German Submitted Surnames
Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
Nickname for a skilled or enthusiastic skittles player, from an agent derivative of Middle High German kegel meaning "skittle", "pin".
Habitational name from various places called Kehl
, notably the town across the Rhine from Strasbourg. In some cases it may be a variant of Köhler
Similar to the origins of Kuiper (Dutch) and Cooper (English), Keiper was an occupation which means "cooper" or "barrelmaker".
nickname from Middle High German kelch "double chin", "goiter". from another meaning of Middle High German kelch "glass", "chalice", hence a metonymic occupational name for a chalice maker or a habitational name for someone living at a house distinguished by the sign of a chalice.
From the name of a place in Rhineland, which is derived from Middle Low German kel
(a field name denoting swampy land) or from the dialect word kelle
meaning "steep path, ravine".
Germanized form of Polish Chelm
‘peak’, ‘hill’, a topographic name for someone who lived by a hill with a pointed summit, or habitational name from a city in eastern Poland or any of various other places named with this word.
KEMPER German, Dutch
German: status name denoting a peasant farmer or serf, an agent noun derivative of Kamp
From the Middle High German kezzel
meaning "kettle, cauldron"; either an occupational surname for a maker of copper cooking vessels or a habitational/topographic name derived from the same word.
KESSLER German, Jewish
Denotes a coppersmith or maker of copper cooking vessels, derived from Middle High German kezzel
meaning “kettle, cauldron”.
Topographic name from a Westphalian dialect Kiff
"outhouse, tied cottage, shack".
KILBURG German, Luxembourgish
"Kyll castle," from German burg
(castle) near the Kyll river in Germany. Also "wedge mountain" in Swedish: kil
(wedge) and berg
Kilmester is attested as a surname near Rostock in the 13th century.
KIND English, German, Jewish, Dutch
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic) from Middle High German kint
, German Kind
‘child’, hence a nickname for someone with a childish or naive disposition, or an epithet used to distinguish between a father and his son... [more]
German: habitational name from a place named with Middle High German kip
‘point’, ‘peak’ or from Kippingen in the Rhineland.
German: from Middle High German kirche ‘church’, hence a topographic name for someone living by a church or a occupational nickname from someone employed by the church. ... [more]
German topographic name for someone living near a churchyard, or habitational name for the proprietor or tenant of a farm named as "Church Farm", from Middle High German kirche
"church" + hof
"farmstead", "manor farm".
The name is patronymic and it comes from the German first name "Clausen" which is a variant of the name "Nicholas".
Topographic name from Middle Low German clef
Nickname for a prattler or gossip, from Middle High German, Middle Low German kleffer(er)
Occupational name for a woodsman or woodworker, from an agent derivative of Middle High German klieben meaning "to cleave or split".
From Middle High German klingen
"to ring or sound" and bīl
"axe", literally "sound the axe", an occupational nickname for a journeyman, carpenter, shipwright (or any occupation involving the use of an axe)... [more]
Klinger is a German surname meaning ravine or gorge in Old German. The English variant of Klinger is Clinger
KLOR German (Austrian)
The Klor surname may have evolved from the feminine personal name Klara. Or it may have come from the Middle High German and Middle Low German "Klar," meaning "Pure" or "Beautiful".
Combination of "kloster" meaning "monastery," and common German suffix Mann.
German status name for a young man or a page, from Middle High German knabe
). In aristocratic circles this term denoted a page or squire (a youth destined to become a knight), while among artisans it referred to a journeyman’s assistant or (as a short form of Lehrknabe) ‘apprentice’... [more]
Occupational name from the German word Knapp
, a variant of Knabe
"young unmarried man". In the 15th century this spelling acquired the separate, specialized meanings "servant", "apprentice", or "miner"... [more]
KNAUER German (Silesian)
Nickname for a gnarled person, from Middle High German knur(e) 'knot', 'gnarl'. habitational name for someone from either of two places in Thuringia called Knau.
