Jewish Surnames

These names are used by Jews. For more specific lists, see Hebrew names and Yiddish names. See also about Jewish names.
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AARONJewish, English
From the given name AARON.
ABRAHAMאַבְרָהָםJewish, English, German, French, Spanish, Dutch
Derived from the given name ABRAHAM.
ABRAMSJewish, English
Means "son of ABRAHAM".
ADAMEnglish, French, German, Polish, Romanian, Jewish
Derived from the given name ADAM.
ADAMSEnglish, Jewish
Derived from the given name ADAM.
ADLERGerman, Jewish
Means "eagle" in German.
AMOSעָמוֹסJewish
From the given name AMOS.
AMSEL (1)Jewish
Derived from the given name ANSHEL.
AVRAHAMJewish
From the given name ABRAHAM.
BAUMGerman, Jewish
Means "tree" in German.
BAUMANNGerman, Jewish
From Middle High German bumann meaning "farmer, builder".
BERKOVICHJewish
Means "son of Berko" in Yiddish, Berko being a derivative of BER.
BIEBERGerman, Jewish
From Middle High German biber meaning "beaver", possibly a nickname for a hard worker.
BLUMGerman, Jewish
Means "flower" in German and Yiddish.
BLUMENTHALGerman, Jewish
Derived from German Blumen "flowers" and Thal "valley".
BLUMSTEINJewish
Yiddish ornamental surname meaning "flower stone" in German.
BRAMSONJewish
Means "son of BRAM".
CHAIKINחײקיןYiddish
From a diminutive of the given name CHAYA.
CLINEGerman, Jewish
Anglicized spelling of KLEIN.
COHENכֹּהֵןJewish
Means "priest" from Hebrew כֹּהֵן (kohen). It originally denoted one of the priestly tribe of Levi.
EZRAעֶזְרָאJewish
From the given name EZRA.
FEIGENBAUMGerman, Jewish
Means "fig tree" in German.
FELDGerman, Jewish
Means "field" in German. The name was originally given to someone who lived on land cleared of forest.
FREUDGerman, Jewish
Means "joy" in German, a nickname for a cheerful person. A famous bearer was the psychologist Sigmund Freud (1856-1939).
FREUDENBERGERGerman, Jewish
Ornamental name from German freud meaning "joy" and berg meaning "mountain".
GOLDHIRSCHJewish
Means "golden stag" in Yiddish.
GREENBERGGerman, Jewish
Anglicized form of GRÜNBERG.
GREENSPANJewish
Anglicized form of German Grünspan meaning "verdigris". Verdigris is the green-blue substance that forms on copper.
GRÜNBERGGerman, Jewish
From German grün "green" and Berg "mountain". This name indicated a person who lived on or near a forest-covered mountain.
GRÜNSPANJewish
Original form of GREENSPAN.
HABERGerman, Jewish
Derived from Middle High German haber "oats". This was an occupational name for one who grew or sold oats.
HARELJewish
Means in Hebrew "mountain of God".
HAYES (3)Yiddish
Matronymic surname from the Yiddish name Khaye "life".
HERSCHELGerman, Yiddish
Diminutive form of HIRSCH (1) or HIRSCH (2). A famous bearer was the British astronomer William Herschel (1738-1822), as well as his sister Caroline Herschel (1750-1848) and son John Herschel (1792-1871), also noted scientists.
HIRSCH (2)Yiddish
Derived from the given name HERSH.
HOCHBERGGerman, Jewish
Means "high hill" in German.
HOROWITZGerman, Jewish
From the German name for Horovice, a town in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic.
JÄGERGerman, Jewish
From Middle High German jeger(e) meaning "hunter".
JORDAN (2)Jewish
Derived from the name of the Jordan river, which is from Hebrew יָרַד (yarad) meaning "descend" or "flow down".
KAUFMANGerman, Jewish
Means "merchant" in German.
KLEIDGerman, Jewish
Occupational name for a tailor, from German Kleid meaning "garment, clothing".
KLEINGerman, Dutch, Jewish
Means "small, little" from German klein or Yiddish kleyn. A famous bearer of this name is clothes designer Calvin Klein (1942-).
KRAKOWSKIPolish, Jewish
Habitational name for a person from the city of Kraków in southern Poland.
KRAVITZJewish
Occupational name meaning "tailor" (from Polish krawiec). A famous bearer is singer Lenny Kravitz (1964-).
