Notable Scientists and Inventors

This list is comprised of some of the most recognizable names from the world of science and invention. These lists do not include philosophers, mathematicians, psychologists, theologians who are instead listed with the famous thinkers.
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NameLifespanOther Names
Hippocrates of Cos460-370 BC
Aristarchus of Samosc. 310-c. 230 BC
Apollonius of Pergac. 262-c. 190 BC
Hipparchus of Nicaeac. 190-c. 120 BC
Pliny the Elder23-79(Plinius, Secundus)
Cai Lun50-121(Ts'ai)
Ptolemyc. 90-c. 168(Ptolemaeus)
Galen129-c. 216
Jabir ibn Hayyanc. 721-c. 815
Ibn al-Haithamc. 965-c. 1040
Johannes Gutenbergc. 1395-1468
Leonardo da Vinci1452-1519
Nicolaus Copernicus1473-1543
Paracelsus1493-1541
Andreas Vesalius1514-1564
Tycho Brahe1546-1601
Galileo Galilei1564-1642
Johannes Kepler1571-1630
Evangelista Torricelli1608-1647
Giovanni Domenico Cassini1625-1712
Robert Boyle1627-1691
Christiaan Huygens1629-1695
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek1632-1723
Robert Hooke1635-1703
James Gregory1638-1675
Isaac Newton1642-1727
Ole Rømer1644-1710
Denis Papin1647-c. 1712
Edmond Halley1656-1742
Thomas Newcomen1664-1729
Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit1686-1736
Daniel Bernoulli1700-1782
Anders Celsius1701-1744
Carl Linnaeus1707-1778
Mikhail Lomonosov1711-1765
Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot1725-1804
Michel Adanson1727-1806
Otto Friedrich Müller1730-1784
Charles Messier1730-1817
Henry Cavendish1731-1810
David Rittenhouse1732-1796
Richard Arkwright1733-1792
Charles-Augustin de Coulomb1736-1806
James Watt1736-1819
Luigi Galvani1737-1798
William Herschel1738-1822
Antoine Lavoisier1743-1794
Jean-Baptiste Lamarck1744-1829
Alessandro Volta1745-1827
Pierre-Simon Laplace1749-1827
Edward Jenner1749-1823
Joseph Marie Jacquard1752-1834
Benjamin Thompson1753-1814
Jean-Pierre Blanchard1753-1809
Nicéphore Niépce1765-1833
Robert Fulton1765-1815
William Hyde Wollaston1766-1828
John Dalton1766-1844
Georges Cuvier1769-1832
Niccolò Cacciatore1770-1841
Alois Senefelder1771-1834
Thomas Young1773-1829
André-Marie Ampère1775-1836
Amedeo Avogadro1776-1856
Carl Friedrich Gauss1777-1855
Hans Christian Ørsted1777-1851
Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac1778-1850
Humphry Davy1778-1829
Jöns Jacob Berzelius1779-1848
George Stephenson1781-1848
John James Audubon1785-1851
Joseph von Fraunhofer1787-1826
Louis Daguerre1787-1851
Georg Ohm1789-1854
Claude Pouillet1790-1868
Samuel Morse1791-1872
Michael Faraday1791-1867
Charles Babbage1791-1871
John Herschel1792-1871
Eliphalet Remington1793-1861
Rowland Hill1795-1879
Henry Fox Talbot1800-1877
Charles Goodyear1800-1860
Robert Ball1802-1857
Justus von Liebig1803-1873
Antonio Meucci1808-1889
Horace Smith1808-1893
Louis Braille1809-1852
Charles Darwin1809-1882
Christian Sharps1810-1874
Claude Bernard1813-1878
Samuel Colt1814-1862
Adolphe Sax1814-1894
Werner von Siemens1816-1892
George Henry Corliss1817-1888
James Prescott Joule1818-1889
Mijat Stojanović1818-1881
Hermann von Helmholtz1821-1894
Rudolf Virchow1821-1902
Heinrich Schliemann1822-1890
Gregor Mendel1822-1884
Louis Pasteur1822-1895
Alfred Russel Wallace1823-1913