Comes from Middle High German knuz ‘proud’, ‘arrogant’, ‘daring’, hence a nickname for a haughty person. In Württemberg knaus (and in Switzerland knus) also meant ‘gnarl’, hence a nickname for a short, fat, gnarled person; topographic name for someone living on a hillock, from knaus ‘hillock’ in the Swabian and Alemannic dialects of German
dweller near a hilltop; descendant of Knut (hill, or white-haired); a lumpish, thickset person.
KNOLL English, German, Jewish
English and German topographic name for someone living near a hilltop or mountain peak, from Middle English knolle
‘hilltop’, ‘hillock’ (Old English cnoll
), Middle High German knol
KNORR German (Rare)
The name 'Knorr' was used by a collection of knights during the feudal period in Germanic History. Originally laborers to an existing feudal Lord, they gained their freedom and knight status after sucessfully protecting their master's land from invasion... [more]
KOBOLDT German (Rare)
Derived from German Kobold
(Middle High German kobolt
) "kobold; hobgoblin; puck; imp".
Habitational name for someone from any of several places called Kochendorf, in Württemberg, Schleswig-Holstein, and Bohemia.
Believed to be a form of the German name Köhnlein
used by people who moved to America from Germany sometime during the 1800s.
German from the adjective kölsch
, denoting someone from Cologne (German Köln
Koerner is an occupational name for a grain merchant or possibly an administrator of a granary. ... [more]
Apparently a nickname from Middle Low German kōlhase, literally "cabbage rabbit".
1. occupational name for a guard or watchman on a tower, Middle Low German kure.... [more]
KOLDEN German, Norwegian
From Middle Low German kolt, kolde ‘cold’, a nickname for an unfriendly person; alternatively, it may be a habitational name, a shortened form of Koldenhof ‘cold farm’ in Mecklenburg (standardized form: Kaltenhof, a frequent place name in northern Germany, East Prussia, Bavaria, and Württemberg).Norwegian: habitational name from a farm called Kolden, from Old Norse kollr ‘rounded mountain top’.
Kolk is an old German word that means '' man who lives by the river'' and Mann is German for 'man'. The name Kolkmann comes from a man who lived by the North Rhine.
From German kölsch
, denoting someone from Cologne (Köln in German).
A German habitational name for someone who lives in various places called Konitz in places like Thuringia, Pomerania, Moravia, or West Prussia.
Orginating from Konrad
, which is a variant of Conrad
, meaning "brave counsel." The second half of the name indicates one who was a councilman or advisor to someone of importance or power.
Habitational name from any of several places named Koppen.
From Middle High German korn
"grain", a metonymic occupational name for a factor or dealer in grain or a nickname for a peasant.
Derived from German Kate / Kote
, originally from Middle Low German kote
"small house; hut".... [more]
From Middle High German, Middle Low German kote
‘cottage’, ‘hovel’, a status name for a day laborer who lived in a cottage and owned no farmland.
KRÄFT German, Jewish
Nickname for a strong man, from Old High German kraft, German Kraft ‘strength’, ‘power’.
German: nickname for a slim or long-legged person, from Middle Low German krane ‘crane’. Compare Kranich
German: nickname for a long-legged or tall and slender person, from Middle High German kranech ‘crane’.
KRAULEDAT German (East Prussian)
East Prussian German (and thus heavily Lithuanian influenced) name referring to a barber-surgeon well versed in bloodletting, derived from Lithuanian kraujaleidys
KREISEL German, Jewish
Jewish family name and originally a nickname for an active or disorganized person, derived from German kreisel
meaning "spinning top, top", ultimately from kreis
"circle". Alternatively, it could've be used as a nickname for a person with curly hair in the context of "spiral" or "curl".
topographic name for someone living in a hollow
From Middle High German kresse
"gudgeon", hence probably a nickname for someone thought to resemble the fish in some way or an occupational name for a fisherman.
From Old High German krassig
Noun to kriegen
meaning "to fight (with words)". Describes a person who likes to argue. A wrangler, a quarreler, a brawler. Literal translation "warrior", from the German noun krieg
"war" and the suffix -er
Probably a habitational name for someone from an unidentified place called Kriegshaus, literally "war house".
KRONECKER Jewish, German (Austrian)
Derived from the place name Kroneck in Austria. A famous bearer of this surname was Leopold Kronecker(1823~1891),the German mathematician who worked on number theory.
