From Finnish aalto
meaning "wave". A famous bearer was Finnish architect Alvar Aalto (1898-1976).
AYERS (3) English
Indicated a person from the town of Ayr in Scotland. The town was named for the river that flows through it, itself derived from an Indo-European root meaning "water".
Derived from the name of an English city, meaning "beaver stream" in Old English.
From the name of a city in Lancashire, meaning "black stream" in Old English.
Anglicized form of Irish Ó Braoin
meaning "descendant of Braon", a byname meaning "rain, moisture, drop".
Originally denoted one who came from the town of Breisach, in Germany. The town's name is possibly from a Celtic word meaning "breakwater".
From Irish Ó Braonáin
meaning "descendant of Braonán", a byname meaning "rain, moisture, drop" (with a diminutive suffix).
From the name of various towns in England, typically derived from Old English burna
"stream, spring" and ham
BURNS (1) English, Scottish
Derived from Old English burna
"stream, spring". A famous bearer was the Scottish poet Robert Burns (1759-1796).
From various English place names derived from Old English ceald
"cold" and well
"spring, stream, well".
Anglicized form of Gaelic Dubhghlas
, which meant "dark river" from dubh
"dark" and glais
"water, river" (an archaic word related to glas
"grey, green"). This is the name of various places in Scotland, such as a tributary of the River Clyde.
From a place name meaning "fern stream", from Old English fearn
"fern" and burna
From the names of various places in England, which are derived from Old English horh
"dirt, mud" and tun
"enclosure, yard, town".
IRVING Scottish, English
Originally derived from a Scottish place name (in North Ayrshire) meaning "green water".
Means "mouth of the river", from Japanese 川 (kawa)
meaning "river, stream" and 口 (kuchi)
meaning "mouth, entrance".
KAY (2) English
Derived from Old French kay
meaning "wharf, quay", indicating one who lived near or worked on a wharf.
From Scots kerr
meaning "rough wet ground", ultimately from Old Norse kjarr
From Japanese 小 (ko)
meaning "small" and 泉 (izumi)
meaning "spring, fountain". A notable bearer of this name is Junichiro Koizumi (1942-), who was Prime Minister of Japan.
From Japanese 黒 (kuro)
meaning "black" and 澤 (sawa)
meaning "marsh". A notable bearer was Akira Kurosawa (1910-1998), a Japanese film director.
Patronymic name derived from Russian лагун (lagun)
meaning "water barrel". It was used to denote the descendants of a person who made water barrels.
From Irish Ó Loingsigh
meaning "descendant of Loingseach", a given name meaning "mariner".
Originally a name for a person from Marlow in Buckinghamshire, England. The place name means "remnants of a lake" from Old English mere
"lake" and lafe
"remnants, remains". A notable bearer was the English playwright and poet Christopher Marlowe (1564-1593).
Designated a person who had originally lived near the mouth of the Roe River in Derry, Ireland.
MOORE (1) English
Originally indicated a person who lived on a moor, from Middle English mor
meaning "open land, bog".
MURRAY (1) Scottish
Derived from the region in Scotland called Moray
meaning "seaboard settlement". A notable bearer of this surname was General James Murray (1721-1794), who was the first British Governor-General of Canada.
Originally referred to one who lived near a pond.
Anglicized form of Irish Ó Rabhartaigh
meaning "descendant of Rabhartach". The given name Rabhartach
means "flood tide".
Denoted a person who lived near a river, from Middle English, from Old French riviere
meaning "river", from Latin riparius
From the name of places in southern Scotland and northern England, derived from Old English hryðer
meaning "cattle, ox" and ford
meaning "ford, river crossing".
Topographic name. It could be a misdivision of the Middle English phrases atter ye
meaning "at the island" or atter eye
meaning "at the river". In some cases it merely indicated a person who lived where rye was grown or worked with rye (from Old English ryge
SALLER (1) German
Originally denoted a person from the town of Sallern in Bavaria, possibly from a Celtic element meaning "stream".
Denoted a person from a town by this name in Buckinghamshire, England. It is derived from that of a river combined with Old English broc
Toponymic name from German places named Sulzbach meaning "salty stream", derived from Old High German sulza
"salty water" and bah
Derived from Middle English welle
meaning "well, spring, water hole".
Possibly from the Polish place name Wyrzyki
, of uncertain meaning, maybe "away from the river".