Submitted Surnames Starting with B
Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
BONIADI Persian (Rare)
Most likely derived from Persian بنياد (Bonīād)
, the name of a village in the Bushehr Province of Iran. A notable bearer is Iranian-American actress Nazanin
Literally means "good house", derived from French bonne
"good" and French maison
"house". As such, this surname is most likely a locational surname, in that it originally either referred to someone who lived in a good house (probably more like a mansion) or to someone who was born in (or lived in) the place Bonnemaison, which is nowadays located in the Calvados department of France... [more]
BONSALL English (British)
This is a locational name which originally derived from the village of Bonsall, near Matlock in Derbyshire. The name is Norse-Viking, pre 10th Century and translates as 'Beorns-Halh' - with 'Beorn' being a personal name meaning 'Hero' and 'Halh' a piece of cultivated land - a farm.
BONUS French, German, Dutch
Humanistic Latinization of vernacular names meaning ‘good’, for example French Lebon or Dutch de Goede
From a pet form of the personal name Bonifác, Czech form of Bonifacio.
BOOK English (British)
The surname Book originated from the UK. When and where are still under investigation, however we believe it maybe within the Manchester area.
English occupational surname meaning "maker of books."
BOOMHOUWER German, Dutch
Boomhouwer, means "Cutter of Trees", or "The one who hews trees", having Boom translating into "tree", houw meaning to "hew" or to "cut", and er meaning "the one who".... [more]
BOORMAN Anglo-Saxon, English
This surname is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and may be either a topographical name for someone who lived in a particularly noteworthy or conspicuous cottage, from the Olde English pre 7th Century "bur", bower, cottage, inner room, with "mann", man, or a locational name from any of the various places called Bower(s) in Somerset and Essex, which appear variously as "Bur
" and "Bura
" in the Domesday Book of 1086... [more]
BOOT English, Dutch, German
English: metonymic occupational name for a maker or seller of boots, from Middle English, Old French bote (of unknown origin).... [more]
A Dutch surname meaning a "nickname for a ridiculous person" or a variant of Boot
Habitational name for someone from one of many places named with bor meaning "pine forest"; alternatively from a short form of the personal names Dalibor or Bořivoj, containing the element -bor meaning "battle".
Proper, non-Castilianized form of Borja
; it indicates familial origin within the eponymous municipality.
Habitational name for someone from a place called Borek or Borki, from bór
Ornamental name composed of an unexplained first element and the common surname suffix -en
, from Latin -enius
"descendant of".... [more]
Of unclear origin, most likely a variant of the German surname Born
. Alternatively, it could be derived from the Czech surname Borak, meaning "from the pine forest."
Borgo is an Italian surname, which means 'village' or 'borough'.
The origin of this name comes from Ukraine, the original name being Borisov.
BORKOWSKI Polish, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from a place called Borki, Borkowice, or Borek, all named with Polish bór
'pine forest', or from Borków, which derives from the personal name Borek
+ the possessive suffix -ow
This surname is presumed to be a variant of Bornemann
, which is made up of Middle Low German born
meaning "spring" and man
meaning "man," denoting someone who lived by a spring or a well.
A topographical name indicating someone who lived near a stream, from the Old English "burna, burne". Alternatively, it could be contemporarily derived from the modern English word "born". Possible variants include Bourne
BORNEMANN Low German
North German: topographic name denoting someone who lived by a well or spring, from Middle Low German born ‘spring’, ‘well’ + man ‘man’.
Patronymic from a pet form of Borowy, or from Borzyslaw, Bolebor, or some other personal name formed with the element bor ‘to fight’.
The Danish surname Borresen has two origins. Boerresen is composed of -sen 'son' + the given name Boerre, the modern equivalent of Old Norse Byrgir 'the helper' (from proto-Indo-European root BHER- 'to carry, bear')... [more]
Habitational name from either of two farmsteads: Borsheim in Rogaland and Børsheim in Hordaland.
Habitational name from a place named with Bosc(h), from Late Latin boscus
English habitation surname derived from the Old English personal name Bosa
and the Old English leah
"clearing, field". It's also possibly a variant of the French surname Beausoleil meaning "beautiful sun" from the French beau
'beautiful, fair' and soleil
BOŠNJAK Croatian, Serbian
Derived from "Bošnjak", for someone who has their roots in Bosnia. This surname is rare in Bosnian Muslims.
From the medieval personal name Boso, from a Germanic personal name derived from a pejorative nickname meaning ‘leader’, ‘nobleman’, or ‘arrogant person’. Compare Dutch Boos.
Combination of Swedish bo
"dwelling, home" and ström
From an English surname which was from a lost or unidentified place name. The second element is clearly Old English wic
"outlying (dairy) farm".
