Submitted Surnames Starting with L
Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
Name means LINEN in German. The first known Leinen was a tailor
Portuguese metonymic occupational name for a keeper of pigs, or nickname meaning ‘piglet’, from Portuguese leitão
From Leiter ‘leader’, status name for a foreman or for the leader of a military expedition, from Middle High German leiten ‘lead’.German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): variant of Leitner.
Habitational name from the city of Lviv in Ukraine, from its German name Lemberg.
Habitational name from a place called Lemberg in Silesia, originally Löwenberg, from Middle High German lewe
"lion" and berg
French surname designating a vendor of sewing materials, from the word mercier
LEMON English, Northern Irish, Scottish
English: from the Middle English personal name Lefman
, Old English Leofman
, composed of the elements leof
‘dear’, ‘beloved’ + mann
‘man’, ‘person’. This came to be used as a nickname for a lover or sweetheart, from Middle English lem(m)an
"It is said that long ago there was a river in Holland named 'Lems'. Since then the river has dried up, but those who lived around the river were given the surname of 'Lems'.
LENIN Russian (Modern)
Derived from Lena
, the name of a river in Russia. It is the surname to Vladimir Uylanov, who led the Bolsheviks in Imperial Russia to create the Soviet Union in 1917
French surname which was originally a nickname for a person with dark hair or skin, derived from noir
"black" combined with the definite article le
Nickname for a fierce or brave warrior, from Latin leo
Refers to a person from León, Spain. Which was derived from the regions' original Latin name "Legio" meaning Legion.
The color tawny which is an orange, brown color. This descriptive surname was given to the Filipino people by the Spanish when the Philippines was colonized.
LEONARDO Italian, Spanish, German
Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese from the Germanic personal name Leonhard
, formed from the elements leo
‘lion’ + hard
, ‘hardy’, ‘brave’, ‘strong’; this was an early medieval saint’s name (see Leonard
From the given name Leopold
. Jules Léotard was an acrobat who popularized the leotard, a gymnastics garment. The garment is named after him.
LE PEN Breton
Le Pen is a Breton surname meaning "the head", "the chief" or "the peninsula".
Unflattering nickname from Middle High German lappe
"coxcomb", "puppy" (modern German Laffe
LEPSY Slavic (Rare), Turkish (Rare)
Possibly dating back to the Ottoman Empire's invasion of Europe, the original Turkic meaning is veiled in mystery, and possibly meant "one who comes from the edge of the lake." ... [more]
LE ROUX French
Nickname for a person with red hair, from Old French rous "red." Variant spelling of Leroux
German metonymic occupational name for a mediator or arbitrator, or possibly for a fireman, from Middle High German leschære
Variant spelling of German Lessner, a habitational name from any of various places in eastern Germany called Lessen, all named with Slavic les 'forest'.
The name of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's fictional head of Scotland Yard. Possibly from the French surname Lestrange
Occupational surname for a shoemaker, cobbler, or rarely a tailor; derived from Old French sueur
"one who sews" (from Latin sutor
Name for someone who lived in a place called Leszczyno
or others derived from leszczyna
LE TALLEC Breton
Tallec derives from talek which means someone with a large forehead in Breton.
Comes from the Levitic surnames of 'Levi' and 'Levy', signifying the descendants from the Tribe of Levi. All bearers today are of Hungarian–Jewish descent.
Derived from the Italian word levante
, meaning "rising" and the French word levant
, meaning "to rise". The term entered the English language in 1497 and was used to describe the "Mediterranean lands east of Italy" by referring to the rising of the sun in the east... [more]
Status name from Old French vasseor
, a short form of vavasour
, a term of the feudal system for a tenant ranking immediately below a baron. Such a tenant would have been a prosperous man, and the surname may have been used for someone in his service more often than for the man himself... [more]
LEVENSTEIN Jewish, Yiddish
Jewish (Ashkenazic): ornamental name, or perhaps an ornamental elaboration associated with the name Leyb
; from Middle High German lewe ‘lion’, translating the Yiddish male personal name Leyb
) + German stein ‘stone’, ‘rock’... [more]
LEVER French, English
Nickname for a fleet-footed or timid person, from Old French levre
‘hare’ (Latin lepus
, genitive leporis
). It may also have been a metonymic occupational name for a hunter of hares... [more]
Diminutive of Lever
, from the Middle English personal name Lefred
, Old English Leofred
, composed of the elements leof
‘dear’, ‘beloved’ + red
This surname combines the Old English personal female name Leofwaru
or the Old English word læfer
meaning "rush, reed" with another Old English word tún
meaning "enclosure, field, farm, dwelling." The etymology with the female name addition fits in with the town of the same name in Berkshire while the etymology with the word addition fits in with the one in Lincolnshire.
