Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
Occupational name for a herdsman, from Old French bouvier
, Late Latin boviarus
, a derivative of bos
, genetive bovis
It is the surname of the famous fictional character Emma Bovary protagonist of Gustave Flaubert's novel.
Habitational name from any of several places called Bowden or Bowdon, most of them in England. From Old English boga
"bow" and dun
"hill", or from Old English personal names BUGA
combined with dun
BOWDLER Flemish, English
Originally de Boelare it evolved to Bowdler or Bowdle after Baldwin de Boelare came to England in 1105 & was given a lordship over Montgomery, Wales.
BOWE Medieval English, English, Irish (Anglicized)
There are three possible sources of this surname, the first being that it is a metonymic occupational name for a maker or seller of bows, a vital trade in medieval times before the invention of gunpowder, and a derivative of the Old English pre 7th Century 'boga', bow, from 'bugan' to bend... [more]
BOWIE Scottish Gaelic
Scots Gaelic Bhuidhe
meaning "golden yellow". Name was originally Mac Gille Bhuid
, meaning "son of the yellow-haired lad". It was shortened to MacilBuie
in the 1600's, and further shortened in the 1700's to Buie
and anglicised to Bowie by English speaking census takers and record keepers on the Scottish mainland.
Nickname from the Norman term of address beu sire ‘fine sir’, given either to a fine gentleman or to someone who made frequent use of this term of address.
English: occupational name for a maker or seller of bows (see Bow
), as opposed to an archer. Compare BOWMAN
patronymic from an occupational name for a painter, from Turkish boyaci 'painter'.
Habitational name from a place called Boydston near Glasgow. This surname is no longer found in the British Isles.
Means "Ox Gaurd," "Ox Leader", and/or "Boy". Origin is French.
In the field of onomastics the Ukrainian surname Boyko is classified as being of nickname origin. Such names refer to a derivation from a physical characteristic or personal attribute of the first bearer... [more]
Diminutive of bog
, meaning "god", literally means Christmas.
Means "grey wolf" from Turkish boz
meaning "grey" and kurt
From Irish Ó Breacáin meaning "descendant of Breacán", a personal name from a diminutive of breac 'speckled', 'spotted', which was borne by a 6th-century saint who lived at Ballyconnel, County Cavan, and was famous as a healer; St... [more]
Habitational name from any of the places called Bradshaw, for example in Lancashire and West Yorkshire, from Old English brad
"broad" + sceaga
From the city of Bragança in Portugal. It's also the name of the Royal House that ruled Portugal from 1640 to 1910.
Habitational name for someone from Bräg in Bavaria.
BRAGER Norwegian (Rare)
From the name of any of the various farmsteads in eastern Norway, which may have derived their name from a river name meaning "roaring", "thundering".
BRAGG English, Welsh
From a nickname for a cheerful or lively person, derived from Middle English bragge
meaning "lively, cheerful, active", also "brave, proud, arrogant".
BRAHE Danish (Rare), Swedish (Rare)
Danish and Swedish noble family with roots in Scania and Halland, southern Sweden (both provinces belonged to Denmark when the family was founded). A notable bearer was Danish astronomer TYCHO
Braille is a writing system used by people with vision impairment. It was named after its inventor LOUIS
Means "son of Brayne", Brayne
being a short form of the Yiddish feminine name Brayndl
, literally "little brown one" (cf. BREINDEL
Northern English habitational name from any of the places in Cumbria and Yorkshire named Braithwaite, from Old Norse breiðr
"broad" + þveit
This surname is taken from the word which refers to a common blackberry (British) or any of several closely related thorny plants in the Rubus genus (US). It also refers to any thorny shrub. The word is derived from Old English bræmbel
with a euphonic -b-
inserted from the earlier bræmel
, which is then derived from Proto-Germanic *bræmaz
meaning "thorny bush."
