HAYWARDEnglish Occupational name for a person who protected an enclosed forest, from Old English hæg "enclosure, fence" and weard "guard".
HOGGARDEnglish Occupational name meaning "pig herder", from Old English hogg "hog" and hierde "herdsman, guardian".
HOWARD (2)English Occupational name meaning "ewe herder", from Old English eowu "ewe" and hierde "herdsman, guardian".
LAGORIOItalian From a nickname derived from Ligurian lagö, referring to a type of lizard, the European green lizard. This little reptile is respected because it supposedly protects against vipers.
LAGUARDIAItalian Occupational name meaning "sentry, sentinel" in Italian, also a locative name referring to a person who lived near a watchtower. Fiorello Laguardia (1882-1947) was the first mayor of New York of Italian origin.
LÉCUYERFrench From French écuyer meaning "squire, shield-bearer".
MARQUARDTGerman From Old High German marka "border, boundary" and wart "protector". This was an occupational name for a border guard.
Ó HÉIDÍNIrish Means "descendant of Éidín" in Irish. The given name Éidín is a diminutive of éideadh meaning "clothes, armour".
PALLADINOItalian From Italian paladino meaning "knight, defender", from Late Latin palatinus meaning "palace officer".
RATTRAYScottish From a Scottish place name meaning "fortress town", from Gaelic ráth meaning "fortress" and a Pictish word meaning "town".
ROTHSCHILDJewish From Middle High German rot "red" and schilt "shield", or Yiddish רויט (roit) and שילד (shild). The famous Rothschild family of bankers took their name from a house with a red shield on it.
SCHIRMERGerman Means "fencer, fencing master", from Old High German skirmen meaning "to defend".
SCHÜTTMANNGerman Means "watchman, guard" from Middle High German schützen "to protect".
SEWARD (2)English Means "swineherd" from Old English su "sow, female pig" and hierde "herdsman, guardian".