Jewish Surnames

These names are used by Jews. For more specific lists, see Hebrew names and Yiddish names. See also about Jewish names.
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AARONJewish, English
From the given name AARON.
ABRAHAMאַבְרָהָםJewish, English, German, French, Spanish, Dutch
Derived from the given name ABRAHAM.
ABRAMSJewish, English
Means "son of ABRAHAM".
ADAMEnglish, French, German, Polish, Romanian, Jewish
Derived from the given name ADAM.
ADAMSEnglish, Jewish
Derived from the given name ADAM.
ADLERGerman, Jewish
Means "eagle" in German.
From the given name AMOS.
AMSEL (1)Jewish
Derived from the given name ANSHEL.
From the given name ABRAHAM.
BAUMGerman, Jewish
Means "tree" in German.
BAUMANNGerman, Jewish
From Middle High German bumann meaning "farmer, builder".
Means "son of Berko" in Yiddish, Berko being a derivative of BER.
BIEBERGerman, Jewish
From Middle High German biber meaning "beaver", possibly a nickname for a hard worker.
BLUMGerman, Jewish
Means "flower" in German and Yiddish.
BLUMENTHALGerman, Jewish
Derived from German Blumen "flowers" and Thal "valley".
Ornamental name meaning "flower stone" in German.
Means "son of BRAM".
From a diminutive of the given name CHAYA.
CLINEGerman, Jewish
Anglicized spelling of KLEIN.
Means "priest" from Hebrew כֹּהֵן (kohen). It originally denoted one of the priestly tribe of Levi.
From the given name EZRA.
FEIGENBAUMGerman, Jewish
Means "fig tree" in German.
FELDGerman, Jewish
Means "field" in German. The name was originally given to someone who lived on land cleared of forest.
FREUDGerman, Jewish
Means "joy" in German, a nickname for a cheerful person. A famous bearer was the psychologist Sigmund Freud (1856-1939).
Ornamental name from old German freud meaning "joy" and berg meaning "mountain".
Means "golden stag" in Yiddish.
GREENBERGGerman, Jewish
Anglicized form of GRÜNBERG.
Anglicized form of German Grünspan meaning "verdigris". Verdigris is the green-blue substance that forms on copper.
GRÜNBERGGerman, Jewish
From German grün "green" and Berg "mountain". This name indicated a person who lived on or near a forest-covered mountain.
Original form of GREENSPAN.
HABERGerman, Jewish
Occupational name for one who grew or sold oats, derived from Old High German habaro "oat". As a Jewish surname it is ornamental.
Ornamental name adopted from a biblical place name meaning "altar, mountain of God" in Hebrew.
HAYES (3)Jewish
Matronymic name derived from the given name CHAYA.
From the given name CHAYYIM.
HERSCHהירשׁGerman, Jewish
Variant of HIRSCH (1) or HIRSCH (2).
HERSCHELהירשׁלGerman, Jewish
Diminutive form of HIRSCH (1) or HIRSCH (2). A famous bearer was the British-German astronomer William Herschel (1738-1822), as well as his sister Caroline Herschel (1750-1848) and son John Herschel (1792-1871), also noted scientists.
From the given name CHAYYIM.
HIRSCH (2)הירשׁJewish
Derived from the given name HIRSH.
HIRSCHELהירשׁלGerman, Jewish
Diminutive form of HIRSCH (1) or HIRSCH (2).
HOCHBERGGerman, Jewish
From place names meaning "high hill" in German.
From the German name of Hořovice, a town in the Czech Republic. Its name is derived from Czech hora "mountain".
JÄGERGerman, Jewish
From Middle High German jeger(e) meaning "hunter".
JORDAN (2)Jewish
Derived from the name of the Jordan river, which is from Hebrew יָרַד (yarad) meaning "descend" or "flow down".
KAUFMANGerman, Jewish
Means "merchant" in German.
