Surnames Starting with S

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SINCLAIR     English
Derived from a Norman French town called "Saint CLAIR".
SINGH     Hindi, Marathi, Punjabi, Indian (Sikh)
From Sanskrit सिंह (sinha) meaning "lion". In 1699 Guru Gobind Singh gave all his Sikh male followers the surname Singh and all females Kaur.
SIPOS     Hungarian
Means "fife player, piper" from Hungarian síp.
SISKIN     German, Jewish
Means "sweet child" from the words suess meaning "sweet" and kind meaning "child".
SISKIND     German, Jewish
Variant of SISKIN.
SITKO     Polish
Means "a small sieve" from Polish sito "sieve".
SITZ (1)     German, Jewish
Derived from a given name beginning with the Germanic element sigi meaning "victory".
SITZ (2)     German, Jewish
Means "house owner" from Middle High German siz "seat, domicile".
SKALA     Polish, Czech
Means "rock" in various Slavic languages.
SKALICKY     Czech, Slovak
Derived from the Slavic word skala "rock". The name refers to someone who either lived near rocks or was from a place called Skalice.
SKEATES     Scottish
First found in Ayrshire, taken from the village of Skeoch, near Mauchline.
SKINNER     English
Means "skinner" from Old Norse skinn.
SKJEGGESTAD     Norwegian
Means "Skjegge's place" or "the bearded one's place" from Norwegian skjegge "beard" and stad "town, place".
SKOVGAARD     Danish
Means "dweller in a farm near the woods" from Danish skov "wood" and gård "farm".
SLANE     Irish
Originally indicated a person from Slane (County Meath), Ireland.
SLASKI     Polish
Polish cognate of SLEZÁK.
SLATER     English
Occupational surname indicating that an early member worked as a person who covered roofs with slate.
SLAVIK     Czech, Slovak
Means "nightingale" in Czech.
SLAVKOV     Bulgarian
Means "son of SLAVKO".
ŚLĄZAK     Polish
Polish cognate of SLEZÁK.
SLEZÁK     Czech
Originally a name for a person from Silesia, a historical region that is nowadays split between Poland, Germany and the Czech Republic.
SLOAN     Irish
Patronymic name derived from the early Irish given name SLUAGHADHÁN.
SLOANE     Irish
Variant of SLOAN.
SLOOTMAEKERS     Dutch, Flemish
Means "maker of locks" in Dutch, an occupational name for a locksmith.
SLOVAČEK     Czech
Originally described one who was of Slovak descent.
SLOVAK     Czech
Denoted a person from Slovakia.
ŚLUSARCZYK     Polish
Diminutive form of ŚLUSARSKI.
ŚLUSARSKI     Polish
Means "ironworker" or "locksmith" from Polish ślusarz.
SLUSSER     German
Variant of SCHLUSSER.
SMALL     English
From a nickname for a small person, from Middle English smal.
SMALLS     English
Variant of SMALL.
SMEDLEY     English
From an unidentified place name probably meaning "smooth clearing" in Old English.
SMEETS     Dutch
Variant of SMIT.
SMETS     Dutch
Variant of SMIT.
SMIT     Dutch
From Middle Dutch smit "metal worker, blacksmith", a cognate of SMITH.
SMITH     English
Means "metal worker, blacksmith" from Old English smiþ, related to smitan "to smite, to hit". It is the most common surname in most of the English-speaking world. A famous bearer was the Scottish economist Adam Smith (1723-1790).
SMITS     Dutch
Variant of SMIT.
SMOLÁK     Czech, Polish
Derived from the Slavic word smola "pitch".
SMYTHE     English
Variant of SMITH.
SNAAIJER     Dutch
Dutch cognate of SNYDER.
SNAIJER     Dutch
Dutch cognate of SNYDER.
SNEIDERS     Dutch
Dutch cognate of SNYDER.
SNEIJDER     Dutch
Dutch cognate of SNYDER.
SNEIJDERS     Dutch
Dutch cognate of SNYDER.
SNEIJER     Dutch
Dutch cognate of SNYDER.
SNEIJERS     Dutch
Dutch cognate of SNYDER.
