Surnames via Occupations

Given Name   Occupation   Location   Nickname   Ornamental   Other
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AARDEN     Dutch
From Dutch aarden meaning "clay, stone, earth". It probably denoted a person who worked with those materials.
ABADJIEV     Bulgarian
Patronymic name derived from the Turkish word aba "coat". It may have originally denoted the children of a tailor.
ABARCA     Spanish
From the name of a type of leather-soled shoe or sandal made on the Balearic Islands. It originally indicated a person who made or sold this item.
ABATANGELO     Italian
From Italian abate meaning "abbot, priest" combined with the given name ANGELO.
ABATANTUONO     Italian
From Italian abate meaning "abbot, priest" combined with the given name ANTONIO.
ABATE     Italian
From Italian abate meaning "abbot, priest", derived via Latin and Greek from an Aramaic word meaning "father". This was used either as a nickname or an occupational name for a worker in a priest's house.
ABATEGIOVANNI     Italian
From Italian abate meaning "abbot, priest" combined with the given name GIOVANNI.
ABATESCIANNI     Italian
From Italian abate meaning "abbot, priest" combined with the given name GIANNI.
ABBÀ     Italian
Variant of ABATE.
ABBADELLI     Italian
Means "little abbot" from Italian abate and the diminutive suffix -elli.
ABBASCIA     Italian
Aphetic form of ABATESCIANNI.
ABBATANGELO     Italian
Variant of ABATANGELO.
ABBATE     Italian
Variant of ABATE.
ABBATELLI     Italian
Variant of ABBADELLI.
ABBATICCHIO     Italian
Means "little abbot" from Italian abate and the diminutive suffix -icchio, from Latin -iculus.
ABBEY     English
Indicated a person who lived near an abbey or worked in an abbey, from Middle English abbeye.
ABBOTT     English
English cognate of ABATE.
ABT     German
German cognate of ABATE.
ACCIAI     Italian
Derived from medieval Italian accia meaning "axe", ultiamtely from Latin ascia.
ACCIAIO     Italian
Variant of ACCIAI.
ACCIAIOLI     Italian
Variant of ACCIAI.
ACKERMAN     English
Means "ploughman", derived from Middle English aker "field" and man.
ACQUA     Italian
Means "water" in Italian, indicating one who dwelt by or transported water.
ACQUARONE     Italian
Meaning uncertain, possibly from a place name or an occupation derived from Italian acqua "water".
ADMIRAAL     Dutch
Means "admiral" in Dutch.
AGRICOLA     Italian
From Latin agricola meaning "farmer".
AGUA     Spanish
Means "water" in Spanish, indicating a person who lived near water or worked with water.
AGUADO     Spanish
Derived from Spanish agua "water", indicating a person who lived near water or worked with water.
AKERMAN     English
Variant of ACKERMAN.
ALBERO     Italian
From Italian albero meaning "tree", ultimately from Latin arbor, referring to someone who lived in the woods or worked as a woodcutter.
ALMÁSSY     Hungarian
Derived from Hungarian alma meaning "apple", perhaps originally referring to a person who harvested or sold apples.
AL-MUFTI     Arabic
Refers to a mufti, a Muslim legal advisor consulted in applying a religious law.
ALUNNI     Italian
From Italian alunno meaning "student".
ANKER     Dutch, Danish, Norwegian
Metonymic surname for a sailor, meaning "anchor" in Dutch, Danish and Norwegian.
ARBEID     Dutch
From Dutch arbeid meaning "work".
ARBEIDER     Dutch
From Dutch arbeider meaning "worker".
ARBEIT     German
From German arbeit meaning "work".
ARCHER     English
Occupational name for one who practiced archery, from Latin arcus "bow" (via Old French).
ARKWRIGHT     English
Occupational name for a chest maker, from Middle English arc meaning "chest, coffer" and wyrhta meaning "maker, craftsman".
ARMBRÜSTER     German
Variant of ARMBRUSTER.
