Originally belonged to a person who lived near or in a forest. It was probably originally derived, via Old French forest
, from Latin forestam (silva)
meaning "outer (wood)".
Name for someone who lived near ferns, from Old High German farn
Derived from Old High German forst
"forest". Probably unrelated to the Old French word forest
, which was derived from Latin, Old High German forst
was derived from foraha
meaning "fir tree".
Derived from Old French fort
"stronghold", indicating a person who lived near or worked at such a place.
Occupational name for a baker, from French fourneau
From a nickname which indicated a person who came from France. It is typical of the area around Naples.
Means "free" in German, probably referring to someone outside the feudal system.
Means "joy" in German, a nickname for a cheerful person. A famous bearer was the psychologist Sigmund Freud (1856-1939).
From Middle High German vriunt
, modern German Freund
From a nickname derived from Middle High German vrom
meaning "noble, honourable".
From Old English and Old High German meaning "frost", a nickname for a person who had a cold personality or a white beard.
From Old High German fuhs
meaning "fox". It was originally a nickname for a person with red hair.
Derived from Middle High German vuorman
From the name of the Italian region of Friuli
, in the northeast of Italy, which is derived from the name of the Roman town of Forum Iulii meaning "forum of Julius".
From a nickname meaning "prince" in German. The word fürst
itself is derived from Old High German furisto
Occupational name for someone who made or sold forks, from Old High German gabala
Occupational name derived either from Old French jauge
"measure" (a name for an assayer) or gage
"pledge, payment" (a name for a moneylender). Both words were ultimately of Frankish origin.
Derived from Old French gagnier
meaning "to farm, to cultivate".
Derived from old French gagnon
"guard dog". The name most likely originated as a nickname for an aggressive or cruel person.
Means "rooster", ultimately from Latin gallus
. This was a nickname for a proud person.
Probably from the feminine medieval given name Allegranza or Alleganza, a derivative of ALLEGRA
. It comes from northern Lombardy.
Originally denoted one from the region of Garfagnana in Tuscany, Italy, near the historical city of Lucca.
From a nickname, from a southern variant of the Italian word garofano
Name for someone who lived on a street in a city, from German gasse
Means "cat" in Italian, originally a nickname for an agile person.
Derived from a short form of Germanic names starting with the element ger
Means "vulture" in German, a nickname for a greedy person.
Means "fiddle player" in German, derived from Old High German giga
Occupational name for a goat herder, from southern German Geiss
meaning "goat" and the suffix ler
signifying an occupation.
Denoted a person from the Italian city of Genoa (Genova in Italian).
Means "tanner, leather dresser" in German, derived from Old High German garawen
meaning "to prepare".
Occupational name for a barley farmer, derived from Old High German gersta
From the old Italian given name Bonagiunta
(derived from bono
"good" and aggiunto
From Old English glæs
or Old High German glas
meaning "glass". This was an occupational name for a glass blower or glazier.
Derived from Middle High German glocke
"bell". It may have referred to a person who worked at or lived close to a bell tower.
Derived from the given name Göbel
, a diminutive of the Old German name Godebert
, which is derived from god
"God" and beraht
From the German noble title Graf
meaning "count", ultimately from Greek γραφευς (grapheus)
Originally denoted a person from Gran, the German name for Esztergom, a city in northern Hungary.
Means "farm bailiff" from Old French grangier
, ultimately from Latin granum
meaning "grain". It is borne in the Harry Potter novels by Harry's friend Hermione Granger.
From an Italian nickname meaning "cricket", perhaps given originally to a cheerful person (the cricket is associated with cheerfulness).
From the given name GRIMALDO
. It is the surname of the royal family of Monaco, which came from Genoa.
From the Tuscan word gronchio
meaning "numb, bent". This is an Italian regional surname typical of Tuscany. A famous bearer was the Italian president Giovanni Gronchi (1887-1978).
Means "thick, fat, big" in French, from Late Latin grossus
, possibly of Germanic origin.
From Old High German groz
meaning "tall, big".
From German grün
"green" and Berg
"mountain". This name indicated a person who lived on or near a forest-covered mountain.
Means "green forest" from German grün
"green" and Wald
Derived from Middle High German guot
meaning "good" and muot
meaning "mind, spirit". It was a nickname for an optimistic person.
From a Sicilian nickname meaning "sad". It was name of the famous Italian painter Renato Guttuso (born 1912).
Occupational name for one who grew or sold oats, derived from Old High German habaro
"oat". As a Jewish surname it is ornamental.
Occupational name for a dealer in oats, derived from Old High German habaro
"oat" and korn
Occupational name for a potter, derived from Old High German havan
From a nickname for a proud or pugnacious person, from Old High German hano
meaning "rooster, cock".
From Old French and Middle English hardi
meaning "bold, daring", of Germanic origin.
From Middle High German and Middle Low German hase
meaning "hare, rabbit". This was a nickname for a person who was quick or timid.
From a northern German place name meaning "rabbit field", from Old Saxon haso
"hare" and kamp
"field" (from Latin campus
Derived from Middle High German houwen
"to chop", referring to a butcher or woodchopper.
Derived from Middle High German houwen
"to chop" and man
"man", referring to a butcher or woodchopper.
Name for someone who lived in a house with no land, derived rom Old High German word hus
Diminutive form of HIRSCH (1)
or HIRSCH (2)
. A famous bearer was the British-German astronomer William Herschel (1738-1822), as well as his sister Caroline Herschel (1750-1848) and son John Herschel (1792-1871), also noted scientists.