SNELL     Dutch
From Dutch snel meaning "agile, swift, nimble".
SNELLING     English
Variant of SNELL.
SNIDER     English
Variant of SNYDER.
SNIDERS     English
Variant of SNYDER.
SNIEGOWSKI     Polish
Habitational name for a person from Sniegow, Sniegowo or other places whose name was derived from snieg "snow".
SNIJDER     Dutch
Dutch cognate of SNYDER.
SNIJDERS     Dutch
Dutch cognate of SNYDER.
SNYDER     English
Means "tailor" from Middle English snithen "to cut", an occupational name for a person who stitched coats and clothing.
SNYDERS     English
Variant of SNYDER.
SOARES     Portuguese
Variant of SUERO.
SOBOL     Polish, Jewish
Derived from either Polish sobol meaning "marten" or Old High German zobel meaning "sable".
SOKAL     Polish
Variant of SOKOL.
SOKÓŁ     Polish
Polish cognate of SOKOL.
SOKOL     Czech, Jewish
From Czech sokol meaning "falcon", a nickname or an occupational name for a falconer. As a Jewish name it is ornamental.
SOKOLL     Jewish
Variant of SOKOL.
SOKOLOF     Jewish
Means "son of SOKOL".
SOKOLOFF     Jewish
Means "son of SOKOL".
SOKOLOV     Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian
Means "son of SOKOL".
SOKOLOVSKY     Russian
Means "son of SOKOL".
SOKOŁOWSKI     Polish
Usually refers to the city of Sokołów Podlaski in Poland. It may sometimes be derived from Polish sokół meaning "falcon".
SOKOLSKY     Jewish
Means "son of SOKOL".
SOLAK     Turkish
From the nickname solak meaning "left-handed".
SOLBERG     Danish, German, Norwegian, Swedish
From the Germanic elements sol "sun" combined with berg "mountain".
SOLDATI     Italian
From Italian soldato meaning "soldier". It is an occupational surname.
SOLER     Occitan, Catalan
Denoted a person from any of the numerous places in the area whose names derive from the word soler meaning "site, plot".
SOLO     Basque
Means "dweller on a rural estate".
SOLOMON     English, Jewish
Derived from the given name SOLOMON.
SOLOS     Spanish
Possibly a variant of SOLO.
SÓLYOM     Hungarian
Means "hawk, falcon" in Hungarian.
SOMMA     Italian
From names of Italian places like Somma Lombardo or Somma Vesuviana.
SOMMER (1)     German
From Middle High German sumer and Middle Low German sommer meaning "summer". This was a name for farmers who had to deliver their taxes in the summer or who had their fields in the south of the village.
SOMMER (2)     German
From Middle High German soumære, sommer and Middle Low German somer(e) meaning "sumpter, animal driver".
SOMMER (3)     German
From Middle High German sumber, sommer meaning "basket, wickerwork or drum".
SOMMER (4)     Low German
From Middle Low German somer meaning "long and slim stake, pile, post".
SOMOGYI     Hungarian
Derived from Somogy, which is one of the counties of Hungary. Originally it indicated someone from that region.
SONG     Chinese, Korean
From Chinese (sòng) referring to the Song dynasty, which ruled China from 960 to 1279.
SONNEN     German
Means "sun" from Middle High German sunne. It probably denoted someone of a cheerful temperament, though in some cases it could describe a person who lived in a sunny area.
SORDI     Italian
From a nickname meaning "deaf" (sordo or surdo in dialects).
SÖRENSEN     Swedish
Swedish form of SØRENSEN.
SØRENSEN     Danish, Norwegian
Means "son of SØREN".
SORENSON     Danish, Swedish
Anglicized form of SØRENSEN or SÖRENSSON.
SÖRENSSON     Swedish
Swedish form of SØRENSEN.
SORG     German
Variant of SORGE.
SORGE     German
Means "worry, care, anxiety" from Middle High German sorge.
SORIANO     Italian
From the place name Soriano. It is typical of southern Italy.
SÖRÖS     Hungarian
From sör meaning "beer" in Hungarian. Originally the name was given to beer brewers, or someone who drank too much beer.
