Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
Northern English: of uncertain origin, perhaps a habitational name from a minor place named with Old Norse gafl
‘gable’, which was applied to a triangular-shaped hill. The mountain called Great Gable in Cumbria is named in this way.... [more]
Habitational name from Cadborough, alias Gateborough, in Rye, Sussex, probably so named from Old English gāt meaning "goat" + beorg meaning "hill".
Means "battlefield" in Welsh. Comes from the Welsh word gad
which means battlefield.
Habitational name from Gaddesby in Leicestershire, recorded in Domesday Book as Gadesbi
and so named from the Old Norse personal name Gaddr
(or from Old Norse gaddr
"spur (of land)") and býr
A Russian surname derived from the word gagara, meaning loon (a waterbird, genus Gavia). Notable people with the surname include: Gagarin family, a Rurikid princely family.
Habitational name from a few places in Italy, which all derived from the Latin personal name Gallius
From a personal name Gaida
, based on the verb gaidīt
meaning ‘to wait for’.
GAINES English, Norman, Welsh
English (of Norman origin): nickname for a crafty or ingenious person, from a reduced form of Old French engaine
‘ingenuity’, ‘trickery’ (Latin ingenium
‘native wit’). The word was also used in a concrete sense of a stratagem or device, particularly a trap.... [more]
From the city of Gainsborough in Lincolnshire, England. A famous bearer of this surname includes English painter Thomas Gainsborough.
Means 'someone with blue, pale eyes', derived from the Greek "galanos", meaning 'azure', 'milky' or 'blue'.
GALANTE Italian, French, Jewish
Comes from the ancient French word "galant" meaning someone in love or who has fun. In the case of Mordecai Galante, a Spanish exile in 16th century Rome, his courteous manners won for him from the Roman nobles the surname "Galantuomo" (gentleman), from which Galante was eventually derived.... [more]
GALBRAITH Scottish, Scottish Gaelic
Ethnic name for someone descended from a tribe of Britons living in Scotland, from Gaelic gall
‘stranger’ + Breathnach
‘Briton’ (i.e. ‘British foreigner’). These were either survivors of the British peoples who lived in Scotland before the Gaelic invasions from Ireland in the 5th century (in particular the Welsh-speaking Strathclyde Britons, who survived as a distinctive ethnic group until about the 14th century), or others who had perhaps migrated northwestwards at the time of the Anglo-Saxon invasions.
Habitational name for someone from Galew, Galewice, or Galów in the voivodeships of Kalisz, Kielce, or Konin.
GALISHOFF Upper German, German (Austrian)
Derived from the ancient Roman name "Gallus", meaning "rooster" in Latin. "Hoff" meaning house combines the growing or tending to poultry on a farm house, hence the name "Galishoff" which has been modified over the millennia... [more]
Habitational name for someone from Gałkowo in Suwałki voivodeship or Gałków in Piotrków voivodeship, both places named from gałka
meaning ‘knob’, ‘lump’.
GALL Scottish, Irish, English
Nickname, of Celtic origin, meaning "foreigner" or "stranger". In the Scottish Highlands the Gaelic term gall
was applied to people from the English-speaking lowlands and to Scandinavians; in Ireland the same term was applied to settlers who arrived from Wales and England in the wake of the Anglo-Norman invasion of the 12th century... [more]
Nickname for a cheerful or high-spirited person, from Old French, Middle English galant
"bold, dashing, lively". The meanings "gallant" and "attentive to women" are further developments, which may lie behind some examples of the surname.
Scottish: regional name from Galloway in southwestern Scotland, named as ‘place of the foreign Gaels’, from Gaelic gall
‘foreigner’ + Gaidheal
‘Gael’. From the 8th century or before it was a province of Anglian Northumbria... [more]
Probably from gama ‘fallow deer doe’, feminine form of gamo, possibly as a topographic or habitational name.
from the Old Norse byname Gamall meaning "old", which was occasionally used in North England during the Middle Ages as a personal name. ... [more]
From pet form of any of the compound personal names formed with gamal, related to Old Norse gamall, Old German gamel "old", "aged". ... [more]
From a medieval nickname applied to a merry or sportive person (from Middle English gamen
"game"), or to someone who walked in a strange way or had some peculiarity of the legs (from Anglo-Norman gambon
This name is a last name for the Irish it means Liam Gamon.
Occupational name for a coppersmith, from gana
"coating", "verdigris". Possibly also a variant of Ganis
GANJOO Indian, Urdu, Persian
Ganjoo is a surname from Kashmiri Pandit clan . The original name was Ganwar
, meaning Person in charge of Treasury in Kings court. This name gradually changed to Ganjoo or Ganju
Reduced Anglicized form of Gaelic Mag Fhionnáin
, a patronymic from the personal name Fionnán
. This name, from a diminutive of fionn
‘white’, ‘fair’, was borne by several early Irish saints.
Means "son of Garabed
", an Armenian personal name meaning literally "leader, precursor" and traditionally used as an epithet of John the Baptist in the Armenian church.
