German Surnames

German names are used in Germany and other German-speaking areas such as Austria and Switzerland. See also about German names.
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ABEL (2) German
Derived from a diminutive of the given name ALBERT.
ABELN German
Patronymic derived from a diminutive of ALBERT.
ABRAHAM Jewish, English, German, French, Spanish, Dutch
Derived from the given name ABRAHAM.
ABT German
German cognate of ABATE.
ACHILLES German
Derived from the given name ACHILLES.
ACHTERBERG Dutch, German
From the name of various places in the Netherlands and Germany, for example the village of achterberg in Utrecht. The place names are derived from Low German achter "behind" and berg "mountain, hill".
ACKER German, English
Denoted a person who lived near a field, derived from Middle English aker or Middle High German acker meaning "field".
ACKERMANN German
Denoted a person who lived near a field, from Middle High German acker "field" and man "man".
ADAM English, French, German, Polish, Romanian, Jewish
Derived from the given name ADAM.
ADENAUER German
Denoted a person from the town of Adenau in Germany. The name of the town is of uncertain etymology.
ADLER German, Jewish
Means "eagle" in German.
AHLERS Low German
Means "son of ALARD".
ALBERT English, French, Catalan, Hungarian, Romanian, German
Derived from the given name ALBERT.
ALBRECHT German
From the given name ALBRECHT.
ALESHIRE German
Anglicized form of ALSCHER.
ALSCHER German
Means "son of ADALHEIDIS".
ALTHAUS German
Name for a person dwelled in or by an old house, from German alt "old" and haus "house".
AMSEL (2) German
Means "blackbird" in German.
ANDREAS German, Greek
Derived from the given name ANDREAS.
ANDRES German
Derived from the given name ANDREAS.
ARBEIT German
From German arbeit meaning "work".
ARMBRUSTER German
Means "crossbow maker" from German armbrust "crossbow". The word armbrust was originally from Latin arcuballista meaning "bow ballista", but was modified under the influence of German arm "arm" and brust "breast".
AUE German
From German meaning "meadow by a river, wetland". There are many places with this name in Germany, Austria and Switzerland.
AUER German
From German aue meaning "meadow by a river, wetland".
AUGUSTIN French, German
From the given name AUGUSTIN.
AUST German
Derived from Aust, an archaic diminutive of AUGUST.
BAASCH Low German
From Middle Low German baas meaning "boss".
BACH German
Topographic name for someone who lived by a stream, from Middle High German bach meaning "stream". This name was borne by members of the Bach musical family, notably the composer Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750).
BACHMAN German
Anglicized form of BACHMANN.
BACHMANN German
Denoted a person who lived near a stream, from German bach "stream" and mann "man".
BACHMEIER German
Originally referred to a farmer whose farm was beside a stream, from Middle High German bach "stream" and meier "steward, tenant farmer".
BÄCKER German
Variant of BECKER, mostly found in northern Germany.
BADER German
Derived from Old High German bad "bath", most likely referring to a bath attendant.
BÄHR German
From Middle High German bër "bear" or ber "boar". This was originally a nickname for a strong or brave person.
BAIER German
Variant of BAYER.
BAUER German
From Old High German bur meaning "peasant, farmer".
BAUERS German
Variant of BAUER.
BAUM German, Jewish
Means "tree" in German.
BAUMANN German, Jewish
From Middle High German bumann meaning "farmer, builder".
BAUMBACH German
From a place name meaning "tree stream" in German.
BAUMER German
Variant of BAUM.
BAUMGARTNER German
Occupational name for a person who worked or lived at an orchard, from German Baumgarten "orchard" (derived from Baum "tree" and Garten "garden").
BAUMHAUER German
Occupational name meaning "woodcutter", derived from German Baum "tree" and hauen "to chop".
BAYER German
Originally denoted a person from Bavaria, from its German name BAYERN.
BECK (1) English, German, Danish, Swedish, Norwegian
Cognate of BACH, from Middle English bekke (from Old Norse), Low German beke or Old Norse bekkr all meaning "stream".
BECK (2) German
Variant of BECKER, from southern German beck.
BECKENBAUER German
Means "farmer living by a stream" in German.
BECKER German
Derived from Middle High German becker meaning "baker".
BECKERT German
Variant of BECKER.
BEHREND German
Derived from the given name BERND.
BEHRENDS German
Derived from the given name BERND.
