More fun with surname elements! A few more common elements include... -ez is usually Spanish. -es, not to be confused with the above example, is Portuguese. -is is from Catalan. -escu, -aru and -eanu are Romanian. -zade is Persian (Farsi) in origin. -oglu is Turkish and means "son of". -berg, -s, and -er are common German sufixes, as are -dorf, -baum, -hof, -stein, -bach, -feld, -heim, -stadt, -mann, and -gross. -blad, -ek, -gren, -holm, -lind, -kvist, -sjo, and -strom are Swedish. Van-, Vander-, and Vanden- are all Dutch and are related to the German Von-, meaning "of" or "at". -nen is Finnish more often than not. Ibn- and Ben- are Arabic and Hebrew. Both mean "son of". -ian and -yan are both Armenian. -is and -os are usually Greek. Mc- and Mac- are Gaelic prefixes from Irish and Scots that mean "son of".