Derived from Middle High German herze
meaning "heart", a nickname for a big-hearted person.
From a German title meaning "duke", a nickname for a person who either acted like a duke or worked in a duke's household.
Means "deer, hart" in German. This was a nickname for a person who resembled a deer in some way, or who raised or hunted deer.
Occupational name for a farmer, from German Hof
"farm", from Old High German hof
"house, estate, courtyard".
Means "master of the household", from Old High German hof
"house, estate, courtyard" and meistar
"master" (from Latin magister
Occupational name for a forester's helper, from Old High German holz
"wood" and knecht
Derived from Old High German holz
"wood" and man
"man", a name for someone who lived close to a wood or worked with wood.
HORNEnglish, German, Norwegian, Danish
From the Germanic word horn
meaning "horn". This was an occupational name for one who carved objects out of horn or who played a horn, or a person who lived near a horn-shaped geographical feature, such as a mountain or a bend in a river.
Occupational name for a farmer, derived from Old High German huoba
"plot of land, farm".
HUMMEL (2)German, Dutch
Nickname for a busy person, from Middle Low German and Middle Dutch hommel
, Middle High German hummel
, all meaning "bee".
From the name of the town of Ingersleben, Germany, which meant "Inge's village".
In the village of Jollenbeck Germany, there is a river called the Jölle river which gave Jöllenbeck its name.
From a given name derived from the Germanic elements gaut
) and beraht
From Middle High German junc
From a nickname meaning "bald-headed" in German.
From Middle High German keiser
meaning "emperor", originally a nickname applied to someone who acted kingly. The title ultimately derives from the Roman name CAESAR
Occupational surname that indicated a butcher who sold veal meat or a butcher who slaughtered calves. In German kalb
means "calf" and fleisch
Means "a person who lives near or works at a chapel" from Middle High German kappel
From the Low German area around Paderborn. The ending of the name is derived from German meyer
Derived from the German word Katze
Means "wedge shaped" in German. It was used to denote a person who owned a wedge-shaped piece of land.
From Middle High German këller
meaning "cellar". This is either an occupational name for a cellarer or a name for a person who lived in a cellar.
German form of KEMP
. In order to Americanize the name, some people dropped the letter f
, altering the name to the English version.
Derived from German kern
"seed". It is an occupational name for one who sold or planted seeds.
Derived from German kufe
meaning "barrel". This was an occupational name for a barrel maker.
Derived from Middle High German kirche
"church". The name was probably given to someone who worked at a church or lived near one.
Occupational name meaning "chest maker, cabinetmaker" in German.
Occupational name for a tailor, from German Kleid
meaning "garment, clothing".
KLEINGerman, Dutch, Jewish
Means "small, little" from German klein
or Yiddish kleyn
. A famous bearer of this name is clothes designer Calvin Klein (1942-).
Occupational name for a shoemaker (derived from Low German knif
meaning "shoemaker's knife").
Originally a nickname for a noisy or disruptive person, derived from Old German knellen
"to make noise, to cause a disturbance".
From German knochen
"bone" and mus
"sauce". It probably referred to someone who worked in the butcher trade.
Means "button" in German, originally belonging to a button maker or button seller.
Derived from Middle High German kol
From Middle High German koler
meaning "charcoal burner" or "charcoal seller".
Means "mace" in German. A mace is a heavy medieval war club with a spiked or flanged metal head, used to crush armour.
From Middle High German kræmer, kramære, kromer
and Middle Low German kramer, kremer, kromer
meaning "shopkeeper, grocer".
From Middle High German krus
meaning "curly". Originally a nickname for a person with curly hair.
German word meaning "crab", perhaps a nickname for a person with a crab-like walk.
Means "crown", perhaps a nickname for one who worked in a royal household.
Nickname for a crippled person or someone who walked with a cane, from German krücke
In southern Germany: Means "potter" from Middle High German kruoc
meaning "jug, pot".
Occupational surname meaning "potter", from Middle High German kruse
Occupational surname for a baker who made small cakes or cookies. It is derived from Middle High German kuoche
Occupational name for a maker of spindles (Middle German kunkel
"spindle", ultimately from Latin conus
Originally indicated a person from the town of Abriola in southern Italy.
Means "the chapel" in French. It was most likely used to denote a person who lived by a church or a chapel.
Sardinian surname from a name of the town Làconi near the city of Nuoro.
Derived from Greek dialects that are spoken in southern Italy, namely in Calabria. It is an occupational surname meaning "greengrocer" (ortolano
in Italian). Surnames derived from Greek dialects often end with an accent on final the a
Locative surname of Genoa and surroundings derived from the place name Lagomarsino (near Genoa).
From a nickname meaning "green-lizard". This little reptile is respected because it supposedly protects against vipers. The surname is typical of the Genoa region.
Originally an occupational surname meaning "sentry" or "sentinel". It also had a locative meaning "watchtower". Fiorello Laguardia (1882-1947) was the first mayor of New York of Italian origin.
Derived from the name place Lama
, quite common around Italy.
Originally from a place name in Normandy, which was derived from Old French la mare
meaning "the pool".
Locative surname from the name of a village near the city of Belluno. This surname is from the area of Venice.
Derived from a French word meaning "wool", designating one who worked in the wool trade.