORYS".
BÖSCH (1)German
Derived from a diminutive of the given name SEBASTIAN.
BOSCH (1)Dutch, Low German
Derived from Middle Dutch bosch meaning "wood, forest".
BOSCH (2)Catalan
Catalan cognate of BOSCO.
BOSCOItalian
Means "forest" in Italian.
BOSKOPolish, Slovak
Derived from Slavic bosu meaning "barefoot".
BOSQUESpanish
Spanish form of BOSCO.
BOTELLOGalician
Occupational name for a maker of bottles, from Galician bottela meaning "bottle".
BOTHDutch
From the Low German given name BODE.
BOTHASouthern African, Afrikaans
South African variant of BOTH.
BOTHEDutch
Variant of BOTH.
BÖTTCHERGerman
Occupational name meaning "cooper, barrel maker" in German.
BOTTERILLEnglish
Probably indicated someone from the town of Les Bottereaux in Normandy, itself derived from Old French bot "toad".
BOUCHARDFrench
From the Germanic given name BURKHARD.
BOUCHERFrench
Means "butcher" in French.
BOULOSArabic
From the given name BULUS.
BOURDILLONFrench
Diminutive form of BORDE.
BOURKEEnglish
Variant of BURKE.
BOURNEEnglish
Derived from Old English burna "stream, spring".
BOUSAIDArabic
Means "father of SA'ID" in Arabic.
BOUWMEESTERDutch
Means "architect, builder" in Dutch.
BOVEItalian
Derived from an Italian nickname meaning "bull, ox".
BOVERCatalan
Catalan cognate of BOVE.
BOVERIItalian
Variant of BOVE.
BOWENWelsh
From Welsh Ap Owain meaning "son of OWAIN".
BOWMANEnglish
Occupational name for an archer, derived from Middle English bowe, Old English boga meaning "bow".
BOYADJIEVBulgarian
Variant transcription of BOYADZHIEV.
BOYADZHIEVBulgarian
Patronymic from Bulgarian бояджия (boyadzhiya) meaning "dyer".
BOYANOVBulgarian
Means "son of BOYAN".
BOYCEEnglish
From Old French bois meaning "wood", originally given to someone who lived by or in a wood.
BOYDScottish
From the name of the Scottish island of Bute (Bód in Gaelic), which is of unknown meaning.
BOYLEIrish
From Irish Ó Baoighill meaning "descendant of Baoigheall". The meaning of the given name Baoigheall is uncertain, but it is thought to be connected to Irish geall meaning "pledge".
BRAAMDutch
Derived from the given name BRAM.
BRABANDGerman
Derived from the name of the region of Brabant in the Netherlands and Belgium. It possibly means "ploughed region" or "marshy region" in Old High German.
BRADDOCKEnglish
From various locations derived from Old English meaning "broad oak".
BRADENIrish
Anglicized form of Irish Ó Bradáin meaning "descendant of BRADÁN".
BRADFORDEnglish
Derived from the name of the city of Bradford in West Yorkshire which meant "broad ford" in Old English. This is also the name of other smaller towns in England.
BRADLEYEnglish
From a common English place name, derived from brad "broad" and leah "woodland, clearing".
BRADYIrish
Anglicized form of the Irish name Ó Brádaigh meaning "descendant of BRÁDACH".
BRAHMSGerman
Derived from the given name ABRAHAM. A famous bearer of this surname was the German composer Johannes Brahms (1833-1887).
BRAMBILLAItalian
Derived from the Italian town of Brembilla in Lombardy, itself named after the Brembo river.
BRAMSDanish
Derived from the given name BRAM.
BRAMSONJewish
Means "son of BRAM".
BRANDGerman, English
Derived from the Germanic given name BRANDO or its Old Norse cognate BRANDR.
BRÄNDLEGerman
Derived from Old High German brant "fire". This was a name for a person who lived near an area that had been burned.
BRANDONEnglish
From the name of various places in England meaning "hill covered with broom" in Old English.
BRANDTGerman
Variant of BRAND.
BRANKOVICHSerbian
Variant transcription of BRANKOVIĆ.
BRANNONIrish
From Irish Mac Branain meaning "son of BRAN (1)".
BRANSONEnglish
Means "son of BRANDR".
BRASHEREnglish
Means "brass worker", derived from Old English bræs "brass".
BRASSINGTONEnglish
From a place name, which derived from Old English meaning "enclosure by a steep path".
BRAUERLow German
Derived from Middle Low German bruwer meaning "brewer".
BRAUNGerman
Variant of BRUN.
BRAUNEGerman
Variant of BRUN.
BRAYEnglish
From a place name derived from Cornish bre "hill".