BEHRINGER German
From the given name BERENGAR.
BEITEL German
Variant of BEUTEL.
BELTZ German
Occupational name for a tanner of hides, derived from Middle High German belz meaning "fur".
BERG German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
From a Germanic word meaning "mountain".
BERINGER German, English
From the given name BERENGAR.
BERNHARD German
From the given name BERNHARD.
BEST (2) German
Derived from the name of the river Beste, meaning unknown.
BEUTEL German
From Middle High German biutel meaning "bag", originally belonging to a person who made or sold bags.
BEYER German
Variant of BAYER.
BEYERSDORF German
Means "farmers village", from German Bauer meaning "farmer" and Dorf meaning "village".
BIEBER German, Jewish
From Middle High German biber meaning "beaver", possibly a nickname for a hard worker.
BIERMANN German
Derived from German bier "beer" and mann "man". The name may have referred to a brewer or a tavern owner.
BISCHOFFS German
German cognate of BISHOP.
BLAU German
Means "blue" in German, most likely used to refer to a person who wore blue clothes.
BLECHER German
Occupational name for someone who worked with tin or sheet metal, from German blech "tin".
BLEIER German
Occupational name for a worker of lead, derived from German blei "lead".
BLUM German, Jewish
Means "flower" in German and Yiddish.
BLUMENTHAL German, Jewish
Derived from German Blumen "flowers" and Thal "valley".
BÖHLER German
Derived from the name of several German towns called Boll or Böhl, meaning "hill".
BÖHM German
Originally indicated a person from the region of BOHEMIA (Böhmen in German).
BÖHME German
Variant of BÖHM.
BOHN German
Occupational name for a bean grower, derived from Middle High German bone "bean".
BORCHARD German
Derived from the given name BURKHARD.
BORCHARDT German
Derived from the given name BURKHARD.
BÖSCH (1) German
Derived from a diminutive of the given name SEBASTIAN.
BOSCH (1) Dutch, Low German
Derived from Middle Dutch bosch meaning "wood, forest".
BÖTTCHER German
Occupational name meaning "cooper, barrel maker" in German.
BRABAND German
Derived from the name of the region of Brabant in the Netherlands and Belgium. It possibly means "ploughed region" or "marshy region" in Old High German.
BRAHMS German
Derived from the given name ABRAHAM. A famous bearer of this surname was the German composer Johannes Brahms (1833-1887).
BRAND German, English
Derived from the Germanic given name BRANDO or its Old Norse cognate BRANDR.
BRÄNDLE German
Derived from Old High German brant "fire". This was a name for a person who lived near an area that had been burned.
BRANDT German
Variant of BRAND.
BRAUER Low German
Derived from Middle Low German bruwer meaning "brewer".
BRAUN German
Variant of BRUN.
BRAUNE German
Variant of BRUN.
BREINER German, Swedish
Occupational name derived from Middle High German brie "porridge".
BREISACHER German
Originally denoted one who came from the town of Breisach, in Germany. The town's name is possibly from a Celtic word meaning "breakwater".
BREITBARTH German
From Old High German breit "broad" and bart "beard", originally a nickname for someone with a full beard.
BRETZ German
Indicated a person from the town of Breetz in Brandenburg, Germany. The meaning of the town's name is unknown.
BRINKERHOFF German
From a German place name meaning "farm near a slope".
BRODBECK German
Means "bread baker" from Middle High German brot "bread" and becke "baker".
BROSE German
Derived from the given name AMBROSE.
BROTZ German
Variant of PROTZ.
BRUHN German
Variant of BRUN.
BRUN German
From Middle High German brun meaning "brown". It was originally a nickname for a person who had brown hair or skin.
BRUNE German
Variant of BRUN.
BUCHHOLZ German
From Middle High German buoche "beech" and holz "wood".
BUHR Low German
Low German form of BAUER.
BURGSTALLER German
From German Burg "fortress, castle" and Stelle "place, position". This was a name given to a person dwelling at or near such a site.
BUSCH German
Means "bush" in German, a name for someone who lived close to a thicket.
CARL English, German
From the given name CARL.
CHRISTIAN French, German, English
Derived from the given name CHRISTIAN.
CLINE German, Jewish
Anglicized spelling of KLEIN.
DANIEL English, French, German, Portuguese
Derived from the given name DANIEL.
DAUBE German
Variant of TAUBE.
DENZEL German
Variant of TANZER.
