Bishops of Rome and the Popes

According to tradition the first Bishop of Rome was the apostle Saint Peter. By the time of Leo the Great 400 years later the Bishops of Rome were the most powerful figures in western Christianity.

It was Leo who began officially using the title pope (Latin papa "father"), though it was originally used by many other bishops besides him. In the 11th century Gregory VII decreed that the title should belong only to the Bishops of Rome. It is worth noting that not all of the popes have lived in Rome; for 70 years in the 14th century they resided in Avignon in France.

Note: an antipope was a rival who was set up in opposition to the canonical pope.

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The names that are unnumbered belonged to antipopes.

#NameYearsOther Names
1.Peter?-67
2.Linus67-76
3.Anacletus79-92
4.Clement I92-99
5.Evaristus99-107
6.Alexander I107-115
7.Sixtus I115-124
8.Telesphorus125-137
9.Hyginus137-140
10.Pius I140-154
11.Anicetus154-167
12.Soter166-174
13.Eleuterus174-189
14.Victor I189-199
15.Zephyrinus199-217
16.Callixtus I217-222
Hippolytus of Rome217-235
17.Urban I222-230
18.Pontian230-235
19.Anterus235-236
20.Fabian236-250
21.Cornelius251-253
Novatian251-258
22.Lucius I253-254
23.Stephen I254-257
24.Sixtus II257-258
25.Dionysius259-268
26.Felix I269-274
27.Eutychian275-283
28.Caius283-296
29.Marcellinus296-304
30.Marcellus I308-309
31.Eusebius309-310
32.Miltiades311-314
33.Sylvester I314-335
34.Mark336
35.Julius I337-352
36.Liberius352-366
Felix II355-365
Ursinus366-367
37.Damasus I366-384
38.Siricius384-399
39.Anastasius I399-401
40.Innocent I401-417
41.Zosimus417-418
Eulalius418-419
42.Boniface I418-422
43.Celestine I422-432
44.Sixtus III432-440
45.Leo I the Great440-461
46.Hilarius461-468
47.Simplicius468-483
48.Felix III483-492
49.Gelasius I492-496
50.Anastasius II496-498
Laurentius498-506
51.Symmachus498-514
52.Hormisdas514-523
53.John I523-526
54.Felix IV526-530
Dioscorus530
55.Boniface II530-532
56.John II533-535
57.Agapetus I535-536
58.Silverius536-537
59.Vigilius537-555
60.Pelagius I556-561
61.John III561-574
62.Benedict I575-579
63.Pelagius II579-590
64.Gregory I the Great590-604
65.Sabinian604-606
66.Boniface III607
67.Boniface IV608-615
68.Adeodatus I615-618
69.Boniface V619-625
70.Honorius I625-638
71.Severinus640
72.John IV640-642
73.Theodore I642-649
74.Martin I649-653
75.Eugene I655-657
76.Vitalian657-672
77.Adeodatus II672-676
78.Donus676-678
79.Agatho678-681
80.Leo II682-683
81.Benedict II684-685
82.John V685-686
83.Conon686-687
Paschal687
Theodore687
84.Sergius I687-701
85.John VI701-705
86.John VII705-707
87.Sisinnius708
88.Constantine708-715
89.Gregory II715-731
90.Gregory III731-741
91.Zachary741-752
92.Stephen II752-757
93.Paul I757-767
Constantine II767-768
94.Stephen III767-772
Philip768
95.Adrian I772-795
96.Leo III795-816
97.Stephen IV816-817
98.Paschal I817-824
99.Eugene II824-827
100.Valentine827
101.Gregory IV827-844
102.Sergius II844-847
103.Leo IV847-855
Anastasius855
104.Benedict III855-858
105.Nicholas I the Great858-867
106.Adrian II867-872
107.John VIII872-882
108.Marinus I882-884
109.Adrian III884-885
110.Stephen V885-891
111.Formosus891-896
112.Boniface VI896
113.Stephen VI896-897
114.Romanus897
115.Theodore II897
116.John IX898-900
117.Benedict IV900-903
118.Leo V903
Christopher903-904
119.Sergius III904-911
120.Anastasius III911-913
121.Lando913-914
122.John X914-928
123.Leo VI928
124.Stephen VII929-931
125.John XI931-935
126.Leo VII936-939
127.Stephen VIII939-942
128.Marinus II942-946
129.Agapetus II946-955
130.John XII955-964
131.Benedict V964
132.Leo VIII964-965
