Surnames Categorized "occupations"

This is a list of surnames in which the categories include occupations.
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RYE English
Topographic name. It could be a misdivision of the Middle English phrases atter ye meaning "at the island" or atter eye meaning "at the river". In some cases it merely indicated a person who lived where rye was grown or worked with rye (from Old English ryge).
SADLER English
Occupational name for a make of saddles, from Old English sadol "saddle".
SALUCCI Italian
From Italian sale meaning "salt".
SANGSTER English, Scottish
Occupational name or nickname for a singer, from Old English singan "to sing, to chant".
SAPPINGTON English
Possibly from the city of Sapperton, England, derived from Old English sapere meaning "soap maker" and tun meaning "enclosure, yard, town".
SAVATIER French
From Old French savatier "shoemaker", derived from savate "shoe", of uncertain ultimate origin.
SAWYER English
Occupational name meaning "sawer of wood, woodcutter" in Middle English, ultimately from Old English sagu meaning "saw". Mark Twain used it for the main character in his novel The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (1876).
SAYER Welsh
From Welsh saer meaning "carpenter".
SAYLOR English
Occupational name meaning "acrobat, dancer", derived from Old French sailleor, from Latin sallitor.
SCARLETT English
Denoted a person who sold or made clothes made of scarlet, a kind of cloth, possibly derived from Persian سقرلاط (saghrelat).
SCARPA Italian
Means "shoemaker" from Italian scarpa meaning "shoe".
SCAVO Italian
Means "serf, slave", from Old Sicilian scavu.
SCHÄFER German
From Old High German scaphare meaning "shepherd".
SCHENK German, Dutch
From Middle High German, Middle Dutch schenke meaning "wine server" (from Old High German scenken "to pour out").
SCHIRMER German
Means "fencer, fencing master", from Old High German skirmen meaning "to defend".
SCHOOL Dutch
From Dutch school, ultimately from Latin schola meaning "school", indicating a person who worked at or lived near a school.
SCHRÖTER German
Means "beer-porter, wine-porter" in German, an occupational name for a carrier of wine or beer barrels.
SCHUCHARDT German
From Middle High German schuochwürte meaning "shoemaker, cobbler".
SCHUHMACHER German
From the Middle High German occupational name schuochmacher meaning "shoemaker".
SCHUSTER German
Means "shoemaker, cobbler", from Middle High German schuoch "shoe" and suter, from Latin sutor "sewer, cobbler".
SCHÜTTMANN German
Means "watchman, guard" from Middle High German schützen "to protect".
SEPPÄ Finnish
Means "smith" in Finnish.
SERGEANT English, French
Occupational name derived from Old French sergent meaning "servant", ultimately from Latin servire "to serve".
SEWARD (2) English
Means "swineherd" from Old English su "sow, female pig" and hierde "herdsman, guardian".
SHEARER English
English cognate of SCHERER.
SHEPHERD English
Occupational name meaning "shepherd, sheep herder", from Old English sceaphyrde.
SHERMAN (1) English
Means "shear man", referring to someone who used shears in his line of work, such as a sheep-shearer.
SHERMAN (2) Jewish
Means "tailor" in Yiddish, derived from שער (sher) meaning "scissors".
SHRIVER German
German cognate of SCRIVEN.
SHVETS Ukrainian, Russian
Means "shoemaker" in Ukrainian and Russian.
SIPOS Hungarian
Occupational name for a fife player or piper, from Hungarian síp "whistle, pipe".
SITKO Polish
Means "fine sieve" in Polish, a diminutive of the Polish word sito "sieve".
SKINNER English
Occupational name for a person who skinned animals, from Old Norse skinn.
SLATER English
Occupational name indicating that an early member worked covering roofs with slate, from Old French esclat "shard", of Germanic origin.
SMITH English
Means "metalworker, blacksmith" from Old English smiþ, related to smitan "to smite, to hit". It is the most common surname in most of the English-speaking world. A famous bearer was the Scottish economist Adam Smith (1723-1790).
SOBOL Russian, Ukrainian, Jewish
Occupational name for a fur trader, from the Slavic word soboli meaning "sable, marten". As a Jewish name it is ornamental.
SOLDATI Italian
From Italian soldato meaning "soldier", ultimately from Latin solidus, a type of Roman coin.
SOMMER (2) German
From Middle High German sumber or sommer meaning "basket, wickerwork, drum".
SÖRÖS Hungarian
From Hungarian sör meaning "beer". Originally the name was given to beer brewers.
SPADA Italian
Occupational name for an armourer or swordsman, from Italian spada "sword", Latin spatha.
SPARACELLO Italian
From Sicilian sparaciu meaning "asparagus", an occupational name for an asparagus seller or grower.
SPEAR English
From Old English spere "spear", an occupational name for a hunter or a maker of spears, or a nickname for a thin person.