ARMBRUSTER     German
Means "crossbow maker" from German armbrust "crossbow". The word armbrust was originally from Latin arcuballista meaning "bow ballista", but was modified under the influence of German arm "arm" and brust "breast".
ARTS (2)     Dutch
Dutch cognate of ARZT.
ARZT     Dutch
Means "doctor, physician" in German, ultimately from Latin archiater.
ATTAR     Persian
From Persian عطر ('atir) meaning "fragrance, perfume", ultimately from Arabic. It probably denoted a seller of perfume.
AVCI     Turkish
Means "hunter" in Turkish.
AZZARÀ     Italian
Sicilian name, derived from Greek dialects of southern Italy. It is from Greek ψαρας (psaras) meaning "fisherman".
BAANDERS     Dutch
Dutch cognate of BANNER.
BAAS     Dutch
Means "boss, overseer" in Dutch.
BAASCH     Low German
From Middle Low German baas meaning "boss".
BACHMEIER     German
Originally referred to a farmer whose farm was beside a stream, from Middle High German bach "stream" and meier "steward, tenant farmer".
BACHVAROV     Bulgarian
Patronymic from Bulgarian бъчвар (bachvar) meaning "cooper, barrel maker".
BÄCKER     German
Variant of BECKER, mostly found in northern Germany.
BACKUS     English
Means "bakery", an occupational name for a baker, from Old English bæchus literally "bake house".
BADEM     Turkish
Derived from a Turkish word meaning "almond".
BADER     German
Derived from Old High German bad "bath", most likely referring to a bath attendant.
BAGER     Danish
Danish cognate of BAKER.
BAGLIO     Italian
Italian cognate of BAILEY.
BAGNI     Italian
From Latin balnea "bath", referring to a person who worked as a bath house attendant.
BAGNOLI     Italian
Diminutive form of BAGNI.
BAILEY     English
From Middle English baili meaning "bailiff", which comes via Old French from Latin baiulus "porter".
BAIRD     Scottish
Anglicized form of MAC AN BAIRD.
BAKALOV     Bulgarian
Patronymic derived from Bulgarian bakalin meaning "grocer".
BAKER     English
Occupational name meaning "baker", derived from Middle English bakere.
BAKHUIZEN     Dutch
Means "bakery" from Dutch bak "bake" and huis "house", an occupational name for a baker.
BAKKER     Dutch
Dutch cognate of BAKER, from Middle Dutch backer.
BAKÓ     Hungarian
Means "axeman" in Hungarian.
BANDERAS     Spanish
Spanish cognate of BANNER.
BANDONI     Italian
From Italian bandone meaning "sheet of iron".
BANDYOPADHYAY     Bengali
From the name of the village of Bandoghat combined with upadhaya "instructor, priest".
BANERJEE     Bengali
Variant of BANDYOPADHYAY.
BANÍK     Slovak
Means "miner" in Slovak.
BANISTER     English
Variant of BANNISTER.
BANNER     English
Occupational name for a flag carrier, derived from Old French baniere meaning "banner", ultimately of Germanic origin.
BANNERMAN     English
Variant of BANNER.
BANNISTER     English
From Norman French banastre meaning "basket". This was originally a name for a maker of baskets.
BARBER     English, Scottish
Indicated a barber, one who cut hair for a living.
BARBIERI     Italian
Italian cognate of BARBER.
BARDAKÇI     Turkish
Means "glassmaker" from Turkish bardak "glass".
BARKER     English
From Middle English bark meaning "to tan". This was an occupational name for a leather tanner.
BARONE     Italian
From the title barone "baron", derived via Latin from Germanic baro "man, warrior, servant".
BARROS     Portuguese, Spanish
From the Portuguese and Spanish word barro meaning "clay, mud". This could either be an occupational name for a person who worked with clay or mud such as a builder or artisan, or a topographic name for someone living near clay or mud.
BARSAMIAN     Armenian
Variant transcription of PARSAMYAN.
BAUER     German
From Old High German bur meaning "peasant, farmer".
BAUERS     German
Variant of BAUER.
BAUMANN     German, Jewish
From Middle High German bumann meaning "farmer, builder".
