Browse Submitted Surnames
This is a list of submitted surnames in which the usage is English or American.
Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
Of uncertain origin. Possibly from Norman French habitation names Chancé or an American adaptation of a German place name of Schanze located on the Upper Rhine. Could also be a short form of Chancellor
Means "goatherd", or from a medieval nickname for someone thought to resemble a goat (e.g. in capriciousness) (in either case from Anglo-Norman chivere
"goat"). It was borne by American author John Cheever (1912-1982).
From Middle English chirie
"cherry", hence a metonymic occupational name for a grower or seller of cherries, or possibly a nickname for someone with rosy cheeks.... [more]
Habitational name from a place in Somerset named Chew Magna, which is named for the river on which it stands, a Celtic name, perhaps cognate with Welsh cyw ‘young animal or bird’, ‘chicken’.
Nickname from Middle English child meaning "child", "infant".
Probably a habitational name from some lost place named Childerhouse, from Old English cildra
"child" and hus
"house". This may have referred to some form of orphanage.
Means "son of Chilver
" (probably from the Old English male personal name Cēolfrith
, literally "ship-peace").
CHIPS English (British)
Chips is a rare English (british) last name which is a nickname of Christopher and Charles
CHOATE English, Dutch
The names of Choate and Chute are believed to have been of common origin and derived from the residence of their first bearers at a place called Chute in Wiltshire, England. Certain historians, however, state that the name of Choate was of Dutch origin and was taken by its first bearers from their residence at a place of that name in the Netherlands.
Derived from the personal names Josse
, which are derived from the Latin word "gaudere" and is a cognate in origin with the word "joy."
An aristocratic surname derived from a place name in Cheshire which means "Ceolmund's grove" in Old English.
CHOULES English (British, Rare)
The surname Choules is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and is a variant of Scholes
, itself "a topographical name for someone who lived in a rough hut or shed", from the Northern Middle English 'scale, schole'... [more]
Either an occupational name for someone who was responsible for arrangement of festivities for Christmas day, or it might a nickname for someone who was born on Christmas.
Likely originated in England. Creswell seems to be the oldest spelling then gradually giving way to Criswell and Chriswell.
From English, meaning 'church hill'. Denoted one who lived by both a church and a hill. A famous bearer is Sir Winston Churchill, the famed Prime Minister of Britain during WW2.
CINNAMOND Scottish, Irish, English
Possibly originates from Scottish place name Kininmonth. Probably introduced to Northern Ireland by Scottish settlers where it remains in Ulster. Another origin is the French place name Saint Amand originated from French Huguenots settling in Ireland.
Meaning is unknown, but it most likely means "clay mountain", from surnames Clay
"clay" and Berg
CLEVELAND Old English, English, Popular Culture
English regional name from the district around Middlesbrough named Cleveland ‘the land of the cliffs’, from the genitive plural (clifa
) of Old English clif
‘bank’, ‘slope’ + land
Probably means "person from Cleveley", Lancashire ("woodland clearing by a cliff").
English surname meaning "cliff" in Old English, originally belonging to a person who lived near a cliff.
Habitational name from any of various places, for example in Essex, Suffolk, and Warwickshire, named Clopton from Old English clopp(a) meaning "rock", "hill" + tūn meaning "settlement".
CLORE English (American)
Americanized spelling of German Klor
(from a short form of the medieval personal name Hilarius (see Hillary) or Klar).
Topographic name for someone who lived near an outcrop or hill, from Old English clud
"rock" (only later used to denote vapor formations in the sky).
From the medieval male personal name Cubald
(from Old English Cūthbeald
, literally "famous-brave").
nickname from Middle English cok ‘cock’, ‘male bird or fowl’ (Old English cocc), given for a variety of possible reasons. Applied to a young lad who strutted proudly like a cock, it soon became a generic term for a youth and was attached with hypocoristic force to the short forms of many medieval personal names (e.g. Alcock, Hancock, Hiscock, Mycock)... [more]
English (Essex and Suffolk): nickname from the jackdaw, Middle English co
, Old English ca
). The jackdaw is noted for its sleek black color, raucous voice, and thievish nature, and any of these attributes could readily have given rise to the nickname.
