Indicated a person from the town of Ayr in Scotland. The town was named for the river which flows through it, itself derived from an Indo-European root meaning "water".
From the name of various towns in England, typically derived from Old English burna
"stream, spring" and ham
Anglicized form of Gaelic Dubhghlas
, which meant "dark river" from dubh
"dark" and glais
"water, river" (an archaic word related to glas
"grey, green"). This is the name of various places in Scotland, such as a tributary of the River Clyde.
From the names of various places in England which are derived from Old English horh
"dirt, mud" and tun
"enclosure, yard, town".
Means "mouth of the river", from Japanese 川 (kawa)
meaning "river, stream" and 口 (kuchi)
meaning "mouth, entrance".
From Japanese 小 (ko)
meaning "small" and 泉 (izumi)
meaning "spring, fountain". A notable bearer of this name is Junichiro Koizumi (1942-), who was Prime Minister of Japan.
From Japanese 黒 (kuro)
meaning "black" and 澤 (sawa)
meaning "marsh". A notable bearer was Akira Kurosawa (1910-1998), a Japanese film director.
From Irish Ó Loingsigh
meaning "descendant of Loingseach", a given name meaning "mariner".
Designated a person who had originally lived near the mouth of the Roe River in Derry, Ireland.
Derived from the region in Scotland called Moray
meaning "seaboard settlement". A notable bearer of this surname was General James Murray (1721-1794), who was the first British Governor-General of Canada.