Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
GRAF Jewish, Yiddish
Ornamental name selected, like Herzog
and other words denoting titles, because of their aristocratic connotations.
GRAU German, Jewish
Nickname for someone with gray hair or a gray beard, from German grau
GREENBERGER German, Jewish
Anglicized form of the German surname Grünberger
, which is formed from the words grün
"mountain", and the habitational suffix -er. This name indicated a person who lived on or near a forest-covered mountain.
GRODSKY Polish, Jewish
Altered spelling of Polish Grodzki
, a habitational name from Grodziec or Grodzie, places named with gród ‘castle’, ‘fortification’ (cognate with Russian grad). ... [more]
GRUBER German, Jewish
A topographic name for someone who lived in a depression or hollow, from Middle High German gruobe
or German Grube
meaning ‘pit’ or ‘hollow’, plus the suffix -er
denoting an inhabitant.
A nickname from an inflected form of Yiddish dialect grub
meaning ‘rude' or 'impolite’.
GRUNWALD German, German (Swiss), Jewish
German and Swiss German (Grünwald): habitational name from any of various places named Grün(e)wald, from Middle High German gruene ‘green’ + walt ‘wood’, ‘forest’. ... [more]
GUNZENHAUSER German, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from either of two places named Gunzenhausen, one in Württemberg and the other in Bavaria.
Occupational name from Ukrainian guralnyk
, Yiddish guralnik
GURSULTUR Jewish (Latinized), Kurdish, Hebrew
This name is a composition of the following words: GUR; Hebrew for "lion cub", SUL; which is an abbreviation of Suleman (Kurdish for king Solomon), TUR; this word is derived from the Arba'ah Turim. The Arbaáh Turim are often called simply the Tur, which is an important Halakhic code.... [more]
GUTTENBERG German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): habitational name from any of various places, for example in Bavaria, called Guttenberg, from the weak dative case (originally used after a preposition and article) of Old High German guot ‘good’ + berg ‘mountain’, ‘hill’... [more]
HABERMANN German, Jewish
Occupational name for a grower or seller of oats, composed of the elements Haber
and the agent suffix -mann
Means "the priest" in Hebrew, from the word ha
which means "the", and the surname Cohen
HADDAD Arabic, Hebrew, Persian
Means "blacksmith" in Arabic, ultimately from Syriac ܚܰܕܳܕܳܐ (hadado)
, though it could also be derived from the name of a Semitic deity, Hadad
HAFER German, Jewish
Metonymic occupational name for a grower of or dealer in oats, from German Hafer
"oats". Compare Haber
. As a Jewish surname, it is in many cases ornamental.
Hebrew, shortened from haganah which means soldier
Means "The Levite" in Hebrew, from the word ha
which means "the", and the surname Levi
Habitual surname for a person who lived in the city of Heilbronn in Germany.
HAMBERG German, Danish, Jewish
German, Danish, and Jewish (Ashkenazic) habitational name from any of several places named Hamberg. Jewish (Ashkenazic) variant of Hamburg
HAMBERGER German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic) habitational name for someone from any of various places named Hamberg. Jewish (Ashkenazic) variant of Hamburger
HAMBURG German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic) habitational name from the great city and port at the mouth of the river Elbe, named with the Germanic elements ham
‘water meadow’ + burg
‘fortress’, ‘fortified town’.
HAMMER German, English, Jewish
From Middle High German hamer
, Yiddish hamer
, a metonymic occupational name for a maker or user of hammers, for example in a forge, or nickname for a forceful person.
HATTENDORF German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): habitational name from places called Hattendorf, near Alsfeld and near Hannover. The element hatt
HAUSER German, Jewish
From Middle High German hus
"house", German haus
, + the suffix -er
, denoting someone who gives shelter or protection.
HAVERBUS Yiddish, Dutch
From Yiddish/Hebrew Haver (חבר) and Baruch (ברוך), thus literally "blessed friend".
HEID German, Jewish
Topographic name from Middle High German heide, German Heide ‘heath’, ‘moor’. Compare Heath.... [more]
An invented Jewish name based on Hebrew chefets
"pleasure". Lithuanian-born US violinist Jascha Heifetz (1901-1987) was a known bearer.
From the given name Hod
which means "glory, splendor" in Hebrew, more commonly used as a surname.
