SITZ (1) German, Jewish
Derived from a given name beginning with the Germanic element sigi
SKALICKY Czech, Slovak
Derived from the Slavic word skala
"rock". The name refers to someone who either lived near rocks or was from a place called Skalice
First found in Ayrshire, taken from the village of Skeoch, near Mauchline.
Means "Skjegge's place" or "the bearded one's place" from Norwegian skjegge
"beard" and stad
Means "dweller in a farm near the woods" from Danish skov
"wood" and gård
Originally indicated a person from Slane (County Meath), Ireland.
Occupational surname indicating that an early member worked as a person who covered roofs with slate.
Originally a name for a person from Silesia, a historical region that is nowadays split between Poland, Germany and the Czech Republic.
Originally described one who was of Slovak descent.
From a nickname for a small person, from Middle English smal
From an unidentified place name probably meaning "smooth clearing" in Old English.
From Middle Dutch smit
"metal worker, blacksmith", a cognate of SMITH
Means "metal worker, blacksmith" from Old English smiþ
, related to smitan
"to smite, to hit". It is the most common surname in most of the English-speaking world. A famous bearer was the Scottish economist Adam Smith (1723-1790).
From Dutch snel
meaning "agile, swift, nimble".
Habitational name for a person from Sniegow
or other places whose name was derived from snieg
Means "tailor" from Middle English snithen
"to cut", an occupational name for a person who stitched coats and clothing.
SOBOL Polish, Jewish
Derived from either Polish sobol
meaning "marten" or Old High German zobel
SOKOL Czech, Jewish
Means "falcon" from Slavic sokol
. This was a nickname or an occupational name for a falconer. As a Jewish name it is ornamental.
Usually refers to the city of Sokolow Podlaski, Poland. It may sometimes be derived from the surname SOKOL
From Italian soldato
meaning "soldier". It is an occupational surname.
SOLER Occitan, Catalan
Denoted a person from any of the numerous places in the area whose names derive from the word soler
meaning "site, plot".
From names of Italian places like Somma Lombardo or Somma Vesuviana.
SOMMER (1) German
From Middle High German sumer
and Middle Low German sommer
meaning "summer". This was a name for farmers who had to deliver their taxes in the summer or who had their fields in the south of the village.
SOMMER (2) German
From Middle High German soumære, sommer
and Middle Low German somer(e)
meaning "sumpter, animal driver".
SOMMER (3) German
From Middle High German sumber, sommer
meaning "basket, wickerwork or drum".
Derived from Somogy
, which is one of the counties of Hungary. Originally it indicated someone from that region.
SONG Chinese, Korean
From Chinese 宋 (sòng)
referring to the Song dynasty, which ruled China from 960 to 1279.
Means "sun" from Middle High German sunne
. It probably denoted someone of a cheerful temperament, though in some cases it could describe a person who lived in a sunny area.
From a nickname meaning "deaf" (sordo
Means "worry, care, anxiety" from Middle High German sorge
From the place name Soriano. It is typical of southern Italy.
meaning "beer" in Hungarian. Originally the name was given to beer brewers, or someone who drank too much beer.
Means "grove of trees, small forest" in Spanish, ultimately from Latin saltus
Means "a small knot" in Czech. It was probably a nickname for a strong, stubborn man.
Originally denoted someone who lived in towns by this name in Aisne or Yonne, from the Latin estate name Suciacum
Originally indicated someone who lived in a place called Sousa
. The name of the place is of unknown pre-Roman origin.
Means "a small owl" from Polish sowa
Means "armorer, swordsman" from the Late Latin spatha
Means "nailsmith" from Middle High German span-nagel
Usually considered to be derived from the Greek dialects of Southern Italy. It comes from a nickname meaning "without beard".
Derived from the Old Norse nickname sparkr
From Middle English spere
"spear", possibly an occupational name for a hunter or a maker of spears.
The second element meyer
means "village headman". The first element is possibly from the Germanic spielen
meaning "to play, jest". Perhaps it referred to someone who was playing or acting as the village headman.
Occupational surname for the person at the manor who dispensed the Lord's provisions to those who lived on his land and worked at his estate.
SPIJKER (1) Dutch
Means "dweller by or worker at the granary" from Dutch spijker
Means "dweller by the thorn bushes" from Latin spina
Means "maker of spoons" from Middle English spoon
or "maker of shingles" from Old English spon
Means "little sparrow" from Middle English sparewe
plus the diminutive suffix -(l)ing
From the old given name Stabile
which means "stable, firm in faith".
From the area of Trento, near the Austrian border. It is a locative surname derived from Latin stabulum
Means "big" from Middle English stack
From the English place name Staffordshire
, which was adopted by the man who lived near a river or creek at a crossing point, which was called a ford
. The particular crossing point was a "stony ford", or "ford by a landing place".
Originally indicated a person from Staindrop (Durham), England, which means "valley with stony ground" from Old English stæner
meaning "stony ground" and hop
Originally denoted a person from Etampes (Seine-et-Oise), France.
Derived from a place name meaning "stone ford" in Old English.
From a place name meaning "stone clearing" in Old English. A notable bearer was the British-American explorer and journalist Sir Henry Morton Stanley (1841-1904).
Means from one of the many places named Stanton, Staunton in Britain. The place name means "farmstead on stony ground".