DERICHS German
Means "son of DIRK".
DIEFENBACH German
From a German place name which meant "deep creek".
DIETER German
Derived from the given name DIETER.
DIETRICH German
Derived from the given name DIETRICH.
DIRKS Dutch, German
Means "son of DIRK".
DIRKSEN Dutch, German
Means "son of DIRK".
DITTMAR German
Derived from the given name DIETMAR.
DOHMAN German
Derived from a diminutive of the given name THOMAS.
DREHER German
Means "a turner" from Middle High German drehen "to turn". A turner was a person who used a lathe to create small objects from wood or bone.
DREIER German
Variant of DREHER.
DRESCHNER German
Derived from Middle High German dreschen "to thresh". A thresher was a person who separated the grains from a cereal plant by beating it.
DRESDNER German
Originally indicated a person who came from the city of Dresden in German.
DRESSLER German
Means "turner" from Middle High German dreseler, an agent derivative of drehen "to turn". A turner was a person who used a lathe to create small objects from wood or bone.
DREYER German
Variant of DREHER.
DUERR German
Variant of DÜRR.
DUNKEL German
Means "dark" in German.
DUNST German
Derived from Middle High German dunst "haze".
DÜRR German
Means "thin" in German.
EBERHARDT German
Derived from the given name EBERHARD.
EBNER (1) German
Originally indicated a dweller on a flat piece of land, derived from Middle High German ebene "plateau".
EBNER (2) German
Means "judge, arbiter" from Middle High German ebenære.
ECKSTEIN German
From Old High German ecka meaning "edge, corner" and stein meaning "stone".
EGGER German
South German occupational name for a plowman or farmer, derived from German eggen "to harrow, to plow".
EICHEL German
Means "acorn" in German, indicating a person who lived near an oak tree.
EILERTS German
Derived from the given name EILERT.
ENGEL German
Derived from German given names beginning with Engel, such as ENGELBERT.
ENNS German
Derived from a short form of the German given name ANSELM.
ESSER German
Means "cartwright", related to Old High German ahsa "axle".
ESSERT German
Variant of ESSER.
FABEL German
Derived from a diminutive of the given name FABIAN.
FABIAN German, English, Polish
Derived from the given name FABIAN.
FALK Swedish, Danish, Norwegian, German
From Old Norse falkr or Middle High German valke "falcon".
FALKENRATH German
Derived from Germanic falke "falcon" and rad "counsel".
FÄRBER German
Occupational name meaning "dyer", derived from German Farbe "colour".
FASHINGBAUER German
From Fasching, a German carnival (Fastnacht meaning "eve of the beginning of the fast", or the time before Lent) celebrated in Austria and Bavaria, and bauer meaning "farmer".
FAUST German
Derived from the given name Faust, a form of FAUSTUS.
FEIGENBAUM German, Jewish
Means "fig tree" in German.
FELD German, Jewish
Means "field" in German. The name was originally given to someone who lived on land cleared of forest.
FELDT German, Danish, Swedish
North German, Danish and Swedish variant of FELD.
FENSTERMACHER German
Means "window maker" in German.
FERBER German
Variant of FÄRBER.
FERTIG German
Means "ready, prepared" in German.
FIEDLER German
Means "fiddler" in German.
FISCHER German
Occupational name meaning "fisherman" in German.
FLATER German
Means "reed bed" in German.
FLEISCHER German
Occupational name meaning "butcher" in German.
FORNEY German
Name for someone who lived near ferns, from Old High German farn "fern".
FORST German
Derived from Old High German forst "forest". Probably unrelated to the Old French word forest, which was derived from Latin, Old High German forst was derived from foraha meaning "fir tree".
FÖRSTNER German
Denoted a keeper or one in charge of a forest (see FORST).
FOTH Low German
From a nickname meaning "foot" in Low German.
FRANK (3) German, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian
Name for a person from Franconia in Germany, so called because it was settled by the Frankish people.
FREI German
Means "free" in German, probably referring to someone outside the feudal system.
FREUD German, Jewish
Means "joy" in German, a nickname for a cheerful person. A famous bearer was the psychologist Sigmund Freud (1856-1939).
FREUDENBERGER German, Jewish
Ornamental name from old German freud meaning "joy" and berg meaning "mountain".
FREUND German
From Middle High German vriunt, modern German Freund meaning "friend".
FRIED German
Derived from the given name FRIEDRICH.