KRUMHOLZ Jewish, German
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic) from Krumbholz
‘bent timber’, ‘mountain pine’, hence probably a metonymic occupational name for a cartwright or wheelwright. As a Jewish surname it is ornamental.
German metonymic occupational name for a pastry cook, from German kuchen
‘cake’, or simply a variant of Koch
Occupational name for a master cook (literally "kitchen master"), a court official.
KUCHLER German (Rare)
Often confused with Küchler
a name for a cookie baker, Kuchler is a noble name for an old german family. Kuchler is origined in a city named Kuchl at the border of todays german bavaria. Sometimes they are reffered to "Herrn von Kuchl" meaning "Ruler of Kuchl"... [more]
KUES German, Dutch
Habitational name from Cues, now part of Bernkastel-Kues in the Rhineland Palatinate.
KÜHL German, Low German
The spelling Kühl results from a folk-etymological association with High German kühl
‘cool’ (Middle High German küel(e)
, a nickname from Middle High German küel
‘cool’, ‘calm’... [more]
Nickname from Middle High German küel
Habitational name from any of various places in Brandenburg and Mecklenburg called Kummerow.
Meaning: A German surname specific to the Canton of Glarus in Switzerland, the name means "skill with numbers" "Kund" is a German word/root meaning "skill, ability, knowledge" and the "ert" is the transformed spelling of the root "ratha"--meaning "number" This combination would mimic the etymology of the German word for 100, "hundert," which is composed of the roots "hund" =100 and "ratha" meaning "number."Note: Although I have seen one reference to "kundert" being a cognate of the German word "Konrad," I tend to doubt that connection for the specific reason that almost none of the other cognates have that "d" in the middle (other cognates being Kunrad, Kuhnert, Kunert, Kuhnhardt Kuhnt, and Kurth).
Nickname for a flatterer, from an agent derivative of Middle High German künzen
KUPFER German, Jewish
) and Jewish (Ashkenazic) metonymic occupational name for a worker or trader in copper, Middle High German kupfer
, German Kupfer
‘copper’. As a Jewish name it is often an ornamental name.
KURPJUHN German (East Prussian)
East Prussian German (and thus heavily Lithuanian influenced) name meaning "shoemaker", derived from Old Prussian kurpjuns
"shoemaker", ultimately from Old Prussian kurpe, kurpi
Occupational name for a furrier, Middle High German kürsenære, from Middle High German kürsen meaning "fur coat".
in German. Name for a person who was not very tall.
Topographic name of Slavic origin, from Sorbian kut
‘corner’, ‘nook’. Variant of Kutsche
, metonymic occupational name for a coachman or coachbuilder, from the Hungarian loanword kocsi
Surname given to those who had the occupation of cleaning tripe. Combines the words kuttel meaning "tripe" and washer meaning "washer". Bearers of the surname typically live in Austria.
This is the surname of my great-grandfather, of German ancestry.
LAHNER German, Hungarian
Habitational name for someone from any of various places called Lahn in Hungary and Germany. In southern Germany and Austria, Lahn denotes a place where there had been an avalanche or landslide, from Middle High German laen, lēne meaning "avalanche".
Habitational name from any of several places so called in Bavaria, Westphalia, and Schleswig-Holstein.
LAND English, German
Topographic name from Old English land
, Middle High German lant
, "land, territory". This had more specialized senses in the Middle Ages, being used to denote the countryside as opposed to a town or an estate.
LANDIS German, German (Swiss)
German and Swiss German nickname for a highwayman or for someone who lays waste to the land, from Middle High German landoese
Habitational name from places called Lanz or derived from the given name Lanzo
From Middle High German lap(pe)
‘cloth’, ‘patch’, ‘rag’; a metonymic occupational name for a mender of clothes or shoes, or a nickname for a simple-minded person.... [more]
LÄUFER German, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from a place called Lauf, also an occupational name for a messenger or a nickname for a fast runner, from an agent derivative of Middle High German loufen, German laufen ‘to run’.
LAUTERMILCH German (Modern)
Comes from German words Lauter, meaning 'pure', or 'nothing but', and Milch, meaning 'milk'. This could mean that the people who first used this name were farmers.