HOLZINGER German, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from any of various places called Holzing or Holzingen.
HONIG German, Jewish
Metonymic name for a gatherer or seller of honey, from Middle High German honec
"honey", German Honig
It literally means "honeyman", possibly denoting a beekeeper.
JABŁONOWSKI Polish, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from a place called Jabłonowo or Jabłonow; both place names are from jabłoń meaning "apple tree".
JABLONSKI Polish, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from Jablonka, Jablonna, or Jablonica, all places named with jablon
"apple tree", or the diminutive form jablonka.
JACOBI Jewish, English, Dutch, German
From the Latin genitive Jacobi ‘(son) of Jacob’, Latinized form of English Jacobs and Jacobson or North German Jakobs(en) and Jacobs(en).
JAGODZIŃSKI Polish, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from a place called Jagodziny, Jagodzinek, or Jagodziniec, all named with jagoda meaning "berry".
JAWORSKI Polish, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from any of numerous places named Jawory or Jaworze, named with Polish jawor meaning "maple", "sycamore".
Jehle-Romanov surname was given name of monarchical leaders over the areas of eastern Eurasia known as Russia and all Russia's yet upon revolution family erroneously reported all dead. Most family of Alexander died while remaining in Russia, while those whom escaped circa 1880 survived... [more]
JÜNGER German, Jewish
) distinguishing name, from Middle High German jünger
‘younger’, for the younger of two bearers of the same personal name, usually a son who bore the same name as his father... [more]
KALP German, Jewish
From Middle High German kalp ‘calf’, German Kalb, probably applied as a metonymic occupational name for someone who reared calves.
KAPLAN Jewish, Turkish
Means "tiger" in Turkish. This common Jewish surname has a spelling variation: Caplan
. For an unknown reason, Jewish immigrants who passed through the port at Baltimore had their names changed to Caplan
, while the Jewish immigrants who passed through Ellis Island retained the original K
Surname used as a translation of Cohen
, from German Kaplan
or Polish kapłan
Jewish (eastern Ashkenazic) habitational name for someone from Karlin, a suburb of Pinsk in Belarus, in which the Jews formed the majority of the population until the Holocaust. A well-known Hasidic sect originated in Karlin and at one time it attracted so many followers that a (now obsolete) Russian word for ‘Hasid’ was Karliner
(of Yiddish origin)... [more]
An abbreviation of the phrase kohen tsedek
From Hebew chazan
, which is an occupational name for a cantor in a synagogue.
Either means "east" or "ancient" in Hebrew.
KESLER German, Dutch, Jewish
It is an occupational name that means coppersmith. In alpine countries the name derived from the definition: the one living in the basin of a valley.
KESSLER German, Jewish
Denotes a coppersmith or maker of copper cooking vessels, derived from Middle High German kezzel
meaning “kettle, cauldron”.
Jewish (Ashkenazic) of uncertain origin; perhaps a nickname from Yiddish kil
Of uncertain origin; perhaps a nickname from Yiddish kil
KIND English, German, Jewish, Dutch
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic) from Middle High German kint
, German Kind
‘child’, hence a nickname for someone with a childish or naive disposition, or an epithet used to distinguish between a father and his son... [more]
KNOLL English, German, Jewish
English and German topographic name for someone living near a hilltop or mountain peak, from Middle English knolle
‘hilltop’, ‘hillock’ (Old English cnoll
), Middle High German knol
Koch - which also has the meaning of Cook in German's origin was however not from that meaning. It origins are to be traced in the Jewish ancestory. The original meaning came from the word Star. Amongst the related surnames (with or without bar in front or a ba or similar appended) are: Koch, Kochba, Kok, Kock, Kuk, Coq, Coqui, Cook (as a translation from the perceived meaning of cook) and a host of others... [more]
Associated with the Polish, then Prussian, then German, now Russian town Königsberg.
Associated with the Polish/Prussian/German/Russian town Königsberg
, now called Kaliningrad
. This surname was borne by the parents of American actor, writer, teacher, and director Walter Koenig
(1936-) before they emigrated to the United States.