Medieval English nickname which meant "idle dreamer" from Cockaigne
, the name of an imaginary land of luxury and idleness in medieval myth. The place may derive its name from Old French (pays de) cocaigne
"(land of) plenty", ultimately from the Low German word kokenje
, a diminutive of koke
"cake" (since the houses in Cockaigne are made of cake).
COLDEN English, Scottish
English: habitational name from a place in West Yorkshire named Colden, from Old English cald
‘charcoal’ + denu
With variant Colley
can mean "dark" or "blackbird" or it can be a nickname for Nicholas.
From a medieval nickname for someone with dark or black hair, from Old English cola
"charcoal" and feax
With variant Coley
, can mean "dark" or "blackbird" or it can be a nickname for Nicholas. Colley was used as a surname for generations of students from the same family taught by a teacher over many years in James Hilton's sentimental novel "Goodbye, Mr... [more]
This name is derived from Middle English cole
, from Old English col
meaning "coal", combined with the agent suffix (i)er
, which denotes someone who does/works with something. Thus, the surname was originally used for a burner, gatherer or seller of coal.
A variant of Collins
, itself a patronymic of given names Collin or Colin, both ultimately nicknames for Nicholas.
From a French word for a military rank of an officer who led a column of regimental soldiers. Could be a nickname for someone with a military bearing or demeanor.
Cole-train, meaning literally "cole train", in the UK, was made famous by the Jazz musician John Coletrane
in the 1960's (??)
Habitational name from any of the numerous places throughout England (but especially in the south) named Compton, from Old English cumb meaning "short, straight valley" + tūn meaning "enclosure", "settlement".
Means "seller of rabbits", or from a medieval nickname for someone thought to resemble a rabbit (in either case from Middle English cony
Probably from a medieval nickname, perhaps applied to a domineering person. This surname is borne by the British poet, historian and critic Robert Conquest (1917-).
Probably an occupational name for a college servant or someone with some other association with a university college, for example a tenant farmer who farmed one of the many farms in England known as College Farm, most of which are or were owned by university colleges.
A Sussex, England surname of uncertain meaning. Could be a local pronunciation of Cotter
, meaning "cottage dweller" for a serf in the feudal system allowed to live in a cottage in exchange for labor on the cottage owner's estate.
Some sources say that Copeland is English: "one that is good at coping". Another says Copeland is Northern English and Scottish, from Cumberland and Northumberland meaning "bought land". Old Norse, kaupa-land for‘bought land’.
For full analysis of the origin for the name Copus/Copas I would refer you to my family website copusfamily.co.uk
CORBETT English, Scottish, Welsh
Nickname from Norman French corbet
meaning 'little crow, raven'. This surname is thought to have originated in Shropshire. The surname was taken by bearers to Scotland in the 12th Century, and to Northern Ireland in the 17th Century.... [more]
From a medieval nickname for a proud man (from Old French cuer de roi
"heart of a king").
Metonymic occupational name for a supplier of red or purple dye or for a dyer of cloth, Middle English cork
(of Celtic origin; compare Corkery
Habitational name from Cornwell in Oxfordshire, named from Old English corn, a metathesized form of cron, cran ‘crane’ + well(a) ‘spring’, ‘stream’.variant of Cornwall.
Habitational name from places in Arran, Dumfries, and elsewhere, named Corrie, from Gaelic coire
"cauldron", applied to a circular hanging valley on a mountain.
Traditionally an Irish surname meaning "spear". From the Irish Gaelic corragán
which is a double diminutive of corr
Nickname from Old French 'corson', a diminutive of curt ‘short’
Habitational name from Cosgrove in Northamptonshire, named with an Old English personal name Cof
+ Old English graf
"A cottage dweller", a name in the feudal system for a serf allowed to live in a cottage in exchange for labor on the cottage owner's estate.
