German Submitted Surnames
Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
German: habitational name from a place named with Middle High German kip
‘point’, ‘peak’ or from Kippingen in the Rhineland.
German: from Middle High German kirche ‘church’, hence a topographic name for someone living by a church or a occupational nickname from someone employed by the church. ... [more]
German topographic name for someone living near a churchyard, or habitational name for the proprietor or tenant of a farm named as "Church Farm", from Middle High German kirche
"church" + hof
"farmstead", "manor farm".
The name is patronymic and it comes from the German first name "Clausen" which is a variant of the name "Nicholas".
Topographic name from Middle Low German clef
Nickname for a prattler or gossip, from Middle High German, Middle Low German kleffer(er)
Occupational name for a woodsman or woodworker, from an agent derivative of Middle High German klieben meaning "to cleave or split".
From Middle High German klingen
"to ring or sound" and bīl
"axe", literally "sound the axe", an occupational nickname for a journeyman, carpenter, shipwright (or any occupation involving the use of an axe)... [more]
Klinger is a German surname meaning ravine or gorge in Old German. The English variant of Klinger is Clinger
KLOR German (Austrian)
The Klor surname may have evolved from the feminine personal name Klara. Or it may have come from the Middle High German and Middle Low German "Klar," meaning "Pure" or "Beautiful".
German status name for a young man or a page, from Middle High German knabe
). In aristocratic circles this term denoted a page or squire (a youth destined to become a knight), while among artisans it referred to a journeyman’s assistant or (as a short form of Lehrknabe) ‘apprentice’... [more]
Occupational name from the German word Knapp
, a variant of Knabe
"young unmarried man". In the 15th century this spelling acquired the separate, specialized meanings "servant", "apprentice", or "miner"... [more]
KNAUER German (Silesian)
Nickname for a gnarled person, from Middle High German knur(e) 'knot', 'gnarl'. habitational name for someone from either of two places in Thuringia called Knau.
Comes from Middle High German knuz ‘proud’, ‘arrogant’, ‘daring’, hence a nickname for a haughty person. In Württemberg knaus (and in Switzerland knus) also meant ‘gnarl’, hence a nickname for a short, fat, gnarled person; topographic name for someone living on a hillock, from knaus ‘hillock’ in the Swabian and Alemannic dialects of German
dweller near a hilltop; descendant of Knut (hill, or white-haired); a lumpish, thickset person.
KNOLL English, German, Jewish
English and German topographic name for someone living near a hilltop or mountain peak, from Middle English knolle
‘hilltop’, ‘hillock’ (Old English cnoll
), Middle High German knol
KNORR German (Rare)
The name 'Knorr' was used by a collection of knights during the feudal period in Germanic History. Originally laborers to an existing feudal Lord, they gained their freedom and knight status after sucessfully protecting their master's land from invasion... [more]
KOBOLDT German (Rare)
Derived from German Kobold
(Middle High German kobolt
) "kobold; hobgoblin; puck; imp".
Habitational name for someone from any of several places called Kochendorf, in Württemberg, Schleswig-Holstein, and Bohemia.
Believed to be a form of the German name Köhnlein
used by people who moved to America from Germany sometime during the 1800s.
German from the adjective kölsch
, denoting someone from Cologne (German Köln
Koerner is an occupational name for a grain merchant or possibly an administrator of a granary. ... [more]
Apparently a nickname from Middle Low German kōlhase, literally "cabbage rabbit".
1. occupational name for a guard or watchman on a tower, Middle Low German kure.... [more]
KOLDEN German, Norwegian
From Middle Low German kolt, kolde ‘cold’, a nickname for an unfriendly person; alternatively, it may be a habitational name, a shortened form of Koldenhof ‘cold farm’ in Mecklenburg (standardized form: Kaltenhof, a frequent place name in northern Germany, East Prussia, Bavaria, and Württemberg).Norwegian: habitational name from a farm called Kolden, from Old Norse kollr ‘rounded mountain top’.
Kolk is an old German word that means '' man who lives by the river'' and Mann is German for 'man'. The name Kolkmann comes from a man who lived by the North Rhine.
From German kölsch
, denoting someone from Cologne (Köln in German).
A German habitational name for someone who lives in various places called Konitz in places like Thuringia, Pomerania, Moravia, or West Prussia.
