Occupational name meaning "writer, clerk, scribe"
in Old French, derived from Latin scriba
SEGAL (2) French
Occupational name for a grower or seller of rye, from Old French, from Latin secale "rye"
SENFT (1) German
Occupational name for a mustard seller, from German Senf "mustard"
SERGEANT English, French
Occupational name derived from Old French sergent
, ultimately from Latin servire
Occupational name derived from Czech švec
meaning "shoemaker, cobbler"
SEWARD (2) English
from Old English su
"sow, female pig" and hierde
Occupational name for a sexton (Middle English sexteyn
), a caretaker for a church or graveyard.
Occupational name meaning "shepherd, sheep herder"
, from Old English sceaphyrde
SHERMAN (1) English
Means "shear man"
, referring to someone who used shears in his line of work, such as a sheep-shearer.
SIEGEL (1) German
Occupational name for a maker of seals or signet rings, ultimately from Latin sigillum
Occupational name for a fife player or piper, from Hungarian síp
Means "fine sieve"
in Polish, a diminutive of the Polish word sito
Occupational name for a person who skinned animals, from Old Norse skinn
Occupational name indicating that an early member worked covering roofs with slate, from Old French esclat
"shard", of Germanic origin.
Occupational name for a locksmith, from Polish ślusarz
, of Germanic origin.
From Middle Dutch smit "metalworker, blacksmith"
, a cognate of SMITH
Means "metalworker, blacksmith"
from Old English smiþ
, related to smitan
"to smite, to hit". It is the most common surname in most of the English-speaking world. A famous bearer was the Scottish economist Adam Smith (1723-1790).
SMOLAK Polish, Czech
Occupational name for a distiller of pitch, derived from the Slavic word smola
meaning "pitch, resin"
, derived from Middle English snithen
"to cut", an occupational name for a person who stitched coats and clothing.
SOBOL Russian, Ukrainian, Jewish
Occupational name for a fur trader, from the Slavic word soboli
meaning "sable, marten"
. As a Jewish name it is ornamental.
SOKOL Czech, Jewish
From Czech sokol
, a nickname or an occupational name for a falconer. As a Jewish name it is ornamental.
Usually refers to the city of Sokołów Podlaski in Poland. It may sometimes be derived from Polish sokół
From Italian soldato
, ultimately from Latin solidus
, a type of Roman coin.
SOMMER (2) German
From Middle High German sumber
meaning "basket, wickerwork, drum"
From Hungarian sör
. Originally the name was given to beer brewers.
Occupational name for an armourer or swordsman, from Italian spada "sword"
, Latin spatha
Occupational name for a nailsmith, from Middle High German span nagel "connecting bolt"
From Sicilian sparaciu
, an occupational name for an asparagus seller or grower.
From Old English spere "spear"
, an occupational name for a hunter or a maker of spears, or a nickname for a thin person.
Possibly from German spielen
meaning "to play, to jest" combined with meyer
meaning "village headman". Perhaps it referred to someone who was played or acted as the village headman.
Occupational name for a person who dispensed provisions to those who worked at a manor, derived from Middle English spense
in Italian, derived from Latin speciarius
SPIJKER (1) Dutch
Denoted a dweller by or worker at a granary, from Dutch spijker "granary"
Means "sharp nail"
in German, an occupational name for a nailsmith.
Occupational name for a maker of spoons or a maker of shingles, derived from Middle English spone
meaning "chip of wood, spoon".
Occupational name for one who tended horses, derived from Middle English steed
, in turn derived from Old English steda
Occupational name for a steelworker, from Old English stele
STEIN German, Jewish
From Old High German stein
. It might indicate the original bearer lived near a prominent stone or worked as a stonecutter. As a Jewish name it is ornamental.
Occupational name for a post maker, from Old High German stanga "pole"
Occupational name for an administrative official of an estate or steward, from Old English stig
"house" and weard
"guard". The Stewart family (sometimes spelled Stuart
) held the Scottish crown for several centuries. One of the most famous members of the Stewart family was Mary, Queen of Scots.
Occupational name for a horse keeper, from Old English stod
"stallion, stud" and hierde
Occupational name from Polish stolarz
meaning "joiner, maker of furniture"
Name for a person who lived near a prominent stone or worked with stone, derived from Old English stan
Occupational name for a maker of string or bow strings, from Old English streng "string"
Means "straw man"
in German, an occupational name for a seller of straw.
STRUNA Slovene, Czech
From Slavic struna
meaning "string, cord"
, possibly denoting a maker of rope.
Occupational name for the owner of an inn, derived from Old High German stuba "room"
Occupational name for a summoner, an official who was responsible for ensuring the appearance of witnesses in court, from Middle English sumner
, ultimately from Latin submonere
Occupational name for a ploughman or tiller, derived from Hungarian szánt
meaning "to plow".
Occupational name for a cartman, derived from Hungarian szekér
meaning "cart, wagon".
TAGGART Irish, Scottish
Anglicized form of Irish Mac an tSagairt
meaning "son of the priest"
. This name comes from a time when the rules of priestly celibacy were not strictly enforced.
Possibly means "drummer"
, from Italian tamburo
TAMBOLI Indian, Marathi
From the Sanskrit word ताम्बूल (tambula)
meaning "betel leaves"
. These leaves are used in rituals and worship, and the name was originally given to a person who grew or sold them.
Occupational name for a person who tanned animal hides, from Old English tannian
"to tan", itself from Late Latin and possibly ultimately of Celtic origin.
in German, derived from Middle High German tanzen
From Middle English taske
meaning "task, assignment"
. A tasker was a person who had a fixed job to do, particularly a person who threshed grain with a flail.