SPEZIALE Italian
Means "grocer" in Italian, derived from Latin speciarius "spice seller".
SPITZNAGEL German
Means "sharp nail" in German, an occupational name for a nailsmith.
SPOONER English
Occupational name for a maker of spoons or a maker of shingles, derived from Middle English spone meaning "chip of wood, spoon".
STEED English
Occupational name for one who tended horses, derived from Middle English steed, in turn derived from Old English steda meaning "stallion".
STEELE English
Occupational name for a steelworker, from Old English stele meaning "steel".
STODDARD English
Occupational name for a horse keeper, from Old English stod "stallion, stud" and hierde "herder".
STONE English
Name for a person who lived near a prominent stone or worked with stone, derived from Old English stan.
STRINGER English
Occupational name for a maker of string or bow strings, from Old English streng "string".
STRUNA Slovene, Czech
From Slavic struna meaning "string, cord", possibly denoting a maker of rope.
SUMNER English
Occupational name for a summoner, an official who was responsible for ensuring the appearance of witnesses in court, from Middle English sumner, ultimately from Latin submonere "to advise".
SZABÓ Hungarian
Means "tailor" in Hungarian.
SZEWC Polish
Means "shoemaker" in Polish.
TAILLER French
Means "tailor" from Old French tailleur.
TAILOR English
Variant of TAYLOR.
TAKÁCS Hungarian
Means "weaver" in Hungarian.
TAMBOIA Italian
Possibly means "drummer", from Italian tamburo meaning "drum".
TANNER English
Occupational name for a person who tanned animal hides, from Old English tannian "to tan", itself from Late Latin and possibly ultimately of Celtic origin.
TANZER German
Means "dancer" in German, derived from Middle High German tanzen "to dance".
TASKER English
From Middle English taske meaning "task, assignment". A tasker was a person who had a fixed job to do, particularly a person who threshed grain with a flail.
TAYLOR English
Derived from Old French tailleur meaning "tailor", ultimately from Latin taliare "to cut".
TEKE (2) Turkish
Occupational name for a goat herder, from Turkish teke "goat".
TERZIĆ Bosnian
From Bosnian terzija meaning "tailor", ultimately of Persian origin.
TESAŘ Czech
Means "carpenter" in Czech, ultimately from the Slavic word tesla meaning "adze".
THATCHER English
Referred to a person who thatched roofs by attaching straw to them, derived from Old English þæc meaning "thatch".
THAYER French
Americanized form of TAILLER.
TINKER English
Occupational name for a mender of kettles, pots and pans. The name could derive from the tinking sound made by light hammering on metal. It is possible that the word comes from the word tin, the material with which the tinker worked.
TOLLER English
Occupational name meaning "tax gatherer", derived from Old English toln "toll, fee, tax".
TOLVAJ Hungarian
Means "thief" in Hungarian.
TUCKER English
Occupational name for a fuller of cloth, derived from Old English tucian meaning "offend, torment". A fuller was a person who cleaned and thickened raw cloth by pounding it.
TUPPER English
Occupational name for a herdsman, derived from Middle English toupe "ram".
TURNER English
Occupational name for one who worked with a lathe, derived from Old English turnian "to turn", of Latin origin.
TYLER English
Occupational name for a tiler of roofs, derived from Old English tigele "tile". A famous bearer of this name was American president John Tyler (1790-1862).
VACCA Italian
Means "cow" in Italian, originally denoting a person who worked with cattle.
VADAS Hungarian
From Hungarian vad meaning "wild", either a nickname or an occupational name for a hunter of wild game.
VÁMOS Hungarian
Means "customs officer" in Hungarian, a derivative of vám "customs".
VINOGRADOV Russian
Means "vineyard" in Russian (ultimately from German), referring to a person who worked at a vineyard or lived near one.
WEAVER (1) English
Occupational name for a weaver, derived from Old English wefan "to weave".
WEBSTER English
Occupational name meaning "weaver", from Old English webba, a derivative of wefan "to weave".
WEIMANN German
From German Wein meaning "wine", an occupational name for a wine seller or producer.
WHEELER English
Occupational name for a maker of wagon wheels, derived from Middle English whele "wheel".
WOODWARD English
Occupational name for a forester, meaning "ward of the wood" in Old English.
YATES English
From Old English geat meaning "gate", a name for a gatekeeper or someone who lived near a gate.
ZANGARI Italian
Southern Italian name, derived from Greek τσαγκαρης (tsankaris) meaning "shoemaker, cobbler".
ZIMMERMANN German, Jewish
From the German word for "carpenter", derived from Middle High German zimber "timber, wood" and mann "man".
ŽITNIK Slovene, Czech
From the Slavic root žito meaning "rye". This was an occupational name for a dealer in rye or a baker.
ZSOLDOS Hungarian
Means "mercenary" in Hungarian.