Japanese Surnames

Japanese names are used in Japan and in Japanese communities throughout the world. Note that depending on the Japanese characters used these names can have many other meanings besides those listed here. See also about Japanese names.
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ABE (1)   安倍     Japanese
From Japanese (a) meaning "peace" and (be) meaning "multiple times".
ABE (2)   安部     Japanese
From Japanese (a) meaning "peace" and (be) meaning "part, section".
AKIYAMA   秋山     Japanese
From Japanese (aki) meaning "autumn" and (yama) meaning "mountain, hill".
FUJIMOTO   藤本     Japanese
From Japanese (fuji) meaning "wisteria" and (moto) meaning "base, root, origin".
FUJIOKA   藤岡     Japanese
From Japanese (fuji) meaning "wisteria" and (oka) meaning "ridge, hill".
FUJITA   藤田     Japanese
From Japanese (fuji) meaning "wisteria" and (ta) meaning "field".
FUKUI   福井     Japanese
Denoted a person who was from Fukui prefecture in Japan.
HAMASAKI   浜崎     Japanese
From Japanese (hama) meaning "beach, seashore" and (saki) meaning "cape, peninsula".
HASHIMOTO   橋本     Japanese
From Japanese (hashi) meaning "bridge" and (moto) meaning "base, root, origin".
HAYASHI   林     Japanese
From Japanese (hayashi) meaning "forest".
HIMURA   緋村     Japanese
From Japanese (hi) meaning "scarlet, dark red" and (mura) meaning "town, village".
HISAKAWA   久川     Japanese
From Japanese (hisa) meaning "long time ago" and (kawa) meaning "river, stream".
HONDA   本田     Japanese
From Japanese (hon) meaning "root, origin, source" and (ta) meaning "field".
IKEDA   池田     Japanese
From Japanese (ike) meaning "pool, pond" and (ta) meaning "field".
INOUE   井上     Japanese
Means "above the well", from Japanese (i) meaning "well, mine shaft, pit", an unwritten possessive marker (no), and (ue) meaning "above, top, upper".
ISHIKAWA   石川     Japanese
From Japanese (ishi) meaning "stone" and (kawa) meaning "river, stream".
ITO   伊藤     Japanese
Variant transcription of ITOU.
ITOU   伊藤     Japanese
From Japanese (i) meaning "this" and (tou) meaning "wisteria". The final character may indicate a connection to the Fujiwara clan.
KATO   加藤     Japanese
Variant transcription of KATOU.
KATOU   加藤     Japanese
From Japanese (ka) meaning "add, increase" and (tou) meaning "wisteria". The latter character may indicate a connection to the Fujiwara clan.
KAWAGUCHI   川口     Japanese
Means "mouth of the river", from Japanese (kawa) meaning "river, stream" and (kuchi) meaning "mouth, entrance".
KIMURA   木村     Japanese
From Japanese (ki) meaning "tree, wood" and (mura) meaning "town, village".
KITA   北     Japanese
From Japanese (kita) meaning "north".
KOBAYASHI   小林     Japanese
From Japanese (ko) meaning "small" and (hayashi) meaning "forest".
KOIZUMI   小泉     Japanese
From Japanese (ko) meaning "small" and (izumi) meaning "spring, fountain". A notable bearer of this name is Junichiro Koizumi (1942-), who was Prime Minister of Japan.
KUROSAWA   黒澤     Japanese
From Japanese (kuro) meaning "black" and (sawa) meaning "marsh". A notable bearer was Akira Kurosawa (1910-1998), a Japanese film director.
MAEDA   前田     Japanese
From Japanese (mae) meaning "front, forward" and (ta) meaning "field".
MAKI (1)   牧     Japanese
From Japanese (maki) meaning "shepherd, tend cattle".
MAKI (2)   真木     Japanese
From Japanese (ma) meaning "real, genuine" and (ki) meaning "tree".
MATSUMOTO   松本     Japanese
From one of the many places with this name in Japan, derived from Japanese (matsu) meaning "pine tree, fir tree" and (moto) meaning "base, root, origin".
MATSUOKA   松岡     Japanese
From Japanese (matsu) meaning "pine tree, fir tree" and (oka) meaning "ridge, hill".
MATSUSHITA   松下     Japanese
From Japanese (matsu) meaning "pine tree, fir tree" and (shita) meaning "under, below".
MINAMI   南     Japanese
From Japanese (minami) meaning "south".