KOREN Slovene, Hebrew
Koren is a surname which has multiple origins. Koren may be a variant of the German occupational surname Korn
, meaning a dealer in grain. Alternatively, it may be a variant of the Greek female name Kora
KOTLARZ Polish, Jewish
Occupational name for a boilermaker or coppersmith, from the Polish word kotlarz
meaning "boilermaker".... [more]
KOWALEWSKI Polish, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from places called Kowalew or Kowalewo, named with kowal
"smith" or an occupational name for a blacksmith.
Nickname from Yiddish kozak
from a Ukrainian loanword meaning "warrior", "brave man".
KRÄFT German, Jewish
Nickname for a strong man, from Old High German kraft, German Kraft ‘strength’, ‘power’.
KREISEL German, Jewish
Jewish family name and originally a nickname for an active or disorganized person, derived from German kreisel
meaning "spinning top, top", ultimately from kreis
"circle". Alternatively, it could've be used as a nickname for a person with curly hair in the context of "spiral" or "curl".
KRONECKER Jewish, German (Austrian)
Derived from the place name Kroneck in Austria. A famous bearer of this surname was Leopold Kronecker(1823~1891),the German mathematician who worked on number theory.
KRUMHOLZ Jewish, German
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic) from Krumbholz
‘bent timber’, ‘mountain pine’, hence probably a metonymic occupational name for a cartwright or wheelwright. As a Jewish surname it is ornamental.
KUN Hungarian, Jewish
Hungarian: ethnic name for a member of a Turkic people known in English as the Cumanians (Hungarian kún). ... [more]
Metronymic form of KUNE
. This surname is most famous for its association with the American actress named Mila Kunis.
KUPFER German, Jewish
) and Jewish (Ashkenazic) metonymic occupational name for a worker or trader in copper, Middle High German kupfer
, German Kupfer
‘copper’. As a Jewish name it is often an ornamental name.
Ornamental name from German Lanze
"lance, spear" combined with the agent suffix -er
LANDE French, Norwegian, Jewish
French: topographic name for someone living on a heath, lande
(from Gaulish landa
‘space’, ‘land’), or a habitational name from any of numerous minor places named La Lande from this word.... [more]
LASKI Polish, Hungarian, Jewish
Polish (Laski) and Jewish (from Poland): habitational name from Lasko (now Lask) in Sieradz voivodeship, named with laz, lazy ‘clearing in a forest’. ... [more]
LÄUFER German, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from a place called Lauf, also an occupational name for a messenger or a nickname for a fast runner, from an agent derivative of Middle High German loufen, German laufen ‘to run’.
Habitational name from the city of Lviv in Ukraine, from its German name Lemberg.
Comes from the Levitic surnames of 'Levi' and 'Levy', signifying the descendants from the Tribe of Levi. All bearers today are of Hungarian–Jewish descent.
LEVENSTEIN Jewish, Yiddish
Jewish (Ashkenazic): ornamental name, or perhaps an ornamental elaboration associated with the name Leyb
; from Middle High German lewe ‘lion’, translating the Yiddish male personal name Leyb
) + German stein ‘stone’, ‘rock’... [more]
LEVIN Jewish, Lithuanian, Belarusian, German, Russian, French (Quebec, Anglicized), Various
As a Lithuanian Jewish and Belarusian Jewish name, it is a Slavicized form of Levy
. As a German and German Jewish name, it is derived from the given name Levin
. As a Jewish name, it can also be related to Loewe
From the Biblical personal name Levi
, from a Hebrew word meaning "joining". This was borne by a son of Jacob and Leah (Genesis 29: 34). Bearers of this name are Levites, members of the tribe of Levi, who form a hereditary caste who assist the kohanim
) in their priestly duties.
LICHTER German, Jewish
Occupational name for someone who made candles or possibly for someone who tended a light, from an agent derivative of from Middle High German lieht
, Yiddish likht
LIEB German, Jewish
Nickname for a pleasant or agreeable person, from Middle High German liep
"dear, beloved"; Yiddish lib
or German lieb
. This word was also used as a personal name, both alone (German) and in compounds (German and Jewish).
LIEBERMANN German, Jewish
Derived from "Lieb", a German and Jewish (Ashkenazic) nickname for a person from the German "Lieb" or Yiddish "Lib", meaning "dear, beloved". Many Liebermann families originally spelled the name in Hebrew or Cyrillic characters, so variations in the spelling occurred during transliteration to the Latin alphabet.