LEHIGH German, Irish
Derived from a Native American word "Lechauwekink", meaning "where there are forks in the stream". Variant of Lechau
"Lean deer." From the German words lehn
, "lean" and "deer" respectively.
Topographic name for someone who lived in a marshy area. There are a number of minor places, mostly in southern Germany, named with this element, and the surname may also come from any of them.
From a short form of any of several Germanic personal names composed with the first element liut
‘people’, ‘tribe’. Also a nickname for a disagreeable, cantankerous person, from Middle High German leidic
German topographic name from any of several streams called leinbach, from Middle High German lin
‘flax’ or Middle Low German leie
(genitive leien) ‘rock’, ‘stone’ + bach
Name means LINEN in German. The first known Leinen was a tailor
From Leiter ‘leader’, status name for a foreman or for the leader of a military expedition, from Middle High German leiten ‘lead’.German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): variant of Leitner.
Habitational name from a place called Lemberg in Silesia, originally Löwenberg, from Middle High German lewe
"lion" and berg
LEONARDO Italian, Spanish, German
Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese from the Germanic personal name Leonhard
, formed from the elements leo
‘lion’ + hard
, ‘hardy’, ‘brave’, ‘strong’; this was an early medieval saint’s name (see Leonard
Unflattering nickname from Middle High German lappe
"coxcomb", "puppy" (modern German Laffe
German metonymic occupational name for a mediator or arbitrator, or possibly for a fireman, from Middle High German leschære
Variant spelling of German Lessner, a habitational name from any of various places in eastern Germany called Lessen, all named with Slavic les 'forest'.
LEVIN Jewish, Lithuanian, Belarusian, German, Russian, French (Quebec, Anglicized), Various
As a Lithuanian Jewish and Belarusian Jewish name, it is a Slavicized form of Levy
. As a German and German Jewish name, it is derived from the given name Levin
. As a Jewish name, it can also be related to Loewe
LICHTER German, Jewish
Occupational name for someone who made candles or possibly for someone who tended a light, from an agent derivative of from Middle High German lieht
, Yiddish likht
LICKERT German (East Prussian)
Derived from the German feminine name Luitgard, and thus ultimately from Old High German liut
"people" and garto
LIEB German, Jewish
Nickname for a pleasant or agreeable person, from Middle High German liep
"dear, beloved"; Yiddish lib
or German lieb
. This word was also used as a personal name, both alone (German) and in compounds (German and Jewish).
From a short form of the various compound Slavic personal names formed with lubo-
"love" as the first element.
From a Germanic personal name, composed of the elements liub ‘beloved’, ‘dear’ + hard ‘brave’, ‘strong’.
From a Germanic personal name, composed of the elements liub
"beloved, dear" and hard
From a Germanic personal name formed with liut
"people, tribe" and berht
Lietzen is a municipality in the district Märkisch-Oderland, in Brandenburg, Germany.... [more]
LINDE German, Dutch, Jewish, Spanish, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
Topographic name for someone who lived by a conspicuous lime tree, from Middle High German, Dutch linde
, Scandinavian lind
. There are several places, especially in North Germany, named with this word... [more]
LINDLEY English, German
English habitational name from either of two places in West Yorkshire called Lindley, or from Linley in Shropshire and Wiltshire, all named from Old English lin
‘flax’ + leah
‘wood’, ‘glade’, with epenthetic -d-, or from another Lindley in West Yorkshire (near Otley), named in Old English as ‘lime wood’, from lind
‘lime tree’ + leah
‘woodland clearing’... [more]
LINDT German, Dutch
The Lindt surname comes from an Upper German word "lind," which meant "tender" or "gentle hearted." In some instances, especially in Saxony, the surname evolved from the personal name Lindemuth. In general, the similar phonetic name Linde comes from "Linden," which was a type of tree.... [more]
Derived from Lippe, a place in Westphalia, Germany. The name is a variant of the first name Philipp.
