are used in the country of Switzerland in central Europe.
Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
German from Middle High German eich(e)
‘oak’, hence a topographic name for someone who lived near an oak tree. In some cases, it may be a habitational name for someone from any of several places named with this word, for example Eiche or Eichen, or for someone who lived at a house distinguished by the sign of an oak.
Habitational name from any of various places, notably one southeast of Heidelberg, named from Middle High German eichel meaning "acorn" + berc meaning "mountain", "hill", or topographic name for someone who lived on an oak-covered hill.
Habitational name for someone from any of the various places called Eichelberg.
EICHHORN German, Jewish
German topographic name for someone who lived on or near an oak-covered promontory, from Middle High German eich
(e) ‘oak’ + horn
‘horn’, ‘promontory’. German from Middle High German eichhorn
‘squirrel’ (from Old High German eihhurno
, a compound of eih
‘oak’ + urno
, from the ancient Germanic and Indo-European name of the animal, which was later wrongly associated with hurno
‘horn’); probably a nickname for someone thought to resemble the animal, or alternatively a habitational name for someone who lived at a house distinguished by the sign of a squirrel... [more]
Occupational name for an egg collector or dealer in eggs, from Middle High German ei 'egg' + man 'man'.
Topographic name for someone who lived on or owned property surrounded by water, from Middle High German eilant
Derived from German Einhorn
(Middle High German einhorn
) "unicorn", denoting someone who lived at a house distinguished by the sign of a unicorn.
EINSTEIN German, Jewish
From German ein
meaning “one” and stein
meaning “stone”; also a habitational name from any of the various locations from Middle High German einsteinen
meaning “to enclose or surround with stone”... [more]
From a short pet form of the personal name Isenhart
, from Old High German isan
‘iron’ + hart
‘hardy’, ‘strong’. From Isenlin
, a compound of Middle High German isen
‘iron’ + the hypocoristic suffix -lin
, hence a nickname for a blacksmith, ironworker, or dealer in iron.
EISEN German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): metonymic occupational name for an ironworker or smith, or an ironmonger, from Middle High German isen
‘iron’, German Eisen
. It may also have been used as a nickname, with reference to the strength and hardness of iron or to its color, while as a Jewish name it was also adopted as an ornamental name from modern German Eisen
‘iron’ or the Yiddish cognate ayzn
EISENBERGER German, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from any of the several places called Eisenberg. As a Jewish name it is also an ornamental name.
Occupational name meaning "iron cutter" where Eisen-
means "iron" and -hauer
means "hewer". The verb 'hew' being less well used in English than in earlier times, but still understood to mean cut, such as in hewing tree limbs... [more]
EISNER German, Jewish
Occupational name for an ironworker, smith, or ironmonger, from an agent derivative of Middle High German īsen
and German Eisen
, meaning ‘iron’ (see Eisen
ELICH German, American
Surname meaning "noble" from edelik
. Notable bearer is professional ice hockey player Matt Elich.
Respelling of German Elender
, a nickname for a stranger or newcomer, from Middle High German ellende
‘strange’, ‘foreign’, or a habitational name for someone from any of twenty places named Elend, denoting a remote settlement, as for example in the Harz Mountains or in Carinthia, Austria.
This name means "Black Alder Tree Courtyard" and was inspired by a tree in a yard at the family farm in Nettelstedt, Germany.
From a variant of the old personal name Elsung.
From a short form of any of the various Germanic personal names beginning with the element amal
, which means ‘strength’ or ‘vigor’.
EMERY English, French, Norman
English and French from a Germanic personal name, Emaurri
, composed of the elements amja
‘busy’, ‘industrious’ + ric
‘power’. The name was introduced into England from France by the Normans... [more]
A topographic name for someone who lived by land where grain was grown, a status name for someone who owned such land, or a metonymic occupational name for someone who grew or dealt in grain.
ENGELBERT German, English, French
From a Germanic personal name composed of engel
) + berht
‘bright’, ‘famous’. The widespread popularity of the name in France during the Middle Ages was largely a result of the fact that it had been borne by a son-in-law of Charlemagne
; in the Rhineland it was more often given in memory of a bishop of Cologne (1216–25) of this name, who was martyred.
ENGLANDER German, Jewish
Ethnic name derived from German Engländer
, meaning 'Englishman', thus denoting an incomer from England. In some cases, the Jewish name may be an ornamental adoption.