BRANCACCIA Italian (Rare)
Derived from the medieval Italian given name Brancazia
, which is the feminine form of the masculine given name Brancazio
. For more information, please see the entry for the patronymic surname BRANCAZIO
Variant form of BRANCAZIO
. There are a few sources that claim that the surname is derived from a place name (which would make it a locational surname), but that claim is incorrect, as all Italian geographical places carrying the name Brancaccio
were either established long after the Middle Ages (by which time virtually all Italians already had a hereditary surname) or were named after a person who had Brancaccio for a surname... [more]
Derived from the medieval Italian masculine given name Brancaleone
, which means either "a lion's paw" or "he who captures the lion". In the case of the former meaning, the name is derived from Italian branca
meaning "paw, claw" combined with Italian leone
meaning "lion"... [more]
BRANCATELLA Italian (Rare)
Derived from the feminine given name Brancatella
, which is a diminutive of the medieval Italian given name Brancazia
, the feminine form of the masculine given name Brancazio
. For more information about this, please see the entry for the patronymic surname of BRANCAZIO
BRANCATELLO Italian (Rare)
Derived from the masculine given name Brancatello
, which is a diminutive of the medieval Italian given name Brancazio
, itself ultimately derived from the late Latin given name Brancatius
This surname can be derived from a given name (thus making it a patronymic surname) as well as from a place name (thus making it a locational surname). In the case of a patronymic surname, the surname is derived from the medieval Italian given name Brancato
, which is a variant form of the given name Brancazio
, itself ultimately derived from the late Latin given name Brancatius
BRANCAZIO Italian (Rare)
Derived from the medieval Italian masculine given name Brancazio
, which itself is derived from Brancatius
(also found spelled as Brancaccius
), a late Latin corruption of the given name PANCRATIUS
From Old French branche
meaning ‘branch’ (which is from Late Latin branca
meaning ‘foot’, ‘paw’), the application of which as a surname is not clear. Compare BRANCH
from the the portuguese word Branco
meaning "white", referring to someone with light skin and/or hair
BRANDENBURG German (East Prussian, Rare)
From a state in eastern Germany, formerly known as Prussia, containing the capital city of Berlin. Ancient. Associated with the Margravate (Dukedom) of Brandenburg, the seat of power in the Holy Roman Empire... [more]
BRANDIS German, Jewish, Swiss
German & Swiss: Habitational name from a former Brandis castle in Emmental near Bern, Switzerland, or from any of the places so named in Saxony, Germany. A famous bearer of the name is Jonathan Brandis
Brandybuck is the surname of Meriadoc, a young Hobbit in J.R.R. Tolkien's "The Lord of the Rings." Possibly derived from the Brandywine
River, which in turn is derived from Sindarin Baranduin
, "Brown River"... [more]
Originally taken from the Welsh place name Brecknock
. Medieval settlers brought this name to Ireland.
A combination of Swedish brant
"steep hill" and the suffix -ing
. A famous bearer was HJALMAR
Branting (1860–1925), Prime Minister of Sweden in the 1920s.
BRAS Dutch, Low German
Dutch and North German: from Old French and Middle Dutch bras ‘arm’. This was probably a descriptive nickname for someone with some peculiarity of the arm, but the word was also used as a measure of length, and may also have denoted a surveyor.
French and English (of both Norman and Huguenot origin): occupational name for a brewer, from Old French brasser
‘to brew’. See also BRASHER
Derived from Old Norse broti
"land cleared for cultivation by burning". This was a common farm name in southeastern Norway.
Place-name derived from the Old Norse
words for a "broad clearing".
BRATTÉN Swedish (Rare)
Composed of the personal name Bratt
and the common surname suffix -én
(ultimately from Latin -enius
BRATTEN Scottish (Anglicized)
Anglicized form of the Gaelic surname Mac an Bhreatnaich ‘son of the Briton’, originally denoting a Strathclyde Welsh-speaking Briton. It was applied in Ireland also to people from Brittany.