BAUMGARTEN     German
Variant of BAUMGARTNER.
BAUMGARTNER     German
Occupational name for a person who worked or lived at an orchard, from German Baumgarten "orchard" (derived from Baum "tree" and Garten "garden").
BAUMHAUER     German
Occupational name meaning "woodcutter", derived from German Baum "tree" and hauen "to chop".
BAXTER     English
Variant (in origin a feminine form) of BAKER.
BEAN     English
English cognate of BOHN.
BECK (2)     German
Variant of BECKER, from southern German beck.
BECK (4)     English
From Old English becca meaning "pickaxe", an occupational surname.
BECKE     German
Variant of BECK (1) or BECK (2).
BECKENBAUER     German
Means "farmer living by a stream" in German.
BECKER     German
Derived from Middle High German becker meaning "baker".
BECKERT     German
Variant of BECKER.
BEITEL     German
Variant of BEUTEL.
BELL (1)     English
From Middle English belle meaning "bell". It originated as a nickname for a person who lived near the town bell, or who had a job as a bell-ringer.
BELTZ     German
Occupational name for a tanner of hides, derived from Middle High German belz meaning "fur".
BENBOW     English
From a nickname "bend the bow" given to an archer.
BERGER (1)     French
Occupational name meaning "shepherd", from Old French bergier.
BEST (1)     English
Derived from Middle English beste meaning "beast", an occupational name for a keeper of animals or a nickname for someone who acted like a beast. A famous bearer of this surname was soccer legend George Best (1946-2005).
BEUTEL     German
From Middle High German biutel meaning "bag", originally belonging to a person who made or sold bags.
BHATTACHARYA     Bengali
From a Bengali title composed of the Sanskrit words भट्ट (bhatta) "scholar, lord" and आचार्य (acharya) "teacher".
BICCHIERI     Italian
Means "drinking glasses" in Italian, referring originally to a person who made or sold them.
BIERMANN     German
Derived from German bier "beer" and mann "man". The name may have referred to a brewer or a tavern owner.
BİNİCİ     Turkish
From the word binici meaning "rider, horseman".
BIRD     English
Occupational name for a person who raised or hunted birds.
BÍRÓ     Hungarian
Derived from bíró meaning "judge" in Hungarian.
BISCHOFFS     German
German cognate of BISHOP.
BISHOP     English
Means simply "bishop", ultimately from Greek επισκοπος (episkopos) meaning "overseer". It probably originally referred to a person who served a bishop.
BISKUP     Czech, Slovak
Czech and Slovak cognate of BISHOP.
BLECHER     German
Occupational name for someone who worked with tin or sheet metal, from German blech "tin".
BLEIER     German
Occupational name for a worker of lead, derived from German blei "lead".
BOATWRIGHT     English
Occupational name meaning "maker of boats".
BOBAL     Czech
Derived from Czech bob meaning "bean".
BÖCKER     German
Variant of BÖTTCHER.
BODNÁR     Hungarian
Means "cooper, barrel maker" in Hungarian.
BOER     Dutch
Dutch form of BAUER.
BOEREFIJN     Dutch
Possibly an adaptation of French beurre fin meaning "good butter".
BOERIO     Italian
From Italian boaro meaning "cowherd".
BOGNÁR     Hungarian
Hungarian form of WAGNER.
BOHN     German
Occupational name for a bean grower, derived from Middle High German bone "bean".
BOND     English
Occupational name for a peasant farmer, from Middle English bonde.
BOON (3)     Dutch
Dutch cognate of BOHN.
BOOTSMA     Frisian
Occupational surname meaning "boatman", derived from Dutch boot "boat".
BORBÉLY     Hungarian
Hungarian cognate of BARBER.
BOROS     Hungarian
Derived from Hungarian bor "wine". Originally it could have indicated someone who made or sold wine.
BÖTTCHER     German
Occupational name meaning "cooper, barrel maker" in German.
BOTWRIGHT     English
Variant of BOATWRIGHT.
BOUCHER     French
Means "butcher" in French.