SORRENTINO     Italian
Derived from the name of the town of Sorrento near Naples.
SOTO     Spanish
Means "grove of trees, small forest" in Spanish, ultimately from Latin saltus.
SOUČEK     Czech
Means "a small knot" in Czech. It was probably a nickname for a strong, stubborn man.
SOUCY     French
Originally denoted someone who lived in towns by this name in Aisne or Yonne, from the Latin estate name Suciacum.
SOUN     Khmer
Means "fast" in Khmer.
SOUTHERS     English
Means "from the south".
SOUTHGATE     English
Means "dweller by the south gate".
SOUZA     Portuguese
Originally indicated someone who lived near the River Sousa in Portugal. The river name may be derived from Latin salsus "salty" or saxa "rocks".
SOVÁNY     Hungarian
Means "thin, lean" in Hungarian.
SOWARDS     English
Variant of SEWARD (1).
SÓWKA     Polish
Means "a small owl" from Polish sowa "owl".
SPADA     Italian
Means "armorer, swordsman" from the Late Latin spatha.
SPALDING     English, Scottish
From the place Spalding in Lincolnshire.
SPANNAGEL     German
Means "nailsmith" from Middle High German span-nagel "connecting bolt".
SPANÒ     Italian
Usually considered to be derived from the Greek dialects of Southern Italy. It comes from a nickname meaning "without beard".
SPARACELLO     Italian
Means "asparagus seller or grower" from Italian sparaci.
SPARKS     English
Derived from the Old Norse nickname sparkr meaning "vivacious".
SPEAR     English
From Middle English spere "spear", possibly an occupational name for a hunter or a maker of spears.
SPEARING     English
Patronymic of SPEAR.
SPEARS     English
Patronymic of SPEAR.
SPECHT     German, Dutch
Means "woodpecker" in German and Dutch.
SPEIGHT     English
English form of SPECHT.
SPELLMEYER     German
The second element meyer means "village headman". The first element is possibly from the Germanic spielen meaning "to play, jest". Perhaps it referred to someone who was playing or acting as the village headman.
SPENCE     English
Variant of SPENCER.
SPENCER     English
Occupational surname for the person at the manor who dispensed the Lord's provisions to those who lived on his land and worked at his estate.
SPEZIALE     Italian
Means "spice seller" from the Late Latin speciarius.
SPIJKER (1)     Dutch
Means "dweller by or worker at the granary" from Dutch spijker.
SPIJKER (2)     Dutch
Means "nailsmith" from Dutch spijker.
SPIKER     Dutch
Americanized form of SPIJKER (1) or SPIJKER (2).
SPILLUM     Norwegian
Originally denoted a person from Spillum, Norway.
SPINI     Italian
Means "dweller by the thorn bushes" from Latin spina.
SPIROS     Greek
From the given name SPIRO.
SPITZNOGLE     German, Jewish
Means "sharp nail" in German.
SPONAUGLE     German
Americanized form of SPANNAGEL.
SPOONER     English
Means "maker of spoons" from Middle English spoon or "maker of shingles" from Old English spon.
SPURLING     English
Means "little sparrow" from Middle English sparewe plus the diminutive suffix -(l)ing.
STABILE     Italian
From the old given name Stabile which means "stable, firm in faith".
STABLUM     Italian
From the area of Trento, near the Austrian border. It is a locative surname derived from Latin stabulum "stable".
STACEY     English
Variant of STACY.
STACK     English
Means "big" from Middle English stack meaning "haystack".
STACKS     English
Variant of STACK.
STACY     English
Derived from Stace, a medieval form of EUSTACE.
STAFFORD     English
From the English place name Staffordshire, which was adopted by the man who lived near a river or creek at a crossing point, which was called a ford. The particular crossing point was a "stony ford", or "ford by a landing place".
STAINTHORPE     English
Originally indicated a person from Staindrop (Durham), England, which means "valley with stony ground" from Old English stæner meaning "stony ground" and hop meaning "valley".
STAMP     English
Originally denoted a person from Etampes (Seine-et-Oise), France.
STANEK (1)     Polish
Derived from Stanek, a diminutive of the name STANISŁAW.