LINDE German, Dutch, Jewish, Spanish, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
Topographic name for someone who lived by a conspicuous lime tree, from Middle High German, Dutch linde
, Scandinavian lind
. There are several places, especially in North Germany, named with this word... [more]
LIPOWSKI Polish, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from any of various places called Lipowo, Lipowa, or Lipowe, named with an adjectival derivative of Polish lipa meaning "lime tree".
LIPSKI Polish, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from any of various places called Lipie, Lipsk, Lipsko, Lipy, etc., all named with Polish lipa meaning "lime tree".
LISOWSKI Polish, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from a place called Lisowo, Lisów, Lisowa, Lisowice, or other places named with Polish lis meaning "fox".
LISZOVICS Polish, Jewish
This surname has Eastern European connections and has been used by the Jewish population.
LITTMAN German (East Prussian), German (West Prussian), German, Jewish
Derived from Germanized Czech personal names like Litomir (Czech: Ljutomir) and Litobor (Czech: Ljutobor) which ultimately go back to Old Slavic ljutu
"grim; fierce; ferocious; wild". One theory suggests, however, that these given names might have been influenced by ljub-
"love; dear".... [more]
LIVINGSTONE Scottish, Irish, Jewish
Scottish: Habitational name from a place in Lothian, originally named in Middle English as Levingston, from an owner called Levin
), who appears in charters of David I in the early 12th century.... [more]
I knew a family with this surname and they were Jewish.
The last name "Logowin" was found in Russia. Emigrants from Russia moved to the USA and changed the last name in "Levin".
LÖWENTHAL Jewish, Swedish
Ornamental name composed of German Löwe
"lion" and T(h)al
"valley"; in some cases the Jewish name would have been an ornamental elaboration associated with the personal name Levy
or with personal names meaning "lion".
An invented Jewish name based on German Lustgarten
"pleasure garden" (perhaps alluding to the Garden of Eden). It was borne by British barrister, writer and broadcaster Edgar Lustgarten (1907-1978), presenter of television crime reconstructions.
MA'AYAN Hebrew (Rare)
Means "spring of water" or "fountain" in Hebrew, this is more common as a given name than a surname
Means "son of Meytl
", a Yiddish female personal name, literally "little Meyte
", a Yiddish female personal name derived from Middle High German maget
MAJ Polish, Jewish
Surname adopted with reference to the month of May, Polish maj. Surnames referring to months were sometimes adopted by Jewish converts to Christianity, with reference to the month in which they were baptized or in which the surname was registered.
MAKOWSKI Jewish, Polish, Ukrainian
Habitational name for someone from any of various places called Maków, Makowa, or Makowo, all named from mak
from the Yiddish for "a teacher of young children".
From the Jewish female personal name Margolis
, literally (in Hebrew) "pearls".
Margulis is a surname that is derived from the Ashkenazi Hebrew pronunciation of the Hebrew word מרגלית (Israeli Hebrew /maʁɡaˈlit/), meaning 'pearl,'
MASLOV Russian, Jewish
Derived from Russian масло (maslo)
meaning "butter", originally used as an occupational name for someone who worked as a dairyman or sold dairy products.
MAUER German, Jewish
Topographic name for someone who lived near a wall, Middle High German mure
MECKLENBURG German, Jewish
Regional name for someone from this province in northern Germany. Derived from Old Saxon mikil
"big, great" and burg
MEGHNAGI Jewish, Northern African
Sephardic Jewish, originating from the Libyan Jewish community. Most were from Tripoli, with a much smaller contingent from Benghazi.
This is the surname of British Labour Party politicians Ed and David Miliband, who are ethnically Jewish.
MIODOWNIK Polish, Jewish
The literal translation is "honey cake", from the Polish word/root surname miod
, meaning "honey." An occupational surname to those in the honey business, mainly beekeepers and bakers.... [more]
MIRANDA Spanish, Portuguese, Jewish
Habitational name from any of numerous places in Spain and Portugal called Miranda. The derivation of the place name is uncertain; it may be of pre-Roman origin, or from Latin miranda
Jewish (eastern Ashkenazic): metronymic from the Yiddish female personal name Mirke
, a pet form of the Biblical Hebrew name Miryam
From Hebrew מִזְרָחִי (mizrakhí)
meaning "East, eastern".