LEVIN Jewish, Lithuanian, Belarusian, German, Russian, French (Quebec, Anglicized), Various
As a Lithuanian Jewish and Belarusian Jewish name, it is a Slavicized form of Levy
. As a German and German Jewish name, it is derived from the given name Levin
. As a Jewish name, it can also be related to Loewe
From the Biblical personal name Levi
, from a Hebrew word meaning "joining". This was borne by a son of Jacob and Leah (Genesis 29: 34). Bearers of this name are Levites, members of the tribe of Levi, who form a hereditary caste who assist the kohanim
) in their priestly duties.
Hhabitational name for someone from a place called Lewandów in Warszawa voivodeship, named with the vocabulary word lewanda
"lavender". Famous bearer of this surname is Polish footballer Robert Lewandowski.
LEYDON Irish (Anglicized, Modern)
His name was commemorated in numerous place-names, such as Lugdunum (Celtic *Lugu
dūnon, "fort of Lugus"; modern Lyon, France), capital of the Roman province of Gallia Lugdunensis. Other such place-names include Lugdunum Clavatum (modern Laon, France) and Luguvalium21
(modern Carlisle, England)... [more]
L'HERNAULT Medieval French
Originating in Northern France, Rouen River Valley, Normandie, L'Hernault is an Old French word for a "heralder", one who would act as an announcer, diplomat or town crier.... [more]
LIANG Chinese, Taiwanese
From Chinese 梁 (liáng)
meaning "bridge, beam, elevation, mass". The word also refers to the ancient Chinese state of Liang.
Habitational name from Librizzi
in Messina province, Sicily.
LICHTER German, Jewish
Occupational name for someone who made candles or possibly for someone who tended a light, from an agent derivative of from Middle High German lieht
, Yiddish likht
LICKERT German (East Prussian)
Derived from the German feminine name Luitgard, and thus ultimately from Old High German liut
"people" and garto
Derives from a hamlet in West Sussex, England. All known holders, worldwide, of this rare surname can be traced back to Lickfolds who lived within 20 miles of Lickfold in the 16th century.
Habitational name from a place called Likoa in Basque Country.
LIDDINGTON English, Scottish (Rare)
This surname is derived from a geographical locality. "of Liddington", a parish in Rutland, near Uppingham; a parish in Wiltshire, near Swindon.
Variant spelling of Li. Derived from Old Norse hlíð
"hillside, mountain slope".
LIEB German, Jewish
Nickname for a pleasant or agreeable person, from Middle High German liep
"dear, beloved"; Yiddish lib
or German lieb
. This word was also used as a personal name, both alone (German) and in compounds (German and Jewish).
From a Germanic personal name, composed of the elements liub ‘beloved’, ‘dear’ + hard ‘brave’, ‘strong’.
From a Germanic personal name formed with liut
"people, tribe" and berht
Habitual surname for Lieme in Eastphalia, which is from lim
Lietzen is a municipality in the district Märkisch-Oderland, in Brandenburg, Germany.... [more]
Nickname for a happy, cheerful person, from Middle English lyght
, Old English lēoht
"light (not dark), bright, cheerful".
English (chiefly northern England, especially Liverpool): nickname for a messenger or for a fast runner, from Middle English lyght ‘light’, ‘nimble’, ‘quick’ (Old English lioht) + fote ‘foot’.