BOURREAU     French
Variant of BUREAU.
BOUWMEESTER     Dutch
Means "architect, builder" in Dutch.
BOWMAN     English
Occupational name for an archer, derived from Middle English bowe, Old English boga meaning "bow".
BOYADJIEV     Bulgarian
Variant transcription of BOYADZHIEV.
BOYADZHIEV     Bulgarian
Patronymic from Bulgarian бояджия (boyadzhiya) meaning "dyer".
BRASHER     English
Means "brass worker", derived from Old English bræs "brass".
BRAUER     Low German
Derived from Middle Low German bruwer meaning "brewer".
BREINER     German, Swedish
Occupational name derived from Middle High German brie "porridge".
BREWER     English
Occupational name for a maker of ale or beer.
BREWSTER     English
Variant of BREWER, originally a feminine form of the occupational term.
BRISBOIS     French
Referred to a person who cleared land, from Old French briser "to cut" and bois "forest".
BRODBECK     German
Means "bread baker" from Middle High German brot "bread" and becke "baker".
BRODEUR     French
Means "embroiderer" in French.
BROGAN     Irish
Occupational name derived from Irish bróg meaning "shoe".
BUCHVAROV     Bulgarian
Variant transcription of BACHVAROV.
BUHR     Low German
Low German form of BAUER.
BUMGARNER     German
Variant of BAUMGARTNER.
BUREAU     French
From Old French burel, diminutive of bure, a type of woolen cloth. It may have originated as a nickname for a person who dressed in the material or as an occupational name for someone who worked with it.
BURRELL     English
English form of BUREAU.
BUTCHER     English
Occupational name for a butcher, derived from Old French bouchier.
BUTLER     English, Irish
Occupational name derived from Norman French butiller "wine steward", ultimately from Late Latin butticula "bottle". A famous bearer of this surname is the fictional character Rhett Butler, created by Margaret Mitchell for her novel 'Gone with the Wind' (1936).
BYRD     English
Variant of BIRD.
CAITO     Italian
Occupational name from Sicilian càjitu "official, leader", ultimately from Arabic قاضي (qadi) "judge".
CALLIGARIS     Italian
From Late Latin caligarius meaning "shoemaker".
CAMPANA     Italian, Spanish
Occupational name from Late Latin campana meaning "bell", ultimately derived from the Italian region of Campania, where bells were produced.
CANNON     English
From the ecclesiastical usage of canon, referring to a church official or servant who worked in a clergy house.
CAPELLO (1)     Italian
From Late Latin cappa meaning "cloak, cape, hood". This was a name for one who made or wore cloaks.
CAPITANI     Italian
Occupational name meaning "captain" in Italian, ultimately from Latin caput "head".
CARMAN (1)     English
Occupational name for a carter, from Middle English carre "cart" (of Latin origin) and man "man".
CARON     French
Variant of CHARRON.
CARPENTER     English
From the occupation, derived from Middle English carpentier (ultimately from Latin carpentarius meaning "carriage maker").
CARTER     English
Occupational name for a person who operated a cart to transport goods, from Norman French caretier.
CARTWRIGHT     English
Occupational name indicating one who made carts.
CARVER     English
Occupational surname for a carver, from Middle English kerve "cut".
CATTANEO     Italian
Variant of CAPITANI used in Lombardy.
CAUSER     English
Occupational name for one who made leggings, derived from Old French chausse "leggings".
CAVALCANTE     Italian
Derived from Italian cavalcare "to ride".
CAVALLO     Italian
Means "horse" in Italian, an cccupational name for a horseman.
CHALUPNÍK     Czech
Derived from Czech chalupa meaning "cottage". The name referred to a peasant farmer who owned a very small piece of land.
CHAMBERLAIN     English
Occupational name for one who looked after the inner rooms of a mansion, from Norman French chambrelain.
CHAMBERS     English
From Old French chambre "chamber, room", an occupational name for a person who worked in the inner rooms of a mansion.
CHANCELLOR     English
Occupational name for an administrator, a chancellor, from Norman French chancelier.