BRECKENRIDGEScottish, English
Originally indicated someone from Brackenrig in Lanarkshire, derived from northern Middle English braken meaning "bracken" (via Old Norse brækni) and rigg meaning "ridge" (via Old Norse hryggr).
BREDAItalian
From the name of a town near Venice, possibly derived from a Germanic (Lombardic) word meaning "field".
BREENIrish
Anglicized form of Irish Ó Braoin meaning "descendant of Braon", a byname meaning "rain, moisture, drop".
BREINERGerman, Swedish
Occupational name derived from Middle High German brie "porridge".
BREISACHERGerman
Originally denoted one who came from the town of Breisach, in Germany. The town's name is possibly from a Celtic word meaning "breakwater".
BREITBARTHGerman
From Old High German breit "broad" and bart "beard", originally a nickname for someone with a full beard.
BRENNANIrish
From Irish Ó Braonáin which means "descendant of Braonán", a byname meaning "rain, moisture, drop" (with a diminutive suffix).
BRENTEnglish
Originally derived from the name of a hill (or the village nearby) in Somerset, perhaps derived from a Celtic word meaning "hill".
BRETFrench
French form of BRETT.
BRETTEnglish
Originally a name given to someone who was a Breton, a person from Brittany.
BRETZGerman
Indicated a person from the town of Breetz in Brandenburg, Germany. The meaning of the town's name is unknown.
BREWEREnglish
Occupational name for a maker of ale or beer.
BREWSTEREnglish
Variant of BREWER, originally a feminine form of the occupational term.
BRICEEnglish
From the given name BRICE.
BRIGHAMEnglish
Originally referred to one who came from a town called Brigham, meaning "homestead by the bridge" in Old English. This is the name of towns in Cumberland and Yorkshire.
BRINKERHOFFGerman
From a German place name meaning "farm near a slope".
BRIOSCHIItalian
Derived from the town of Briosco, near Milan. It may be of Lombardic origin.
BRISBOISFrench
Referred to a person who cleared land, from Old French briser "to cut" and bois "forest".
BRISTOLEnglish
From the name of a city in England meaning "the site of the bridge".
BRISTOWEnglish
From the name of the city of Bristol, originally Brycgstow in Old English, meaning "the site of the bridge".
BRITTONEnglish
Originally given to a person who was a Briton (a Celt of England) or a Breton (an inhabitant of Brittany).
BRIVIOItalian
From the name of the town of Brivio in Lombardy. Supposed it derives from a Celtic word meaning "bridge".
BROADBENTEnglish
From a place name derived from Old English brad "broad" and beonet "bent grass".
BROCKEnglish
Derived from Old English brocc meaning "badger", ultimately of Celtic origin.
BRODBECKGerman
Means "bread baker" from Middle High German brot "bread" and becke "baker".
BRODEURFrench
Means "embroiderer" in French.
BRODIEScottish
Originally derived from a place in Moray, Scotland. It is probably from Gaelic broth meaning "ditch, mire".
BROGANIrish
Occupational name derived from Irish bróg meaning "shoe".
BRONSONEnglish
Patronymic form of BROWN.
BROOKEnglish
Denoted a person who lived near a brook, a word derived from Old English broc.
BROOKEEnglish
Variant of BROOK.
BROOKSEnglish
Variant of BROOK.
BROSEGerman
Derived from the given name AMBROSE.
BROTZGerman
Variant of PROTZ.
BROWNEnglish
Originally a nickname for a person who had brown hair or skin. A notable bearer is Charlie Brown from the 'Peanuts' comic strip by Charles Schulz.
BROWNEEnglish
Variant of BROWN.
BROWNLOWEnglish
From Old English brun meaning "brown" and hlaw meaning "mound, small hill". The name was probably given to a family living on a small hill covered with bracken.
BROZCroatian
Derived from Broz, a diminutive of AMBROZIJE. This was the birth surname of the Yugoslavian dictator Josip Broz Tito (1892-1980).
BROŽCzech
Derived from Brož, a diminutive of AMBROŽ.
BROŻPolish
Derived from Broż, a diminutive of AMBROŻY.
BRUCEScottish
Possibly from the name of the town of Brix in Normandy, which is of unknown meaning. It was brought to Scotland in the 12th century by the Anglo-Norman baron Robert de Brus. It was later borne by his descendant Robert the Bruce, a hero of the 14th century who achieved independence from England and became the king of Scotland.
BRUHNGerman
Variant of BRUN.
BRUNGerman
From Middle High German brun meaning "brown". It was originally a nickname for a person who had brown hair or skin.
BRUNEGerman
Variant of BRUN.
BRUNETTIItalian
Diminutive of BRUNO.
BRUNOItalian
Means "brown" in Italian, a nickname for a person with brown hair or brown clothes.