Habitational name for someone from a place called Lijewo in Włocławek voivodeship.
Means "lily" in Swedish. It is also used as a female first name (see Lilja
A combination of two Swedish words; lilja
meaning "lily" and gren
Habitational name from either of two places called Li(e)laar
, in Gavere and Sint-Maria-Oudenhove, East Flanders.
From a medieval nickname for someone with very fair hair (literally "lily-head").
Derived from Lilly
, a pet name for Elizabeth
. It was also used as a nickname for someone with fair skin or hair, and is derived from Old English lilie
meaning "lily (the flower)". It could also serve as a habitual surname for someone from Lilley in Hertfordshire (from lin
"flax" and leah
"clearing") and Berkshire (from Lillingleah
meaning "wood associated with Lilla").
From a medieval nickname for someone with very fair hair or complexion. It was borne by English cricketers James Lillywhite (1842-1929), first captain of England, and William Lillywhite (1792-1854), pioneer of overarm bowling, uncle of James... [more]
This indicates familial origin within the Lesser Polish town of Limanowa.
Combination of Swedish lin
"flax, linseed" or lind
"lime tree" and dal
LINDE German, Dutch, Jewish, Spanish, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
Topographic name for someone who lived by a conspicuous lime tree, from Middle High German, Dutch linde
, Scandinavian lind
. There are several places, especially in North Germany, named with this word... [more]
Comes from the Swedish "Lind" or "Linden" ("Lime Tree" in English) and "Fors" ("rapidly moving water" or "rapids" or "torrent" or "white water" in English)
Lindhagen is derived from Swedish lind
("linden tree") and hage
("enclosed pasture"). Carl Lindhagen was the Chief Magistrate of Stockholm in the early 1900s. There are presently less than 200 people with this surname living in Sweden.
LINDLEY English, German
English habitational name from either of two places in West Yorkshire called Lindley, or from Linley in Shropshire and Wiltshire, all named from Old English lin
‘flax’ + leah
‘wood’, ‘glade’, with epenthetic -d-, or from another Lindley in West Yorkshire (near Otley), named in Old English as ‘lime wood’, from lind
‘lime tree’ + leah
‘woodland clearing’... [more]
Swedish ornamental name. A combination of Swedish lind
"lime tree" and German stedt
LINDT German, Dutch
The Lindt surname comes from an Upper German word "lind," which meant "tender" or "gentle hearted." In some instances, especially in Saxony, the surname evolved from the personal name Lindemuth. In general, the similar phonetic name Linde comes from "Linden," which was a type of tree.... [more]
Scottish (Orkney) habitational name from either of two places named Linklater (in South Ronaldsay and North Sandwick).
This surname can be derived from a place of the same name in Shropshire, which is derived from Old English lín
meaning "flax, linen" and leah
meaning "clearing." As a modern surname, it can also be a variant of Lindley (Lindley is used in 2 places in Yorkshire), which is derived from Old English lind
meaning "lime tree" and leah
LINNAEUS Swedish (Rare)
Latinized form of LIND
. A famous bearer was Swedish botanist Carl Linneaus (b. 1707 - d. 1778). His father adopted the name Linnaeus after a big lime tree (lind
in Swedish) that grew on the family homestead in Vittaryd parish, Småland.
From an Old English female personal name Lindgifu
, composed of the elements lind
‘lime (wood)’, i.e. ‘shield’ (a transferred sense) + gifu
, geofu ‘gift’.
habitational name for someone from Lipno, Lipin, Lipiny, or Lipino, or other places named with Polish lipa ‘lime tree’.
LIPOWSKI Polish, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from any of various places called Lipowo, Lipowa, or Lipowe, named with an adjectival derivative of Polish lipa meaning "lime tree".
Derived from Lippe, a place in Westphalia, Germany. The name is a variant of the first name Philipp.
LIPSKI Polish, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from any of various places called Lipie, Lipsk, Lipsko, Lipy, etc., all named with Polish lipa meaning "lime tree".
George Lipyance emmigrated to the us in 1903. Many different spellings early on. Lipyance is now used my ancestors.