Occupational name for a fruit grower or dealer, from Middle High German epfeler meaning "grower of or dealer in apples".
EPSTEIN German, Jewish
A habitational name for someone from a place named Eppstein, which is from Old High German ebur
meaning ‘wild boar’ and stein
ERBER Jewish, German
Meaning uncertain. Either a habitational name for someone living in a place named Erb or Erp, a name for a owner of a farm named Erbhof (derived from MIddle High German erbære
"honorable, noble"), or derived from the given name Erpo
ERMAN German (Modern), French (Modern)
Erman is a shortened French adaption of the Swiss-German surname Ermendinger
, itself derived from the older surname Ermatinger
, a name connected to the village of Ermatingen on the Swiss shore of Lake Constance, and came into existence during the early or middle 18th century when Jean-Georges Ermendinger (1710-1767), a Swiss fur trader from Geneva, married into a French speaking Huguenotte family... [more]
ERMATINGER German (Swiss)
The surname Ermatinger derives from the village of Ermatingen on the Swiss shore of Lake Constance. It simply means "from Ermatingen".... [more]
The surname Ermendinger was derived from the older surname Ermatinger
, a name connected to the village of Ermatingen on the Swiss shore of Lake Constance, and came into existence at some point during the early 17th or late 16th century when a branch of the Ermatinger
family relocated from Schaffhausen, Switzerland, to Mulhouse, Alsace... [more]
ERNSBERGER German (Anglicized, Modern)
Also spelled (Ehrnsberger) has been said that a Christian Ernsberger or Ehrnsberger came to the U.S. in 1710 from Germany but i dont know from where in Germany.
South German: from a pet form of a personal name beginning with Ort-, from Old High German ort "point" (of a sword or lance)
ESAU Welsh, German
From the Biblical personal name Esau, meaning ‘hairy’ in Hebrew (Genesis 25:25).
ESCHER Dutch, German
German habitational name for someone from any of the various places called Esch, Esche, or Eschen.
German: byname or occupational name for someone who drove donkeys, from Middle High German esel
‘donkey’ + the agent suffix -er
ESS Low German, German (Swiss)
North German: topographic name for someone living on or owning land that was waterlogged or partly surrounded by water, from Middle Low German es ‘swamp’, ‘water’. ... [more]
EULER German, Jewish
Occupational name for a potter, most common in the Rhineland and Hesse, from Middle High German ul(n)ære
(an agent derivative of the dialect word ul
"pot", from Latin olla
Perhaps a topographic name from Italian ebbio
, a type of plant known as danewort in English (genus Sambucus), itself derived from Latin ebullus
; alternatively, it may have been a habitational name for a person from a minor place named with this word... [more]
Nickname for an industrious person, from Latin facere
"to make" "to do".
Possibly derived from the french 'fard' meaning 'made-up' or 'make-up'. This is in a theatrical sense and does not imply lying. Very possibly a derivation form a theatrical occupation
FAHR German, German (Swiss)
A topographic name for someone who lived near a crossing point on a river, from Middle High German vare
, meaning ferry
Derived from German fahren
, meaning, "to ride", and Heit
, which is the equivalent to the suffix "-ness". A famous bearer was Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit (1686- 1736), a Polish physicist who invented the Fahrenheit temperature measuring system.
Habitational name from any of several places named from Old High German falke meaning "falcon" + hag meaning "hedge", "fencing". A place so named is documented west of Berlin in the 14th century.
Occupational name for a falconer, Middle High German vakenoere
. In medieval times falconry was a sport practised only by the nobility; it was the task of the falconer to look after the birds and train young ones.
From southern Italian falotico ‘eccentric’, ‘strange’, Greek kephalōtikos, a derivative of Greek kephalē ‘head’.
Not much history is known for Falso however, it was common surrounding Napoli, Lazio, Latin, and Roma. It means False, phony, fake. Because of this, the surname has spread globally especially to United States of America and Brazil... [more]
FARANO Italian, Sicilian
Possibly deriving from a town Faranò
in province of Messina, Sicily. Possible variant of Surname faran
which comes from Irish surnames Ó Fearáin
, Ó Faracháin
, or Ó Forannáin
Reduced or Americanized form of La Farge/Lafarge.