CHANDLER     English
Occupational surname meaning "candle seller" or "candle maker" in Middle English, ultimately derived from Old French.
CHAPMAN     English
Occupational name derived from Old English ceapmann meaning "merchant, trader".
CHAPUT     French
From a diminutive of the Old French word chape meaning "cloak, hood". The name referred to a person who made, sold or often wore cloaks.
CHARMCHI     Persian
Means "leather worker" in Persian, from چرم (charm) "leather" combined with چی (chi), denoting an occupation.
CHARPENTIER     French
French cognate of CARPENTER, derived from Old French charpentier.
CHARRON     French
Meant "cart" in Old French, used to denote a carter or a cartwright.
CHASE     English
Occupational name for a hunter, from Middle English chase "hunt".
CHAUDHARI     Indian, Marathi, Gujarati
Variant transcription of CHAUDHARY.
CHAUDHARY     Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Gujarati, Nepali
From a title meaning "holder of four", from Sanskrit चतुर् (chatur) meaning "four" and धुरीय (dhuriya) "bearing a burden".
CHAUDHRI     Indian, Hindi
Variant transcription of CHAUDHARY.
CHAUDHURI     Bengali
Variant transcription of CHOWDHURY.
CHEUNG     Chinese (Cantonese)
Cantonese romanization of ZHANG.
CHEVROLET     French
From a diminutive of chèvre meaning "goat", indicating a person who cultivated goats.
CHILIKOV     Bulgarian
Patronymic derived from Bulgarian челик (chelik) "steel" (of Turkish origin).
CHLEBEK     Polish
From Polish chleb "bread", used to denote a baker.
CHMELA     Czech
Derived from Czech chmel "hops", referring to a person who grew hops, a plant used in brewing beer.
CHMIEL     Polish
Polish cognate of CHMELA, from Polish chmiel.
CHONG     Chinese (Cantonese)
Cantonese romanization of ZHANG.
CHOUDHARY     Indian, Hindi, Marathi
Variant transcription of CHAUDHARY.
CHOUDHURY     Bengali
Variant transcription of CHOWDHURY.
CHOWDHURY     Bengali
Bengali form of CHAUDHARY.
CLACHER     Scottish
From Scottish Gaelic clachair meaning "stonemason".
CLARK     English
Means "cleric" or "scribe", from Old English clerec meaning "priest", ultimately from Latin clericus. A famous bearer was William Clark (1770-1838), an explorer of the west of North America.
CLARKE     English
Variant of CLARK.
CLARKSON     English
Patronymic form of CLARK.
CLAY     English
Means simply "clay", originally referring to a person who lived near or worked with of clay.
CLEARY     Irish
From Irish cléireach meaning "clerk" (see CLARK).
CLERY     Irish
Variant of CLEARY.
CLOUTIER     French
Derived from French clou meaning "nail", referring to someone who made or sold nails.
COELHO     Portuguese
From the Portuguese word for "rabbit", either a nickname or an occupational name referring to a hunter or seller of rabbits.
COEMAN     Dutch
Variant of KOOPMAN.
COEMANS     Dutch
Variant of KOOPMAN.
COHEN     Jewish
Means "priest" from Hebrew כֹּהֵן (kohen). It originally denoted one of the priestly tribe of Levi.
COIRO     Italian
From Italian cuoio meaning "leather", ultimately from Latin corium. This was an occupational surname for a leather worker or tanner.
COJOCARU     Romanian
From Romanian cojoc meaning "sheepskin coat". This was an occupational name for a maker of these coats.
COKE     English
Variant of COOK.
COKES     English
Variant of COOK.
COLOMBO     Italian
Either from Italian colomba "dove" indicating a dove keeper, or from the given name COLOMBO which is derived from the same word. This was the Italian surname of the 15th-century explorer Christopher Columbus.
COLÓN     Spanish
Spanish form of COLOMBO.
COLUMBO     Italian
Variant of COLOMBO.
CONNER     English
From Middle English connere meaning "inspector", an occupational name for an inspector of weights and measures.