Habitational name from a town called Garate in Basque Country, or topographic name, possibly from a derivative of Basque gara ‘height’, ‘peak’.
Habitational name for someone from a place called Gara
Either (i) from the via del Garbo
, the name of a street in Florence that in former times was the place of work of spinners, weavers, etc. of lana del Garbo
"wool from the Algarve" in Portugal; or (ii) probably from a medieval Italian nickname for an urbane or well-mannered person (from Italian garbo
"polite, kind")... [more]
From the Norman personal names Geribodo
, of Germanic origin and meaning literally "spear-messenger", and Geribald
, of Germanic origin and meaning literally "spear-brave".
habitational name for someone from a place called Garczyn, in Gdańsk and Siedlce voivodeships.
Possibly derived from the Swedish word Gård meaning (Garden, or Gardener).
Jewish (Ashkenazic) ornamental name or nickname from Yiddish gorfinkl
‘carbuncle’, German Karfunkel
. This term denoted both a red precious or semi-precious stone, especially a garnet or ruby cut into a rounded shape (in which case it is an ornamental name), and a large inflamed growth on the skin like a large boil (in which case it is a descriptive nickname).
(i) "grower or seller of garlic"; (ii) perhaps from a medieval personal name descended from Old English Gārlāc
, literally "spear-play"; (iii) an anglicization of the Belorussian Jewish name Garelick
, literally "distiller"
Derived from given name Warinhari
which is ultimately derived from the etymological elements warin
meaning "guard" and hari
meaning "army". "Garnier" is also a brand of skin products and cosmetics.
to denote 'son of Geargain' a name which originally in derived from 'gearg' which meant grouse but which was often used figuratively for warrior
Habitational name for someone from a place called Gąsiorowo, for example in Kalisz or Poznań voivodeships.
Meaning "Goat Shelter". English (Lancashire) habitual name from Gatesgill in Cumbria, so named from Old Norse geit ‘goat’ + skáli ‘shelter’. The surname is first recorded in the early half of the 14th Century.
Topographic name for someone who lived by the gates of a medieval walled town. The Middle English singular gate
is from the Old English plural, gatu
, of geat
"gate" (see Yates
English of uncertain origin; probably a variant of Catlin
, a nickname from Old English gœdeling
‘kinsman’, ‘companion’, but also ‘low fellow’.
Possibly an altered spelling of German Göttling
, from a Germanic personal name formed with god
‘god’ or god
‘good’ + -ling
suffix of affiliation, or, like Gättling
(of which this may also be an altered form), a nickname from Middle High German getlinc
Gato is a Spanish, Portuguese and Galician word for cat.
A different form of Gadsby
("person from Gaddesby", Leicestershire ("Gaddr's farmstead")). A fictional bearer is Jay Gatsby, the central character of F. Scott Fitzgerald's novel 'The Great Gatsby' (1925).
Habitational name from any of various places named with Middle High German gau, göu ‘area of fertile agricultural land’.
From a Germanic personal name composed of the elements wald
meaning 'rule' and hari
Variant of Gauthier
. In this spelling, the name has been established in both Italy (Turin) and Germany (Brunswick) since about 1700
GAVAZANSKY Belarusian, Jewish
Means "from the town of Gavezhno". Gavezhno is a town in Belarus. For more information go here http://www.jewishgen.org/Belarus/newsletter/54surnames.htm
Perhaps an altered spelling of the middle English Gabbett
, which is from a pet form of the personal name GABRIEL
GAY English, French
Nickname for a lighthearted or cheerful person, from Middle English, Old French gai
GAY English, Norman
Habitational name from places in Normandy called Gaye, from an early proprietor bearing a Germanic personal name cognate with Wade.
Derived from Slavic gaj
"grove", this name denoted a forest warden.
From a Germanic given name composed of the elements geb
"gift" and hard
"hardy", "brave", "strong".
GEDDES Scottish, Irish
There is a place of this name in Nairn, but the name is more likely to be a patronymic from Geddie.
Patronymic from a short form of any of various personal names formed with the Germanic element gar
GELLER Yiddish, German, Russian
The name may derive from the German word "gellen" (to yell) and mean "one who yells." It may derive from the Yiddish word "gel" (yellow) and mean the "yellow man" or from the Yiddish word "geler," an expression for a redheaded man... [more]
Variant of Geer, Gehr or Geary
, all related to the Old High German element gēr
(Old English gār
, Old Norse geirr
) meaning "spear, arrow". A famous bearer is American actor Richard Gere (b... [more]
German patronymic from a short form of a Germanic personal name beginning with the element gar
GERMAN English, Norman, German, Jewish, Greek
From Old French germain
meaning "German". This sometimes denoted an actual immigrant from Germany, but was also used to refer to a person who had trade or other connections with German-speaking lands... [more]
Possibly derived from Germano by adding a diminutive suffix. Most common in the Messina area in Sicily. A famous bearer of the surname is singer Lady Gaga (Stefani Germanotta).
the son of Oireachtach (member of an assembly).