Orginating from Konrad
, which is a variant of Conrad
, meaning "brave counsel." The second half of the name indicates one who was a councilman or advisor to someone of importance or power.
Habitational name from any of several places named Koppen.
From Middle High German korn
"grain", a metonymic occupational name for a factor or dealer in grain or a nickname for a peasant.
Derived from German Kate / Kote
, originally from Middle Low German kote
"small house; hut".... [more]
From Middle High German, Middle Low German kote
‘cottage’, ‘hovel’, a status name for a day laborer who lived in a cottage and owned no farmland.
KRÄFT German, Jewish
Nickname for a strong man, from Old High German kraft, German Kraft ‘strength’, ‘power’.
German: nickname for a slim or long-legged person, from Middle Low German krane ‘crane’. Compare Kranich
German: nickname for a long-legged or tall and slender person, from Middle High German kranech ‘crane’.
KRAULEDAT German (East Prussian)
East Prussian German (and thus heavily Lithuanian influenced) name referring to a barber-surgeon well versed in bloodletting, derived from Lithuanian kraujaleidys
KREISEL German, Jewish
Nickname for an active and/or disorganized person, derived from the German kreisel
or Yiddish krayzl
meaning "top (toy), spinning top", ultimately from German kreis
"circle, range, scope" and Middle High German kriusel
topographic name for someone living in a hollow
From Middle High German kresse
"gudgeon", hence probably a nickname for someone thought to resemble the fish in some way or an occupational name for a fisherman.
From Old High German krassig
Noun to kriegen
meaning "to fight (with words)". Describes a person who likes to argue. A wrangler, a quarreler, a brawler. Literal translation "warrior", from the German noun krieg
"war" and the suffix -er
Probably a habitational name for someone from an unidentified place called Kriegshaus, literally "war house".
KRONECKER Jewish, German (Austrian)
Derived from the place name Kroneck in Austria. A famous bearer of this surname was Leopold Kronecker(1823~1891),the German mathematician who worked on number theory.
KRUMHOLZ Jewish, German
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic) from Krumbholz
‘bent timber’, ‘mountain pine’, hence probably a metonymic occupational name for a cartwright or wheelwright. As a Jewish surname it is ornamental.
German metonymic occupational name for a pastry cook, from German kuchen
‘cake’, or simply a variant of Koch
Occupational name for a master cook (literally "kitchen master"), a court official.
KUCHLER German (Rare)
Often confused with Küchler
a name for a cookie baker, Kuchler is a noble name for an old german family. Kuchler is origined in a city named Kuchl at the border of todays german bavaria. Sometimes they are reffered to "Herrn von Kuchl" meaning "Ruler of Kuchl"... [more]
KUES German, Dutch
Habitational name from Cues, now part of Bernkastel-Kues in the Rhineland Palatinate.
KÜHL German, Low German
The spelling Kühl results from a folk-etymological association with High German kühl
‘cool’ (Middle High German küel(e)
, a nickname from Middle High German küel
‘cool’, ‘calm’... [more]
Nickname from Middle High German küel
Habitational name from any of various places in Brandenburg and Mecklenburg called Kummerow.
Meaning: A German surname specific to the Canton of Glarus in Switzerland, the name means "skill with numbers" "Kund" is a German word/root meaning "skill, ability, knowledge" and the "ert" is the transformed spelling of the root "ratha"--meaning "number" This combination would mimic the etymology of the German word for 100, "hundert," which is composed of the roots "hund" =100 and "ratha" meaning "number."Note: Although I have seen one reference to "kundert" being a cognate of the German word "Konrad," I tend to doubt that connection for the specific reason that almost none of the other cognates have that "d" in the middle (other cognates being Kunrad, Kuhnert, Kunert, Kuhnhardt Kuhnt, and Kurth).
Nickname for a flatterer, from an agent derivative of Middle High German künzen
KUPFER German, Jewish
) and Jewish (Ashkenazic) metonymic occupational name for a worker or trader in copper, Middle High German kupfer
, German Kupfer
‘copper’. As a Jewish name it is often an ornamental name.
