are used in the country of Switzerland in central Europe.
Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
Not to be confused with the similarly spelled ODELÍN
, which is Spanish rather than French, though they could have similar origins in name.
ODIGE French, African
A Name from french Odige (O.DI Zeouf) zeouf with means egg Zeouf is spelled as ge to shorten the name. This surname means fighter The French has been known to be Lovely and the language of love un-violent... [more]
Possibly a respelling of German Auffahrt
Means "powerlessness; helplessness; without power" in German. This was often used to describe someone very weak.
Generally considered a (very) contracted form of given names that contained the Old High German element od
"fortune; wealth" (or a variant thereof) and a second element that began with or contained the letter B, for example Audobald.
Patronymic or plural form of ORSO
. It may also be an Italianized form of Slovenian Uršic, metronymic from the female personal name Urša, short form of Uršula (Latin Ursula), or a patronymic from the male personal name Urh, Slovenian vernacular form of Ulrik, German Udalrich
Likely a habitational name from an area in the Verbano-Cusio-Ossola province in Northern Italy.
OVERHOLSER German (Swiss)
The Oberholtzer family originated in the Swiss village of Oberholtz, south of Zurich, before the 15th century. However, in 1661, one family left Switzerland for the Palatinate in Germany.
Italian surname for "Little peacemaker"; a diminutive for the Italian word "paciere", meaning Peacemaker.
In French the meaning of the name Padgett is: Attendant
Metonymic occupational name for a horse dealer, from Middle Low German page
Occupational name for someone who gathered or used straw, derived from the Italian word paglia
PAINTER English, Medieval French, German
English: from Middle English, Old French peinto(u)r
, oblique case of peintre
‘painter’, hence an occupational name for a painter (normally of colored glass). In the Middle Ages the walls of both great and minor churches were covered with painted decorations, and Reaney and Wilson note that in 1308 Hugh le Peyntour
and Peter the Pavier were employed ‘making and painting the pavement’ at St... [more]
The name Pallmann originates from the Landsuhl area of Bavaria, Germany (nor in Rhineland-Palatinate). The meaning of the name is unknown. Some Pallmanns came to America and Americanized the spelling, by dropping the second "n", while others retained the "n".
Old surname first used in northern Italy,was derived from the old latin word "palominus", used to refer to a yellowish horse. The lastname Pallominy, originally spelled "Pallomini", was used to denote a heard of those horses in the medieval Italy ( circa 1350 AD), more especifically in the city of Florence and its surroundings.
The Palmero family lived in the territory of Palma, which is in Campania, in the province of Naples. The surname Palma was also a patronymic surname, derived from the personal name Palma, which was common in medieval times... [more]
metonymic occupational name for a baker, from Latin panarium ‘bread basket’.
A famous Spanish cave, located in Burgos, where the arabs hid from Spanierds.
given to someone who worked with high quality breads. from italian word pane
"bread" and bianco
Derived from the word "pane" meaning "bread" in Italian and "pinto" meaning "painted", "flecked", or possibly "bad". The name is generally given to a baker.
Venice, one of the oldest and most beautiful regions of Italy, is the esteemed birthplace of numerous prominent families, and of a family that bears the surname Panozzo. Although people were originally known only by a single name, it became necessary for them to adopt a second name to identify themselves, as populations grew and travel became more frequent... [more]
The root papa
comes from the Greek language, whose Italian translation is literally "priest", but during centuries this was also a term of respect, and this is due to the active influence of Greek and Byzantine culture in southern Italy and specifically in Naples... [more]
Derived from Italian paratore
meaning "decorator, fuller", which refers to a craftsman who fulls coarse cloth. In other words: this surname is the Italian cognate of the English surname FULLER
Variant Of Pardon From Middle English Pardun, Pardon "Pardon" A Metonymic occupational name for a pardoner, a person licensed to sell papal pardons or indulgences. German: either a cognate of 1 (also for a sexton), from Old French pardon ‘pardon’, or perhaps a nickname from Middle Low German bardun, Middle High German purdune ‘pipe’ (instrument), ‘tenor’ (voice).
Italian surname coming from the given name Gaspare.
Topographic name for a field or meadow which was used at Easter as a playground; etymologically two sources seem to be combined: Latin pascuum ‘pasture’ and Middle Low German pāsche(n) ‘Easter’.
French for "shepherd" or "preacher, pastor". Famous bearer Louis Pasteur (1822-1895), French chemist who created the first rabies vaccine, gave his name to the process of 'pasteurization'.
Italian surname of unknown origin, most likely comes from Paternò in Sicily. Notable individuals include Joe Paterno (1926 - 2012), head coach at Pennsylvania State University until 2011.
Nickname, probably for an industrious person, from pecchia
"Pechman" means "man with bad luck" in many European languages (Polish, German, and Dutch predominantly), though in German, it originally referred to one who prepared, sold, or used pitch.
