Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
Topographic name from the Calabrian dialect word c(u)oscu
"oak", also "wood".
This indicates familial origin within or within the vicinity of the eponymous farmhouse in the municipality of Lladurs.
Habitational name from Cosgrove in Northamptonshire, named with an Old English personal name Cof
+ Old English graf
COSSART English, French
From French, referring to "a dealer of horses" (related to the English word "courser"). This surname was brought to England in the wake of the Norman Conquest of 1066, and became one of the many Anglo-Norman words that made up Middle English.
COSTELLO Irish, Italian
Costello (Irish: Mac Coisdealbha) is a common Irish surname originating in County Mayo. The surname derives from Jocelyn de Angulo (fl.1172), an Anglo-Norman knight.... [more]
"A cottage dweller", a name in the feudal system for a serf allowed to live in a cottage in exchange for labor on the cottage owner's estate.
Reduced Anglicized form of Gaelic Mac Oitir "son of Oitir
", a personal name borrowed from Old Norse Óttarr
, composed of the elements ótti
"fear, dread" and herr
COTTON English, French
English: habitational name from any of numerous places named from Old English cotum
(dative plural of cot
) ‘at the cottages or huts’ (or sometimes possibly from a Middle English plural, coten
COTTRELL English, French
First found in Derbyshire where the family "Cottrell" held a family seat and were granted lands by Duke William of Normandy, their liege lord for their distinguished assistance at the Battle of Hastings, 1066CE... [more]
COULIBALY Western African, Manding
Meaning uncertain. One popular folk etymology suggests that it is derived from Bambara kulun-bari
meaning "without a canoe", referring to someone who crossed a river or other body of water without the use of a canoe... [more]
COULLSON Scottish Gaelic (Anglicized, Rare), English
All origins of the name are patronymic. Meanings include an Anglicized version of the Gaelic MacCumhaill
, meaning "son of Cumhall", which means "champion" and "stranger and an Anglicized patronymic of the Gaelic MacDhubhghaill
, meaning "son of Dubhgall." The personal name comes from the Gaelic words dubh
, meaning "black" and gall
, meaning "stranger."... [more]
The name of several places in France, Belgium and Canada. In Middle French the word courcelle was used to describe a "small court" or a "small garden". The word is derived from the medieval Gallo-Romance and Gallo-Italian word corticella
, which was formed from the Latin word cohors
, meaning "court" or "enclosure", and the diminutive –icella
Courfeyrac is the surname that Victor Hugo used for Marius' closest friend in the friend of the ABC. Meaning is unknown.
COURT English, French, Irish
A topographic name from Middle English, Old French court(e)
, meaning ‘court’. This word was used primarily with reference to the residence of the lord of a manor, and the surname is usually an occupational name for someone employed at a manorial court.... [more]
(Definitely doesn't come from the word meaning " a child of one's uncle or aunt".
The couter (also spelled "cowter") is the defense for the elbow in a piece of plate armour. Initially just a curved piece of metal, as plate armor progressed the couter became an articulated joint.... [more]
COVA Catalan, Galician
Topographic name from Catalan and Galician cova ‘cave’, or a habitational name from a place named with this word, in the provinces of Lugo, Ourense, Pontevedra, Catalonia and Valencia.
habitational name from the city of Coventry in the West Midlands, which is probably named with the genitive case of an Old English personal name Cofa (compare Coveney
) + Old English treow 'tree'.