KURPJUHN German (East Prussian)
East Prussian German (and thus heavily Lithuanian influenced) name meaning "shoemaker", derived from Old Prussian kurpjuns
"shoemaker", ultimately from Old Prussian kurpe, kurpi
Occupational name for a furrier, Middle High German kürsenære, from Middle High German kürsen meaning "fur coat".
in German. Name for a person who was not very tall.
Topographic name of Slavic origin, from Sorbian kut
‘corner’, ‘nook’. Variant of Kutsche
, metonymic occupational name for a coachman or coachbuilder, from the Hungarian loanword kocsi
Surname given to those who had the occupation of cleaning tripe. Combines the words kuttel meaning "tripe" and washer meaning "washer". Bearers of the surname typically live in Austria.
This is the surname of my great-grandfather, of German ancestry.
LAHNER German, Hungarian
Habitational name for someone from any of various places called Lahn in Hungary and Germany. In southern Germany and Austria, Lahn denotes a place where there had been an avalanche or landslide, from Middle High German laen, lēne meaning "avalanche".
Habitational name from any of several places so called in Bavaria, Westphalia, and Schleswig-Holstein.
LAND English, German
Topographic name from Old English land
, Middle High German lant
, "land, territory". This had more specialized senses in the Middle Ages, being used to denote the countryside as opposed to a town or an estate.
LANDIS German, German (Swiss)
German and Swiss German nickname for a highwayman or for someone who lays waste to the land, from Middle High German landoese
Habitational name from places called Lanz or derived from the given name Lanzo
From Middle High German lap(pe)
‘cloth’, ‘patch’, ‘rag’; a metonymic occupational name for a mender of clothes or shoes, or a nickname for a simple-minded person.... [more]
LÄUFER German, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from a place called Lauf, also an occupational name for a messenger or a nickname for a fast runner, from an agent derivative of Middle High German loufen, German laufen ‘to run’.
LAUTERMILCH German (Modern)
Comes from German words Lauter, meaning 'pure', or 'nothing but', and Milch, meaning 'milk'. This could mean that the people who first used this name were farmers.
LEHIGH German, Irish
Derived from a Native American word "Lechauwekink", meaning "where there are forks in the stream". Variant of Lechau
"Lean deer." From the German words lehn
, "lean" and "deer" respectively.
Topographic name for someone who lived in a marshy area. There are a number of minor places, mostly in southern Germany, named with this element, and the surname may also come from any of them.
From a short form of any of several Germanic personal names composed with the first element liut
‘people’, ‘tribe’. Also a nickname for a disagreeable, cantankerous person, from Middle High German leidic
German topographic name from any of several streams called leinbach, from Middle High German lin
‘flax’ or Middle Low German leie
(genitive leien) ‘rock’, ‘stone’ + bach
Name means LINEN in German. The first known Leinen was a tailor
From Leiter ‘leader’, status name for a foreman or for the leader of a military expedition, from Middle High German leiten ‘lead’.German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): variant of Leitner.
Habitational name from a place called Lemberg in Silesia, originally Löwenberg, from Middle High German lewe
"lion" and berg
LEONARDO Italian, Spanish, German
Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese from the Germanic personal name Leonhard
, formed from the elements leo
‘lion’ + hard
, ‘hardy’, ‘brave’, ‘strong’; this was an early medieval saint’s name (see Leonard
Unflattering nickname from Middle High German lappe
"coxcomb", "puppy" (modern German Laffe
German metonymic occupational name for a mediator or arbitrator, or possibly for a fireman, from Middle High German leschære
Variant spelling of German Lessner, a habitational name from any of various places in eastern Germany called Lessen, all named with Slavic les 'forest'.
LEVIN Jewish, Lithuanian, Belarusian, German, Russian, French (Quebec, Anglicized), Various
As a Lithuanian Jewish and Belarusian Jewish name, it is a Slavicized form of Levy
. As a German and German Jewish name, it is derived from the given name Levin
. As a Jewish name, it can also be related to Loewe
LICHTER German, Jewish
Occupational name for someone who made candles or possibly for someone who tended a light, from an agent derivative of from Middle High German lieht
, Yiddish likht
LICKERT German (East Prussian)
Derived from the German feminine name Luitgard, and thus ultimately from Old High German liut
"people" and garto
LIEB German, Jewish
Nickname for a pleasant or agreeable person, from Middle High German liep
"dear, beloved"; Yiddish lib
or German lieb
. This word was also used as a personal name, both alone (German) and in compounds (German and Jewish).