133.John XIII965-972
134.Benedict VI973-974
Boniface974
135.Benedict VII974-983
136.John XIV983-984
Boniface984-985
137.John XV985-996
138.Gregory V996-999
John997-998
139.Sylvester II999-1003
140.John XVII1003
141.John XVIII1003-1009
142.Sergius IV1009-1012
Gregory1012
143.Benedict VIII1012-1024
144.John XIX1024-1032
145.Benedict IX1032-1045
146.Sylvester III1045
147.Benedict IX1045-1046
148.Gregory VI1045-1046
149.Clement II1046-1047
150.Benedict IX1047-1048
151.Damasus II1048
152.Leo IX1049-1054
153.Victor II1055-1057
154.Stephen IX1057-1058
Benedict1058-1059
155.Nicholas II1058-1061
Honorius1061-1072
156.Alexander II1061-1073
157.Gregory VII1073-1085
Clement III1080
Clement III1084-1100
158.Victor III1086-1087
159.Urban II1088-1099
160.Paschal II1099-1118
Theodoric1100-1101
Albert1102
Sylvester1105-1111
161.Gelasius II1118-1119
Gregory1118-1121
162.Callixtus II1119-1124
Celestine1124
163.Honorius II1124-1130
Anacletus1130-1138
164.Innocent II1130-1143
Victor1138
165.Celestine II1143-1144
166.Lucius II1144-1145
167.Eugene III1145-1153
168.Anastasius IV1153-1154
169.Adrian IV1154-1159
Victor1159-1164
170.Alexander III1159-1181
Paschal1164-1168
Callixtus1168-1178
Innocent1179-1180
171.Lucius III1181-1185
172.Urban III1185-1187
173.Gregory VIII1187
174.Clement III1187-1191
175.Celestine III1191-1198
176.Innocent III1198-1216
177.Honorius III1216-1227
178.Gregory IX1227-1241
179.Celestine IV1241
180.Innocent IV1243-1254
181.Alexander IV1254-1261
182.Urban IV1261-1264
183.Clement IV1265-1268
184.Gregory X1271-1276
185.Adrian V1276
186.Innocent V1276
187.John XXI1276-1277
188.Nicholas III1277-1280
189.Martin IV1281-1285
190.Honorius IV1285-1287
191.Nicholas IV1288-1292
192.Celestine V1294
193.Boniface VIII1294-1303
194.Benedict XI1303-1304
195.Clement V1305-1314
196.John XXII1316-1334
Nicholas1328-1330
197.Benedict XII1334-1342
198.Clement VI1342-1352
199.Innocent VI1352-1362
200.Urban V1362-1370
201.Gregory XI1370-1378
202.Urban VI1378-1389
Clement1378-1394
203.Boniface IX1389-1404
Benedict1394-1423
204.Innocent VII1404-1406
205.Gregory XII1406-1415
Alexander1409-1410
John1410-1415
206.Martin V1417-1431
Clement1423-1429
207.Eugene IV1431-1447
Felix1440-1449
208.Nicholas V1447-1455
209.Callixtus III1455-1458
210.Pius II1458-1464
211.Paul II1464-1471
212.Sixtus IV1471-1484
213.Innocent VIII1484-1492
214.Alexander VI1492-1503
215.Pius III1503
216.Julius II1503-1513
217.Leo X1513-1521
218.Adrian VI1522-1523
219.Clement VII1523-1534
220.Paul III1534-1549
221.Julius III1550-1555
222.Marcellus II1555
223.Paul IV1555-1559
224.Pius IV1559-1565
225.Pius V1566-1572
226.Gregory XIII1572-1585
227.Sixtus V1585-1590
228.Urban VII1590
229.Gregory XIV1590-1591
230.Innocent IX1591
231.Clement VIII1592-1605
232.Leo XI1605
233.Paul V1605-1621
234.Gregory XV1621-1623
235.Urban VIII1623-1644
236.Innocent X1644-1655
237.Alexander VII1655-1667
238.Clement IX1667-1669
239.Clement X1670-1676
240.Innocent XI1676-1689
241.Alexander VIII1689-1691
242.Innocent XII1691-1700
243.Clement XI1700-1721
244.Innocent XIII1721-1724
245.Benedict XIII1724-1730
246.Clement XII1730-1740
247.Benedict XIV1740-1758
248.Clement XIII1758-1769
249.Clement XIV1769-1774
250.Pius VI1775-1799
251.Pius VII1800-1823
252.Leo XII1823-1829
253.Pius VIII1829-1830
254.Gregory XVI1831-1846
255.Pius IX1846-1878
256.Leo XIII1878-1903
257.Pius X1903-1914
258.Benedict XV1914-1922
259.Pius XI1922-1939
260.Pius XII1939-1958
261.John XXIII1958-1963(Roncalli)
262.Paul VI1963-1978
263.John Paul I1978
264.John Paul II1978-2005(Wojtyła)
265.Benedict XVI2005-2013
266.Francis2013-
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