BOSWELL French (Anglicized)
"The name Boswell is an Anglicization of the name of a French village: Boseville (Beuzeville)". This was a village of 1400 inhabitants near Yvetot, in Normandy. (from “A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames”, by Charles W. Bardsley, New York, 1901)... [more]
This was the surname of Evgeniy
Botkin ( 1865 - 1918) who was the Russian court physician. He remained loyal to the family of Tsar Nicholas II Romanov when the revolution occurred and followed them into exile in Siberia... [more]
BOUCHAREB Arabic (Maghrebi)
Means "father of the moustache" or "father of the drinker", from the Arabic بو (bu)
"father (of)" and شَارِب (šārib)
meaning "drinking, drinker" or "moustache". It is mainly found in Algeria.
Variant of Beaudreau
. Originated in ancient area known as Languedoc, where the family was established. Comes from having lived in Languedoc, where the name was found since the early Middle Ages.
BOUHIRED Arabic (Maghrebi)
Meaning unknown. A notable bearer is Djamila
Bouhired (1935-), an Algerian militant and nationalist who opposed the French rule over Algeria.
BOUHOUCHE Arabic (Maghrebi)
Most likely from Arabic أَبُو (ʾabū)
meaning "father" and حَوْش (ḥawš)
meaning "courtyard, enclosure, farm" (chiefly Algerian).
BOUJETTIF Northern African (Archaic)
Meaning, "The family of the son of the Clever Head" or "One Whom Possess a Clever Head." Bou
(normally used in the North African Regions of the Maghrib Countries) has 2 possible derivative meanings both originating from the Arabic language, "Son of..." or an Arabic word Tho
meaning, "One Who Possess A Quality." Jettif
is a variance of Jettef
which is derived from the ancient Tamazight or Imazighen (popularly known as Berber) and is pronounced "j-ixf" which means Clever, head, or brain."
Seems to be an Indian name. I am in touch with a relative whose family were Pottawatomi Indians in Oklahoma. This name comes from that reservation.
The Bourbons were one of the most important ruling houses of Europe . Its members were descended from Louis I, duc de Bourbon from 1327 to 1342, the grandson of the French king Louis IX (ruled 1226-70)... [more]
BOUTELLA Arabic (Maghrebi)
Means "father of the mountain, father of the hill", from Arabic أَبُو (ʾabū)
meaning "father" and تَلّ (tall)
"hill, foothill" (chiefly Algerian).... [more]
Occupational name for a herdsman, from Old French bouvier
, Late Latin boviarus
, a derivative of bos
, genetive bovis
It is the surname of the famous fictional character Emma Bovary protagonist of Gustave Flaubert's novel.
Habitational name from any of several places called Bowden or Bowdon, most of them in England. From Old English boga
"bow" and dun
"hill", or from Old English personal names BUGA
combined with dun
BOWDLER Flemish, English
Originally de Boelare it evolved to Bowdler or Bowdle after Baldwin de Boelare came to England in 1105 & was given a lordship over Montgomery, Wales.
BOWE Medieval English, English, Irish (Anglicized)
There are three possible sources of this surname, the first being that it is a metonymic occupational name for a maker or seller of bows, a vital trade in medieval times before the invention of gunpowder, and a derivative of the Old English pre 7th Century 'boga', bow, from 'bugan' to bend... [more]
BOWIE Scottish Gaelic
Scots Gaelic Bhuidhe
meaning "golden yellow". Name was originally Mac Gille Bhuid
, meaning "son of the yellow-haired lad". It was shortened to MacilBuie
in the 1600's, and further shortened in the 1700's to Buie
and anglicised to Bowie by English speaking census takers and record keepers on the Scottish mainland.
Nickname from the Norman term of address beu sire ‘fine sir’, given either to a fine gentleman or to someone who made frequent use of this term of address.
English: occupational name for a maker or seller of bows (see Bow
), as opposed to an archer. Compare Bowman
patronymic from an occupational name for a painter, from Turkish boyaci 'painter'.
Habitational name from a place called Boydston near Glasgow. This surname is no longer found in the British Isles.
BOYE English, German, Dutch, Frisian, Danish
From a Germanic personal name, Boio or Bogo, of uncertain origin. It may represent a variant of Bothe, with the regular Low German loss of the dental between vowels, but a cognate name appears to have existed in Old English, where this feature does not occur... [more]
Means "Ox Gaurd," "Ox Leader", and/or "Boy". Origin is French.
Diminutive of bog
, meaning "god", literally means Christmas.
Habitational name from Bråten, a common farm name in southeastern Norway, derived from Old Norse broti ‘land cleared for cultivation by burning’.