From a Germanic personal name, composed of the elements liub ‘beloved’, ‘dear’ + hard ‘brave’, ‘strong’.
From a Germanic personal name formed with liut
"people, tribe" and berht
Lietzen is a municipality in the district Märkisch-Oderland, in Brandenburg, Germany.... [more]
LINDE German, Dutch, Jewish, Spanish, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
Topographic name for someone who lived by a conspicuous lime tree, from Middle High German, Dutch linde
, Scandinavian lind
. There are several places, especially in North Germany, named with this word... [more]
LINDLEY English, German
English habitational name from either of two places in West Yorkshire called Lindley, or from Linley in Shropshire and Wiltshire, all named from Old English lin
‘flax’ + leah
‘wood’, ‘glade’, with epenthetic -d-, or from another Lindley in West Yorkshire (near Otley), named in Old English as ‘lime wood’, from lind
‘lime tree’ + leah
‘woodland clearing’... [more]
LINDT German, Dutch
The Lindt surname comes from an Upper German word "lind," which meant "tender" or "gentle hearted." In some instances, especially in Saxony, the surname evolved from the personal name Lindemuth. In general, the similar phonetic name Linde comes from "Linden," which was a type of tree.... [more]
Derived from Lippe, a place in Westphalia, Germany. The name is a variant of the first name Philipp.
LITTMAN German (East Prussian), German (West Prussian), German, Jewish
Derived from Germanized Czech personal names like Litomir (Czech: Ljutomir) and Litobor (Czech: Ljutobor) which ultimately go back to Old Slavic ljutu
"grim; fierce; ferocious; wild". One theory suggests, however, that these given names might have been influenced by ljub-
"love; dear".... [more]
The surname LIVENGOOD is the Americanized version of Leibendgut. Leibengut is Swiss-German in origin. It has been written as Livengood and Levengood in America. Records show the family name back to 1550, in Aarwangen, Canton of Berne, Switzerland... [more]
LOCKHART Scottish, German
Scottish: of uncertain origin, probably from a Germanic personal name composed of the elements loc ‘lock’, ‘bolt’ + hard ‘hardy’, ‘brave’, ‘strong’. English: occupational name for a herdsman in charge of a sheep or cattlefold, from Old English loc ‘enclosure’, ‘fold’ + hierde ‘herd(er)’.
German metonymic occupational name from Middle High German lösch
Famous bearer is Luz Long a former Olympic competitor.
Germanized form of a Slavic or Old Prussian name formed with lub
- "love", "dear".
Metronymic from the Germanic female personal name Liutgard
, a compound of liut ‘people’ + gard ‘protective enclosure’, ‘yard’.
Luker see also Lucher or Luchre, meaning money more specifically money obtained by nefarious means.
From a short form of any of the Germanic personal names formed with liut- ‘people’ as the first element.
MACON French, German
French: See Maçon
. An occupational name for a mason, French maçon
. Habitational name from places so called in Saône-et-Loire, Allier, Aube, the Côte d’Or, Gers, and Deux-Sères. ... [more]
Variant spelling of Malow
, a habitational name from Malow in Mecklenburg.
MANHART German (Modern)
From the Germanic personal name Manhard
, composed of the Germanic elements man "man", "human" + hard "hardy", "brave", "strong". Americanized spelling of German Manhardt
MANTEY German, Polish
Habitational name for someone from a place called Manthei in Schwerin province. This name is also established in Poland.
Occupational name for a stable boy in or for the supervisor of the stables on a noble estate, from Middle High German mar(c) 'noble horse' stall 'stable' + the agent suffix -er.
Derived from the name of the Roman god of war Mars
; means "of Mars". A notable bearer is Karl Marx, a German philosopher and "The Father of Communism".
Nickname from Middle High German mast "fat", "stout".
MAUER German, Jewish
Topographic name for someone who lived near a wall, Middle High German mure
MECKLENBURG German, Jewish
Regional name for someone from this province in northern Germany. Derived from Old Saxon mikil
"big, great" and burg
Habitational name from places so called near Berlin and on the island of Usedom.
Derived as a diminutive of several Germanic given names whose first element was derived from Germanic *magin-
"strength; force; power".