FARIA Portuguese, Italian
Faria is a Portuguese surname. A habitational name from either of two places called Faria, in Braga and Aveiro. ... [more]
Original from Rome, Roman conquerors went to Iberia in about 140 B.C. and named a town in Iberia Fariza
which was a tree. This town still exists today, and was also mentioned in the book 'El Cid'... [more]
FARRAGUT Breton, French, Catalan, American
A Breton-French surname of unknown origin. A notable bearer was American naval flag officer David Farragut (1801-1870), who is known for serving during the American Civil War. His father was of Catalan ancestry... [more]
From Middle High German faz, German Fass 'cask', 'keg', hence a metonymic occupational name for a maker or seller of casks and kegs, or a nickname for someone as rotund as a barrel. German: variant of Fasse, Faas.
North German: nickname for a reliable steadfast person, or from a short form of any of the various personal names beginning with the element fast ‘steadfast’, ‘firm’, for example Fastert.
FATTIG German (Americanized)
Coming from the name “attig” meaning German royalty or nobles. It is also thought to come from Sweden meaning “poor”.
it is the regional venetian variant of Fabbri, it means "blacksmith"
FAYE French, English
Refers to one who came from Fay or Faye (meaning "beech tree") in France.
Occupational name for a filemaker, from Feil + the agent suffix -er.
FEIT German, Jewish
Variant of Veit
. Also, nickname from Middle High German feit ‘adorned’, ‘pretty’ (the same word as French fait, Latin factus).
FELICIANO Italian, Spanish, Portuguese
From a medieval personal name (Latin Felicianus
, a derivative of Felix
). The name was borne by a number of early saints, most notably a 3rd-century bishop of Foligno and apostle of Umbria.
FELL English, German, Jewish
Metonymic occupational name for a furrier, from Middle English fell
, Middle High German vel
, or German Fell
or Yiddish fel
, all of which mean "skin, hide, pelt". Yiddish fel
refers to untanned hide, in contrast to pelts
"tanned hide" (see Pilcher
FELLER English, German, Jewish
Occupational name for a furrier, from an agent derivative of Middle English fell
, Middle Low German, Middle High German vel
, or German Fell
or Yiddish fel
"hide, pelt". See also Fell
Habitational name for someone from a place called Feld(e) or Feld(a) in Hesse.
FENRICH DE GJURGJENOVAC German
Fenrich is a German family name, derived from a military title 'fenrich'/'fähn(d)rich' meaning "ensign" or "standard bearer" (bannerman
), from early New High German fenrich
. The term was formed and came into use around 1500, replacing Middle High German form vener
, an agent derivative of Alemannic substantive van
Habitational name from a place called Fernau or Fernow.
FERRAND French, English
This French surname can be derived from a given name (thus making it a patronymic surname) as well as from a nickname (thus making it a descriptive surname). In the case of a patronymic surname, the surname is derived from the medieval French masculine given name Ferrand
, which was a variant form of the name Fernand
, itself a contraction of Ferdinand
FERRANDIN French (Rare)
This French surname can be derived from a given name (thus making it a patronymic surname) as well as from the name of a profession (thus making it an occupational surname). In the case of a patronymic surname, the surname is derived from the masculine given name Ferrandin
, which was a diminutive of the medieval French given name Ferrand
Derived from the masculine given name Ferrandino
, which is a diminutive of the medieval Italian given name Ferrando
. For more information about this, please see the entry for the patronymic surname of Ferrando
FERRANDO Italian, Spanish
This surname can be derived from a given name (thus making it a patronymic surname) as well as from a nickname (thus making it a descriptive surname). In the case of a patronymic surname, the surname is derived from the medieval masculine given name Ferrando
, which was in use in both Italy and Spain during the Middle Ages... [more]
This surname can be derived from a given name (thus making it a patronymic surname) as well as from a nickname (thus making it a descriptive surname). In the case of a patronymic surname, the surname is derived from the medieval masculine given name Ferrante
Derived from the masculine given name Ferrantino
, which is a diminutive of the medieval Italian given name Ferrante
. For more information about this, please see the entry for the patronymic surname of Ferrante
Nickname for a fat man, from Middle Low German vett meaning "fat".
Metonymic occupational name for a stoker in a smithy or public baths, or nickname for someone with red hair or a fiery temper, from Middle High German viur
Habitational name for someone from any of the places called Feuerbach.
Feuerhahn comes from the Old High German words (fivr) meaning "fire" & (hano) meaning "cock".
This name comes from the German feuer meaning fire, and stein meaning stone. This was a name commonly given to a blacksmith.