CONSTABLE     English
From Old French conestable, ultimately from Latin comes stabuli meaning "officer of the stable".
CONTI     Italian
From the Italian noble title conte meaning "count", derived from Latin comes. It denoted a person who worked for a count or, in rare cases, was a count.
COOK     English
Derived from Old English coc meaning "cook", ultimately from Latin coquus. It was an occupational name for a cook, a man who sold cooked meats, or a keeper of an eating house.
COOKE     English
Variant of COOK.
COOKSON     English
Patronymic form of COOK.
COOPER     English
Means "barrel maker", from Middle English couper.
CORNETT     English
Derived from Old French cornet meaning "horn", referring to one who worked as a horn blower.
CORWIN     English
Derived from Old French cordoan "leather", ultimately from the name of the Spanish city of Cordova.
COTTERILL     English
Derived from Middle English cotter meaning "cottager", referring to a small tenant farmer.
COUMANS     Dutch
Variant of KOOPMAN.
COUPE     English
From Middle English coupe meaning "barrel", a name for a barrel maker or cooper.
COUTURE     French
Means "tailor" in Old French.
CROPPER     English
Occupational name derived from Middle English croppe "crop", referring to a fruit picker or a crop reaper.
CSIZMADIA     Hungarian
Means "bootmaker" in Hungarian.
ČTVRTNÍK     Czech
Derived from Czech čtvrtlán meaning "one quarter of a lán", where a lán is a medieval Czech measure of land (approximately 18 hectares). The name denoted someone who owned this much land.
CUCINOTTA     Italian
Derived from a diminutive of Italian cucina meaning "kitchen".
CUIJPER     Dutch
Variant of KUIPER.
CUIJPERS     Dutch
Variant of KUIPER.
CUOCCO     Italian
Italian cognate of COOK.
CUOCO     Italian
Italian cognate of COOK.
CUYPER     Dutch
Variant of KUIPER.
CUYPERS     Dutch
Variant of KUIPER.
DANE (1)     English
Variant of DEAN (1) or DEAN (2).
DARBINIAN     Armenian
Variant transcription of DARBINYAN.
DARBINYAN     Armenian
From Armenian դարբին (darbin) meaning "blacksmith".
DARZI     Persian
Means "tailor" in Persian.
DAS     Bengali, Indian, Assamese, Odia, Hindi, Marathi
Means "servant, devotee" in Sanskrit.
DASKALOV     Bulgarian
Patronymic derived from даскал (daskal) meaning "teacher".
DEAN (2)     English
Occupational surname meaning "dean", referring to a person who either was a dean or worked for one. It is from Middle English deen (ultimately from Latin decanus meaning "chief of ten").
DEĞIRMENCI     Turkish
From a Turkish word meaning "miller".
DE JONKER     Dutch
Variant of JONKER.
DE KLERK     Dutch
From Dutch klerk meaning "clerk", making this a cognate of CLARK.
DEMİR     Turkish
Means "iron" in Turkish, originally referring to an ironworker.
DEMİRCİ     Turkish
Means "blacksmith" in Turkish.
DENZEL     German
Variant of TANZER.
DE SNAIJER     Dutch
Dutch cognate of SNYDER.
DEXTER     English
Occupational name meaning "dyer" in Old English (orginally this was a feminine word, but it was later applied to men as well).
DICKMAN     English
From Old English dic "ditch" combined with man "man". It was originally a name for a ditch digger or someone who lived near a ditch.
DOBOS     Hungarian
Derived from Hungarian dob meaning "drum". Originally the name was given to someone who played drums or made them.
DOCTOR     English
Originally denoted someone who was a doctor, ultimately from Latin doctor meaning "teacher".
DRAPER     English
Occupational name for a maker or seller of woolen cloth, from Anglo-Norman French draper (Old French drapier, an agent derivative of drap "cloth").
DRECHSLER     German
Variant of DRESSLER.
DREHER     German
Means "a turner" from Middle High German drehen "to turn". A turner was a person who used a lathe to create small objects from wood or bone.