STANEK (2)     Czech
Derived from Stanek, a diminutive of the name STANISLAV.
STANEV     Bulgarian
Means "son of Stane", Stane being a diminutive of STANISLAV.
STANFORD     English
Derived from a place name meaning "stone ford" in Old English.
STANKIĆ     Serbian, Croatian
Means "son of STANKO".
STANLEY     English
From a place name meaning "stone clearing" in Old English. A notable bearer was the British-American explorer and journalist Sir Henry Morton Stanley (1841-1904).
STANTON     English
Means from one of the many places named Stanton, Staunton in Britain. The place name means "farmstead on stony ground".
STÁREK     Czech
Czech form of STAREK.
STAREK     Polish
Means "an old man" from Polish stary "old".
STARK     English, German
From a nickname meaning "strong, brave" in Old German and Old English.
STAROSTA     Czech
Means "mayor" in Czech.
STARR     English
From Middle English sterre "star". This was usually a nickname, but it was also a rare given name. It could also occasionally be a sign name from the name of an inn called The Star.
STARRETT     Scottish
Originally indicated a person from Stairaird, a town in Scotland.
STASIUK     Ukrainian
Diminutive form of STANISLAV.
STATHAM     English
From the name of a village in the English county of Lancashire, near Manchester, Liverpool, and Warrington. The name literally translates as something like "town of the staves (poles or staffs) near the river".
STAUSS     German
Means "buttocks" from Middle High German stuz.
STAVROS     Greek
From the given name STAVROS.
STAWSKI     Polish
Derived from Polish staw "pond".
STEED     English
Derived from Middle English steed, which is in turn derived from Old English steda meaning "stallion". It was an occupational name for one who tended horses.
STEELE     English
Occupational name for a steelworker.
STEEN     Low German
Low German variant of STEIN.
STEENSEN     Danish, Norwegian
Means "son of STEEN".
STEFANOV     Bulgarian
Means "son of STEFAN".
STEFANOVIĆ     Serbian
Means "son of STEFAN".
STEFANSEN     Danish
Means "son of STEFAN".
STEFÁNSSON     Icelandic
Means "son of STEFÁN".
STEFANSSON     Swedish
Means "son of STEFAN".
STEFFEN     Low German, English
Derived from the given name STEPHEN.
STEFFENSEN     Danish
Means "son of STEFFEN".
STEIN     German, Jewish
From the Old High German word stein meaning "stone". It is common in German-Jewish names like Bernstein and Orenstein.
STEINMANN     German
Means "stone man" either used as an occupational name for a stone worker, a habitational name for a man who lived by a stone or as a nickname for a strong man. It most commonly a habitational name.
STEINSSON     Icelandic
Means "son of STEIN".
STENBERG     Danish, Swedish
Derived from Swedish sten "stone" and berg "mountain".
STENDAHL     Swedish
Derived from Swedish sten "stone" and dahl, an old spelling of the modern day dal "valley".
STENET     English
Derived from Sten, a diminutive of STEPHEN, plus the diminutive suffix -et.
STENGER     Danish, German
Occupational name for a post maker, from German stange "pole".
ŠTĚPÁNEK     Czech
Derived from a diminutive of the given name ŠTĚPÁN.
STEPHANIDIS     Greek
Means "son of STEPHANOS" in Greek.
STEPHENS     English
Derived from the given name STEPHEN.
STEPHENSON     English
Means "son of STEPHEN".
STERLING     Scottish
Derived from city of Stirling, which is itself of unknown meaning.
STERN     English
From Old English styrne, Middle English sterne. This was used as a nickname for someone who was stern, harsh, or severe in manner or character.
STERNBERG     German
Means "dweller on a starry hill, mountain" from German stern "star" and berg "mountain, hill".
STEUBE     German
Variant of STEUBEN.
STEUBEN     German
Means "dweller by a stump of a large tree".
STEVENS     English
Variant of STEPHENS.
STEVENSON     English
Variant of STEPHENSON.
STEWART     Scottish
Occupational name for an administrative official of an estate or steward, from Old English stig "house" and weard "guard". The Stewart family (sometimes spelled Stuart) held the Scottish crown for several centuries. One of the most famous members of the Stewart family was Mary, Queen of Scots.
