From Norwegian å
meaning "river, stream" and the archaic word rud
From Swedish berg
"mountain" and man
"man", originally a name for a person living on a mountain.
From Swedish borg
meaning "fortification, castle"
DAHL Norwegian, Swedish, Danish
From Old Norse dalr
. A famous of this surname was author Roald Dahl (1916-1990) who is mostly remembered for children's stories such as Matilda
and Henry Sugar
From Swedish dal
meaning "dale, valley" and man
From Old Norse dalr
meaning "valley" and garðr
meaning "yard, farmstead".
DAM Dutch, Danish
Means "dike, dam"
in Dutch and Danish. In modern Danish it also means "pond".
From Old Norse eldr
, modern Swedish eld
, meaning "fire"
From Swedish äng
"meadow" and man
"man", originally a name for a person who lived in a meadow.
From Swedish frisk "healthy"
, which was derived from the Middle Low German word vrisch
"fresh, young, frisky".
Means "son of GUSTAF"
. The actress Greta Garbo (1905-1990) was originally named Greta Gustafsson.
HANSEN Norwegian, Danish
Means "son of HANS"
. This is the most common surname in Norway, and the third most common in Denmark.
in Norwegian, referring to a person who lived on a hilltop.
HOLST Danish, Low German, Dutch
Originally referred to a person from the region of HOLSTEIN
between Germany and Denmark. A famous bearer of this name was the English composer Gustav Holst (1874-1934).
HORN English, German, Norwegian, Danish
From the Germanic word horn
. This was an occupational name for one who carved objects out of horn or who played a horn, or a person who lived near a horn-shaped geographical feature, such as a mountain or a bend in a river.
Means "son of IB"
. A famous bearer was the Norwegian playwright Henrik Ibsen (1828-1906).
KOPPEL Estonian, Danish
From Low German koppel
meaning "paddock, pasture"
(a word borrowed into Estonian).
KRON German, Swedish
From German Krone
and Swedish krona
(from Latin corona
), perhaps a nickname for one who worked in a royal household.
From Swedish lind
"linden tree" and gren
"branch". A famous bearer of this name was Swedish author Astrid Lindgren (1907-2002).
LUND Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, English
Indicated a person who lived near a grove of trees, from Old Norse lundr
. There are towns in Sweden and Britain called Lund.
NESS English, Scottish, Norwegian
From English ness
and Norwegian nes
meaning "headland, promontory"
, of Old Norse origin, originally referring to a person who lived there.
From the name of Danish villages named Nørup
Denoted someone from the islands of Öland (eastern Sweden) or Åland
From Swedish ö
meaning "island" and man
Denoted a person hailing from any one of a number of farms in Norway called either Åmdal or Omdal meaning "elm valley".
From Danish øst
, originally denoting a dweller on the eastern side of a place.