Habitational name with the agent suffix -er, either from Mainz, earlier Mentz, derived from the medieval Latin name Mogontia (Latin Mogontiacum, probably from the Celtic personal name Mogontios), or from Menz in Brandenburg and Saxony.
The surname of Franz Mesmer, a German physician who discovered animal-magnetism (mesmerism / hypnotism). The English word "mesmerism" is derived from this surname.
Occupational name for an official in charge of measuring the dues paid in kind by tenants, from an agent derivative of Middle High German mezzen
MEUSBURGER German (Austrian)
The history of this last name is that it means "Mountain Dweller." Being as part of the Austrian surnames, it's a widely used one in it's home country. A few brothers had gone to various countries, as of now there is Meusburgers in Columbia, as well as the United States and throughout Europe... [more]
MICK German, Dutch, Irish
Short form of the given name MIKOLAJ
or an occupational name from Middle Low German and Middle Dutch micke
"(wheat or rye) bread". The name was reportedly taken from Germany to Ireland in the 18th century.
From a byname from Middle High German mittelman
MITTERMEIER German (Austrian)
Literal meaning "middle farmer" its thought to have been given to farmers living between two there farms in the mountains.
Patronymic surname derived from the given name Bartholomäus, the German form of Bartholomew.
MOHLER German, English
The Mohler surname is derived from the Low German word möhl
which means mill. Thus the name originally denoted someone who live or worked near a mill. Variant of Müller
This surname means 'flying insect' from a German word that is mauke. (I think it is mauke, I am SO not sure.)
Topographic name for someone who lived by a bridge over a swamp, from Middle High German mos meaning "bog", "swamp" + brucke meaning "bridge".
MOSELE Italian, German (Austrian)
This surname is to be found in north-eastern Italy, more specifically in the Vicenza and Verona provinces. Families with this name are certain to be originally from the mountain town of Asiago, situated on a plateau north of Vicenza and now a well-known skiing resort... [more]
The surname was first recorded in the 14th century as Mozahrt
, and later as Motzhardt
in Germany. It is a compound word, the first part of which is Middle High German mos
, also spelt mosz
, and meaning “bog, marsh” in southern dialects (compare modern German Moos
(also Mütter): occupational name for an official employed to measure grain, from Middle High German mutte, mütte 'bushel', 'grain measure' (Latin modius) + the agent suffix -er.
Supposedly means "lived near water". Originated from Prussia.
It possibly comes from the German name of a nachtrab
, which is a "night bird like the owl". Another possible meaning is "night tribe".
NADEL German, Jewish
Metonymic occupational name for a maker of needles, or in some cases for a tailor, from Middle High German nadel(e)
, German Nadel
Nickname for a foolish or silly person, from Middle High German narr ‘fool’, ‘jester’.
Habitational, derived from any of several places called Nesse in Oldenburg and Friesland.
Topographic name for someone who lived in a thickly wooded area, or a metonymic occupational name for a woodcutter, from Middle High German nast meaning "branch", a regional variant of ast, resulting from the misdivision of forms such as ein ast meaning "a branch".
A variant of Neu; meaning "ship" or "boat."
NEESON Irish, Dutch, German
Irish: reduced Anglicized form of Gaelic Mac Naois ‘son of Naois’, usually Anglicized as McNeese
. Can also be an altered form of Dutch or German Niesen
. Surname made famous by the actor Liam
An occupational name for a tailor from a deritive of Middle Low German, 'nehen' which means 'to sew' or 'to embroider'
Unexplained. Perhaps from a short form of a Germanic personal name formed with an element cognate with Old High German niuwi meaning "new".
From the German word Nerz meaning "Mink".
Habitational name for someone from places so named in Brandenburg and Pomerania, or from places in Lower Saxony or Westphalia called Neuenfelde.
NEUGER German, French (?)
Was popularized by the German community. Famous bearers include investors Win Neuger and Dan Neuger, author Christie Cozad Neuger.
nickname for someone who owed feudal dues at the New Year, or sometimes a name given to someone born on that day
NEUSER German (Rare)
Person who had ancestors that lived in Germany near Dusseldorf in the town called Neuss.
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): nickname for a new innkeeper, from Middle High German niuwe ‘new’ + wirt and German neu + Wirt ‘master of a house’, ‘innkeeper’.