STIDOLPH     English
From an Old English name meaning "strong wolf".
STIEBER     German
Derived from the High German verb stiuben "to escape". The name was given as a nickname to a cowardly person, or a thief.
STIGSSON     Swedish
Means "son of STIG".
STILO     Italian
Locative surname derived from the place name Stilo in southern Italy.
STIRLING     Scottish
Variant of STERLING.
STJEPANIĆ     Croatian
Means "son of STJEPAN".
ST JOHN     English
From the place name St JOHN.
ST MARTIN     French
From the place name St MARTIN.
STODDARD     English
Occupational name for a horse keeper, from Old English stod "stud" and hierde "herder".
STOJANOVIĆ     Serbian, Croatian
Means "son of STOJAN".
STOLARZ     Polish, Jewish
Occupational name meaning "joiner" from Polish stolarz.
STONE     English
Name for a person who lived near a prominent stone, or a person who worked with stone. It is derived from Old English stan.
STOPPELBEIN (1)     German
Means "stump leg" from the Middle Low German stoppel "stump" and bein "leg".
STOPPELBEIN (2)     German
Means "dweller by a tree stump on communal land" from the Middle Low German stoppel "stump" and bein(t) "communal land".
STORSTRAND     Norwegian
Originally denoted someone from Storstrand farm, Norway, derived from stor meaning "big" and strand meaning "beach".
STOYANOV     Bulgarian
Means "son of STOYAN".
ST PIERRE     French
From the place name St PIERRE.
STRAND     Danish, German, Norwegian, Swedish
From the Middle Low German word strand meaning "sea shore". It was originally given to someone who lived on or near the sea.
STRANGE     English
Derived from Middle English strange "foreign" (ultimately derived from Latin extraneus).
STRAUB     German
Means "rough, unkempt" from Middle High German strup.
STREET     English
Habitational name for anyone who lived in a place called Street, for example in Hertfordshire, Kent and Somerset. It is derived from Old English stræt "Roman road".
STRICKLAND     English
From a place called Strickland in Westmoreland, England. The place name is of Old English origin, from stirc "young bullock" and land "cultivated land".
STRINGER     English
Occupational name for a maker of string or bow strings, from Middle English streng "string".
STRNAD     Czech, Slovak, Slovene
Means "bunting" in the central Slavic languages.
STROBEL     German
Means "rough, unkempt" from Middle High German strob.
STROHKIRCH     German
Means literally "straw church" in German. Apparently it is a German translation of a Swedish aristocratic name.
STROMAN     German
Occupational surname meaning "straw-dealer" in German.
STROUD     English, Scottish
Locational name meaning "thicket, marsh, marshy ground overgrown with brushwood".
STRUDWICK     Scottish, English
Originally a name for a person from Strudwick, England.
STRUNA     Slovene
Means "cord" from Slovene struna, possibly denoting a maker of rope.
STUART     Scottish
Variant of STEWART.
STUBER     German
Derived from German die Stube "room". The name was most likely used to denote the owner of an inn.
STUECK     German, Jewish
Means "piece, part" from Middle High German stuck.
STUMPF     German
Means "stump" from Middle High German stumpf.
STURM     German
Means "storm".
STYLES     English
Locational name for one who lived near a steep hill, from Old English stigol "climb".
SUÁREZ     Spanish
Derived from Latin suerius "swineherd".
SUCHÝ     Czech
Means "thin" or "dry" in Czech.
SUDWORTH     English
From an English place name composed of sud "south" and worth "farm".
SUERO     Spanish
Derived from a Germanic given name, the first element is unknown, the second element is derived from heri, hari meaning "army".
SUESS     German, Jewish
From Middle High German süss meaning "sweet".
SUGGITT     English
Variant of SOUTHGATE.
SULLIVAN     Irish
Anglicized form of the Irish name Ó Súileabháin which means "descendant of Súileabhán". The name Súileabhán means "little dark eye".
SULTAN     Arabic
From a nickname meaning "sultan, ruler" in Arabic.