FRIEDRICH German
Derived from the given name FRIEDRICH.
FROMM German
From a nickname derived from Middle High German vrom meaning "noble, honourable".
FROST English, German
From Old English and Old High German meaning "frost", a nickname for a person who had a cold personality or a white beard.
FUCHS German
From Old High German fuhs meaning "fox". It was originally a nickname for a person with red hair.
FUHRMANN German
Derived from Middle High German vuorman meaning "cartwright".
FÜRST German
From a nickname meaning "(sovereign) prince" in German. The word fürst itself is derived from Old High German furisto "first".
FUX German
Variant of FUCHS.
GABLER German
Occupational name for someone who made or sold forks, from Old High German gabala "fork".
GAERTNER German
German form of GARDENER.
GARB German
Variant of GARBER.
GARBER German
Variant of GERBER.
GÄRTNER German
German form of GARDENER.
GARVER German
Variant of GERBER.
GASS German
Name for someone who lived on a street in a city, from German gasse.
GEHRIG German
Variant of GEHRING.
GEHRING German
Derived from a short form of Germanic names starting with the element ger "spear".
GEIER German
Means "vulture" in German, a nickname for a greedy person.
GEIGER German
Means "fiddle player" in German, derived from Old High German giga "fiddle".
GEISSLER German
Occupational name for a goat herder, from southern German Geiss meaning "goat" and the suffix ler signifying an occupation.
GENSCH German
From the given name Gensch, a Sorbian form of JOHN.
GERBER German
Means "tanner, leather dresser" in German, derived from Old High German garawen meaning "to prepare".
GERHARD German
Derived from the given name GERHARD.
GERHARDT German
Derived from the given name GERHARD.
GERIG German
Variant of GEHRING.
GERST German
Occupational name for a barley farmer, derived from Old High German gersta "barley".
GERSTLE German
Variant of GERST.
GERVER German
Variant of GERBER.
GIEHL German
German form of GILES.
GIESE German, Danish
Derived from a short form of the given name GISELBERT or other Germanic names beginning with the element gisil.
GLAS German, Dutch
German and Dutch cognate of GLASS.
GLASS English, German
From Old English glæs or Old High German glas meaning "glass". This was an occupational name for a glass blower or glazier.
GLÖCKNER German
Derived from Middle High German glocke "bell". It may have referred to a person who worked at or lived close to a bell tower.
GÖBEL German
Derived from the given name Göbel, a diminutive of the Old German name Godebert, which is derived from god "God" and beraht "bright".
GOEBEL German
Variant of GÖBEL.
GOLDSCHMIDT German
Occupational name meaning "goldsmith" in German.
GORMAN (1) German
From the Germanic given name GERMUND.
GOTT German
Derived from the Germanic given name GODA.
GOTTI German
Variant of GOTT.
GOTTLIEB German
Derived from the given name GOTTLIEB.
GOTTSCHALK German
Derived from the given name GOTTSCHALK.
GRAF German
From the German noble title Graf meaning "count", ultimately from Greek γραφευς (grapheus) meaning "scribe".
GRANER German
Originally denoted a person from Gran, the German name for Esztergom, a city in northern Hungary.
GREENBERG German, Jewish
Anglicized form of GRÜNBERG.
GROOS German
Variant of GROß.
GROSS German
Variant of GROß.
GROß German
From Old High German groz meaning "tall, big".
GROßE German
Variant of GROß.
GROSSE German
Variant of GROß.
GRÖßEL German
Variant of GROß, used in southern Germany.
GROßEL German
Variant of GROß, used in southern Germany.
GROßER German
Variant of GROß.
GROSSER German
Variant of GROß.
GRÜNBERG German, Jewish
From German grün "green" and Berg "mountain". This name indicated a person who lived on or near a forest-covered mountain.
GRÜNEWALD German
Means "green forest" from German grün "green" and Wald "forest".
GÜNTHER German
Derived from the given name GÜNTHER.
GUNTHER German
Derived from the given name GÜNTHER.
GUTERMUTH German
Derived from Middle High German guot meaning "good" and muot meaning "mind, spirit". It was a nickname for an optimistic person.
GWERDER German (Swiss)
From Swiss German gwerig meaning "agile, alert".
HAAS Dutch, German
Variant of HASE.
HAASE German
Variant of HASE.
