BIEBER German, Jewish
From Middle High German biber
meaning "beaver", possibly a nickname for a hard worker.
COHEN כֹּהֵן Jewish
Means "priest" from Hebrew כֹּהֵן (kohen)
. It originally denoted one of the priestly tribe of Levi.
FELD German, Jewish
Means "field" in German. The name was originally given to someone who lived on land cleared of forest.
FREUD German, Jewish
Means "joy" in German, a nickname for a cheerful person. A famous bearer was the psychologist Sigmund Freud (1856-1939).
Anglicized form of German Grünspan
meaning "verdigris". Verdigris is the green-blue substance that forms on copper.
GRÜNBERG German, Jewish
From German grün
"green" and Berg
"mountain". This name indicated a person who lived on or near a forest-covered mountain.
HABER German, Jewish
Occupational name for one who grew or sold oats, derived from Old High German habaro
"oat". As a Jewish surname it is ornamental.
HAREL הַרְאֵל Jewish
Ornamental name adopted from a biblical place name meaning "altar, mountain of God" in Hebrew.
HERSCHEL הירשׁל German, Jewish
Diminutive form of HIRSCH (1)
or HIRSCH (2)
. A famous bearer was the British-German astronomer William Herschel (1738-1822), as well as his sister Caroline Herschel (1750-1848) and son John Herschel (1792-1871), also noted scientists.
From the German name of Hořovice, a town in the Czech Republic. Its name is derived from Czech hora
JORDAN (2) Jewish
Derived from the name of the Jordan river, which is from Hebrew יָרַד (yarad)
meaning "descend" or "flow down".
Occupational name for a tailor, from Old High German kleid
meaning "garment, clothing".
KLEIN German, Dutch, Jewish
Means "small, little" from German klein
or Yiddish kleyn
. A famous bearer of this name is clothes designer Calvin Klein (1942-).
KRANZ German, Jewish
Derived from Old High German kranz
meaning "wreath", an occupational name for a maker of wreaths or an ornamental Jewish name.
Occupational name derived from Polish krawiec
MATOS Portuguese, Jewish
Variant of MATA
. Matos is also a name adopted by Jews of Portuguese and Spanish background. In 1589, Francisco Rodrigues de Matos was accused of being a Rabbi and convicted by the Inquisition, but it is doubtful that he was, in fact, a Rabbi.
MENCHER Polish, Jewish
Occupational surname for a miller or flour dealer (derived from Polish maczarz
MENDEL Jewish, German
Derived from the given name MENDEL
. A famous bearer was Gregor Mendel (1822-1884), a Czech monk and scientist who did experiments in genetics.
Nickname for a man of moderate means, from Yiddish, ultimately from Old High German mittil
NUSSBAUM German, Jewish
Means "nut tree" from the Germanic words nuß
meaning "nut" and baum
PASTERNAK Polish, Ukrainian, Russian, Yiddish
Means "parsnip" in various Slavic languages, ultimately from Latin pastinaca
. A famous bearer was Boris Pasternak (1890-1960), author of 'Doctor Zhivago'.
Denoted a person who came from Penzig, the German name for Pieńsk, a town in southwest Poland. It is derived from Polish pień
meaning "stump, tree trunk".
PONTECORVO Italian, Jewish
From the name of a town in central Italy, home to an old Jewish community. The town's name is derived from Italian ponte
"bridge" and curvo
PRINZ German, Jewish
Means "prince", used as an ornamental name by Jews or as a nickname for someone who acted in a princely manner.
REIS German, Jewish
From Middle High German ris
meaning "twig, branch, bush", denoting a person who lived in an overgrown area. As a Jewish name it is ornamental.
ROSE (1) English, French, German, Jewish
Means "rose" from Middle English, Old French and Middle High German rose
, all from Latin rosa
. All denote a person of a rosy complexion or a person who lived in an area abundant with roses. As a Jewish surname it is ornamental, from Yiddish רויז (roiz)
ROTH German, Jewish
From Middle High German rot
meaning "red". It was originally a nickname for a person with red hair.
ROTHENBERG German, Jewish
From Middle High German rot
meaning "red" and berg
meaning "mountain". As a Jewish name it may be ornamental.
From Middle High German rot
"red" and schilt
"shield", or Yiddish רויט (roit)
and שׁילד (shild)
. The famous Rothschild family of bankers took their name from a house with a red shield on it.
Ornamental name meaning "beautiful mountain" from old German schön
"beautiful" and berg
SCHNUR German, Jewish
From Old High German snuor
meaning "rope, cord", an occupational name for a maker of rope.
SCHREIER German, Jewish
Occupational name for a town crier, from Old High German scrian
meaning "to shout, to yell".
SCHWARZ German, Jewish
Means "black" in German, from Old High German swarz
. It originally described a person with black hair or a dark complexion.
SHAFIR שׁפֿיר Jewish
Ornamental name meaning "sapphire" in Yiddish.
SHAIN שׁײן Jewish
Means "beautiful, handsome" in Yiddish, from German schön
SHAPIRO שׁפּירא Jewish
Means "pretty, lovely" in Hebrew, from Aramaic.
Ornamental name derived from German schön
"fine, beautiful" and feld
SOBOL Russian, Ukrainian, Jewish
Occupational name for a fur trader, from the Slavic word soboli
meaning "sable, marten". As a Jewish name it is ornamental.
SOKOL Czech, Jewish
From Czech sokol
meaning "falcon", a nickname or an occupational name for a falconer. As a Jewish name it is ornamental.
STEIN German, Jewish
From Old High German stein
meaning "stone". It might indicate the original bearer lived near a prominent stone or worked as a stonecutter. As a Jewish name it is ornamental.
Ornamental name derived from old German stern
"star" and berg
Ornamental name derived from German Wald
meaning "forest" and Vogel
From Middle High German walch
meaning "foreigner (from a Romance country)".
WIRTH German, Jewish
Occupational name for an innkeeper, derived from German wirt
Occupational name for a silversmith from Yiddish zilber
"silver" and schlag
ZILBERSTEIN זילברשׁטײן Jewish
Ornamental name meaning "silver stone", from Yiddish זילבער (zilber)
and שׁטײן (shtain)
, both of Germanic origin.
ZIMMERMANN German, Jewish
From the German word for "carpenter", derived from Middle High German zimber
"timber, wood" and mann
From Middle High German zingel
"defensive wall". This name was originally applied to a person who lived near the outermost wall of a castle.
ZISKIND זיסקינד Jewish
Ornamental name meaning "sweet child", from Yiddish זיס (zis)
meaning "sweet" and קינד (kind)
meaning "child", both words of Germanic origin.