Habitational name for someone from Lisiec in Konin voivodeship or a place called Liszki, both named with lis meaning "fox".
Habitational name for someone from Lisiewice in Skierniewice voivodeship, named with lis meaning "fox".
Liška means "fox" in Czech. A famous bearer is actor Pavel Liška.
LISOWSKI Polish, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from a place called Lisowo, Lisów, Lisowa, Lisowice, or other places named with Polish lis meaning "fox".
Habitational name for someone from any of various places called Lisewo (also Liszewo), named with Polish lis meaning "fox".
LISZOVICS Polish, Jewish
This surname has Eastern European connections and has been used by the Jewish population.
LITTLEJOHN Scottish, English
Distinguishing epithet for the smallest of two or more bearers of the common personal name John
. Compare Meiklejohn
. In some cases the nickname may have been bestowed on a large man, irrespective of his actual personal name, in allusion to the character in the Robin Hood legend, whose nickname was of ironic application.... [more]
LITTLEWOOD English (British)
This surname is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and may be either a locational or topographical surname. If the former, it derives from any of several minor places in West Yorkshire, such as Littlewood in Wooldale near Holmfirth, all of which are so called from the Olde English pre 7th Century "lytel", little, small, and "wudu", wood... [more]
LITTMAN German (East Prussian), German (West Prussian), German, Jewish
Derived from Germanized Czech personal names like Litomir (Czech: Ljutomir) and Litobor (Czech: Ljutobor) which ultimately go back to Old Slavic ljutu
"grim; fierce; ferocious; wild". One theory suggests, however, that these given names might have been influenced by ljub-
"love; dear".... [more]
A modern English surname possibly derived from a lost village called Laefer-leah which would give it the meaning "the farm by the lake".... [more]
Nickname from Middle English lifly
, "lively", "nimble".
The surname LIVENGOOD is the Americanized version of Leibendgut. Leibengut is Swiss-German in origin. It has been written as Livengood and Levengood in America. Records show the family name back to 1550, in Aarwangen, Canton of Berne, Switzerland... [more]
LIVINGSTON English, Scottish
This surname is thought to be derived from Middle English Levingestun
meaning "Leving's town" or "Leving's settlement."
LIVINGSTONE Scottish, Irish, Jewish
Scottish: Habitational name from a place in Lothian, originally named in Middle English as Levingston, from an owner called Levin
), who appears in charters of David I in the early 12th century.... [more]
It comes from the name "liswoze" which means to be a all around "good person". Even though it is a nickname, It may have been derived from occupation because of the name's meaning to be a "Funny man".
History unknown; surname known in the Dominican Republic
Habitational name from any of three places called Lizarraga, in Navarra and Alava and Guipuzcoa provinces, which are named from Basque lizarr
) "ash tree" and the locative suffix -aga
Original Welsh form of "Lewis" used by the former Royal Family of Wales. Most people with the surname "Lewis" derive from the Royal Family. Very few people still have the surname "Llewys," but it is not unheard of.
Topographic name from Basque loa meaning "mud", "mire", with the suffix -tza denoting abundance.
This indicated familial origin within either Łobaczew Duży or Łobaczew Mały, 2 Polesian villages in Gmina Terespol.
LOCKHART Scottish, German
Scottish: of uncertain origin, probably from a Germanic personal name composed of the elements loc ‘lock’, ‘bolt’ + hard ‘hardy’, ‘brave’, ‘strong’. English: occupational name for a herdsman in charge of a sheep or cattlefold, from Old English loc ‘enclosure’, ‘fold’ + hierde ‘herd(er)’.
Refers to the region of Loxley in Staffordshire, England.
Local name for someone who lived in a small cottage or temporary dwelling, Middle English logge
(Old French loge
, of Germanic origin). The term was used in particular of a cabin erected by masons working on the site of a particular construction project, such as a church or cathedral, and so it was probably in many cases equivalent to an occupational name for a mason... [more]
German metonymic occupational name from Middle High German lösch
From an archaic Swedish spelling of löv
Possibly a variant spelling of Irish Laughlin. This is a common name in NC.