BRAUNERSHRITHER German, Dutch, English
This name mean Leather (Tanned) Knight, or a fighter of leather armor, or in Dutch, Leather writer, one who branded print on leather
BRAVO Spanish, Portuguese
From a Spanish and Portuguese nickname for a fierce or violent man (from Spanish and Portuguese bravo
"fierce, violent"). This surname was borne by Charles Bravo (1845-1876), a British lawyer and possible murder victim.
Derived from the Old Norse name breithr meaning "broad", or the Old Norse personal name Breithi, combined with the Old English suffix tun
meaning "town, farmstead".
From a medieval nickname for someone who had achieved notable success in jousts or in battle. Nicholas Breakspear (?1100-1159) was the original name of Pope Hadrian IV, the only English pope.
From a short form of any of various personal names formed with Germanic element berth
" bright" "famous".
Habitational name from any of various minor places, for example Brede in Sussex, named with Old English brǣdu
"breadth, broad place" (a derivative of brād
Probably from a medieval nickname for a likable or popular person (from Middle English breden
"to produce" + love
). This surname is borne by Craig Breedlove (1937-), US land-speed record holder.
From Middle High German breit
meaning "broad". a nickname for a stout or fat person.
Derived from the name of a town called "Britz" in Germany + the suffix "mann" for man.
The surname is derived from the old English word brasian, meaning to make out of brass. This would indicate that the original bearer of the name was a brass founder by trade. The name is also derived from the old English Broesian which means to cast in brass and is the occupational name for a worker in brass.
BRETON French, English
French and English: ethnic name for a Breton, from Old French bret
(oblique case breton
) (see BRETT
French: nickname from Old French bref ‘small’ + the derogatory suffix -ard.... [more]
Habitational name from any of several farms named Brevik, from Norwegian bred
"broad" and vik
Variant spelling of the habitational name Bruton, from a place in Somerset, so named with a Celtic river name meaning 'brisk' + Old English tun 'farmstead'.
BREYETTE English (American)
Of uncertain origin and meaning. First found in the United States around 1880. Self-taught artist Michael Breyette is a bearer of this surname
This surname originates from the province of Cuneo in the Piedmont region of Italy. It is probably derived from Piedmontese brijador
meaning "postilion, coachman", which itself is ultimately derived from Piedmontese bria
meaning "bridles, reins".... [more]
BRIGGS English, Flemish
This surname is a variant of the more common name BRIDGES
, which, contrary to appearances, has two possible origins, one the perhaps obvious English topographical or occupational one, and the other locational, from Belgium... [more]
From a Middle English nickname or personal name, meaning "bright, fair, pretty", from Old English beorht
Habitational name from a place in England so named. From Old English berned
"burnt" and leah
BRINER German (Swiss)
Habitational name for someone from Brin in Grison canton (Graubünden) or from the Brin valley.
English locational surname, taken from the town of the same name in Norfolk. The name means "settlement belonging to Brun" - the personal name coming from the Old English
word for "fire, flame".
This indicates familial origin within the eponymous Riojan municipality.
This indicates familial origin within the eponymous neighborhood of the Castilian municipality of Merindad de Valdeporres.
Broadus is the surname of rapper Snoop Dogg born Cordozar Calvin Broadus Jr
North German topographic name for someone who lived by a swamp, from Middle Low German brook bog
+ the suffix -er denoting an inhabitant.
German in origin, in heraldry a "brock" is represented by a badger. It could mean wet/water and man. It also has been said to mean broker.
This indicates familial origin within the eponymous parish of the municipality of Agolada in the Comarca of O Deza.
Likely composed of Swedish bro
"bridge" and the common surname suffix -én
(ultimately derived from Latin -enius
BRODERICK Irish, Welsh, English
Surname which comes from two distinct sources. As a Welsh surname it is derived from ap Rhydderch
meaning "son of RHYDDERCH
". As an Irish surname it is an Anglicized form of Ó Bruadair
meaning "descendent of Bruadar"... [more]
Habitational name derived from a number of places, including Bohemia.