COTTON English, French
English: habitational name from any of numerous places named from Old English cotum
(dative plural of cot
) ‘at the cottages or huts’ (or sometimes possibly from a Middle English plural, coten
The couter (also spelled "cowter") is the defense for the elbow in a piece of plate armour. Initially just a curved piece of metal, as plate armor progressed the couter became an articulated joint.... [more]
COVERT English, French
The surname is probably topographical, for someone who either lived by a sheltered bay, or more likely an area sheltered by trees. The formation is similar to couvert, meaning a wood or covert, and originally from the Latin "cooperio", to cover... [more]
CRABB English, Scottish, German, Dutch, Danish
English and Scottish, from Middle English crabbe, Old English crabba
‘crab’ (the crustacean), a nickname for someone with a peculiar gait. English and Scottish from Middle English crabbe
‘crabapple (tree)’ (probably of Old Norse origin), hence a topographic name for someone who lived by a crabapple tree... [more]
CRANE English, Dutch
1. English: nickname, most likely for a tall, thin man with long legs, from Middle English cran ‘crane’ (the bird), Old English cran, cron. The term included the heron until the introduction of a separate word for the latter in the 14th century... [more]
From Cranshaw in Lancashire, named from Old English cran(uc)
‘crane’ + sceaga
Surnames of fictional characters Carl and Chloe Crashman from Carl².
CRAVEN Irish, English
Irish: Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó Crabháin (County Galway) or Mac Crabháin (Louth, Monaghan) ‘descendant (or ‘son’) of Crabhán’... [more]
This most interesting surname has two possible origins. Firstly it may be of Anglo-Saxon origin, from the Olde English "creas", Middle English "crease", meaning "fine or elegant", which was a nickname given to an elegant person or one who dressed in fine or elegant clothes... [more]
The derivation of this surname is from the Old English pre 7th Century "Crawa", a crow, with "sceaga" a grove, thus "Crowswood". The earliest recording of this placename is in the Lancashire Inquests of 1324 and appears as "Croweshagh".
Meant "person from Crèvecoeur", the name of various places in northern France ("heartbreak", an allusion to the poverty of the local soil).
Meaning "barrel," signifying one who made or worked with barrels.
CROCKETT English, Scottish
Nickname for someone who affected a particular hairstyle, from Middle English croket
''large curl'' (Old Norman French croquet
, a diminutive of croque
A surname of Scottish origin used in the Highlands and Islands and means “an owner or a tenant of a small farm”. The Old English
word croft seems to correspond with the Dutch
kroft meaning “a field on the downs”.
CROOK Scottish, English
Possible origin a medieval topographical surname, denoting residence from the Middle English word "crok" from the Old NOrse "Krokr". Possibly a maker or seller of hooks. Another possibility is meaning crooked or bent originally used of someone with a hunch back.
From Middle English crow
, Old English crawa
, applied as a nickname for someone with dark hair or a dark complexion or for someone thought to resemble the bird in some other way.
CROWLEY Irish (Anglicized), English
Irish: Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó Cruadhlaoich ‘descendant of Cruadhlaoch’, a personal name composed of the elements cruadh ‘hardy’ + laoch ‘hero’. ... [more]
Means "coroner" (from Anglo-Norman corouner
"coroner", a derivative of Old French coroune
Originally meant "person who plays the crowd (an ancient Celtic stringed instrument)". It was borne by British entertainer Leslie Crowther (1933-1996).
CROZIER English, French
English and French occupational name for one who carried a cross or a bishop’s crook in ecclesiastical processions, from Middle English, Old French croisier
CRUSOE English (Rare)
According to Reaney and Wilson this name was taken to England by John Crusoe, a Huguenot refugee from Hownescourt in Flanders, who settled in Norwich.
CULBERT Anglo-Saxon, Irish, English, Scottish
Meaning and origin are uncertain. Edward MacLysaght (The Surnames of Ireland, 1999, 6th Ed., Irish Academic Press, Dublin, Ireland and Portland, Oregon, USA) states that this surname is of Huguenot (French Protestant) origin, and found mainly in Ireland's northern province of Ulster... [more]
CULLIMORE English (Rare)
Apparently a habitational name from an unidentified place. There is a place called Colleymore Farm in Oxfordshire, but it is not clear whether this is the source of the surname, with its many variant spellings
From an Irish surname which was derived from Ó Colla
meaning "descendant of Colla". The Old Irish name Colla was a variant of Conla (perhaps the same Connla
Variant of Culpepper
. Known bearers of this surname include: Nicholas Culpeper (1616-1664), an English herbalist, physician and astrologer; and English colonial administrator Thomas Culpeper, 2nd Baron Culpeper (1635-1689), governor of Virginia 1680-1683... [more]
Means "person who collects, prepares and/or sells herbs and spices" (from Middle English cullen
"to pick" + pepper
Means "person who keeps or looks after doves", or from a medieval nickname for someone thought to resemble a dove (e.g. in mild disposition) (in either case from Middle English culver
Name for someone from Comberbach in North Cheshire. May come from etymological elements meaning "stream in a valley."