From Irish Ó Breacáin meaning "descendant of Breacán", a personal name from a diminutive of breac 'speckled', 'spotted', which was borne by a 6th-century saint who lived at Ballyconnel, County Cavan, and was famous as a healer; St... [more]
Habitational name from any of the places called Bradshaw, for example in Lancashire and West Yorkshire, from Old English brad
"broad" + sceaga
Habitational name for someone from Bräg in Bavaria.
Habitational name from any of various farms so called in eastern Norway, which may have originally derived their name from a river name meaning "roaring", "thundering".
BRAGG English, Welsh
From a nickname for a cheerful or lively person, derived from Middle English bragge
meaning "lively, cheerful, active", also "brave, proud, arrogant".
Means "son of Brayne", Brayne
being a short form of the Yiddish feminine name Brayndl
, literally "little brown one" (cf. Breindel
Northern English habitational name from any of the places in Cumbria and Yorkshire named Braithwaite, from Old Norse breiðr
"broad" + þveit
This surname is taken from the word which refers to a common blackberry (British) or any of several closely related thorny plants in the Rubus genus (US). It also refers to any thorny shrub. The word is derived from Old English bræmbel
with a euphonic -b-
inserted from the earlier bræmel
, which is then derived from Proto-Germanic *bræmaz
meaning "thorny bush."
BRANCACCIA Italian (Rare)
Derived from the medieval Italian given name Brancazia
, which is the feminine form of the masculine given name Brancazio
. For more information, please see the entry for the patronymic surname Brancazio
Variant form of Brancazio
. There are a few sources that claim that the surname is derived from a place name (which would make it a locational surname), but that claim is incorrect, as all Italian geographical places carrying the name Brancaccio
were either established long after the Middle Ages (by which time virtually all Italians already had a hereditary surname) or were named after a person who had Brancaccio for a surname... [more]
Derived from the medieval Italian masculine given name Brancaleone
, which means either "a lion's paw" or "he who captures the lion". In the case of the former meaning, the name is derived from Italian branca
meaning "paw, claw" combined with Italian leone
meaning "lion"... [more]
BRANCATELLA Italian (Rare)
Derived from the feminine given name Brancatella
, which is a diminutive of the medieval Italian given name Brancazia
, the feminine form of the masculine given name Brancazio
. For more information about this, please see the entry for the patronymic surname of Brancazio
BRANCATELLO Italian (Rare)
Derived from the masculine given name Brancatello
, which is a diminutive of the medieval Italian given name Brancazio
, itself ultimately derived from the late Latin given name Brancatius
This surname can be derived from a given name (thus making it a patronymic surname) as well as from a place name (thus making it a locational surname). In the case of a patronymic surname, the surname is derived from the medieval Italian given name Brancato
, which is a variant form of the given name Brancazio
, itself ultimately derived from the late Latin given name Brancatius
BRANCAZIO Italian (Rare)
Derived from the medieval Italian masculine given name Brancazio
, which itself is derived from Brancatius
(also found spelled as Brancaccius
), a late Latin corruption of the given name Pancratius
from the the portuguese word Branco
meaning "white", referring to someone with light skin and/or hair
BRANDENBURG German (East Prussian, Rare)
From a state in eastern Germany, formerly known as Prussia, containing the capital city of Berlin. Ancient. Associated with the Margravate (Dukedom) of Brandenburg, the seat of power in the Holy Roman Empire... [more]
BRANDIS German, Jewish, Swiss
German & Swiss: Habitational name from a former Brandis castle in Emmental near Bern, Switzerland, or from any of the places so named in Saxony, Germany. A famous bearer of the name is Jonathan Brandis
Brandybuck is the surname of Meriadoc, a young Hobbit in J.R.R. Tolkien's "The Lord of the Rings." Possibly derived from the Brandywine
River, which in turn is derived from Sindarin Baranduin
, "Brown River"... [more]
Originally taken from the Welsh place name Brecknock
. Medieval settlers brought this name to Ireland.
A combination of Swedish brant
"steep hill" and the suffix -ing
. A famous bearer was Hjalmar
Branting (1860–1925), Prime Minister of Sweden in the 1920s.
BRAS Dutch, Low German
Dutch and North German: from Old French and Middle Dutch bras ‘arm’. This was probably a descriptive nickname for someone with some peculiarity of the arm, but the word was also used as a measure of length, and may also have denoted a surveyor.
French and English (of both Norman and Huguenot origin): occupational name for a brewer, from Old French brasser
‘to brew’. See also Brasher
Place-name derived from the Old Norse
words for a "broad clearing".
Ornamental name composed of the personal name Bratt + the surname suffix -én, from Latin -enius ‘descendant of’.
BRATTEN Scottish (Anglicized)
Anglicized form of the Gaelic surname Mac an Bhreatnaich ‘son of the Briton’, originally denoting a Strathclyde Welsh-speaking Briton. It was applied in Ireland also to people from Brittany.