HABER German, Jewish
Occupational name for one who grew or sold oats, derived from Old High German habaro "oat". As a Jewish surname it is ornamental.
HABERKORN German
Occupational name for a dealer in oats, derived from Old High German habaro "oat" and korn "kernel, grain".
HABICH German
German cognate of HAWK.
HABICHT German
German cognate of HAWK.
HAFNER German
Occupational name for a potter, derived from Old High German havan "pot, vessel".
HAHN German
From a nickname for a proud or pugnacious person, from Old High German hano meaning "rooster, cock".
HALL English, German, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish
Means simply "hall", given to one who either lived in or worked in a hall (the house of a medieval noble).
HALLE German
German variant of HALL.
HARTMANN German
From the German given name HARTMANN.
HASE German
From Middle High German and Middle Low German hase meaning "hare, rabbit". This was a nickname for a person who was quick or timid.
HASENKAMP German
From a northern German place name meaning "rabbit field", from Old Saxon haso "hare" and kamp "field" (from Latin campus).
HASS German
From the given name HASSO.
HAUER German
Derived from Middle High German houwen "to chop", referring to a butcher or woodchopper.
HAUMANN German
Derived from Middle High German houwen "to chop" and man "man", referring to a butcher or woodchopper.
HAUPT German
German cognate of HEAD.
HÄUSLER German
Name for someone who lived in a house with no land, derived rom Old High German word hus meaning "house".
HAVENER German
Variant of HAFNER.
HEIDRICH German
From the Germanic given name HEIDRICH.
HEINRICH German
Derived from the given name HEINRICH.
HEINRICHS German
Derived from the given name HEINRICH.
HEINTZE German
Derived from a diminutive of HEINRICH.
HEINZ German
Derived from a diminutive of HEINRICH.
HEPPENHEIMER German
From the name of the city of Heppenheim in Hesse, Germany.
HERBERT English, German, French
Derived from the male given name HERBERT.
HERMANN German
From the given name HERMANN.
HERSCHEL German, Jewish
Diminutive form of HIRSCH (1) or HIRSCH (2). A famous bearer was the British-German astronomer William Herschel (1738-1822), as well as his sister Caroline Herschel (1750-1848) and son John Herschel (1792-1871), also noted scientists.
HERTZ German
Derived from Middle High German herze meaning "heart", a nickname for a big-hearted person.
HERZOG German
From a German title meaning "duke", a nickname for a person who either acted like a duke or worked in a duke's household.
HILDEBRAND German
From the given name HILDEBRAND.
HINRICHS Low German
Derived from the given name HINRICH.
HINTZEN German
Means "son of Hintz", a diminutive of HEINRICH.
HIRSCH (1) German
Means "deer, hart" in German. This was a nickname for a person who resembled a deer in some way, or who raised or hunted deer.
HIRSCHEL German, Jewish
Diminutive form of HIRSCH (1) or HIRSCH (2).
HOCH German
Means "tall" in German.
HOCHBERG German, Jewish
From place names meaning "high hill" in German.
HOEFLER German
Variant of HOFER.
HOFER German
Occupational name for a farmer, from German Hof "farm", from Old High German hof "house, estate, courtyard".
HOFFMANN German
From Middle High German hofmann meaning "farmer".
HÖFLER German
Variant of HOFER.
HOFMEISTER German
Means "master of the household", from Old High German hof "house, estate, courtyard" and meistar "master" (from Latin magister).
HOLLAND (2) Dutch, German, English
Indicated a person from the Dutch province of HOLLAND (1).
HOLST Danish, Low German, Dutch
Originally referred to a person from the region of HOLSTEIN between Germany and Denmark. A famous bearer of this name was the English composer Gustav Holst (1874-1934).
HOLTZ German
German cognate of HOLT.
HÖLZER German
German cognate of HOLT.
HOLZER German
German cognate of HOLT.
HOLZKNECHT German
Occupational name for a forester's helper, from Old High German holz "wood" and kneht "servant, apprentice".
HOLZMANN German
Derived from Old High German holz "wood" and man "man", a name for someone who lived close to a wood or worked with wood.
HOOVER German (Anglicized)
Americanized form of HUBER.
HORN English, German, Norwegian, Danish
From the Germanic word horn meaning "horn". This was an occupational name for one who carved objects out of horn or who played a horn, or a person who lived near a horn-shaped geographical feature, such as a mountain or a bend in a river.
HÜBER German
Variant of HUBER.