LANDAUGerman, Jewish
Derived from the German town of Landau, which meant "land valley".
LANGERGerman, Jewish
German cognate of LONG.
LEHRERGerman, Jewish
German surname meaning "teacher".
LEVIJewish
From the given name LEVI.
LEVINEJewish
Derived from the given name LEVI.
LOWE (1)Jewish
Germanized variant of LEVI.
MANDELGerman, Jewish
Means "almond" in German.
MANDELBAUMJewish
Means "almond tree" in German.
MATOSPortuguese, Jewish
Variant of MATA. Matos is also a name adopted by Jews of Portuguese and Spanish background. In 1589, Francisco Rodrigues de Matos was accused of being a Rabbi and convicted by the Inquisition, but it is doubtful that he was, in fact, a Rabbi.
MAYER (2)Jewish
From Hebrew meir which means "enlightened".
MENCHERPolish, Jewish
Occupational surname for a miller or flour dealer (derived from Polish maczarz).
MENDELJewish, German
Derived from the given name MENDEL. A famous bearer was Gregor Mendel (1822-1884), a Czech monk and scientist who did experiments in genetics.
MORGENSTERNGerman, Jewish
Ornamental surname meaning "morning star" in German.
MOSESJewish, English
Derived from the given name MOSES.
NUSSBAUMGerman, Jewish
Means "nut tree" from the Germanic words nuß meaning "nut" and baum meaning "tree".
ORENSTEINYiddish
Means "horn stone" in German.
PASCALFrench, Jewish
Derived from the given name PASCAL.
PASTERNAKPolish, Ukrainian, Russian, Yiddish
Means "parsnip" in various Slavic languages, ultimately from Latin pastinaca. A famous bearer was Boris Pasternak (1890-1960), author of 'Doctor Zhivago'.
PENZIGGerman, Yiddish
Denoted a person who came from Penzig, the German name for Pieńsk, a town in southwest Poland. Pieńsk is derived from Polish pień meaning "tree stump" or "tree trunk".
PONTECORVOItalian, Jewish
From the name of a village near Rome, where an Jewish community settled centuries ago.
PRINZGerman, Jewish
Means "prince", used as an ornamental surname by Jews or as a nickname for someone who acted in a princely manner.
RAPP (2)German, Jewish
Means "dark haired" or "raven-like".
REGENBOGENGerman, Jewish
From a German word meaning "rainbow".
REISJewish
Ornamental name from German Reis meaning "twig, branch".
REUTER (1)German, Jewish
Means "dweller in a clearing" or "clearer of woodland" from Middle High German riute.
REUTER (2)German, Jewish
Means "highwayman" from Middle High German riutœre.
RIESEGerman, Jewish
Means "giant" from German Riese.
ROSE (1)English, French, German, Scottish, Jewish
Means "rose" from the Middle English, Old French and Middle High German rose. All denote a person of a rosy complexion or a person who lived in an area abundant with roses. It is also found derived from the Yiddish royz, which always referred to the flower.
ROSENBERGGerman, Jewish
Means "rose mountain" in German.
ROSENFELDGerman, Jewish
Means "field of roses" in German.
ROTGerman, Jewish
Variant of ROTH.
ROTHGerman, Jewish
From Middle High German rot meaning "red". It was originally a nickname for a person with red hair.
ROTHENBERGGerman, Jewish
Means "red mountain" from German rot meaning "red" and berg meaning "mountain".
ROTHSCHILDGerman, Jewish
Means "red shield, sign" from German rot "red" and German or Yiddish s(c)hild "sign, shield". The surname originally came from a family who took their name from a house with a red shield or sign on it. It has since been adopted by unrelated Jews.
SALOMONFrench, Jewish
Derived from the given name SALOMON.
SAMSONEnglish, French, Jewish, Dutch
Derived from the given name SAMSON.
SAMUELEnglish, French, German, Jewish
Derived from the given name SAMUEL.
SCHEINBERGGerman, Jewish
Means "lovely, beautiful mountain" from German schön "fine, beautiful" and berg meaning "mountain".
SCHENCKGerman, Dutch, Jewish
From Middle High German, Middle Dutch schenke meaning "wine server" (from Old High German scenken "to pour out"). As a German name it also denoted a tavernkeeper.
SCHINDLERGerman, Jewish
Means "shingler, roof tiler". A famous bearer was Oskar Schindler (1908-1974), who saved over a thousand Polish Jews during World War II.