From Middle Low German pek
‘sharp, pointed tool or weapon’.
From Middle Low German pelle
"precious purple silk cloth", presumably an occupational name for a maker or seller of such cloth or for a maker of official and church vestments.
Nickname for a man with long or unkempt hair and beard, from peloso
PELTZ German, Jewish
Occupational name for a furrier, from Middle High German bellez
, (modern German pelz
) "fur", "animal skin".
Occupational name for a furrier, from an agent derivative Middle High German bellez
From the Old French name Pepis
, itself a form of the given name PÉPIN
. Alternatively, it may be derived from French pépin
meaning "(fruit) seed", thus making it an occupational name for a gardener or someone who grew fruit-bearing trees.
From a short form of the personal name Giuseppe
PERDUE English, Irish, French
English and Irish from Old French par Dieu
‘by God’, which was adopted in Middle English in a variety of more or less heavily altered forms. The surname represents a nickname from a favorite oath... [more]
A famous bearer is the Italian archaeologist Luigi Pernier (1874 - 1937), who discovered the mysterious Phaistos disc on the Greek island of Crete.
Derived from the Italian word pesce
which means "fish", ultimately from Latin piscis
. This could serve as an occupational surname for a fisher / fisherman or a person who looked like a fish... [more]
"parsley", a southern dialect variant of prezzemolo.
German. Derives from a pet form of a Slavic version of the given name PETER
In the war there was a French resistance fighter named Maurice Peureux.
Unknown meaning. French surname. Famous bearer of this name is Bruno Peyron and the German princess Louise Peyron (1918-1989).... [more]
From Middle High German pfarr 'district' 'parish' or pfarre(r) 'parish priest', hence an occupational name for a parson.
PFEFFER German, Jewish
Occupational name for a spicer, or a nickname for a person with a fiery temper, for a small man, or for a dark-haired person. Derived from German Pfeffer
From Middle High German pfil ‘arrow’ (from Latin pilum ‘spike’, ‘javelin’), either a metonymic occupational name for an arrowsmith or possibly a nickname for a tall thin man.
a topographic name for someone who lived by a swamp or pond, Middle High German phuol.... [more]
metonymic occupational name for a sealer of weights, or for a wholesale merchant, from Middle High German pfunt ‘pound’ (as a measure of weight and a unit of currency).
Topographic name from piana ‘plain’, ‘level ground’, from Latin planus, or a habitational name from any of the places named with this word.
Topographic name for someone who lived on a plain or plateau, Italian piano (Latin planum, from the adjective planus ‘flat’, ‘level’).
PICA Italian, Catalan
Nickname for a gossipy or garrulous person, from the central-southern Italian word pica ‘magpie’. Compare Picazo.Catalan: habitational name from any of the numerous places called Pica.Catalan: from either pica ‘pointed object’ (weapon, etc.) or a derivative of picar ‘to prick’.
Picard is the name given to a person from Picardy, a historical region and cultural area of France. The Star Trek: Next Generation Jean-Luc Picard has this name.
PIÉNOEL French (Rare)
French surname that possibly refers to the buckled shoes that the original bearer was wearing, in which case it is derived from Old French pié
meaning "foot" combined with Old French noiel
meaning "buckle"... [more]
The derivation of the name Pietrafesa comes from the cracked aspect of the mountain on which it rose. In Italian "Pietra" mean Rock and "-fesa" comes from the Italian word fessura meaning cracked.... [more]
French family last name may have been changed from the original French
Perhaps related to the English surname PICKETT
. A notable bearer is French economist Thomas Piketty (1971-).
Meaning unknown, possibly derived from Middle French pilot
both meaning "stake, pole". This is the name of a wealthy merchant family from Besançon, France.
PIN French, Dutch
A topographic name for someone living by a pine tree or in a pine forest, or a habitational name from a place named with the Old French word pin
, meaning ‘pine’.
A combination of "pinin", Piedmontese for youngest/smallest brother, and FARINA
, the Italian variant of MILLER
. This is the name of the Italian coachbuilder, founded by Battista "Pinin" Farina, later Battista Pininfarina.
PINK English, German
Nickname, possibly for a small person, from Middle English pink penk
g ‘minnow’ (Old English pinc).English (southeastern): variant of PINCH
.Variant spelling of German PINCK
, an indirect occupational name for a blacksmith, an onomatopoeic word imitating the sound of hammering which was perceived as pink(e)pank... [more]
PINN English, German
A metonymic occupational name for a maker of pins or pegs, which is from Middle English pin
and Middle Low German pinne
meaning ‘pin’ or ‘peg’. In some cases, the German name was an metonymic occupational name for a shoemaker.