From Old French tasse "purse, bag"
, an occupational name for a maker or seller of purses.
Derived from Old French tailleur
, ultimately from Latin taliare
TEKE (2) Turkish
Occupational name for a goat herder, from Turkish teke "goat"
in Turkish, ultimately of Persian origin.
From Bosnian terzija
, ultimately of Persian origin.
in Czech, ultimately from the Slavic word tesla
Occupational name meaning "weaver"
, ultimately from Latin texarius
Referred to a person who thatched roofs by attaching straw to them, derived from Old English þæc
Occupational name for a mender of kettles, pots and pans. The name could derive from the tinking sound made by light hammering on metal. It is possible that the word comes from the word tin
, the material with which the tinker worked.
Possibly of Germanic origin meaning "shepherd"
. This surname is typical of Lombardy.
Occupational name meaning "tax gatherer"
, derived from Old English toln
"toll, fee, tax".
Occupational name for a fuller of cloth, derived from Old English tucian
meaning "offend, torment". A fuller was a person who cleaned and thickened raw cloth by pounding it.
Occupational name for a herdsman, derived from Middle English toupe "ram"
Occupational name for one who worked with a lathe, derived from Old English turnian
"to turn", of Latin origin.
Occupational name for a tiler of roofs, derived from Old English tigele
"tile". A famous bearer of this name was American president John Tyler (1790-1862).
in Italian, either a nickname for a person who resembled a bird or an occupational name for a birdcatcher.
in Italian, originally denoting a person who worked with cattle.
From Hungarian vad
, either a nickname or an occupational name for a hunter of wild game.
Means "customs officer"
in Hungarian, a derivative of vám
VAN DER AART Dutch
Means "from the earth"
, derived from Dutch aarde
"earth". It perhaps referred to either an earth bank or to a farmer.
Derived from Spanish vara "stick"
. It may have originally been given to one who used a stick in his line of work, for example an animal herder.
Derived from Hungarian vas
, referring to a worker in iron, a miner of iron ore or a vendor of iron goods. Alternatively, from the same root word, it may have been a nickname referring to one with a distinctively strong constitution.
Occupational name derived from Dutch verver
meaning "dyer, painter"
VICARIO Spanish, Italian
in Spanish and Italian, an ecclesiastic title used to denote a representative of a bishop. It is derived from Latin vicarius
meaning "substitute, deputy".
in Russian (ultimately from German), referring to a person who worked at a vineyard or lived near one.
Derived from Czech vlas "hair"
, probably referring to a barber or a person who bought and sold hair.
VOGEL German, Dutch
From Old High German and Old Dutch fogal
. It was originally an occupational name for a bird catcher, or a nickname for a person who liked to sing.
Occupational name from Middle High German voget
meaning "bailiff, lawyer"
, ultimately from Latin advocatus
From Middle High German wagener
meaning "wagon maker, cartwright"
. This name was borne by the German composer Richard Wagner (1813-1883).
Occupational name for a person who walked on damp raw cloth in order to thicken it. It is derived from Middle English walkere
, Old English wealcan
meaning "to move".
WALLER (2) English
Derived from Old English weall
, denoting a builder of walls or someone who lived near a prominent wall.
WARD (2) Irish
Anglicized form of Irish Mac an Bhaird
, which means "son of the bard"
From Old French warder
"to guard" and robe
"garment", an occupational name for a servant responsible for the clothing in a household.
WATERMAN (2) English, Dutch
Occupational name for a boatman or a water carrier. It could also describe a person who lived by water.
Occupational name meaning "wagon maker, cartwright"
, derived from Old English wægn
"wagon". A famous bearer was the American actor John Wayne (1907-1979).
WEAVER (1) English
Occupational name for a weaver, derived from Old English wefan
WEAVER (2) English
From the name of the River Weaver, derived from Old English wefer
meaning "winding stream".
Occupational name meaning "weaver"
, from Old English webba
, a derivative of wefan
Occupational name meaning "weaver"
, from Old English webba
, a derivative of wefan
From German Wein
, an occupational name for a wine seller or producer.
Occupational name for a maker of wagon wheels, derived from Middle English whele "wheel"
WIRTH German, Jewish
Occupational name for an innkeeper, derived from German wirt
From the Polish title wojewoda
meaning "governor, voivode"
(originally meaning "warlord").
Occupational name for a forester, meaning "ward of the wood"
in Old English.
WRIGHT (1) English
From Old English wyrhta
meaning "wright, maker"
, an occupational name for someone who was a craftsman. Famous bearers were Orville and Wilbur Wright, the inventors of the first successful airplane.
From Old English geat
, a name for a gatekeeper or someone who lived near a gate.
From Italian zappa
meaning "hoe, mattock"
, probably denoting a farmer. Two musicians of Italian origin have bore this name: Francesco Zappa (1717-1803) and Frank Zappa (1940-1993).
Denoted a person from one of the various towns named Zduny in Poland, which is derived from Polish zdun
meaning "potter". It can also be an occupational surname derived directly from zdun
, derived from Czech zem
"land". A famous bearer is the soccer coach Zdeněk Zeman (1947-).
From Chinese 张 (zhāng)
meaning "stretch, extend"
. It may have denoted a bowmaker whose job it was to stretch bow wood.
Occupational name for a silversmith from Yiddish zilber
"silver" and schlag
ZIMMERMANN German, Jewish
From the German word for "carpenter"
, derived from Middle High German zimber
"timber, wood" and mann
ŽITNIK Slovene, Czech
From the Slavic root žito
. This was an occupational name for a dealer in rye or a baker.
From Slavic župan
meaning "head of the district, community leader"