are used in the country of Georgia in central Eurasia.
Jughashvili ჯუღაშვილი Georgian (Rare)
Meaning uncertain. One theory suggests Ossetian roots with the meaning "son of the herder"
, derived from Ossetian дзуг (dzug)
meaning "herd, flock, troop". Alternately, it could be derived from the name of the village of ჯუღაანი (Jughaani)
in eastern Georgia. The most notable bearer was Joseph Stalin (1878-1953), born Ioseb Jughashvili, a leader of the Soviet Union.
Kapanadze კაპანაძე Georgian
Means "son of the one from Kapan"
, originally denoting someone who came from the city of Kapan in present-day Armenia (from Armenian կապել (kapel)
meaning "to tie, to fasten").
Maisuradze მაისურაძე Georgian
From Georgian მაისურა (maisura)
, an occupational name for one who made or sold them.