Regional name for someone from Cumberland in northwestern England (now part of Cumbria).
This is an English surname, deriving from the village so-named in North Yorkshire. The village takes its name from the Cumbric element cumb
meaning 'dale' (cognate with Welsh cwm
, 'valley') and Old Norse dalr
meaning 'valley', forming a compound name meaning 'dale-valley'.
Originally meant "person from Cunliffe", Lancashire ("slope with a crevice" (literally "cunt-cliff")).
Translation of German Zypress, a topographic name for someone living near a cypress tree or a habitational name for someone living at a house distinguished by the sign of a cypress, Middle High German zipres(se) (from Italian cipressa, Latin cupressus), or possibly of any of various Greek family names derived from kyparissos ‘cypress’, as for example Kyparissis, Kyparissos, Kyparissiadis, etc.
Possibly an altered spelling of French Cyprien, from a medieval personal name, from Latin Cyprianus (originally an ethnic name for an inhabitant of Cyprus), or a shortened form of Greek Kyprianos, Kyprianis, Kyprianidis, ethnic names for an inhabitant of Cyprus (Greek Kypros), or patronymics from the personal name Kyprianos (of the same derivation)... [more]
From a medieval nickname (roughly equivalent to "precious") applied to a dearly loved person (from Middle English deinteth
"pleasure, titbit", from Old French deintiet
Means "person from Daventry", Northamptonshire ("Dafa's tree"). The place-name is traditionally pronounced "daintry".
From a medieval nickname meaning "handsome, pleasant" (from Middle English deinte
, from Old French deint
). This was borne by Billy Dainty (1927-1986), a British comedian.
The origins of the name Dake are from the ancient Anglo-Saxon culture of Britain. It is derived from the personal name David. Daw was a common diminutive of David in the Middle Ages. The surname is a compound of daw and kin, and literally means "the kin of David."
An English surname probably derived from the French de la mare, meaning "of the sea", though some contend that "mare" springs from the English word moor. This surname probably arose after the Norman conquest of Britain.
Meant "person from Dallaway", West Midlands (perhaps from a Norman personal name, "person from (de
) Alluyes", northern France). A fictional bearer of the surname is Mrs Dalloway, central figure of the eponymous novel (1925) by Virginia Woolf.
DAME French, English
From the old French dame
, "lady" ultimately from Latin domina
Probably a habitational name, perhaps from Darnford in Suffolk, Great Durnford in Wiltshire, or Dernford Farm in Sawston, Cambridgeshire, all named from Old English dierne ‘hidden’ + ford ‘ford’.
English (of Norman origin): habitational name, with fused preposition d(e), for someone from any of the various places in northern France called Angerville, from the Old Norse personal name Ásgeirr (from áss
"god" + geirr
"spear") + Old French ville
"settlement", "village"... [more]
Habitational name, with fused preposition d(e)
, for someone from any of the various places in northern France called Angerville, from the Old Norse personal name Ásgeirr
"god" and geirr
"spear") and Old French ville
"settlement, village"... [more]
A habitation name in Northumberland of uncertain origin.
Nickname for someone with dark hair or a dark complexion, from Middle English darke
, Old English deorc
"dark". In England, the surname is most frequent in the West Country.
Means "person from Darley", Derbyshire ("glade frequented by deer").
DARLING Literature, English, Scottish
English and Scottish: from Middle English derling
, Old English deorling
‘darling’, ‘beloved one’, a derivative of deor
‘dear’, ‘beloved’ (see Dear
). This was quite a common Old English byname, which remained current as a personal name into the 14th century... [more]
From Old English Dearthington believed to be the settlement of Deornoth's people (unclear root + ing a family group + ton an enclosed farm or homestead).
Norman origin from Hauterive in Orne, so called from the Olde French "haute rive", meaning "a high bank", the ultimate origin being the Latin "alta ripa".