KLEIDGerman, Jewish
Occupational name for a tailor, from German Kleid meaning "garment, clothing".
KLEINGerman, Dutch, Jewish
Means "small, little" from German klein or Yiddish kleyn. A famous bearer of this name is clothes designer Calvin Klein (1942-).
KRAKOWSKIPolish, Jewish
Habitational name for a person from the city of Kraków in southern Poland.
Occupational name meaning "tailor" (from Polish krawiec). A famous bearer is singer Lenny Kravitz (1964-).
LANDAUGerman, Jewish
Derived from the German town of Landau, which meant "land valley".
LANGERGerman, Jewish
German cognate of LONG.
LEHRERGerman, Jewish
German surname meaning "teacher".
From the given name LEVI.
Derived from the given name LEVI.
LOWE (1)Jewish
Germanized variant of LEVI.
MANDELGerman, Jewish
Means "almond" in German.
Means "almond tree" in German.
MATOSPortuguese, Jewish
Variant of MATA. Matos is also a name adopted by Jews of Portuguese and Spanish background. In 1589, Francisco Rodrigues de Matos was accused of being a Rabbi and convicted by the Inquisition, but it is doubtful that he was, in fact, a Rabbi.
MAYER (2)Jewish
From Hebrew meir which means "enlightened".
MENCHERPolish, Jewish
Occupational surname for a miller or flour dealer (derived from Polish maczarz).
MENDELJewish, German
Derived from the given name MENDEL. A famous bearer was Gregor Mendel (1822-1884), a Czech monk and scientist who did experiments in genetics.
Nickname for a man of moderate means, ultimately from Old High German mittil "means, resources".
Ornamental name meaning "morning star" in German.
MOSESJewish, English
Derived from the given name MOSES.
NUSSBAUMGerman, Jewish
Means "nut tree" from the Germanic words nuß meaning "nut" and baum meaning "tree".
Means "horn stone" in German.
PASCALFrench, Jewish
Derived from the given name PASCAL.
PASTERNAKPolish, Ukrainian, Russian, Yiddish
Means "parsnip" in various Slavic languages, ultimately from Latin pastinaca. A famous bearer was Boris Pasternak (1890-1960), author of 'Doctor Zhivago'.
PENZIGGerman, Yiddish
Denoted a person who came from Penzig, the German name for Pieńsk, a town in southwest Poland. Pieńsk is derived from Polish pień meaning "tree stump" or "tree trunk".
PONTECORVOItalian, Jewish
From the name of a village near Rome, where an Jewish community settled centuries ago.
PRINZGerman, Jewish
Means "prince", used as an ornamental name by Jews or as a nickname for someone who acted in a princely manner.
REGENBOGENGerman, Jewish
From a German nickname meaning "rainbow".
REISGerman, Jewish
From Middle High German ris meaning "twig, branch, bush", denoting a person who lived in an overgrown area. As a Jewish name it is ornamental.
RIESEGerman, Jewish
Means "giant" in German.
ROSE (1)English, French, German, Jewish
Means "rose" from Middle English, Old French and Middle High German rose, all from Latin rosa. All denote a person of a rosy complexion or a person who lived in an area abundant with roses. As a Jewish surname it is ornamental, from Yiddish רויז (roiz).
ROSENBERGGerman, Swedish, Jewish
Means "rose mountain" in German and Swedish. As a Swedish and Jewish name it is ornamental.
ROSENFELDGerman, Jewish
Means "field of roses" in German. As a Jewish surname it is ornamental.
ROTGerman, Jewish
Variant of ROTH.
ROTHGerman, Jewish
From Middle High German rot meaning "red". It was originally a nickname for a person with red hair.
ROTHENBERGGerman, Jewish
From Middle High German rot meaning "red" and berg meaning "mountain". As a Jewish name it may be ornamental.