PIONKE German, Polish
Germanized form of Slavic Pinoek, which is a nickname from pionek ‘puppet’.
Habitational name from the city of Pisa in Tuscany. The city was probably founded by Greek colonists, but before coming under Roman control it was in the hands of the Etruscans, who probably gave it its name... [more]
From a reduced form of episcopo
"bishop" (Greek episkopos
"bishop", literally "overseer"), hence a metonymic occupational name for someone in the service of a bishop, or perhaps a nickname for a pompous person.
patronymic "from Pisone", from a derivative of Piso
, from Latin pisum "pea"
PITCHER English, German
From an agent derivative of Middle English pich
‘pitch’, hence an occupational name for a caulker, one who sealed the seams of ships or barrels with pitch. English variant of Pickard
A surname which originally belonged to a person who lived by a pit or hollow. Meaning "King of the Pit" or "King of the Hollow".
Italian surname derived from a nickname meaning ‘malicious’.
PLUM English, German, Jewish
English and North German: from Middle English plum(b)e, Middle Low German plum(e) ‘plum’, hence a topographic name for someone who lived by a plum tree, or a metonymic occupational name for a fruit grower... [more]
PLUMER German, English, Dutch
North German (Plümer) and English: variant of PLUM
, the suffix -er denoting habitation or occupation. Altered form of South German Pflümer
, an occupational name for a grower or seller of plums, from an agent derivative of Middle High German pflume ‘plum’... [more]
PLUMIER French, Belgian
Possibly an occupational name for a dealer in feathers and quills, from an agent derivative of Old French plume
"feather, plume" (compare English and Dutch PLUMER
Nickname for a braggart or bogeyman, of uncertain Slavic origin.
German (Westphalian): topographic name for someone who lived by a muddy pool, from an agent noun derived from Middle Low pol
pronounced,Pfowelser,it means person skilled with bird's,as in Hawk's or Eagle's(bird's of prey).From Palatine,or Austria(a Royal house).
From a dialect word for standard German Pfau ‘peacok’, a nickname for a vain person or for someone with a strutting gait.
POIROT French, Literature
A French occupational name referring to a merchant who sells pears (poire
). Used by Agatha Christie for her Belgian private detective Hercule Poirot, but she came up with the name by combining the surnames Poiret
, the names of two contemporary fictional detectives.
Poisson is the French word for fish, and was given to one who was a fishmonger, fisherman, or could be a nickname for one who had the appearance similar to a fish.
POLAND English, German, French (Anglicized), Irish (Anglicized)
English and German name is derived from the Middle High German Polan
, which means "Poland". The surname originally signified a person with Polish connections.This French surname originated from an occupational name of a poultry breeder, or from a fearful person; it is derived from the Old French poule
, which means "chicken".In other cases, particularly in Ireland, the English Poland is a variant of Polin,which is in turn an Anglicised form of the original Gaelic spelling of Mac Póilín
, which translated from Irish means "son of little Paul"... [more]
Means "son of POLIDORO
". Famous bearers include John William Polidori (1795-1821), a physician to Lord Byron and author of 'The Vampyre' (1819), and his sister Frances Polidori (1800-1886), the mother of painter and poet Dante Gabriel Rossetti, poet Christina Rossetti, critic William Michael Rossetti, and author Maria Francesca Rossetti.
Occupational name for an importer or seller of bitter (Seville) oranges, Middle High German pomeranz
(medieval Latin pomarancia
, composed of the elements arancia
, the name imported with the fruit.
Habitational name from a place called Pompei in Naples province. Or a patronymic or plural form of POMPEO
Means "bridge builder". Comes from the French word pont
, which means bridge. ... [more]
POPP German, English
From a Germanic personal name POPPO
, of uncertain origin and meaning, perhaps originally a nursery word or a short form of for example Bodobert
, a Germanic personal name meaning ‘famous leader’... [more]
Occupational name for a female servant, from Spanish portera.
PORTUGAL Spanish, Portuguese, English, Catalan, French, Jewish
Spanish, Portuguese, Catalan, English, French, and Jewish surname meaning ethnic name or regional name for someone from Portugal or who had connections with Portugal. The name of the country derives from Late Latin Portucale, originally denoting the district around Oporto (Portus Cales, named with Latin portus ‘port’, ‘harbor’ + Cales, the ancient name of the city)... [more]
Spanish: habitational name from any of the numerous places named Posada, from posada ‘halt’, ‘resting place’. ... [more]
POSEY English, French
Derived from the Greek word "desposyni." The Desposyni is a term referring to a group of people that are allegedly direct blood relatives to Jesus. They are mentioned in Mark 3:21 and Mark 3:31. American actress Parker Posey is a famous bearer.
POTEET English, French
From the French name Pottet
, which is derived from pot
meaning "pot", originally a name for a potter.
