Notable Philosophers and Thinkers

This list is comprised of some of the most recognizable names from the world of philosophy. Also included are mathematicians, theologians and those associated with the humanities and social science. However, those considered to be more in the camp of experimental science or invention are listed with the famous scientists.
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NameLifespanOther Names
Niels Henrik Abel1802-1829
Pierre Abélard1079-1142
Sabino Acquaviva1927-2015
Adebowale Adefuye1947-2015
Alfred Adler1870-1937
Theodor W. Adorno1903-1969
Abu Nasr Muhammad al-Farabic. 872-c. 950(Alpharabius, Farabi)
Abu Hamid Muhammad ibn Muhammad al-Ghazali1058-1111(Algazel)
Abu Ali al-Husayn ibn Sina980-1037(Avicenna)
Muhammad al-Idrisi1099-c. 1165
Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmic. 780-850(Algoritmi)
Abu Yusuf Yaqub al-Kindi801-873
Muhammad al-Razi865-925(Rhazes)
Ammianus Marcellinusc. 325-c. 391
Anaxagorasc. 500-428 BC
Anaximanderc. 610-c. 546 BC
Anaximenes of Miletusc. 585-c. 528 BC
Anselm of Canterbury1033-1109
Apollonius of Pergac. 262-c. 190 BC
Thomas Aquinas1225-1274
Archimedesc. 287-c. 212 BC
Archytas428-347 BC
Aristotle384-322 BC
Raymond Aron1905-1983
François-Marie Arouet "Voltaire"1694-1778(Voltaire)
Augustine of Hippo354-430
Charles Babbage1791-1871
Francis Bacon1561-1626
Simone de Beauvoir1908-1986
Jeremy Bentham1748-1832
Henri Bergson1859-1941
George Berkeley1685-1753
Boethius480-524
Pierre Bourdieu1930-2002
Darko Bratina1942-1997
Giordano Bruno1548-1600
Joseph Campbell1904-1987
Albert Camus1913-1960
Gerolamo Cardano1501-1576
Giovanni Domenico Cassini1625-1712
Cassius Dioc. 155-c. 235
Jean-François Champollion1790-1832
Jean Chauvin1509-1564(Calvin)
Noam Chomsky1928-
Zerah Colburn1804-1839
Auguste Comte1798-1857
Haskell Curry1900-1982
Vahakn Dadrian1926-
Florimond de Beaune1601-1652
Democritusc. 460-c. 370 BC
Florimond de Raemond1540-1601(de Rémond)
Ferdinand de Saussure1857-1913
René Descartes1596-1650
Charles de Secondat1689-1755
John Dewey1859-1952
Denis Diderot1713-1784
Diogenes of Sinopec. 412-323 BC
Diophantus of Alexandriac. 205-c. 290
Émile Durkheim1858-1917
Arthur Eddington1882-1944
Empedoclesc. 490-430 BC
Friedrich Engels1820-1895
Epictetusc. 55-c. 135
Epicurus341-270 BC
Desiderius Erasmus1466-1536
Eratosthenes of Cyrenec. 276-c. 195 BC
Erik Erikson1902-1994
Euclidc. 330-275 BC
Leonhard Euler1707-1783
Johann Gottlieb Fichte1762-1814
Michel Foucault1926-1984
Joseph Fourier1768-1830
Francis of Assisic. 1182-1226
Viktor Frankl1905-1997
Gottlob Frege1848-1925
Sigmund Freud1856-1939
Milton Friedman1912-2006
Erich Fromm1900-1980
Raimond Gaita1946-
Ljudevit Gaj1809-1872(Gay)
Évariste Galois1811-1832
Carl Friedrich Gauss1777-1855
Gautama Buddhac. 563-c. 483 BC
Milovan Gavazzi1895-1992
Geoffrey of Monmouthc. 1100-c. 1155
Anthony Giddens1938-
Kurt Gödel1906-1978
Gorgiasc. 485-c. 380 BC
Gregory of Toursc. 538-594
James Gregory1638-1675
Hakuin Ekaku1686-1769
Mehr Abdul Haq1915-1995
Friedrich Hayek1899-1992
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel1770-1831
Martin Heidegger1889-1976
Heraclitus of Ephesusc. 535-c. 475 BC
Hero of Alexandria10-70
Herodotusc. 484-425 BC
David Hilbert1862-1943