From Middle High German rot "red" and schilt "shield", or Yiddish רויט (roit) and שׁילד (shild). The famous Rothschild family of bankers took their name from a house with a red shield on it.
SALOMONFrench, Jewish
Derived from the given name SALOMON.
SAMUELEnglish, French, German, Jewish
Derived from the given name SAMUEL.
Ornamental name meaning "beautiful mountain" from old German schön "beautiful" and berg "mountain".
SCHNEIDERGerman, Jewish
From German schneider or Yiddish shnayder, making it a cognate of SNYDER.
SCHNURGerman, Jewish
From Old High German snuor meaning "rope, cord", an occupational name for a maker of rope.
SCHREIERGerman, Jewish
Occupational name for a town crier, from Old High German scrian meaning "to shout, to yell".
SCHWARZGerman, Jewish
Means "black" in German, from Old High German swarz. It originally described a person with black hair or a dark complexion.
From German Seele meaning "soul" and Freund meaning "friend".
SEGAL (1)סגלJewish
From the Hebrew phrase סגן לויה (segan Lewiyah) meaning "assistant Levite".
Ornamental name meaning "sapphire" in Yiddish.
Means "beautiful, handsome" in Yiddish, from German schön.
Means "pretty, lovely" in Hebrew, from Aramaic.
Ornamental name derived from German schön "fine, beautiful" and feld meaning "field".
SHERMAN (2)שׁרמןJewish
Means "tailor" in Yiddish, derived from שׁער (sher) "scissors".
SIMONשִׁמְעוֹןEnglish, French, German, Dutch, Hungarian, Jewish
Derived from the given name SIMON (1).
Variant of SOBOL.
SOBOLRussian, Ukrainian, Jewish
Occupational name for a fur trader, from the Slavic word soboli meaning "sable, marten". As a Jewish name it is ornamental.
SOKOLCzech, Jewish
From Czech sokol meaning "falcon", a nickname or an occupational name for a falconer. As a Jewish name it is ornamental.
Variant of SOKOL.
Means "son of SOKOL".
Means "son of SOKOL".
Means "son of SOKOL".
SOLOMONEnglish, Jewish
Derived from the given name SOLOMON.
STEINGerman, Jewish
From Old High German stein meaning "stone". It might indicate the original bearer lived near a prominent stone or worked as a stonecutter. As a Jewish name it is ornamental.
STERN (2)German, Jewish
German cognate of STARR.
Ornamental name derived from old German stern "star" and berg "mountain".
STÜCKGerman, Jewish
From Old High German stucki meaning "piece, part".
TOBIASEnglish, German, Jewish
From the given name TOBIAS.
Ornamental name derived from German Wald meaning "forest" and Vogel meaning "bird".
From Middle High German walch meaning "foreigner (from a Romance country)".
WANG (4)Yiddish
Name for a Jew from Hungary, ultimately from Russian Венгрия (Vengriya) "Hungary".
WARSZAWSKIPolish, Jewish
Place name for someone from the Polish city of Warsaw, itself derived from the given name Warsz, a short form of WARCISŁAW.
WECHSLERGerman, Jewish
Means "money changer, banker", from German wechseln "to exchange".
Jewish form of VINOGRADOV.
WIRTHGerman, Jewish
Occupational name for an innkeeper, derived from German wirt meaning "host".
Occupational name for a silversmith from Yiddish zilber "silver" and schlag "strike".
Ornamental name meaning "silver stone", from Yiddish זילבער (zilber) and שׁטײן (shtain), both of Germanic origin.
Possibly a variant of ZIMMERMANN.
ZIMMERMANNGerman, Jewish
From the German word for "carpenter", derived from Middle High German zimber "timber, wood" and mann "man".
From Middle High German zingel "defensive wall". This name was originally applied to a person who lived near the outermost wall of a castle.
Ornamental name meaning "sweet child", from Yiddish זיס (zis) meaning "sweet" and קינד (kind) meaning "child", both words of Germanic origin.