COVERT English, French
The surname is probably topographical, for someone who either lived by a sheltered bay, or more likely an area sheltered by trees. The formation is similar to couvert, meaning a wood or covert, and originally from the Latin "cooperio", to cover... [more]
habitational name from any of several places, especially one near Stirling, named Cowie, probably from Gaelic colldha, an adjective from coll ‘hazel’
CRABB English, Scottish, German, Dutch, Danish
English and Scottish, from Middle English crabbe, Old English crabba
‘crab’ (the crustacean), a nickname for someone with a peculiar gait. English and Scottish from Middle English crabbe
‘crabapple (tree)’ (probably of Old Norse origin), hence a topographic name for someone who lived by a crabapple tree... [more]
This picturesque name is of Anglo Saxon origin and is a nickname surname given to a tall thin man, or someone with long legs, or some other fancied resemblance to the bird. The derivation is from the old English "cran(uc)", "cron(uc)", "cren(uc)", which means a crane and until the introduction of a separate word in the 14th Century also a heron... [more]
CRANE English, Dutch
1. English: nickname, most likely for a tall, thin man with long legs, from Middle English cran ‘crane’ (the bird), Old English cran, cron. The term included the heron until the introduction of a separate word for the latter in the 14th century... [more]
The surname Cranley was first found in Ulster (Irish: Ulaidh), where they held a family seat but were also to be found in County Offaly and Galway. The sept is styled the Princes of Crich Cualgne and are descended from Cu-Ulladh, a Prince in 576.
From Cranshaw in Lancashire, named from Old English cran(uc)
‘crane’ + sceaga
Combination of the Old English byname CRAN
"crane" and Old English tun
Surnames of fictional characters Carl and Chloe Crashman from Carl².
CRAUWELS Flemish, Dutch, German
Derrives from the Middle Dutch (medieval Dutch) word "crauwel" and Middle High German word "kröuwel" which means "flesh hook", "curved fork" or "trident". The word is no longer used. The first person with this name was most likely a farmer, butcher or a person that runned an inn or a hostel that was named after this tool.
CRAVEN Irish, English
Irish: Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó Crabháin (County Galway) or Mac Crabháin (Louth, Monaghan) ‘descendant (or ‘son’) of Crabhán’... [more]
From a Sicilian immigrant to America, Cravotta was changed to Cravatta upon arrival at Ellis Island. The name means "bowtie."
CRAW English, Scottish, Northern Irish
One who had characteristics of a crow; sometimes used as an element of a place name e.g. Crawford, and Crawfordjohn in Lanarkshire, Crawshawbooth in Lancashire, and Crawley in Sussex
An occupational name for a seller of dairy products.
This most interesting surname has two possible origins. Firstly it may be of Anglo-Saxon origin, from the Olde English "creas", Middle English "crease", meaning "fine or elegant", which was a nickname given to an elegant person or one who dressed in fine or elegant clothes... [more]
The derivation of this surname is from the Old English pre 7th Century "Crawa", a crow, with "sceaga" a grove, thus "Crowswood". The earliest recording of this placename is in the Lancashire Inquests of 1324 and appears as "Croweshagh".
CRESS German, Jewish, Belarusian
A variant of the German surname Kress. From the Middle High German "kresse" meaning "gudgeon" (a type of fish) or the Old High German "krassig", meaning "greedy". Can also be from an altered form of the names Erasmus or Christian, or the Latin spelling of the Cyrillic "КРЕСС".
French (adjectival form Crété
‘crested’): nickname for an arrogant individual, from Old French creste
‘crest (of a hill)’ (Late Latin crista
), used with reference to the comb of a rooster... [more]
Variant of CRUZ
. Famous bearer of this surname is Spanish footballer Xavi Hernández.
CRIBBS English (Rare)
Unknown origin. Likely either from the Old English given name Crispin, which derives from a Latin nickname meaning "curly-haired", or from the place Cribbis near Lauder, England.
Derived from crn
"black". The name refers to a person who was dark-skinned, or a person from the region Crna Gora "Black Mountain" (modern-day Montenegro).
Meant "person from Crèvecoeur", the name of various places in northern France ("heartbreak", an allusion to the poverty of the local soil).
Meaning "barrel," signifying one who made or worked with barrels.
CROCKETT English, Scottish
Nickname for someone who affected a particular hairstyle, from Middle English croket
''large curl'' (Old Norman French croquet
, a diminutive of croque
A surname of Scottish origin used in the Highlands and Islands and means “an owner or a tenant of a small farm”. The Old English
word croft seems to correspond with the Dutch
kroft meaning “a field on the downs”.