STARK English, German
From a nickname meaning "strong, brave" in Old German and Old English.
From Middle English sterre
"star". This was usually a nickname, but it was also a rare given name. It could also occasionally be a sign name from the name of an inn called The Star.
Originally indicated a person from Stairaird, a town in Scotland.
From the name of a village in the English county of Lancashire, near Manchester, Liverpool, and Warrington. The name literally translates as something like "town of the staves (poles or staffs) near the river".
Derived from Middle English steed
, which is in turn derived from Old English steda
meaning "stallion". It was an occupational name for one who tended horses.
STEIN German, Jewish
From the Old High German word stein
meaning "stone". It is common in German-Jewish names like Bernstein and Orenstein.
Means "stone man" either used as an occupational name for a stone worker, a habitational name for a man who lived by a stone or as a nickname for a strong man. It most commonly a habitational name.
Derived from Swedish sten
"stone" and dahl
, an old spelling of the modern day dal
Derived from city of Stirling, which is itself of unknown meaning.
From Old English styrne
, Middle English sterne
. This was used as a nickname for someone who was stern, harsh, or severe in manner or character.
Means "dweller on a starry hill, mountain" from German stern
"star" and berg
Occupational name for an administrative official of an estate or steward, from Old English stig
"house" and weard
"guard". The Stewart family (sometimes spelled Stuart
) held the Scottish crown for several centuries. One of the most famous members of the Stewart family was Mary, Queen of Scots.
Derived from the High German verb stiuben
"to escape". The name was given as a nickname to a cowardly person, or a thief.
Locative surname derived from the place name Stilo in southern Italy.
Occupational name for a horse keeper, from Old English stod
"stud" and hierde
Name for a person who lived near a prominent stone, or a person who worked with stone. It is derived from Old English stan
STOPPELBEIN (2) German
Means "dweller by a tree stump on communal land" from the Middle Low German stoppel
"stump" and bein(t)
Originally denoted someone from Storstrand farm, Norway, derived from stor
meaning "big" and strand
Derived from Middle English strange
"foreign" (ultimately derived from Latin extraneus
Means "rough, unkempt" from Middle High German strup
Habitational name for anyone who lived in a place called Street, for example in Hertfordshire, Kent and Somerset. It is derived from Old English stræt
From a place called Strickland in Westmoreland, England. The place name is of Old English origin, from stirc
"young bullock" and land
Occupational name for a maker of string or bow strings, from Middle English streng
Means "rough, unkempt" from Middle High German strob
Means literally "straw church" in German. Apparently it is a German translation of a Swedish aristocratic name.
Occupational surname meaning "straw-dealer" in German.
STROUD English, Scottish
Locational name meaning "thicket, marsh, marshy ground overgrown with brushwood".
Means "cord" from Slovene struna
, possibly denoting a maker of rope.
Derived from German die Stube
"room". The name was most likely used to denote the owner of an inn.
Locational name for one who lived near a steep hill, from Old English stigol
From an English place name composed of sud
"south" and worth
Derived from a Germanic given name, the first element is unknown, the second element is derived from heri, hari
SUESS German, Jewish
From a Jewish ornamental name from Middle High German süss
Anglicized form of the Irish name Ó Súileabháin
which means "descendant of Súileabhán". The name Súileabhán
means "little dark eye".
Means "sultan" from Arabic sultan
, from a root meaning "authority".
Toponymic name from places named Sulzbach, which were named such because the area had salty water, hence the meaning "salty brook".
Means literally "dwellers in the summer fields", and is derived from the city of Summerfield, located in the county of Norfolk in England.
SUMMERS (1) English
Occupational surname meaning "summoner", which is the petty official who calls people to appear in court.
SUMMERS (2) English
From Middle English sumer
meaning "summer". This was a nickname given to someone associated with the summer season.
Occupational name for a summoner, an official who was responsible for ensuring the appearance of witnesses in court, Middle English sumner, sumnor
From Chinese 孙 (sūn)
meaning "grandchild, descendant". A famous bearer of the surname was Sun Tzu, the 6th-century BC author of 'The Art of War'.
Scottish regional name that described a person who came from the former county by this name, which got its name from Old Norse suðroen
"southern" and land
"land". It was called the South Land because it was south of Scandinavia and south of the Norse colonies of Orkney and Shetland Islands.
Means "south town". Several towns in England bear this name.
From Japanese 鈴 (suzu)
meaning "bell" and 木 (ki)
meaning "tree, wood". This is the second most common surname in Japan.
Means "freedom" in Czech. It was a name of freemen in middle ages, of people who worked hard for their lord but they were not slaves.
From a place name in the Forest of Bowland in central Lancashire. In 1190 Sir Robert Fitzhenry, Lord of Lathom, gave the lease of part of his land in Aules-Large called Swynleyhurst
(meaning "pig grazing wood") to a family who adopted the place as their family name.
Means "tailor" in Hungarian. It is a rather frequent name in Hungary.
Means "ploughman, tiller" in Hungarian. The name was given to farmers.
From Hungarian szarka
meaning "magpie". Szarka is often used as a euphemistic term for thieves.
Denoted a person who hailed from the Székely people: Hungarians who lived in Romania.
Derived from szekér
meaning "cart, wagon" in Hungarian. Originally it was applied to wagoners, or simply someone who owned a wagon.