SCHNEIDERGerman, Jewish
From German schneider or Yiddish shnayder, making it a cognate of SNYDER.
SCHNURGerman, Jewish
Means "rope maker" from German schnur or Yiddish shnur.
SCHREIERGerman, Jewish
German and Yiddish word meaning "screamer, shrieker, crier", perhaps an occupational name for a town crier. There are two main branches of people with the name: Lutherans from Bavaria, and Ashkenazi Jews from the area of the Austro-Hungarian Empire formerly known as Galicia, which is today in southwestern Ukraine.
SCHWARZGerman, Jewish
From Middle High German swarz meaning "black". It originally described a person with black hair or a dark complexion.
SEELENFREUNDGerman, Jewish
From German seele meaning "soul" and freund meaning "friend".
SEGAL (1)Jewish
Acronym of the Hebrew phrase SeGan Levia meaning "second rank Levite".
SEIDELGerman, Jewish
From the German word seidel meaning "beer mug".
SHAFIRJewish
Ornamental surname meaning "sapphire" from Yiddish shafir.
SHAINJewish
Ornamental surname meaning "beautiful, handsome" from German schön.
SHAPIROJewish
From Hebrew shapir which means "pretty, lovely".
SHEINFELDGerman, Jewish
Means "lovely, beautiful field" from German schön "fine, beautiful" and feld meaning "field".
SHERMAN (2)Jewish
Means "tailor" in Yiddish, derived from sher "scissors".
SILVERSTEINGerman, Jewish
Means "silver stone" from German Silber and Stein. It was adopted when Jews in Europe were compelled to take surnames in the early part of the 19th century.
SIMONCzech, Dutch, English, French, German, Hungarian, Jewish
Derived from the given name SIMON (1).
SISKINGerman, Jewish
Means "sweet child" from the words suess meaning "sweet" and kind meaning "child".
SITZ (1)German, Jewish
Derived from a given name beginning with the Germanic element sigi meaning "victory".
SITZ (2)German, Jewish
Means "house owner" from Middle High German siz "seat, domicile".
SOBOLPolish, Jewish
Derived from either Polish sobol meaning "marten" or Old High German zobel meaning "sable".
SOKOLCzech, Jewish
From Czech sokol meaning "falcon", a nickname or an occupational name for a falconer. As a Jewish name it is ornamental.
SOKOLLJewish
Variant of SOKOL.
SOKOLOFJewish
Means "son of SOKOL".
SOKOLOFFJewish
Means "son of SOKOL".
SOKOLSKYJewish
Means "son of SOKOL".
SOLOMONEnglish, Jewish
Derived from the given name SOLOMON.
SPITZNOGLEGerman, Jewish
Means "sharp nail" in German.
STEINGerman, Jewish
From the Old High German word stein meaning "stone". It is common in German-Jewish names like Bernstein and Orenstein.
STERN (2)German, Jewish
German cognate of STARR.
STOLARZPolish, Jewish
Occupational name meaning "joiner" from Polish stolarz.
STUECKGerman, Jewish
Means "piece, part" from Middle High German stuck.
SUESSGerman, Jewish
From Middle High German süss meaning "sweet".
TOBIASEnglish, German, Jewish
From the given name TOBIAS.
WALDVOGELJewish
Ornamental Jewish name derived from German Wald meaning "forest" and Vogel meaning "bird".
WALLACHYiddish
From Middle High German walch meaning "foreigner (from a Romance country)".
WANG (4)Yiddish
Name for a Jew from Hungary, ultimately from Russian Венгрия (Vengriya) "Hungary".
WARSZAWSKIPolish, Jewish
Place name for someone from the Polish city of Warsaw, itself derived from the given name Warsz, a short form of WARCISŁAW.
WECHSLERGerman, Jewish
Means "money changer, banker", from German wechseln "to exchange".
WINOGRADוינוגרדJewish
Jewish form of VINOGRADOV.
WIRTHGerman, Jewish
Occupational name for an innkeeper, derived from German wirt meaning "host".
ZILBERSCHLAGJewish
Occupational name for a silversmith from Yiddish zilber "silver" and schlag "strike".
ZIMMANJewish
Possibly a variant of ZIMMERMANN.
ZIMMERMANNGerman, Jewish
From the German word for "carpenter", derived from Middle High German zimber "timber, wood" and mann "man".
ZINGELJewish
From Middle High German zingel "defensive wall". This name was originally applied to a person who lived near the outermost wall of a castle.
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