This is actually a standard word in French, correctly pronounce like "furry" without the r's. It means "leaf", or "sheet" (i.e. feuille de papier).
Topographic name for someone who lived near pine trees (originally bei den Fichten, Feichten, or Feuchten), from Old High German fiohta
. The vowel of the first syllable underwent a variety of changes in different dialects.
The Fichtner family name first began to be used in the German state of Bavaria. After the 12th century, hereditary surnames were adopted according to fairly general rules, and names that were derived from locations became particularly common
FIENE German, Low German
A nickname for an elegant person, from Middle Low German fin
, meaning ‘fine’. Can also be a locational name from several fields and places named Fiene.
A notable bearer is American restaurateur and television host Guy Fieri (1968-).
Southern Italian: Probably an occupational nickname for a fisherman, from Sicilian filuòsa ‘fishing net’. Also from the subphylum: Filosa. These are known as euglyphids, filose (which means stringy or thread-like), amoebae with shells of siliceous scales or plates, which are commonly found in soils, nutrient-rich waters, and on aquatic plants.
"son", used to identify the younger of two bearers of the same personal name in a family.
FINGER English, German, Jewish
Probably applied as a nickname for a man who had some peculiarity of the fingers, such as possessing a supernumerary one or having lost one or more of them through injury, or for someone who was small in stature or considered insignificant... [more]
FINK German, Slovene, English, Jewish
Nickname for a lively or cheerful person, Jewish ornamental name derived from the Germanic word for "finch", and German translation of Slovene Šinkovec
which is from šcinkovec
The surname Fiorelli was first found in Bolgna (Latin: Bononia), the largest city and the capital of Emilia-Romagna Region. The famous University of Bolgna was founded in the 11th century, by the 13th century the student body was nearly 10,000... [more]
FIRMAN English, French
From a medieval personal name meaning "firm, resolute, strong man." Borne by early saints and bishops. First name variants Firman
. Expressed in Latin as Firminus.
From a place called Fischbach, or a topographic name from German meaning fisch
'fish' + bach
FISCHIONI Italian (Rare)
Possibly deriving from fischiare, meaning to whistle, or from fischioni, the Italian word for widgeons.
French form of FLAVINIUS
. The Flavigny Abbey, in the French region of Burgundy, became famous because of the candies made by its Benedictine monks, called the anise of Flavigny. Famous bearers were Hugh of Flavigny, young abbot in the 11th century, and the French writer Marie d'Agoult, born Marie de Flavigny, who wrote under the male pen name Daniel Stern.
Flerchinger is a name with origins from the city of Flörschingen or Flörange in the Saarland region on the French and German border.
FLINT English, German
Topographic name for someone who lived near a significant outcrop of flint, Old English, Low German flint
, or a nickname for a hard-hearted or physically tough individual.
Floerke Name Meaning German (Flörke): from a pet form of the personal names Florian or Florentinus, from Latin Florus (from florere ‘to bloom’).Dictionary of American Family Names, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-508137-4... [more]
It is from Germany and it is based on the personal name Volz, which was popular in former times. It means son or descendant of a Volz or Folz
Habitational name from Fontecchio in Aquila province or a topographic name from a diminutive of fonte meaning "spring".
FORET French, French Creole
From Old French forest
‘forest’, a topographic name for someone who lived in or near a royal forest, or an occupational name for a keeper or worker in one. See also Forrest
. This surname is frequent in Louisiana.
This surname is also spanish and it means "ant". it could indicate a person that is short and thin but works hard an constantly.... [more]
Means 'strong shield' from French elements fort
meaning "strong" and escu
Derived from the Germanic given name Folcwald
, which was composed of the elements fulc
"people" and wald
"power, leader, ruler". This was borne by the French physicist Léon Foucault (1819-1868), the creator of an experimental device called Foucault's pendulum which serves to demonstrate the rotation of the Earth; examples can be found in the French Panthéon and the Musée des Arts et Métiers in Paris... [more]
[Foust} maybe german. The Fout name can be traced back to Denmark.
From a medieval nickname based on Old French foi
"faith", applied either to a notably pious person or to one who frequently used the word as an oath; also, from the medieval French female personal name Foy
, from Old French foi
Topographic name for someone who lived near a prominent ash tree from Old French fraisne fresne
"ash" from Latin fraxinus
Ethnic name for an inhabitant of France, a country in Europe.