DREIER     German
Variant of DREHER.
DRESCHNER     German
Derived from Middle High German dreschen "to thresh". A thresher was a person who separated the grains from a cereal plant by beating it.
DRESSLER     German
Means "turner" from Middle High German dreseler, an agent derivative of drehen "to turn". A turner was a person who used a lathe to create small objects from wood or bone.
DREYER     German
Variant of DREHER.
DRISCOLL     Irish
From Irish Ó hEidirsceóil meaning "descendant of the messenger".
DUFOUR     French
Occupational name for a baker, from French four "oven".
DUKE     English
From the noble title, which was originally from Latin dux "leader". It was an occupational surname for a person who behaved like a duke, or who worked in a duke's household.
DUKES     English
Patronymic form of DUKE.
DVOŘÁK     Czech
Occupational name derived from Czech dvůr "manor", indicating a person who worked at such a place. This name was borne by the Czech composer Antonín Dvořák (1841-1904).
DYER     English
Occupational name for a cloth dyer, from Old English deah "dye".
DZIEDZIC     Polish
Derived from Polish dziedzic "landowner".
EARL     English
From the aristocratic title, which derives from Old English eorl meaning "nobleman, warrior". It was either a nickname for one who acted like an earl, or an occupational name for a person employed by an earl.
EARLS     English
Patronymic form of EARL.
EBNER (2)     German
Means "judge, arbiter" from Middle High German ebenære.
EGGER     German
South German occupational name for a plowman or farmer, derived from German eggen "to harrow, to plow".
EKMEKÇI     Turkish
Means "baker" in Turkish.
EL-MOFTY     Arabic
Variant transcription of AL-MUFTI.
EPISCOPO     Italian
Means "bishop" in Italian, ultimately from Greek επισκοπος (episkopos).
ERDŐS     Hungarian
Occupational name meaning "forester", derived from Hungarian erdő "forest".
ESSER     German
Means "cartwright", related to Old High German ahsa "axle".
ESSERT     German
Variant of ESSER.
EVANGELISTA     Italian
Means "evangelist" in Italian.
FABBRI     Italian
Means "blacksmith", from latin faber.
FABBRO     Italian
Means "blacksmith" in Italian.
FABIAN     English, French, Polish
Derived from the given name FABIAN.
FABRE     French
Derived from Latin faber "blacksmith".
FABRON     French
Meas "blacksmith" from Latin faber.
FAERBER     German
Variant spelling of FÄRBER.
FALCO     Italian
Derived from Italian falco "falcon". The name was used to denote either a falconer, a person who resembled a falcon in some way, or a person living on or near Monte Falco in the Appenines.
FALKENRATH     German
Means "keeper of the falcon" with falk from the Germanic valke for "falcon" and rath meaning "keeper".
FARAGÓ     Hungarian
Means "woodcutter, hewer" in Hungarian.
FÄRBER     German
Means "a dyer" from German farbe "colour".
FARINA     Italian
From a nickname indicating somebody who produces "meal" or "flour", that is a miller.
FARMER     English
Occupational name for a tax collector, from Middle English farme "rent, revenue, produce, meal", which was derived via medieval Latin from Old English feorm. This word did not acquire its modern meaning until the 17th century.
FASHINGBAUER     German
From Fasching, a German carnival (Fastnacht meaning "eve of the beginning of the fast", or the time before Lent) celebrated in Austria and Catholic Bavaria, and bauer meaning "farmer".
FATTORE     Italian
From the Italian word fattore meaning "land agent on a farm".
FAUCHER     French
Means "mower" in French.
FAUCHEUX     French
Derived from French faucher "to mow".
FAULKNER     English, Scottish
Old English for "falconer".
FAURE     French
Means "blacksmith" in French. It is a regional variant of LEFÈVRE in southern France.
FAVAGER     French
From the old French or Swiss word faverges or favarges meaning a "forge", hence a name for a blacksmith. Alternatively it could indicate one from the area of Faverges or La Favarge near Neuchatel (derived from the same word).
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