GERTSCH German (Swiss)
From a short form of any of the Germanic personal names formed with gēr
meaning ‘spear’, ‘lance’.
Patronymic or plural form of a nickname from Old Italian ghezzo ‘dark’
GIBBONS Medieval English
Early medieval English origin, a patronymic form of Gibbon
, which is a diminutive of Gibb
, a pet form of the given name Gilbert
. Gilbert derives from Gislebert
, a Norman personal name composed of the Germanic elements gisil
, "hostage", "noble youth", and berht
, "bright", "famous".
This indicates familial origin within the Lesser Polish village of Gierlachów.
A variant of the given name GISELBERT
, which in turn is related to GILBERT
. Possibly used in reference to Gjisbrecht IV van Amstel, a 13th century Dutch noble. It means "bright heir", derived from the Germanic elements gisil
"heir, hostage" and beraht
Gifford is an English name for someone who comes from Giffords Hall in Suffolk. In Old English, it was Gyddingford, or "ford associated with Gydda." Alternatively, it could come from the Middle English nickname, "Giffard," from Old French meaning "chubby-cheeked."
From the personal name Giglio, from giglio
"lily" (from Latin lilium
), a plant considered to symbolize the qualities of candor and purity.
Means either (i) "person from Gilby", Lincolnshire ("Gilli's farm"); or (ii) "little Gilbert
Topographic name for someone who lived by a ravine or deep glen, Middle English gil(l), Old Norse gil "ravine"
GILLESPIE Scottish, Irish
Gillespie can be of Scottish and Irish origin. The literal meaning is "servant of bishop", but it is a forename rather than a status name. The Irish Gillespies, originally MacGiollaEaspuig, are said to to be called after one Easpog Eoghan, or Bishop Owen, of Ardstraw, County Tyrone... [more]
GILLIARD French, Swiss
French and Swiss French from a derivative of Gillier
, from the Germanic personal name Giselher
, composed of gisil
‘hostage’, ‘pledge’, ‘noble offspring’ (see Giesel
) + heri
From the Norman personal name Gillebrand
, of Germanic origin and meaning literally "hostage-sword".
GILMORE English (African)
This interesting surname is of Scottish, Irish and Anglo-Saxon origin, and is an Anglicized form of the Gaelic "MacGille Mhoire" (Scotland), or MacGiolla Mhuire (Ireland), a patronymic from the personal names meaning "servant of (the Virgin) Mary"... [more]
From the Spanish word ginebra
, meaning "gin," possibly ultimately from the Latin iuniperus
, meaning "juniper."
My Great Grandfather's name was Jose Maria Ginel
Either (i) from a shortened form of the Germanic personal name Gangulf
, literally "walking wolf"; or (ii) a different form of Gingold
An invented Jewish name, from Yiddish, literally "fine gold". Hermione Gingold (1897-1987) was a British actress.
From a medieval nickname applied to a brave man (or, with heavy irony, to a cowardly one), from Old French cuer de lion
Possibly from a variant of Italian ghironda ‘barrel-organ’.
From a shortened form of the Germanic personal name Gisulf
, literally "hostage wolf". It was borne by American actress Lillian Gish (?1893-1993), original name Lillian de Guiche.
From the Welsh personal name Gutyn
, a pet form of GRUFFYDD
, with the redundant addition of English patronymic -s
Possibly a patronymic from a byname from Welsh cethin
Occupational name for an officer of justice, Italian giudice
" judge" (Latin iudex
, from ius
"law" + dicere
"to say"). In some cases it may have been applied as a nickname for a solemn and authoritative person thought to behave like a judge.
From a short form of the various Old English personal names with a first element glæd
"shining, joyful". Compare Gladwin
Habitational name from a place near Biggar in Lanarkshire, apparently named from Old English gleoda meaning "kite" + stān meaning "stone".
Nickname from Middle High Geman glander meaning "gleam", "sparkle", "shine", for someone with such a temperament.
Nickname meaning "gray, green, silver-haired".
GLASS Irish, Scottish
Anglicized form of the epithet glas
"gray, green, blue" or any of various Gaelic surnames derived from it.
Means either "sword-maker" or "sword-seller", or else from a nickname applied to a skilled swordsman (in either case from Middle English gleyve
Habitational name from a place in the parish of Westerkirk, Dumfries, recorded in 1384 as Glendonwyne. It is probably named from Welsh glyn meaning "valley" + din meaning "fort" + gwyn meaning "fair", "white".
GLISSEN English, Irish
Possible British version of the Irish surname Glasson from the the Gaelic word O’Glasain. Meaning green from the counties of Tipperary.
Meant "person who lives by a church bell-tower or in a house with the sign of a bell", "bell-ringer" or "town crier" (German Glocke
"bell"). It was borne by Sir William Glock (1908-2000), a British music administrator.
GLYNN Welsh, Cornish
Topographic name for someone who lived in a valley, Welsh glyn
, Cornish glin
, or a habitational name from a place named with this word.