In German means "stone of the Franks". The name appeared mostly in the regions of Westphalia and Rhineland. In Mary Shelley (1797-1851)'s "Frankenstein", the main character, Victor Frankenstein (1770-1793) and his family bore this name... [more]
FRASCATORE Italian (Rare)
Meaning uncertain. It is possibly derived from (or related to) Italian frasca
meaning "bough, branch", which might possibly indicate that the surname had first started out as a nickname for someone who worked as a woodcutter or as a forester... [more]
Dutch spelling of Frere (brother); another variant spelling is Frear.
Derives from the German words, frei, which means free, and berg, which means hill, and is the name of a city in Germany.
Status name of the feudal system denoting a free man, as opposed to a bondsman, from an inflected form of Middle High German vri
Archaic occupational name, from Middle High German, Middle Low German vrier
, denoting a man who had the ceremonial duty of asking guests to a wedding.
Status name for a free man, as opposed to a bondsman or serf, in the feudal system, from Middle High German vri
Nickname for someone who was handsome, cheerful, or energetic, from Middle High German vrisch
Derived from Middle High German vröhner
Derived from the Italian adjective frusciante
meaning "rustling, swishing, whishing", which itself is derived from the Italian verb frusciare
meaning "to rustle, to swish, to whish". The surname had probably started out as a nickname for someone who made a rustling or whishing sound whenever they walked, which was probably caused by the clothes that they were wearing (in that the clothes must have been made of a certain fabric that is prone to making some noise when touched in any way).... [more]
nickname from Middle High German vruot ‘clever’, ‘astute’
From the plural of Fuccio
, a short form of any of various personal names with a root ending in -f
(as for example Rodolfo
) to which has been attached the hypocoristic suffix -uccio
, or alternatively from a reduced form of a personal name such as Fantuccio
FULBRIGHT German (Anglicized)
Americanized form of German surname Vollbrecht, composed of the elements folk ‘people’ + berht ‘bright’, ‘famous’
FURMAN Polish, Czech, Slovak, Jewish, Slovene, English, German (Anglicized)
Polish, Czech, Slovak, Jewish (eastern Ashkenazic), and Slovenian: occupational name for a carter or drayman, the driver of a horse-drawn delivery vehicle, from Polish, Yiddish, and Slovenian furman
, a loanword from German (see Fuhrmann
Habitational name from a few places in Italy, which all derived from the Latin personal name Gallius
GALANTE Italian, French, Jewish
Comes from the ancient French word "galant" meaning someone in love or who has fun. In the case of Mordecai Galante, a Spanish exile in 16th century Rome, his courteous manners won for him from the Roman nobles the surname "Galantuomo" (gentleman), from which Galante was eventually derived.... [more]
GALISHOFF Upper German, German (Austrian)
Derived from the ancient Roman name "Gallus", meaning "rooster" in Latin. "Hoff" meaning house combines the growing or tending to poultry on a farm house, hence the name "Galishoff" which has been modified over the millennia... [more]
from a diminutive of gamba ‘leg’, probably applied as a nickname for someone with short legs.
From pet form of any of the compound personal names formed with gamal, related to Old Norse gamall, Old German gamel "old", "aged". ... [more]
From the French gandin
, pronounced /ɡɑ̃dœ̃/, which is a word used for a dandy, an elegant young man with affected, quite often ridiculous, manners.
From the Middle High German word ganser
meaning "gander", occupational name for a geese shepherd.
GANZ German, German (Swiss)
Variant of Gans 'goose'. German: from a short form of the Germanic personal name Ganso, a cognate of modern German ganz 'whole', 'all'.
GASSER German (Swiss)
Occupational name for a goat herd from Middle High German geiz meaning "Goat" and (n)er an agent suffix.
Possibly an altered spelling of German Göttling
, from a Germanic personal name formed with god
‘god’ or god
‘good’ + -ling
suffix of affiliation, or, like Gättling
(of which this may also be an altered form), a nickname from Middle High German getlinc
Habitational name from any of various places named with Middle High German gau, göu ‘area of fertile agricultural land’.
Variant of Gauthier
. In this spelling, the name has been established in both Italy (Turin) and Germany (Brunswick) since about 1700
GAY English, French
Nickname for a lighthearted or cheerful person, from Middle English, Old French gai
Derived from Slavic gaj
"grove", this name denoted a forest warden.