BRYANEnglish
From the given name BRIAN.
BRYANTEnglish
From the given name BRIAN.
BRYCEEnglish
From the given name BRICE.
BRYSONEnglish
Means "son of BRICE".
BRZEZICKIPolish
Derived from Polish brzezina meaning "birch grove".
BUCHANANScottish
From the name of a region in Stirlingshire, Scotland, which means "house of the canon" in Gaelic.
BUCHHOLZGerman
From Middle High German buoche "beech" and holz "wood".
BUCHVAROVBulgarian
Variant transcription of BACHVAROV.
BUCKLEY (1)English
From an English place name derived from bucc "buck, male deer" and leah "woodland, clearing".
BUCKLEY (2)Irish
From Irish Ó Buachalla meaning "descendant of Buachaill", a nickname meaning "cowherd, servant".
BUDAIHungarian
Originally indicated a person from the Hungarian city of BUDA (one of the two cities that were joined to make Budapest in 1873).
BUDNYPolish
Possibly from Polish buda meaning "hut, cabin".
BUFFONEItalian
Means "jester, joker" in Italian.
BUHRLow German
Low German form of BAUER.
BÜKIHungarian
Derived from the name of the Bükk Mountains, which means "beech tree" in Hungarian (probably of Slavic origin).
BUKOWSKIPolish
Originally denoted someone who came from a place called Bukowo or Bukowiec, which derive from Polish buk "beech".
BULDutch
Dutch cognate of BULL.
BULGARIItalian
Originally denoted a person who came from Bulgaria, which is named after the Turkic tribe of the Bulgars, itself possibly from a Turkic root meaning "mixed".
BULLEnglish
From a nickname for a person who acted like a bull.
BULLARDEnglish
Possibly a nickname derived from Middle English bole "fraud, deceit".
BULLEDutch
From the given name BOELE.
BULLENSDutch
Means "son of BOELE".
BULLOCKEnglish
From a nickname meaning "young bull".
BUNKEREnglish
Derived from Old French bon cuer meaning "good heart".
BUNNAGThai
From the name of Bunnag, an 18th-century general of Persian heritage.
BUNSCHOTENDutch
Originally indicated a person from the Dutch town of Bunschoten, which might mean "raised, enclosed land".
BUONARROTIItalian
From the medieval Italian given name Buonarroto meaning "good increase". This was the surname of the Renaissance painter and sculptor Michelangelo (1475-1564).
BURAKGAZITurkish
Possibly from the given name BURAK and Arabic غازي (ghazi) meaning "warrior".
BUREAUFrench
From Old French burel, diminutive of bure, a type of woolen cloth. It may have originated as a nickname for a person who dressed in the material or as an occupational name for someone who worked with it.
BUREŠCzech
Derived from a diminutive of the old Slavic given name Burian, of uncertain meaning.
BURGSTALLERGerman
From German Burg "fortress, castle" and Stelle "place, position". This was a name given to a person dwelling at or near such a site.
BURKEEnglish, Irish
Derived from Middle English burgh meaning "fortress, fortification, castle". It was brought to Ireland in the 12th century by the Norman invader William FitzAdelm de Burgo.
BURNHAMEnglish
From the name of various towns in England, typically derived from Old English burna "stream, spring" and ham "home".
BURNS (1)English, Scottish
Derived from Old English burna "stream, spring". A famous bearer was the Scottish poet Robert Burns (1759-1796).
BURRELLEnglish
English form of BUREAU.
BURTONEnglish
From a common English place name, derived from Old English meaning "fortified town".
BUSCHGerman
Means "bush" in German, a name for someone who lived close to a thicket.
BUSHEnglish
Originally a name for a person who lived near a prominent bush or thicket.
BUSTILLOSpanish
From the name of Spanish towns, diminutive forms of BUSTO.
BUSTOSpanish, Italian
From the name of towns in Spain and Italy, derived from Late Latin bustum meaning "ox pasture".
BUSTOSSpanish
Variant of BUSTO.
BUTCHEREnglish
Occupational name for a butcher, derived from Old French bouchier.
BUTLEREnglish, Irish
Occupational name derived from Norman French butiller "wine steward", ultimately from Late Latin butticula "bottle". A famous bearer of this surname is the fictional character Rhett Butler, created by Margaret Mitchell for her novel 'Gone with the Wind' (1936).
BUTTSEnglish
From a nickname meaning "thick, stumpy", from Middle English butt.
BYQUISTSwedish
Derived from Swedish by "village" and qvist "twig, branch".
BYRDEnglish
Variant of BIRD.
BYRNEIrish
Variant of O'BYRNE.
BYRNESIrish
Variant of O'BYRNE.
BYSTRÖMSwedish
From Swedish by "village" and ström "stream".
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