Hipparchus of Nicaeac. 190-c. 120 BC
Thomas Hobbes1588-1679
Alexander von Humboldt1769-1859
David Hume1711-1776
Jan Hus?-1415
Edmund Husserl1859-1938
Christiaan Huygens1629-1695
Hypatia of Alexandriac. 370-415
Ibn Khaldun1332-1406
Isidore of Seville560-636
William James1842-1910
Jesus Christc. 4 BC-c. 33
John Duns Scotusc. 1266-1308
Ljudevit Jonke1907-1979
Josephus37-c. 100(Flavius)
Carl Jung1875-1961
Oriol Junqueras i Vies1969-
Immanuel Kant1724-1804
John Maynard Keynes1883-1946
Omar Khayyám1048-1131
Søren Kierkegaard1813-1855
Reşat Ekrem Koçu1905-1975
Kong Qiuc. 551-479 BC
Pyotr Kropotkin1842-1921
Jacques Lacan1901-1981
Joseph Louis Lagrange1736-1813(Lagrangia)
Laozi?-5xx BC
Pierre-Simon Laplace1749-1827
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz1646-1716
Rado Lenček1921-2005
Leonardo of Pisa "Fibonacci"c. 1170-c. 1250
Livyc. 64 BC-17(Livius, Patavinus)
John Locke1632-1704
Ada Lovelace1815-1852
Lucretiusc. 99-c. 55 BC(Carus)
Martin Luther1483-1546
Niccolò Machiavelli1469-1527
Moses Maimonides1135-1204
Thomas Robert Malthus1766-1834
Benoit Mandelbrot1924-2010
Mani216-274
Toufik Mansour1968-
Marcus Aurelius121-180
Alfred Marshall1842-1924
Karl Marx1818-1883
Abraham Maslow1908-1970
Mazdak?-c. 524
Meng Kec. 372-c. 289 BC
Gerardus Mercator1512-1594
John Stuart Mill1806-1873
Theodor Mommsen1817-1903
G. E. Moore1873-1958
Thomas More1478-1535
Abu'l-Walid Muhammad ibn Rushd1126-1198(Averroes)
Muhammad570-632
Nagarjunac. 150-250
John Napier1550-1617
John Forbes Nash Jr.1928-2015
Nicholas of Cusa1401-1464
Friedrich Nietzsche1844-1900
Helmuth Nyborg1937-
Ziya Onis1957-
Origen184-253
Vilfredo Pareto1848-1923
Parmenides of Eleac. 515-c. 450 BC
Talcott Parsons1902-1979
Blaise Pascal1623-1662
Pausanias110-180
Charles Sanders Peirce1839-1914
Philoc. 20 BC-c. 50
Jean Piaget1896-1980
Platoc. 427-347 BC
Plotinusc. 205-270
Plutarchc. 46-120(Mestrius, Plutarchus)
Henri Poincaré1854-1912
Polybiusc. 200-c. 118 BC
Karl Popper1902-1994
Protagorasc. 490-c. 420 BC
Pyrrhoc. 360-c. 270 BC
Pythagorasc. 580-500 BC
Willard Van Orman Quine1908-2000
Wilhelm Reich1897-1957
David Ricardo1772-1823
Bernhard Riemann1826-1866
David Rittenhouse1732-1796
Karl Ritter1779-1859
Carl Rogers1902-1987
Jean-Jacques Rousseau1712-1778
Bertrand Russell1872-1970
George Santayana1863-1952
Jean-Paul Sartre1905-1980
Hjalmar Schacht1877-1970
Arthur Schopenhauer1788-1860
Joseph Schumpeter1883-1950
Seneca the Younger4 BC-65
Sima Qianc. 145-86 BC(Szu-ma)
Georg Simmel1858-1918
Ferdo Šišić1869-1940
B. F. Skinner1904-1990
Adam Smith1723-1790
Socratesc. 470-399 BC
Baruch Spinoza1632-1677
Svetozar Stojanović1931-2010
Straboc. 64 BC-c. 24
Suetonius69-122(Tranquillus)
Sun Tzuc. 544-c. 496 BC
Tacitusc. 56-c. 117(Cornelius)
Tertullianc. 160-c. 225
Thalesc. 624-c. 546 BC
Henry David Thoreau1817-1862
Thucydidesc. 460-c. 395 BC
Leonida Tonelli1885-1946
Alan Turing1912-1954
John von Neumann1903-1957
Lev Vygotsky1896-1934
Max Weber1864-1920
Alfred North Whitehead1861-1947
William of Ockhamc. 1287-1347
Ludwig Wittgenstein1889-1951
Wilhelm Wundt1832-1920
Xenophanes of Colophonc. 570-c. 475 BC
Xenophonc. 427-c. 355 BC
Zeno of Citiumc. 334-c. 262 BC
Zeno of Eleac. 490-c. 430 BC
Zoroaster?-1xxx BC
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