LÖFVÉN Swedish (Rare)
Combination of Swedish löv
"leaf" and the common surname suffix -én
, a derivative of Latin -enius
"descendant of". Stefan Löfven (b. 1957) is a Swedish politician and the prime minister of Sweden since 2014.
My grandfather's family name who were from Gravina di Puglia
Habitational name from any of numerous farmsteads so called. Derived from Old Norse lykkja
LO MÀGLIO Italian
Literally means "the hammer." However, "the" would normally be represented as "il" in Italian, in this case.
From Gaelic Ó Lomasna
meaning "descendant of Lomasna", a byname from lom
"bare" and asna
Lomax is a territorial surname, derived from the hamlet of Lumhalghs, near Bury, Greater Manchester, and meaning "pool nook" or "recess". Notable persons with the surname Lomax include: Alan Lomax (1915–2002) American musicologist, son of John Avery Lomax... [more]
Famous bearer is Luz Long a former Olympic competitor.
LONGBOTTOM English, Literature, Popular Culture
English (West Yorkshire) topographic name for someone who lived in a long valley, from Middle English long
‘valley bottom’. Given the surname’s present-day distribution, Longbottom in Luddenden Foot, West Yorkshire, may be the origin, but there are also two places called Long Bottom in Hampshire, two in Wiltshire, and Longbottom Farm in Somerset and in Wiltshire.
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow was an American poet and educator whose works include "Paul Revere's Ride", The Song of Hiawatha, and Evangeline.
Habitational name from Look in Puncknowle, Dorset, named in Old English with luce ‘enclosure’.
Derived from Lomax (Lumhalghs
), near Bury, Lancashire, which means "pool nook/recess."
From the Irish name O'Luanaigh, "descendant of Luanach," a personal name meaning warrior.
Habitational name from de Loop (meaning "the watercourse"), in the province of Antwerp.
This indicates familial origin within the Masovian village of Łopacin.
Occupational name for a saddler, derived from the Old French word lorain
, meaning "a leather strap used on a horse's breastplate".
A surname derived from someone of a lordly manner, or perhaps one who had earned the title in some contest of skill or had played the part of the ‘Lord of Misrule’ in the Yuletide festivities.... [more]
Nickname from Old French l'ord
"the dirty one".
A variant of the Spanish personal name Llorente
LO RICCO Italian
Originally Spanish but of Italian origin for at least 7 generations. My branch of the family are residing in Australia but many remain in Italy and quite a few in the USA
Means "maker or seller of metal items of a horse's harness and associated equipment (e.g. bits and spurs)" (from Anglo-Norman loremier
, a derivative of Old French lorain
LOSEE Dutch (Anglicized)
Perhaps an Americanized spelling of Lossie
, a vernacular derivative of the female personal name Lucia
. Compare English Luce
. This name was well established in the Hudson valley in the 18th century, which strengthens the likelihood that it is of Dutch origin.
possibly from Bavarian lott ‘mud’ + speich ‘spittle’, ‘moist dirt’, either a topographic name for someone who lived on land in a muddy area or a nickname for someone who had a dirty appearance... [more]
from a medieval personal name brought to England by the Normans, of uncertain origin. It may be the Hebrew personal name Lot ‘covering’, which was relatively popular in northern France, or a reduced form of various names formed with the diminutive suffix -lot (originally a combination of -el + -ot), commonly used with women’s names.
from the English word "loud", given to a loud or, in jest, quiet person
This surname is Scottish, although also recorded in England. It is believed to be locational from the village of Loudoun, in the district of Cunningham, in the county of Ayrshire. The placename is composed of the Northern English word "low", meaning a flame or beacon, itself from the pre 7th century Norse word "loge", plus the Gaelic "doun", meaning a hill... [more]
Variant of LOUKANIS
. A famous bearer is American former olympic diver Greg Louganis (1960-).
Reduced Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó Luachra
"descendant of Luachra
", a personal name derived from luachair
"light". The name is often translated, Rush
from a Gaelic homonym, luachair