BRAUNERSHRITHER German, Dutch, English
This name mean Leather (Tanned) Knight, or a fighter of leather armor, or in Dutch, Leather writer, one who branded print on leather
BRAVO Spanish, Portuguese
From a Spanish and Portuguese nickname for a fierce or violent man (from Spanish and Portuguese bravo
"fierce, violent"). This surname was borne by Charles Bravo (1845-1876), a British lawyer and possible murder victim.
From a medieval nickname for someone who had achieved notable success in jousts or in battle. Nicholas Breakspear (?1100-1159) was the original name of Pope Hadrian IV, the only English pope.
From a short form of any of various personal names formed with Germanic element berth
" bright" "famous".
Probably from a medieval nickname for a likable or popular person (from Middle English breden
"to produce" + love
). This surname is borne by Craig Breedlove (1937-), US land-speed record holder.
From Middle High German breit
meaning "broad". a nickname for a stout or fat person.
Derived from the name of a town called "Britz" in Germany + the suffix "mann" for man.
BRETON French, English
French and English: ethnic name for a Breton, from Old French bret
(oblique case breton
) (see Brett
French: nickname from Old French bref ‘small’ + the derogatory suffix -ard.... [more]
Habitational name from any of several farms named Brevik, from Norwegian bred
"broad" and vik
This surname originates from the province of Cuneo in the Piedmont region of Italy. It is probably derived from Piedmontese brijador
meaning "postilion, coachman", which itself is ultimately derived from Piedmontese bria
meaning "bridles, reins".... [more]
BRIGGS English, Flemish
This surname is a variant of the more common name Bridges
, which, contrary to appearances, has two possible origins, one the perhaps obvious English topographical or occupational one, and the other locational, from Belgium... [more]
From a Middle English nickname or personal name, meaning "bright, fair, pretty", from Old English beorht
Habitational name from a place in England so named. From Old English berned
"burnt" and leah
BRINER German (Swiss)
Habitational name for someone from Brin in Grison canton (Graubünden) or from the Brin valley.
Not sure about the origin, but after researches, roughly could say it's from "Breton" origins. Mostly used in north/northwest of Italy (Genova, Mantova and surroundings.
English locational surname, taken from the town of the same name in Norfolk. The name means "settlement belonging to Brun" - the personal name coming from the Old English
word for "fire, flame".
This indicates familial origin within the eponymous Riojan municipality.
This indicates familial origin within the eponymous neighborhood of the Castilian municipality of Merindad de Valdeporres.
North German topographic name for someone who lived by a swamp, from Middle Low German brook bog
+ the suffix -er denoting an inhabitant.
German in origin, in heraldry a "brock" is represented by a badger. It could mean wet/water and man. It also has been said to mean broker.
This indicates familial origin within the eponymous parish of the municipality of Agolada in the Comarca of O Deza.
Ornamental name or topographic name, probably composed of the elements bro ‘bridge’ + the adjectival suffix -én, from Latin -enius.
BRODERICK Irish, Welsh, English
Surname which comes from two distinct sources. As a Welsh surname it is derived from ap Rhydderch
meaning "son of Rhydderch
". As an Irish surname it is an Anglicized form of Ó Bruadair
meaning "descendent of Bruadar"... [more]
Habitational name derived from a number of places, including Bohemia.
Habitational name for someone from a place called for example Brudzyń (formerly Brodzino) in Konin voivodeship, or Brodna in Piła voivodeship.
From the name of a place in West Yorkshire meaning "valley brook", from Old English broc
"brook" and denu
Habitational name from any of the many places so called in England. Most of them derived from Old English brom
"broom" and leah
Habitational name from any of several places called Broniki or Bronikowo, in Konin, Leszczno, Piła, and Sieradz provinces.
BROOK German, Dutch
Topographic name for someone who lived by a water meadow or marsh, from Low German brook
, Dutch broek
BROPHY Irish (Anglicized)
Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó Bróithe ‘descendant of Bróth’, a personal name or byname of unknown origin. Also Anglicized as Broy.
Habitational name from any of the many places so called in England. The first name element is derived from Old English broc
"fortress", or beorg
"castle". The second element is derived from Old English tun
Dutch occupational name for a brewer of beer or ale, Middle Dutch brouwer
Possibly means "brewer; brewers" relating to one who brews beer.
Topographic name for someone who lived by a marsh or a stream that frequently flooded, from Middle High German bruoch
"water meadow" or "marsh" (cognate to old English broc
"brook", "stream" cf... [more]
Topographic name for someone who lived near a bridge, or an occupational name for a bridge keeper or toll collector on a bridge, from Middle High German bruck(e)
From Polish, Belorussian, or Yiddish bruk
"pavement", possibly an occupational name for a paver.