are used in the country of Switzerland in central Europe.
Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
From a Germanic given name composed of the elements geb
"gift" and hard
"hardy", "brave", "strong".
Denoted a person from the town of Geising in Germany, which in turn got it's name from the Geisingberg mountain. The Geisingberg most likely got it's name from the Germanic geut
or the Early New High German geußen
, both meaning "to pour", and the German word Berg
meaning "mountain"... [more]
GELLER Yiddish, German, Russian
The name may derive from the German word "gellen" (to yell) and mean "one who yells." It may derive from the Yiddish word "gel" (yellow) and mean the "yellow man" or from the Yiddish word "geler," an expression for a redheaded man... [more]
From the English word, which is in turn from French gentrie
, referring to that which is "noble," or the "nobility." From earlier gentillece
, which was originally from gentil
German patronymic from a short form of a Germanic personal name beginning with the element gar
GERMAN English, Norman, German, Jewish, Greek
From Old French germain
meaning "German". This sometimes denoted an actual immigrant from Germany, but was also used to refer to a person who had trade or other connections with German-speaking lands... [more]
Possibly derived from Germano by adding a diminutive suffix. Most common in the Messina area in Sicily. A famous bearer of the surname is singer Lady Gaga (Stefani Germanotta).
GERTSCH German (Swiss)
From a short form of any of the Germanic personal names formed with gēr
meaning ‘spear’, ‘lance’.
This is an old Germanic name meaning "spear wolf" (ger "spear" and wulf "wolf.")
Topographical name for someone who lived by a gorge, Middle High German gevelle, or a habitational name for someone from any of various places in Bavaria and Austria named from this word.
Patronymic or plural form of a nickname from Old Italian ghezzo ‘dark’
Meaning unknown. A famous bearer of this name is an American music composer films known as Michael Giacchino (1967-).
Denoted a person from the town of Giesing in Germany. Or perhaps a variant spelling of Geisinger
. A famous bearer of this surname is the German singer-songwriter Max Giesinger.
From the personal name Giglio, from giglio
"lily" (from Latin lilium
), a plant considered to symbolize the qualities of candor and purity.
GILLIARD French, Swiss
French and Swiss French from a derivative of Gillier
, from the Germanic personal name Giselher
, composed of gisil
‘hostage’, ‘pledge’, ‘noble offspring’ (see Giesel
) + heri
GINSBURG German, Jewish
Habitational name for someone who came from Gunzberg in Bavaria, Günsburg in Swabia, or Gintsshprik (Königsburg) in East Prussia. Its origin is from the name of the river Günz, written in early Latin documents as Guntia
, which was probably of Celtic origin, and Old High German burg
meaning "Fortress, walled town".
Possibly from a variant of Italian ghironda ‘barrel-organ’.
From a shortened form of the Germanic personal name Gisulf
, literally "hostage wolf". It was borne by American actress Lillian Gish (?1893-1993), original name Lillian de Guiche.
Occupational name for an officer of justice, Italian giudice
" judge" (Latin iudex
, from ius
"law" + dicere
"to say"). In some cases it may have been applied as a nickname for a solemn and authoritative person thought to behave like a judge.
Nickname from Middle High Geman glander meaning "gleam", "sparkle", "shine", for someone with such a temperament.
Meant "person who lives by a church bell-tower or in a house with the sign of a bell", "bell-ringer" or "town crier" (German Glocke
"bell"). It was borne by Sir William Glock (1908-2000), a British music administrator.
GOBER English, French
The surname Gober was first found in Warwickshire where they held a family seat as Lords of the Manor. The Norman influence of English history dominated after the Battle of Hastings in 1066. The language of the courts was French for the next three centuries and the Norman ambience prevailed.
From an Old German personal name, Godilo, Godila.German (Gödel): from a pet form of a compound personal name beginning with the element god ‘good’ or god, got ‘god’.Variant of Godl or Gödl, South German variants of Gote, from Middle High German got(t)e, gö(t)te ‘godfather’.
GOEBBELS German, History
Originally an occupational name for a brewer. Paul Joseph Goebbels was a German politician and Reich Minister of Propaganda in Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945.
Patronym from a Germanic name: good or god + man.
GOETTEMS German, Brazilian
Brazilian adaptation of the German surname Goedems; altered for easier comprehension by the Portuguese-speaking population of Brazil. All members of the Goettems family in Brazil are descendants of Johann Goedems, born in Oberlöstern, Saarland, on September 17, 1798.
Originally denoted a person who came from an place called Götzing
GOGNON French, Occitan
Nickname for an aggressive or belligerent man, from Old French Gagnon
‘ mastiff’, ‘guard dog’. Possibly from Occitan ganhon ‘young pig’, applied as an offensive nickname. See also Gonyeau
Topographic name from gola
"mountain hollow, cavity".
