From the name of a type of leather-soled shoe or sandal made on the Balearic Islands. It originally indicated a person who made or sold this item.
Means "priest's street"
from Basque abas
"priest" and kale
Means "priest's meadow"
from Basque abas
"priest" and solo
From the Latin given name Abellio
, which may have been derived from the name of a Pyrenean god.
Originally denoted a person from the town of Agramunt, Spain. It means "field hill" in Catalan.
in Spanish, indicating a person who lived near water or worked with water.
Derived from Spanish agua "water"
, indicating a person who lived near water or worked with water.
From a place name that was derived from Spanish águila
, ultimately from Latin aquila
From the name of a Basque town, derived from aldats
Originally denoted someone who was from the city of Alfaro in La Rioja, Spain. It is possibly derived from Arabic meaning "the watchtower".
From a Spanish place name, possibly derived from Spanish alba
AQUINO Italian, Spanish
From the name of an Italian town near Rome, derived from Latin aqua
meaning "water", the home town of the 13th-century saint Thomas Aquinas. In Italy the surname is derived directly from the town's name. As a Spanish-language surname, it was sometimes bestowed by missionaries in honour of the saint as they evangelized in Spanish colonies.
Denoted a person from Araia in the Basque Country, Spain. It is of uncertain meaning.
Originally indicated a person from the town of Aretxabaleta in Spain. It means "oak trees" in Basque.
From various Spanish place names, which are derived from Spanish arena
Possibly derived from a medieval given name, of Germanic origin.
ARITZA Spanish, Basque
From Basque aritz
meaning "oak tree"
. This was a nickname of Iñigo, the first king of Pamplona, Spain (9th century).
ARRIOLA Spanish, Basque
From Basque place names, themselves derived from Basque arri
"stone" and -ola
"place of, house".
Originally denoted a person from the Italian city of Assisi (called Asís
From the name of a region in Spain, formerly a medieval kingdom. It is possibly derived from Basque asta
"rock" and ur
BARROS Portuguese, Spanish
From the Portuguese and Spanish word barro
meaning "clay, mud"
. This could either be an occupational name for a person who worked with clay or mud such as a builder or artisan, or a topographic name for someone living near clay or mud.
From the Basque place name Basurtu
, a village (now part of Bilbao) in Biscay. It means "middle of the forest".
BELLO Spanish, Italian
in Spanish and Italian, originally a nickname for an attractive person.
Means "the house furthest down"
from Basque bengo
"furthest down" and etxe
in Spanish. The name most likely referred to a person who was pale or had blond hair.
, the name of a small Basque village, derived from Basque bolu
"mill" and ibar
"meadow". This name was borne by the revolutionary Simón Bolívar (1783-1830).
Originally indicated a person from the Spanish town of Borja in Aragon, derived from Arabic بُرْج (burj)
Occupational name for a maker of bottles, from Galician bottela
BUSTO Spanish, Italian
From the name of towns in Spain and Italy, derived from Late Latin bustum
meaning "ox pasture".
in Spanish, used as a nickname for a person with a large amount of hair.
From various place names derived from Late Latin capraria
meaning "place of goats"
, from Latin capra
CAMPANA Italian, Spanish
Occupational name from Late Latin campana
, ultimately derived from the Italian region of Campania, where bells were produced.
Means "white-haired, old"
in Spanish, from Latin canus
From the name of a town in Catalonia, of uncertain meaning.
From the Spanish word casal
, ultimately from Late Late casalis
and Latin casa
Originally indicated a person from Castile, a region (and medieval kingdom) in Spain. The name of the region is derived from Late Latin castellum
Originally indicated a person who came from Catalonia, a region of eastern Spain.
Possibly from Old Spanish servanto
. A famous bearer was the Spanish novelist Miguel de Cervantes (1547-1616).
CHAVES Portuguese, Spanish
From the name of a Portuguese city, derived from the Roman name FLAVIUS
(being named for the emperor Vespasian, whose family name was Flavius).
Variant of CHAVES
. A famous bearer was the labour leader César Chávez (1927-1993).
From the name of a town in Burgos, Spain, derived from Late Latin contraria
meaning "area opposite".
COSTA Portuguese, Italian, Catalan
Means "riverbank, slope, coast"
in Portuguese, Italian and Catalan, ultimately from Latin meaning "side, edge".
Derived from the name of the town of Cuéllar in the Segovia province of Spain. It may be derived from Latin collis
From a given name, itself a diminutive of names beginning with the Germanic element adal
meaning "noble". This was the surname of the Spanish surrealist painter Salvador Dalí (1904-1989).
DELGADO Spanish, Portuguese
in Spanish and Portuguese, ultimately from Latin delicatus
meaning "delicate, tender, charming".
Derived from the Basque place name Etxeberria
, which itself is derived from Basque etxe
"house" and berri
Originally referred to a person who lived close to a church, from Basque eleiza
"church" and ondo
Derived from the name of the town of Escamilla in Gualadajara, Spain.
Derived from the Basque place name Eskarzaga
, which itself is derived from Basque hazkar
Derived from the Basque place name Espartza
, a town in the province of Navarre.
in Spanish, a name for someone who lived near a thorn bush.
From Spanish espinoso
, ultimately from Latin spinosus
, a derivative of spina
meaning "thorn, spine".
FERREIRA Portuguese, Galician
Denoted a person from a town named because it was near an iron mine, from Latin ferrum
FONSECA Spanish, Portuguese
Originally belonged to a person who lived near a dry spring, from Latin fons
"well, spring" and siccus
Means "spring, well"
in Spanish, derived from Latin fons
Originally indicated a person from Galicia, a region in northwestern Spain.
GALLO Italian, Spanish
, ultimately from Latin gallus
. This was a nickname for a proud person.