Nickname for a chatterer or grumbler, from an agent derivative of Middle High German breglen ‘to chatter’, ‘complain’, ‘yell’, ‘roar’.
PREVOST French, English
Derived from Old French prevost
meaning "provost" (ultimately from Latin praepositus
, the past participle of praeponere
meaning "to place in charge") which is a status name for any of the various officials in a position of responsibility.
A prevot was a govenment position during the Ancient Régime
PRINCE English, French
Nickname from Middle English, Old French prince
), presumably denoting someone who behaved in a regal manner or who had won the title in some contest of skill.
PRÍNCIPE Italian, Spanish
"prince, heir" (Latin princeps
, genitive principis
, from primus
"first" and capere
"to take"), applied probably as a nickname for someone who gave himself airs and graces or for someone in the service of a prince.
PRIOR English, Scottish, Dutch, German
Derived from Latin prior
meaning "superior". It was used as an occupational surname for a prior, which is a head of a religious house, below an abbot.
PRIVETT French, English, Welsh (?)
French, from the given name Privat (see PRIVATUS
). Also an English habitational name from a place so named in Hampshire, derived from Old English pryfet
Habitational name from Procida, one of the Flegrean Islands off the coast of Naples in southern Italy.
From the name of a place in Italy. The meaning is uncertain, but it might be derived from Greek πρωία
PROPHET English, Scottish, French, German
Scottish, English, French, and German: nickname from Middle English and Old French prophete
, Middle High German prophet
‘prophet’, ‘seer’, ultimately from Greek prophetes
‘predictor’, from pro
‘before’ + a
derivative of phemi
‘to speak’... [more]
A habitational name for someone from any of various places in Lower Saxony, Brandenburg, and Luxembourg called Protz.
Variant of the French nickname Preaux
meaning "wise, worthy, valiant". A famous bearer is Valentin Louis Georges Eugène Marcel Proust--simply known as Marcel Proust--(1871-1922), a French author.
From the French word for the flower periwinkle. (pervenche) Brought to Canada from France in 1660 by Sebastien Provencher.
PROVOST English, French
Derived from the Middle English provost
; referring to the person who heads a religious chapter in a cathedral or educational establishment. It was also used as a nickname for a self-important person and is a French variant of PREVOST
PRUDHOMME French, English, Norman, Medieval French
French (Prud’homme) and English (of Norman origin): nickname from Old French prud’homme ‘wise’, ‘sensible man’, a cliché term of approbation from the chivalric romances. It is a compound of Old French proz, prod ‘good’, with the vowel influenced by crossing with prudent ‘wise’ + homme ‘man’... [more]
PRUE English, French
English: nickname for a redoubtable warrior, from Middle English prou(s)
‘brave’, ‘valiant’ (Old French proux
Of Slavic origin, habitational name from Podewils in Pomerania.
Most likely derived from the feminine form of the Italian word pugno
which means "fist".
The Italian family name Pugno is considered by scholars to be of nickname origin. While the majority of surnames that are derived from a sobriquet or nickname reveal to us some aspect of the physical appearance of the initial bearer of the name or may allude to a characteristic of this person, other nickname family names make reference to a particular piece of clothing or favorite article or indeed a favorite color of the bearer of the name... [more]
PULSIPHER Italian (Anglicized)
from the nickname meaning "handsome man" of a member of the Italian Pulci family who settled in England around the time of the Norman conquest
PULVER Low German, French, English
I comes from the Latin verb meaning "to make powder." This name was given to either an alchemist or one who made gunpowder.
Habitational name form Pusey in Haute-Saône, so named from a Gallo-Roman personal name, Pusius, + the locative suffix -acum.
Habitational name from any of several places so named in Rhineland, Westphalia, and Pomerania, but in most cases a topographic name from Middle Low German putte ‘pit’, ‘well’, ‘puddle’, ‘pond’.
German for "plaster". Likely used to denote someone who manufactured plaster
Nickname for a big eater, from Middle Low German quās meaning "guzzling", "feasting".
Nickname for someone stocky, from Middle High German quader meaning "building stone".
habitational name from any of several places so named in northern Germany. metonymic occupational name for a barber or nickname for someone who wore a conspicuous tassel or feather, from Middle Low German, Middle High German quast(e) "tuft", "tassel", "brush", also "fool".
German family name originating from the town of Quetz (today Quetzdölsdorf).... [more]
QUINTO Aragonese, Spanish, Catalan, Italian
Habitational surname for a person from a place called Quinto, for example in Zaragoza province. However, the high concentration of the surname in Alacant province suggests that, in some cases at least, it may derive from the personal name QUINTO
(from Latin QUINTUS
denoting the fifth-born child or Catalan quinto
"young soldier").... [more]
Derived from German rabe
"raven". As a surname, it was given to a person with black hair.