GOLD English, German
From Old English, Old High German gold
"gold", applied as a metonymic occupational name for someone who worked in gold, i.e. a refiner, jeweler, or gilder, or as a nickname for someone who either had many gold possessions or bright yellow hair.
GOLDWATER German (Anglicized), Jewish (Anglicized)
This name is an Anglicized form of the German or Ashkenazic ornamental surname 'Goldwasser', or 'Goldvasser'. The name derives from the German or Yiddish gold', gold, with 'wasser', water, and is one of the very many such compound ornamental names formed with 'gold', such as 'Goldbaum', golden tree, 'Goldbert', golden hill, 'Goldkind', golden child, 'Goldrosen', golden roses, and 'Goldstern', golden star.
GOMBERT French, German
French and German: from Gundbert
, a Germanic personal name composed of the elements gund ‘battle’ + berht ‘bright’, ‘famous’. The name was relatively popular in both France and Germany during the Middle Ages, and was also adopted by Ashkenazic Jews... [more]
Means "short skirt," in Italian, as in a piece of armor.
My family surname originated in southern French-speaking Belgium. There is a tiny village called Gonzeville in northern France near the Belgian border which you can find on Wikipedia. Many surnames from French speaking Belgium have 5 or 6 letters and end in -ze, such as Gonze and Meeze... [more]
Topographic name from Sicilian gorga, Catalan gorg(a) ‘place where water collects’, ‘mill pond’, ‘gorge’.
The name of a small town in Saxony. Derived from old Sorbian word "Zgorelc" meaning "settlement on a burned-out forest."
Germanic patronym from "godhari" meaning "army of God".
A famous bearer is a journalist well known from the educational TV, Jamy
Topographic name for someone who lived by a dike or ditch, or habitational name from either of two places in Thuringia named with this word: Grabe and Graba.
Means "digger of ditches or graves" (from a derivative of Middle High German graben
"ditch"). A famous bearer was US actress, dancer and singer Betty Grable (1916-1973).
Granata is an Italian word for a shade of red (maroon), and the Latin name of the city of Granada.
Occupational name for a jeweler or lapidary, from granato
GRANGE English, French
English and French topographic name for someone who lived by a granary, from Middle English, Old French grange
‘granary’, ‘barn’, from granum
GRASS English, German
Topographic name for someone who owned or lived by a meadow, or a metonymic occupational name for someone who made or sold hay, from Middle English gras
, Middle High German gras
"grass, pasture, grazing".
GRAU German, Jewish
Nickname for someone with gray hair or a gray beard, from German grau
Habitational name from a place so named near Hannover.
Topographic name for someone who lived on a patch of gravelly soil, from Old French grave
"gravel" (of Celtic origin).
Either from the northern form of Graf
, but more commonly a topographic name from Middle Low German grave
"ditch", "moat", "channel", or a habitational name from any of several places in northern Germany named with this word.
Means "stone from the cliff or ridge" from German greben
, (cliff or ridge) and stein
GREENBERGER German, Jewish
Anglicized form of the German surname Grünberger
, which is formed from the words grün
"mountain", and the habitational suffix -er. This name indicated a person who lived on or near a forest-covered mountain.
Means "Griffin" in German. From the mythological creature.
Nickname for an irritable or irascible person, from Middle High German, Middle Low German grellen
"to be angry".
Habitational name from a place named Grelle.
Occupational name for a grain merchant (from Latin granarius), or a topographic name for someone who lived by a granary (from Latin granarium) or a metonymic occupational name for someone who supervised or owned one.
"gryphon" (Latin gryphus
, Greek gryps
, of Assyrian origin), hence a nickname for someone thought to resemble the mythical beast.
From a diminutive of Old French griffe
"claw", hence a nickname for a grasping or vicious person, or perhaps for someone with a deformed or otherwise remarkable hand.
From a nickname for a cheerful person, from Middle High German grille "cricket" (Old High German grillo, from Late Latin grillus, Greek gryllos). The insect is widely supposed to be of a cheerful disposition, no doubt because of its habit of infesting hearths and warm places... [more]
A nickname for a strong, heavy man, or for a lout, from Middle High German g(e)rop
Derived from grollen
, 'to be angry', often used as a nickname for an angry or sulky individual.