MODZELEWSKI Polish, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from places in Poland called Modzel or Modzele, from modzel meaning "hard place", "callus".
MONTEFIORE Italian, Jewish
Derived from Montefiore
, which is the name of several places in Italy. For example, there is Castle Montefiore in the town of Recanati (province of Macerata), the municipality of Montefiore Conca (province of Rimini) and the municipality of Montefiore dell'Aso (province of Ascoli Piceno)... [more]
Means "threshing sledge", "flail" in Hebrew. Morag is a hand-held threshing tool.
Morpurgo (Hebrew: מורפורגו) is an Italian surname of Jewish origin. Originally Marpurg, from the Austrian city Marburg an der Drau (today Maribor in Slovenia). Key ancestor was Moises Jacob, father of Petachia, in Bad-Rackersburg, Austria... [more]
MOSSBERG Jewish, Swedish
Ornamental name composed of the elements mosse
"peat bog" + berg "mountain", "hill".
MOST Polish, Jewish
Topographic name from Slavic most
meaning "bridge", or a habitational name from any of several places named with this word.
NADEL German, Jewish
Metonymic occupational name for a maker of needles, or in some cases for a tailor, from Middle High German nadel(e)
, German Nadel
NADOLNY Polish, Jewish, Sorbian
Topographic name from Polish nadól
, Sorbian nadol
"downwards", denoting someone who lived lower down in a village on a slope, or on relatively low-lying ground.
NAIMAN Ukrainian, Jewish
Before Genghis Khan conquered the world, he conquered his neighbors, and his last great victory, in 1204, was over a tribe of Turkic Christians called the Naiman. (Some Naimans today are Christian but most are Jewish.)... [more]
NATES English, Jewish
It's probably from the given name Nate
, the origin is said to be Jewish*, but the ancestors immigrated to English speaking countries.
Variant of the Ashkenazic Jewish surname Nierenberg
, which is derived from Nirnberg
, the Yiddish form of Nuremberg (German Nürnberg), hence becoming an Ashkenazic Jewish habitational surname for someone living in that city.
NEUHAUS German, Jewish
Topographical name for someone who lived in a new house, Middle High German niuwe hus, modern German neu Haus, or a habitational name for someone from any of several places named Neuhaus ('new house') in various parts of Germany and Austria, also in Bohemia.
Means "horizon" in Hebrew, used both as a given name and a surname.
From the given name Ophir
. Ophir (or Ofir
) is originally a biblical place name. In the days of King Solomon
, Ophir was metioned as the name of a land, full of abudant natural treasures such as gold, silver, etc.
Eastern Ashkenazic occupational name for the president of a Jewish community, from Yiddish parnes
(from Hebrew parnas
Derived from Hebrew פְּלָדָה (pladá)
Habitational name for someone from Pelki in Poland.
PELTZ German, Jewish
Occupational name for a furrier, from Middle High German bellez
, (modern German pelz
) "fur", "animal skin".
PERES Jewish, Galician, Portuguese
Derived from the given name Perez
, a son of Judah by Tamar, and may also be spelled Perez or Peretz. It is also Galician and Portuguese, but means "Son of Pedro", and is a patronymic in those languages.
Jewish (Ashkenazic): ornamental name from German Perlmutter ‘mother-of-pearl'.
Ornamental name composed of German Perle
‘pearl’ + Stein
PETITO Jewish (Archaic)
Jewish family surname. Family originally settled in South of Italy, but also spread in Rome. According family's background stories, ancestors ( פטיטו ) sailed from Palestine to (south) of Italy, where they settled, at time of the big diaspora as an effect of Bar Kochba defeat (135 A.D.). There are still today in Israel people with Petito surname in the major Israel cities, as well elsewhere (check Petito in www.israelpb.com --or here, letter P: http://www.genami.org/en/belgian-file/belgian-file-p.php).
PFEFFER German, Jewish
Occupational name for a spicer, or a nickname for a person with a fiery temper, for a small man, or for a dark-haired person. Derived from German Pfeffer
PLUM English, German, Jewish
English and North German: from Middle English plum(b)e, Middle Low German plum(e) ‘plum’, hence a topographic name for someone who lived by a plum tree, or a metonymic occupational name for a fruit grower... [more]
PNIEWSKI Polish, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from Pniewy in the district of Poznań, or from any of the many places in Poland named Pniewo.