DAUGHTRY English, Norman, French
English (of Norman origin) habitational name, with fused French preposition d(e), for someone from Hauterive in Orne, France, named from Old French haute rive
‘high bank’ (Latin alta ripa
Habitational name from a place in Cheshire named Davenport, from the Dane river (apparently named with a Celtic cognate of Middle Welsh dafnu
"to drop, to trickle") and Old English port
(i) from the medieval personal name Day
) or Dey
), which may go back ultimately to Old English dæg
"day", perhaps as a shortening of such names as Dægberht
; (ii) a pet-form of David
; (iii) from Irish Gaelic Ó Deághaidh
"descendant of Deághadh
", perhaps literally "good luck" (cf... [more]
Meant "person from Dearden", Lancashire ("valley frequented by wild animals"). It was borne by British film director Basil Dearden (original name Basil Dear; 1911-1971).
From a medieval nickname apparently based on Middle English derth
Nickname for a noisy or troublesome person, from Anglo-French de(s)rei
‘noise’, ‘trouble’, ‘turbulence’ (from Old French desroi
). topographic for someone who lived by a deer enclosure, from Old English deor
‘deer’ + (ge)hæg
DE ATH English
Probably a deliberate respelling of Death
(i), intended to distance the name from its original signification.
(i) "death" (perhaps from the figure of Death as personified in medieval pageants); (ii) "person who gathers or sells wood for fuel" (from Middle English dethe
This surname is of French derivation and was introduced to Britain by the Normans. It has two possible derivations, the first from the Roman (Latin) 'debil-is', which means literally "poorly" or "weak", and may have been a metonymic for a doctor or healer, whilst the second possible origin is a nickname derivation from the old French 'Theodore' to Tibald and Tibble or Dibble, Deble.
DEEN English (American)
The History of the Name Deen Derives from England, over time spelling variations have existed. The name Deen is used by mostly American English people.
DEETZ English (American)
Surname of the characters, Delia, Charles and gothic daughter, Lydia from the movie and TV series, Beetlejuice.
From De L'Isle, "of the Isle, from the Isle" in French.
Possibly an Anglicization of the Italian surname Demma
, a metronymic from the personal name Emma
Means "person from Denby", Derbyshire or Yorkshire ("farmstead of the Danes").
From the name of various places in England, most of which meant "farm in the valley" (from Old English denu
"valley" + ham
"homestead"). Notable bearers of the surname included John Denham (1615-1669), an English poet; British Labour politician John Denham (1953-); and British actor Maurice Denham (1909-2002).
Habitational name from a place in Suffolk, recorded in Domesday Book as Dingifetuna, from the Old English female personal name Denegifu (composed of the elements Dene meaning "Dane" + gifu meaning "gift") + Old English tūn meaning "enclosure", "settlement".
English surname, composed of the Old English elements Dene "Dane" and fær "passage, crossing," hence "Dane crossing."
Habitational name, possibly a variant of Darracott, from Darracott in Devon. However, the present-day concentration of the form Derricott in the West Midlands and Shropshire suggests that this may be a distinct name, from a different source, now lost.
DERRY Irish, English
English variant of Deary
, or alternatively a nickname for a merchant or tradesman, from Anglo-French darree
‘pennyworth’, from Old French denree
. ... [more]
DEVALL French, English
Devall (also DeVall) is a surname of Norman origin with both English and French ties.Its meaning is derived from French the town of Deville, Ardennes. It was first recorded in England in the Domesday Book.In France, the surname is derived from 'de Val' meaning 'of the valley.'
Regional name for someone from the county of Devon. In origin, this is from an ancient British tribal name, Latin Dumnonii, perhaps meaning "worshipers of the god Dumnonos".
English variant of Dayman
). Forms with the excrescent d are not found before the 17th century; they are at least in part the result of folk etymology.
DICKENSHEETS English (American)
Americanized spelling of German Dickenscheid, a habitational name from a place named Dickenschied in the Hunsrück region. The place name is from Middle High German dicke ‘thicket’, ‘woods’ + -scheid (often schied) ‘border area’ (i.e. ridge, watershed), ‘settler’s piece of cleared (wood)land’.
Nickname from Middle English dell