French spelling, often found in Canada, of Groult, Grould, possibly reduced forms of Gréoul
, a personal name of Germanic origin, composed of the elements gred
"hunger" + wolf
Name from any of several places named Grove or Groven, which derive their name from Middle Low Germany grove
‘ditch’, ‘channel’. In some cases the name is a Dutch or Low German form of Grube
Name for someone who lived in a depression or hollow, from Middle High German gruobe
"pit", "hollow". See also Gruber
GRUBER German, Jewish
A topographic name for someone who lived in a depression or hollow, from Middle High German gruobe
or German Grube
meaning ‘pit’ or ‘hollow’, plus the suffix -er
denoting an inhabitant.
GRUNWALD German, German (Swiss), Jewish
German and Swiss German (Grünwald): habitational name from any of various places named Grün(e)wald, from Middle High German gruene ‘green’ + walt ‘wood’, ‘forest’. ... [more]
It came from Italian word guadagno
which means "earnings" and has a diminutive suffix ino
which is also an occupation suffix.
GUÀRDIA Catalan, Spanish, Italian
Catalan, Spanish, and Italian from Catalan guàrdia
, Spanish and Italian guardia
‘guard’, ‘watch’, a topographic name for someone who lived by a watch place, an occupational name for a member of the town guard, or a habitational name from any of the numerous places named (La) Guardia.
From the personal name Gucciardo, a revival of French Guichard, of Germanic origin, probably composed of the elements wig 'battle' or wisa 'experience' + hard 'strong', 'brave', 'hardy'.
German: from a Germanic personal name composed of gund
‘battle’ + hari
Possibly from Ancient Germanic wil
, meaning "will, power", and Latin bellus
, meaning "beautiful".
Comes from Guillemme or William of Normandy. Reference 1066: The Battle of Hastings.
Occupational name or nickname from Middle High German gumpen, gumpeln ‘to clown’. from a short form of a Germanic personal name formed with gund ‘battle’, ‘war’. Compare Gombert
GUNZENHAUSER German, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from either of two places named Gunzenhausen, one in Württemberg and the other in Bavaria.
German: from a short form of the personal name Jodocus
, which is either a Latinized form of a Breton name, Iodoc
, borne by a 7th-century Breton saint (compare Jost
) or from a reduced form of the personal name Augustus
GUTHRIE Scottish, Irish, German
Scottish: habitational name from a place near Forfar, named in Gaelic with gaothair
‘windy place’ (a derivative of gaoth
‘wind’) + the locative suffix -ach
. Possibly an Anglicized form of Scottish Gaelic Mag Uchtre
‘son of Uchtre
’, a personal name of uncertain origin, perhaps akin to uchtlach
GUTTENBERG German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): habitational name from any of various places, for example in Bavaria, called Guttenberg, from the weak dative case (originally used after a preposition and article) of Old High German guot ‘good’ + berg ‘mountain’, ‘hill’... [more]
Of uncertain origin. Probably from a Germanic personal name formed with god
"good" or god
GUY English, French
From a French form of the Germanic personal name Wido
, which is of uncertain origin. This name was popular among the Normans in the forms Wi
as well as in the rest of France in the form Guy
Topographic name from Middle High German haber(e)
"oats" and land
"land", or a habitational name from any of various places so called.
HABERMANN German, Jewish
Occupational name for a grower or seller of oats, composed of the elements Haber
and the agent suffix -mann
This surname may have been used by someone whose descendants originated from the House of Habsburg, which was one of the most important royal houses in Europe. It is assumed that the surname is derived from High German Habichtsburg
meaning "hawk castle," but some historians and linguists believe that it may actually be derived from Middle High German hab/hap
meaning "ford", as there is a river with a ford nearby.
HAFER German, Jewish
Metonymic occupational name for a grower of or dealer in oats, from German Hafer
"oats". Compare Haber
. As a Jewish surname, it is in many cases ornamental.
HAGEMANN German, Danish
1. German: topographic name for someone who lived by a hedge or enclosure, from Middle High German hac ‘enclosure’, ‘hedge’, Middle Low German hage + mann ‘man’. ... [more]
Metonymic occupational name for a sealer of weights and measures, from Middle High German hāme ‘(standard) measure’.
Occupational name for a poultry farmer, from an agent derivative of Middle High German hane
Habitational name for someone from any of several places called Hahn or Hag.
Habitational name from any of various places so named, notably the city near Magdeburg and Halberstadt near Königstein in Saxony.
HAM English, German, Scottish, Anglo-Saxon
Anglo-Saxon meaning the home stead, many places in England. One who came from Hamm in North-Rhine Westphalia, or one who came from Ham in Caithness Scotland's most northerly county. In Scotland this surname devires from the Norse word "Hami", meaning homestead.