LITTMAN German (East Prussian), German (West Prussian), German, Jewish
Derived from Germanized Czech personal names like Litomir (Czech: Ljutomir) and Litobor (Czech: Ljutobor) which ultimately go back to Old Slavic ljutu
"grim; fierce; ferocious; wild". One theory suggests, however, that these given names might have been influenced by ljub-
"love; dear".... [more]
The surname LIVENGOOD is the Americanized version of Leibendgut. Leibengut is Swiss-German in origin. It has been written as Livengood and Levengood in America. Records show the family name back to 1550, in Aarwangen, Canton of Berne, Switzerland... [more]
LOCKHART Scottish, German
Scottish: of uncertain origin, probably from a Germanic personal name composed of the elements loc ‘lock’, ‘bolt’ + hard ‘hardy’, ‘brave’, ‘strong’. English: occupational name for a herdsman in charge of a sheep or cattlefold, from Old English loc ‘enclosure’, ‘fold’ + hierde ‘herd(er)’.
German metonymic occupational name from Middle High German lösch
Famous bearer is Luz Long a former Olympic competitor.
Habitational name from any of several places called Löwenstein.
Habitational name from any of various places called Löwenthal.
Germanized form of a Slavic or Old Prussian name formed with lub
- "love", "dear".
Metronymic from the Germanic female personal name Liutgard
, a compound of liut ‘people’ + gard ‘protective enclosure’, ‘yard’.
From Latin ludere
meaning "to play" and German berg
Luker see also Lucher or Luchre, meaning money more specifically money obtained by nefarious means.
From a short form of any of the Germanic personal names formed with liut- ‘people’ as the first element.
MACON French, German
French: See Maçon
. An occupational name for a mason, French maçon
. Habitational name from places so called in Saône-et-Loire, Allier, Aube, the Côte d’Or, Gers, and Deux-Sères. ... [more]
Variant spelling of Malow
, a habitational name from Malow in Mecklenburg.
MANHART German (Modern)
From the Germanic personal name Manhard
, composed of the Germanic elements man "man", "human" + hard "hardy", "brave", "strong". Americanized spelling of German Manhardt
MANTEY German, Polish
Habitational name for someone from a place called Manthei in Schwerin province. This name is also established in Poland.
MARK English, German, Dutch
Topographic name for someone who lived on a boundary between two districts, from Middle English merke
, Middle High German marc
, Middle Dutch marke
, all meaning "borderland"... [more]
Status name for someone who lived on an area of land that was marked off from the village land or woodland, Middle High German merkære
Occupational name for a stable boy in or for the supervisor of the stables on a noble estate, from Middle High German mar(c) 'noble horse' stall 'stable' + the agent suffix -er.
Derived from the name of the Roman god of war Mars
; means "of Mars". A notable bearer is Karl Marx, a German philosopher and "The Father of Communism".
Nickname from Middle High German mast "fat", "stout".
MAUER German, Jewish
Topographic name for someone who lived near a wall, Middle High German mure
MECKLENBURG German, Jewish
Regional name for someone from this province in northern Germany. Derived from Old Saxon mikil
"big, great" and burg
Habitational name from places so called near Berlin and on the island of Usedom.
Derived as a diminutive of several Germanic given names whose first element was derived from Germanic *magin-
"strength; force; power".
Habitational name with the agent suffix -er, either from Mainz, earlier Mentz, derived from the medieval Latin name Mogontia (Latin Mogontiacum, probably from the Celtic personal name Mogontios), or from Menz in Brandenburg and Saxony.
The surname of Franz Mesmer, a German physician who discovered animal-magnetism (mesmerism / hypnotism). The English word "mesmerism" is derived from this surname.
Occupational name for an official in charge of measuring the dues paid in kind by tenants, from an agent derivative of Middle High German mezzen
MEUSBURGER German (Austrian)
The history of this last name is that it means "Mountain Dweller." Being as part of the Austrian surnames, it's a widely used one in it's home country. A few brothers had gone to various countries, as of now there is Meusburgers in Columbia, as well as the United States and throughout Europe... [more]
MICK German, Dutch, Irish
Short form of the given name MIKOLAJ
or an occupational name from Middle Low German and Middle Dutch micke
"(wheat or rye) bread". The name was reportedly taken from Germany to Ireland in the 18th century.