Habitational name for someone from a place called for example Brudzyń (formerly Brodzino) in Konin voivodeship, or Brodna in Piła voivodeship.
BROFLOVSKI Popular Culture
Kyle Broflovski (sometimes spelled Kyle Broflovski, Broslovski, Broslofski, Brovlofski or Broflofski) is a main character in the animated television series South Park.
From the name of a place in West Yorkshire meaning "valley brook", from Old English broc
"brook" and denu
Composed of Swedish bro
"bridge" and the common surname suffix -in
(ultimately derived from Latin -inus
Habitational name from any of the many places so called in England. Most of them derived from Old English brom
"broom" and leah
Habitational name from any of several places called Broniki or Bronikowo, in Konin, Leszczno, Piła, and Sieradz provinces.
BROOK German, Dutch
Topographic name for someone who lived by a water meadow or marsh, from Low German brook
, Dutch broek
A surname well represented in Cheshire, and Nottinghamshire.
From a place name meaning "gorse field", from Old English brom
"gorse" and feld
"field, open country".
BROPHY Irish (Anglicized)
Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó Bróithe ‘descendant of Bróth’, a personal name or byname of unknown origin. Also Anglicized as Broy.
Habitational name from any of the many places so called in England. The first name element is derived from Old English broc
"fortress", or beorg
"castle". The second element is derived from Old English tun
Dutch occupational name for a brewer of beer or ale, Middle Dutch brouwer
Possibly means "brewer; brewers" relating to one who brews beer.
Topographic name for someone who lived by a marsh or a stream that frequently flooded, from Middle High German bruoch
"water meadow" or "marsh" (cognate to old English broc
"brook", "stream" cf... [more]
Topographic name for someone who lived near a bridge, or an occupational name for a bridge keeper or toll collector on a bridge, from Middle High German bruck(e)
From Polish, Belorussian, or Yiddish bruk
"pavement", possibly an occupational name for a paver.
From Polish brukarz
or Yiddish bruk
"pavement", possibly an occupational name for a paver.
Topographic name for someone living by a bridge or an occupational name for a bridge toll collector; a variant of BRUCK
with the addition of the suffix -ner.
From a byname meaning "brother", occasionally used for a younger son, i.e. the brother of someone important, or for a guild member.
BRUECKNER German, German (Silesian)
German (Brückner): from Middle Low German brugge, Middle High German brugge, brücke, brügge ‘bridge’ + the agent suffix -ner, hence a topographic name for someone living by a bridge, an occupational name for a bridge toll collector, or in the southeast (Silesia for example) a bridge keeper or repairer... [more]
BRUEGGEMANN Low German, German
North German (Brüggemann): topographic name for someone who lived near a bridge or a metonymic occupational name for a bridge keeper or street paver, Middle Low German brüggeman (see BRUCKMAN
This is my 2nd great uncle's wife's Surname of German ancestry.
BRUGGER German, American
South German variant or Americanized spelling of North German Brügger (see BRUEGGER
). habitational name for someone from any of various (southern) places called Bruck or Brugg in Bavaria and Austria.
BRUGMAN Dutch, Swiss
Dutch: topographic name for someone who lived near a bridge or a metonymic occupational name for a bridge keeper, from Dutch brugge ‘bridge’ (see BRIDGE
); in some cases, it is a habitational name for someone from the Flemish city of Bruges
), meaning ‘bridges’... [more]
From a medieval Dutch nickname meaning "brown", from Middle Dutch bruun
"brown", making this a cognate of German BRAUN
, English BROWN
and Italian BRUNO
English habitational name from a place in Lincolnshire named Brumby, from the Old Norse personal name BRÚNI
or from Old Norse brunnr
"well" + býr
BRUNETTE French (Quebec)
Variant of Brunet, reflecting the French Canadian pattern of pronouncing the final -t, which is not pronounced in metropolitan French.
First found in Languedoc, France, possibly meaning "brown."