Gustav Kirchhoff1824-1887
William Thomson1824-1907(Kelvin)
William Huggins1824-1910
Augustin Mouchot1825-1911
Thomas Henry Huxley1825-1895
Daniel B. Wesson1825-1906
Emanoil Bacaloglu1830-1891
James Clerk Maxwell1831-1879
Nikolaus Otto1832-1891
Alfred Nobel1833-1896
Ernst Haeckel1834-1919
Dmitriy Mendeleev1834-1907
Gottlieb Daimler1834-1900
Johannes Diderik van der Waals1837-1923
Ernst Mach1838-1916
Almon Brown Strowger1839-1902
Robert Stawell Ball1840-1913
Valentine Ball1843-1894
Ludwig Boltzmann1844-1906
Karl Benz1844-1929
Wilhelm Röntgen1845-1923
Gabriel Lippmann1845-1921
Wilhelm Maybach1846-1929
Edward Charles Pickering1846-1919
George Westinghouse1846-1914
Thomas Edison1847-1931
Alexander Graham Bell1847-1922
Sarah Frances Whiting1847-1927
Ivan Pavlov1849-1936
Karl Ferdinand Braun1850-1918
Jacobus Kapteyn1851-1922
Hermann Emil Fischer1852-1919
Henri Becquerel1852-1908
Albert Abraham Michelson1852-1931
Hendrik Lorentz1853-1928
Wilhelm Ostwald1853-1932
George Eastman1854-1932
David Dunbar Buick1854-1929
John Browning1855-1926
C. V. Boys1855-1944
Nikola Tesla1856-1943
J. J. Thomson1856-1940
Williamina Fleming1857-1911
William Henry Pickering1858-1938
Rudolf Diesel1858-1913
Max Planck1858-1947
Franz Boas1858-1942
Vincas Kudirka1858-1899
Svante Arrhenius1859-1927
Pierre Curie1859-1906
Herman Hollerith1860-1929
Frank Shuman1862-1918
Henry Ford1863-1947
Annie Jump Cannon1863-1941
Wilhelm Wien1864-1928
Pieter Zeeman1865-1943
Antonia Maury1866-1952
Wilbur Wright1867-1912
Marie Curie1867-1934
Henrietta Swan Leavitt1868-1921
Slavoljub Eduard Penkala1871-1922
Orville Wright1871-1948
Ernest Rutherford1871-1937
Louis Blériot1872-1936
Alberto Santos-Dumont1873-1932
Ejnar Hertzsprung1873-1967
Guglielmo Marconi1874-1937
Ferdinand Porsche1875-1951
Vesto Slipher1875-1969
Willis Carrier1876-1950
Henry Norris Russell1877-1957
Lise Meitner1878-1968
Otto Hahn1879-1968
Albert Einstein1879-1955
Alfred Wegener1880-1930
Alexander Fleming1881-1955
Max Born1882-1970
Arthur Eddington1882-1944
Niels Bohr1885-1962
Julian Huxley1887-1975
Erwin Schrödinger1887-1961
John Logie Baird1888-1946
Igor Sikorsky1889-1972
Edwin Hubble1889-1953
Vannevar Bush1890-1974
Louis de Broglie1892-1987
Guy Stewart Callendar1898-1964
Fritz Zwicky1898-1974
Wolfgang Pauli1900-1958
Jan Oort1900-1992
Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin1900-1979
Linus Pauling1901-1994
Enrico Fermi1901-1954
Werner Heisenberg1901-1976
Amil Kumar Das1902-1961
Paul Dirac1902-1984
Konrad Lorenz1903-1989
J. Robert Oppenheimer1904-1967
Gerard Kuiper1905-1973
Rachel Carson1907-1964
Edward Teller1908-2003
Leo Fender1909-1991
Konrad Zuse1910-1995
Samuel Warren Carey1911-2002
Britton Chance1913-2010
Jonas Salk1914-1995
Francis Crick1916-2004
Richard Feynman1918-1988
Marie Tharp1920-2006
Andrei Sakharov1921-1989
Clair Patterson1922-1995
Gaja Alaga1924-1988
Bruce C. Heezen1924-1977
David Attenborough1926-
Asım Orhan Barut1926-1994
James Watson1928-
Charles David Keeling1928-2005
Vera Rubin1928-(Cooper)
Sheila Kitzinger1929-2015
Jane Goodall1934-
Carl Sagan1934-1996
Richard Dawkins1941-
Stephen Hawking1942-
Basarab Nicolescu1942-
Ernő Rubik1944-
Ayyub Guliyev1954-
Tim Berners-Lee1955-
Linus Torvalds1969-
231 results