SULTANA     Bengali, Urdu, Maltese
Bengali, Urdu and Maltese form of SULTAN.
SULZBACH     German
Toponymic name from places named Sulzbach, which were named such because the area had salty water, hence the meaning "salty brook".
SUMMERFIELD     English
Means literally "dwellers in the summer fields", and is derived from the city of Summerfield, located in the county of Norfolk in England.
SUMMERS (1)     English
Occupational surname meaning "summoner", which is the petty official who calls people to appear in court.
SUMMERS (2)     English
From Middle English sumer meaning "summer". This was a nickname given to someone associated with the summer season.
SUMNER     English
Occupational name for a summoner, an official who was responsible for ensuring the appearance of witnesses in court, Middle English sumner, sumnor.
SUN     Chinese
From Chinese (sūn) meaning "grandchild, descendant". A famous bearer of the surname was Sun Tzu, the 6th-century BC author of 'The Art of War'.
SUNDÉN     Swedish
Means "sound, strait" from Old Norse sund.
SUNG     Chinese
Variant transcription of SONG.
SUTHERLAND     Scottish
Scottish regional name that described a person who came from the former county by this name, which got its name from Old Norse suðroen "southern" and land "land". It was called the South Land because it was south of Scandinavia and south of the Norse colonies of Orkney and Shetland Islands.
SUTTON     English
Means "south town". Several towns in England bear this name.
SUZUKI     Japanese
From Japanese (suzu) meaning "bell" and (ki) meaning "tree, wood". This is the second most common surname in Japan.
SVÉD     Hungarian
Means "Swedish" in Hungarian.
SVENDSEN     Danish, Norwegian
Means "son of SVEND".
SVENSON     Swedish
Variant of SVENSSON.
SVENSSON     Swedish
Means "son of SVEN".
SVOBODA     Czech
Means "freedom" in Czech. It was a name of freemen in middle ages, of people who worked hard for their lord but they were not slaves.
SWANGO     German
Americanized form of the German surname SCHWANGAU.
SWEET     English
From a nickname meaning "sweet, pleasant".
SWENHAUGEN     Norwegian
Originally a name for a person from Swenhaugen, Norway.
SWINDLEHURST     English
From a place name in the Forest of Bowland in central Lancashire. In 1190 Sir Robert Fitzhenry, Lord of Lathom, gave the lease of part of his land in Aules-Large called Swynleyhurst (meaning "pig grazing wood") to a family who adopted the place as their family name.
SWITZER     German
Indicated a person from Switzerland.
SYDNEY     English
Variant of SIDNEY.
SYKORA     Czech, Slovak
Means "titmouse" in Czech.
SYMONS     English
Derived from the given name SIMON (1).
SZABÓ     Hungarian
Means "tailor" in Hungarian. It is a rather frequent name in Hungary.
SZABOLCSI     Hungarian
From Szabolcs, a region in Hungary.
SZÁNTÓ     Hungarian
Means "ploughman, tiller" in Hungarian. The name was given to farmers.
SZARKA     Hungarian
From Hungarian szarka meaning "magpie". Szarka is often used as a euphemistic term for thieves.
SZARVAS     Hungarian
Means "deer" in Hungarian.
SZCZEPANSKI     Polish
Derived from the Polish given name SZCZEPAN.
SZÉKELY     Hungarian
Denoted a person who hailed from the Székely people: Hungarians who lived in Romania.
SZEKERES     Hungarian
Derived from szekér meaning "cart, wagon" in Hungarian. Originally it was applied to wagoners, or simply someone who owned a wagon.
SZÉP     Hungarian
Means "beautiful, lovely" from Hungarian szép.
SZEWC     Polish
Means "shoemaker" in Polish.
SZŐKE     Hungarian
Means "blond, fair haired" from Hungarian szőke.
SZOMBATHY     Hungarian
From Hungarian szombat meaning "Saturday".
SZÛCS     Hungarian
Occupational name meaning "furrier" in Hungarian.
SZWARC     Polish
Polish phonetic spelling of the German last name SCHWARTZ.
SZWEDA     Polish
Derived from Polish szwed "Swede".
SZWEDKO     Polish
Means "Swedish" in Polish.
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