MIYAMOTO   宮本     Japanese
From Japanese (miya) meaning "temple, shrine, palace" and (moto) meaning "base, root, origin". A notable bearer is video game pioneer Shigeru Miyamoto (1952-).
MIZUSHIMA   水島     Japanese
From Japanese (mizu) meaning "water" and (shima) meaning "island".
MORI   森     Japanese
From Japanese (mori) meaning "forest".
MOTO   本     Japanese
From Japanese (moto) meaning "base, root, origin". More commonly it is the final character in Japanese surnames.
NAKAHARA   中原     Japanese
From Japanese (naka) meaning "middle" and (hara) meaning "field, plain".
NAKAJIMA   中島     Japanese
From Japanese (naka) meaning "middle" and (shima) meaning "island".
NAKAMURA   中村     Japanese
From Japanese (naka) meaning "middle" and (mura) meaning "town, village".
NAKANO   中野     Japanese
From Japanese (naka) meaning "middle" and (no) meaning "field, wilderness".
NAKASHIMA   中島     Japanese
Variant transcription of NAKAJIMA.
NISHIMURA   西村     Japanese
From Japanese 西 (nishi) meaning "west" and (mura) meaning "town, village".
OSHIRO   大城     Japanese
From Japanese (o) meaning "big, great" and (shiro) meaning "castle".
SAITO   斎藤     Japanese
Variant transcription of SAITOU.
SAITOU   斎藤     Japanese
From Japanese (sai) meaning "purification, worship" and (tou) meaning "wisteria". The latter character could indicate a connection to the Fujiwara clan.
SASAKI   佐々木     Japanese
From Japanese (sa) meaning "help, aid" (repeated, indicated by the iteration mark ) and (ki) meaning "tree, wood".
SATO   佐藤     Japanese
Variant transcription of SATOU.
SATOU   佐藤     Japanese
From Japanese (sa) meaning "help, aid" and (tou) meaning "wisteria". The final character might indicate a connection to the Fujiwara clan. This is the most common surname in Japan.
SHIMIZU   清水     Japanese
From Japanese (shi) meaning "clear, pure, clean" and (mizu) meaning "water".
SUZUKI   鈴木     Japanese
From Japanese (suzu) meaning "bell" and (ki) meaning "tree, wood". This is the second most common surname in Japan.
TACHIBANA   橘     Japanese
From Japanese (tachibana) meaning "orange, tangerine".
TAKAHASHI   高橋     Japanese
From Japanese (taka) meaning "tall, high" and (hashi) meaning "bridge".
TAKENAKA   竹中     Japanese
Means "dweller amongst bamboo", from Japanese (take) meaning "bamboo" and (naka) meaning "middle".
TANAKA   田中     Japanese
Means "dweller in the rice fields", from Japanese (ta) meaning "field, rice paddy" and (naka) meaning "middle".
TSUKUDA   佃     Japanese
From Japanese (tsukuda) meaning "cultivated rice field".
UEDA   上田     Japanese
From Japanese (ue) meaning "above, top, upper" and (ta) meaning "field, rice paddy".
UENO   上野     Japanese
From Japanese (ue) meaning "above, top, upper" and (no) meaning "field, wilderness".
WATANABE   渡辺     Japanese
From Japanese (wataru) meaning "cross, ferry" and (be) meaning "edge, side".
YAMADA   山田     Japanese
From Japanese (yama) meaning "mountain" and (ta) meaning "field, rice paddy".
YAMAGUCHI   山口     Japanese
From Japanese (yama) meaning "mountain" and (kuchi) meaning "mouth, entrance". Olympic figure-skating champion Kristi Yamaguchi (1971-) bears this name.
YAMAMOTO   山本     Japanese
From Japanese (yama) meaning "mountain" and (moto) meaning "base, root, origin".
YAMASAKI   山崎     Japanese
Variant transcription of YAMAZAKI.
YAMASHITA   山下     Japanese
From Japanese (yama) meaning "mountain" and (shita) meaning "under, below".
YAMAUCHI   山内     Japanese
From Japanese (yama) meaning "mountain" and (uchi) meaning "inside".
YAMAZAKI   山崎     Japanese
From Japanese (yama) meaning "mountain" and (saki) meaning "cape, peninsula".
YOSHIDA   吉田     Japanese
From Japanese (yoshi) meaning "lucky, good" and (ta) meaning "field, rice paddy".
YUKIMURA   雪村     Japanese
From Japanese (yuki) meaning "snow" and (mura) meaning "town, village".
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