Habitational name from places in Nottinghamshire and West Yorkshire named Cromwell, from Old English crumb
"bent, crooked" and well(a)
CROOK Scottish, English
Possible origin a medieval topographical surname, denoting residence from the Middle English word "crok" from the Old NOrse "Krokr". Possibly a maker or seller of hooks. Another possibility is meaning crooked or bent originally used of someone with a hunch back.
From Middle English crow
, Old English crawa
, applied as a nickname for someone with dark hair or a dark complexion or for someone thought to resemble the bird in some other way.
CROWLEY Irish (Anglicized), English
Irish: Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó Cruadhlaoich ‘descendant of Cruadhlaoch’, a personal name composed of the elements cruadh ‘hardy’ + laoch ‘hero’. ... [more]
Means "coroner" (from Anglo-Norman corouner
"coroner", a derivative of Old French coroune
Originally meant "person who plays the crowd (an ancient Celtic stringed instrument)". It was borne by British entertainer Leslie Crowther (1933-1996).
Means "person from Croy", the name of various places in Scotland.
CROZIER English, French
English and French occupational name for one who carried a cross or a bishop’s crook in ecclesiastical processions, from Middle English, Old French croisier
From a medieval Scottish nickname for someone with a crooked leg (from Scots cruik
"bent" + shank
"leg"). This was the surname of British caricaturist George Cruikshank (1792-1872) and British actor Andrew Cruikshank (1907-1988).
Originally a nickname for a crippled or deformed person, from Middle English cromp
meaning "bent, crooked, stooping" (from Old English crumb
CRUSOE English (Rare)
According to Reaney and Wilson this name was taken to England by John Crusoe, a Huguenot refugee from Hownescourt in Flanders, who settled in Norwich.
Nickname from Catalan cua meaning "tail".
This indicates familial origin within the eponymous parish of the municipality of Grau.
Derives from the word name derives from cuda
Means "oddity, crank" in Polish. It can also come from the word cud
meaning "miracle, wonder".
Cuenca is an ancient Spanish last name which originated from Cuenca, a city in the Kingdom of Castilla.... [more]
CULBERT Anglo-Saxon, Irish, English, Scottish
Meaning and origin are uncertain. Edward MacLysaght (The Surnames of Ireland, 1999, 6th Ed., Irish Academic Press, Dublin, Ireland and Portland, Oregon, USA) states that this surname is of Huguenot (French Protestant) origin, and found mainly in Ireland's northern province of Ulster... [more]
CULLIMORE English (Rare)
Apparently a habitational name from an unidentified place. There is a place called Colleymore Farm in Oxfordshire, but it is not clear whether this is the source of the surname, with its many variant spellings
From an Irish surname which was derived from Ó Colla
meaning "descendant of Colla". The Old Irish name Colla was a variant of Conla (perhaps the same CONNLA
Variant of CULPEPPER
. Known bearers of this surname include: Nicholas Culpeper (1616-1664), an English herbalist, physician and astrologer; and English colonial administrator Thomas Culpeper, 2nd Baron Culpeper (1635-1689), governor of Virginia 1680-1683... [more]
Means "person who collects, prepares and/or sells herbs and spices" (from Middle English cullen
"to pick" + pepper
Means "person who keeps or looks after doves", or from a medieval nickname for someone thought to resemble a dove (e.g. in mild disposition) (in either case from Middle English culver
Name for someone from Comberbach in North Cheshire. May come from etymological elements meaning "stream in a valley."
Regional name for someone from Cumberland in northwestern England (now part of Cumbria).
This is an English surname, deriving from the village so-named in North Yorkshire. The village takes its name from the Cumbric element cumb
meaning 'dale' (cognate with Welsh cwm
, 'valley') and Old Norse dalr
meaning 'valley', forming a compound name meaning 'dale-valley'.