HAMBERG German, Danish, Jewish
German, Danish, and Jewish (Ashkenazic) habitational name from any of several places named Hamberg. Jewish (Ashkenazic) variant of Hamburg
HAMBERGER German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic) habitational name for someone from any of various places named Hamberg. Jewish (Ashkenazic) variant of Hamburger
HAMBURG German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic) habitational name from the great city and port at the mouth of the river Elbe, named with the Germanic elements ham
‘water meadow’ + burg
‘fortress’, ‘fortified town’.
HAMER English, German
From the town of Hamer in Lancashire from the old english word Hamor
combining "Rock" and "Crag". It is also used in Germany and other places in Europe, possibly meaning a maker of Hammers.
HAMMER German, English, Jewish
From Middle High German hamer
, Yiddish hamer
, a metonymic occupational name for a maker or user of hammers, for example in a forge, or nickname for a forceful person.
Habitational name from any of several places named Harbach.
HARDEKOP German (Rare)
Derived from Middle High German hart
"hard" and kopf
"head". As a surname, it was given to a hard-headed, stubborn person.
Habitational name for someone from Ober- or Unter-Harlachen, near Überlingen.
HARLESS English, German
English: probably a variant spelling of Arliss
, a nickname from Middle English earles
‘earless’, probably denoting someone who was deaf rather than one literally without ears.
HAROLD English, Norman, German
English from the Old English personal name Hereweald
, its Old Norse equivalent Haraldr
, or the Continental form Herold
introduced to Britain by the Normans. These all go back to a Germanic personal name composed of the elements heri
‘army’ + wald
‘rule’, which is attested in Europe from an early date; the Roman historian Tacitus
records a certain Cariovalda
, chief of the Germanic tribe of the Batavi, as early as the 1st century ad... [more]
A German Satzname, from the expression "Hass den Teufel" meaning "hate the devil".
Habitational name from any of the places in various parts of Germany called Hasselbach.
HÄSSLI German (Swiss), French (Rare)
Swiss German diminutive form of Haas
. This is a French surname via Alsace-Lorraine. A notable bearer is French footballer (soccer player) Eric Hassli (1981-).
HATTENDORF German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): habitational name from places called Hattendorf, near Alsfeld and near Hannover. The element hatt
Derived from Middle High German houwen
"to beat" and isen
"iron". This surname denoted a smith.
Derived from the word "Hauptmann", a German military rank meaning "Captain".
Topographic and occupational name for someone who lived and worked in a great house, from Middle High German, Middle Low German hus
"house" (see House
From the Germanic personal name Huso
, a short form of a compound name composed with hus
‘house’, ‘dwelling’ as the first element.
HAUSER German, Jewish
From Middle High German hus
"house", German haus
, + the suffix -er
, denoting someone who gives shelter or protection.
From Middle High German haus
'house' and wirt
'owner' or 'master'.
HAY English, Scottish, Irish, Welsh, French, Spanish, German, Dutch, Frisian
Scottish and English: topographic name for someone who lived by an enclosure, Middle English hay(e)
(Old English (ge)hæg
, which after the Norman Conquest became confused with the related Old French term haye
‘hedge’, of Germanic origin)... [more]
Meaning "heathen". Famous bearer is Austrian composer Franz Joseph Haydn (1732-1809).
HAZARD English, French, Dutch
Nickname for an inveterate gambler or a brave or foolhardy man prepared to run risks, from Middle English, Old French hasard
, Middle Dutch hasaert
(derived from Old French) "game of chance", later used metaphorically of other uncertain enterprises... [more]
Occupational name for a carrier (someone who loaded or transported goods), from an agent derivative of Middle High German heben
HECHT German, Dutch
From Middle High German hech(e)t
, Middle Dutch heect
"pike", generally a nickname for a rapacious and greedy person. In some instances it may have been a metonymic occupational name for a fisher and in others it may be a habitational name from a house distinguished by a sign depicting this fish.
Derived from the Old German and German word hof, which means settlement, farm or court.
HEID German, Jewish
Topographic name from Middle High German heide, German Heide ‘heath’, ‘moor’. Compare Heath.... [more]
From the medieval personal name Heidenrich, ostensibly composed of the elements heiden 'heathen', 'infidel' (see Heiden 2) + ric 'power', 'rule', but probably in fact a variant by folk etymology of Heidrich.
South German: from Middle High German heilant
‘savior’, ‘Christ’, presumably either a name given to someone who had played the part of Christ in a mystery play or an occupational name for a healer, from Middle High German heilen
‘to heal’, ‘save’.
German for "home". Originates in the German village of Heimburg (not to be confused with Hamburg
) and the nearby castle of the same name.
(Hein) is a short form of the name Heinrich
, (the German form of the name Henry) & Bokel is a place name in Lower Saxony, Schleswig-Holstein & North Rhine-Westphalia.