CUNHA Portuguese (Brazilian)
This name can mean either mean that your upper class or a coin maker. Cunha directly translates to "coin" or "wedge"
Originally meant "person from Cunliffe", Lancashire ("slope with a crevice" (literally "cunt-cliff")).
From Irish Gaelic Mac Conduibh
"son of Condubh
", a personal name meaning literally "black dog".
Surname adopted from Scottish by bearers of Gaelic Ó Cuinneagáin "descendant of Cuinneagán
", a personal name from a double diminutive of the Old Irish personal name Conn
meaning "leader, chief".
Probably from a shortened form of Cuosëmo
, a Neapolitan variant of the Italian male personal name COSIMO
This name derives from Latin “curtĭus”, which in turn derives from the Latin “curtus” meaning “shortened, short, mutilated, broken, incomplete”.
Occupational name for a farm hand, from Old French éscuerie
(Warning: Whatever you do, don't look up the coat of arms, if you're squeamish. Take me seriously.)
This indicates familial origin within the eponymous parish of the municipality of Salas.
Possible other spelling Curovic. Great Grandfather born in Austria, but name traces back to Croatia possibly.
The surname of Current, is of Irish/Scottish with several different families, and meanings of this name. There are many spelling variations of this name.
CURRIE Scottish, Irish
Irish: Habitational name from Currie in Midlothian, first recorded in this form in 1230. It is derived from Gaelic curraigh
, dative case of currach
‘wet plain’, ‘marsh’. It is also a habitational name from Corrie in Dumfriesshire (see CORRIE
Occupational surname meaning "a worker who prepared leather".
An Irish family name of Norman origin, originally from Cussac
in Guienne (Aquitaine), France. The surname died out in England, but is common in Ireland, where it was imported at the time of the Norman invasion of Ireland in the 12th century.
CUSTER German (Anglicized)
Anglicization of the German surname Köster
, literally "sexton". A famous bearer was George Custer (1839-1876), the American cavalry general. General Custer and his army were defeated and killed by Sioux and Cheyenne forces under Sitting Bull in the Battle of Little Bighorn (1876; also known colloquially as Custer's Last Stand).
This surname is derived from an occupation. 'the cutter,' i.e. cloth-cutter
This indicates familial origin within either of 2 Masovian villages in Gmina Płońsk: Ćwiklinek or Ćwiklin.
Polonized form of the German surname Zwirner
, an occupational name for a yarn or twine maker, from an agent derivative of Middle High German zwirn
Ethnic name or nickname from a word meaning ‘gypsy’, ‘Romany’.Altered spelling of eastern German Zigan, from Hungarian cigány ‘gypsy’.
Translation of German Zypress, a topographic name for someone living near a cypress tree or a habitational name for someone living at a house distinguished by the sign of a cypress, Middle High German zipres(se) (from Italian cipressa, Latin cupressus), or possibly of any of various Greek family names derived from kyparissos ‘cypress’, as for example Kyparissis, Kyparissos, Kyparissiadis, etc.
Possibly an altered spelling of French Cyprien, from a medieval personal name, from Latin Cyprianus (originally an ethnic name for an inhabitant of Cyprus), or a shortened form of Greek Kyprianos, Kyprianis, Kyprianidis, ethnic names for an inhabitant of Cyprus (Greek Kypros), or patronymics from the personal name Kyprianos (of the same derivation)... [more]
From the given name CYRUS
. A notable bearer is American singer and songwriter, Miley Cyrus (1992-).
Habitational name, possibly for someone from Cywiny in Ciechanów province.
CZARNECKI Polish, Jewish
habitational name for someone from a place called Czarnca in Kielce voivodeship, or any of the various places called Czarnocin or Czarnia, all named with Polish czarny 'black'.
This indicates familial origin within the Lesser Polish village of Czarnca.
This denotes that someone’s family originated in the Masovian village of Czubin.
habitational name for someone from any of the many places in Poland called Czyżew or Czyżewo, from czyż(yk) ‘siskin’.