From a medieval given name of unknown meaning, possibly related to the Basque word hartz
meaning "bear". This is the most common surname in Spain.
From the Basque word arratz
"bush" combined with the suffix sta
denoting a place.
Habitational name for someone who lived in Gebara, a village in the province of Álava in Spain.
in Spanish, an occupational name for a soldier. It is derived from Late Latin werra
"war", of Germanic origin.
From the name of the town of Guzmán in Burgos, Spain.
Possibly from Spanish holgar "to rest, to enjoy oneself"
Means "garden, orchard"
in Spanish, ultimately from Latin hortus
From Spanish iglesia
, from Latin ecclesia
(of Greek origin).
Means "by the fountain"
in Basque, from iturri
Derived from Basque jats
, a type of cereal grass.
LOYOLA Spanish, Basque
From the name of a place name near the town of Azpeitia in the Basque Country of Spain, derived from Basque loi
meaning "mud". This was the birthplace of Saint Ignatius of Loyola (1491-1556), the founder of Jesuits.
MACHADO Portuguese, Spanish
Denoted a person who made or used hatchets, derived from Spanish and Portuguese machado "hatchet"
, both from Latin marculus
From a nickname meaning "badly given, ill-favoured"
From the name of a place near Lugo in northern Spain. A notable bearer is the former Argentinian soccer star Diego Maradona (1960-).
MATA Spanish, Portuguese, Catalan
From Spanish, Portuguese and Catalan mata
meaning "trees, shrubs"
, possibly from Late Latin matta
meaning "reed mat".
MERLO Italian, Spanish
, ultimately from Latin merula
. The blackbird is a symbol of a naive person.
Derived from Spanish moral
meaning "mulberry tree"
, of Latin origin.
Patronymic derived from the medieval Spanish given name Muño
, from Latin Munnius
, possibly of Germanic origin.
Denoted a person who came from Navarre in northern Spain (Spanish Navarra
). The name of the region is of Basque origin, possibly from nabar
NOGUEIRA Portuguese, Galician
From Portuguese and Galician nogueira
meaning "walnut tree"
, from the Late Latin nucarius
, ultimately from Latin nux
Habitational name for someone who came from Obando in Extremadura, Spain.
From the name of the Ojeda river in Soria, Spain, possibly derived from Latin folia
From Basque ola
meaning "hut, small house, forge"
Means "wild olive"
in Spanish, originally indicating one who lived near such a tree.
Means "elm tree"
in Spanish, ultimately from Latin ulmus
. The name originally indicated a person who lived near such a tree.
Originally indicated a person from the town of Okondo in Álava, northern Spain, possibly derived from Basque ukondo
Originally indicated a person from one of the two towns named Orellana
in Badajoz, Spain. Their names are probably derived from Latin Aureliana
meaning "of AURELIUS
From Catalan or
, originally a nickname for a person with blond hair.
From a Spanish place name (belonging to various villages) derived from ortiga
Means "son of Orti"
, a byname deriving either from Latin fortis
meaning "brave, strong" or fortunius
Habitational name from the city or region of Palencia in northern Spain.
Originally indicated a person from the town of Pantoja, in Toledo, Spain.
PAREDES Portuguese, Spanish
Denoted a person who lived near a wall, from Portuguese parede
and Spanish pared
, both derived from Latin paries
Originally denoted a person who lived near a jutting rock, from Spanish peña
meaning "rock, cliff"
PEREIRA Portuguese, Galician
From Portuguese and Galician pereira
meaning "pear tree"
, ultimately from Latin pirum
PETIT French, Catalan, English
Means "small, little"
derived from Old French and Catalan petit
. It was perhaps used for a short, small person or to denote the younger of two individuals.
PORRAS Spanish, Catalan
From a nickname meaning "club"
in Spanish and Catalan, ultimately from Latin porrum
From a nickname meaning "dark"
in Spanish, referring to a person with dark hair or skin.
Means "door, gate"
, a topographic name for a person who lived near the gates of the town.
From various Spanish place names derived from quiñón
meaning "shared piece of land"
, derived from Latin quinque
QUINTANA Spanish, Catalan
Originally indicated someone who lived on a piece of land where the rent was a fifth of its produce, from Spanish and Catalan quintana
"fifth", from Latin quintus
Denoted a person from one of the various places of this name in Spain, which may derive from Galician queiroa
Originally indicated a person who lived in a thickly wooded area, from Latin ramus
Possibly derived from a variant of Spanish de rondón
meaning "unexpectedly, rashly"
REY (1) English, Spanish, French, Catalan
in Old French, Spanish and Catalan, ultimately from Latin rex
), perhaps originally denoting someone who acted like a king.
From Spanish ribera
meaning "bank, shore"
, from Latin riparius
Means "oak wood"
from Spanish roble
"oak", ultimately from Latin robur
Originally indicated a person who lived near an oak tree or forest, from Spanish roble
"oak", from Latin robur
in Catalan, from Latin rubeus
, originally a nickname for a person with red hair or a red complexion.
in Spanish, referring to the colour of the hair or complexion.
Nickname for a person with red hair, from Latin rubeus "red"
Originally indicated a person from Salamanca, a city in western Spain that is of unknown meaning.
From Spanish sala
meaning "hall" and Basque zahar
meaning "old". It can also refer to the town of Salazar in Burgos, Spain, which is of the same origin.
Derived from Latin salix
meaning "willow tree"
. The name was originally given to one who lived near a willow tree.
Occupational name for a salt worker or someone who lived bear a salt works, from Spanish salina "salt works, salt mine"
, ultimately from Latin sal
Derived from the name of a town in Spain, ultimately from Latin saltus
"forest, glade" and novalis
SANTOS Portuguese, Spanish
in Portuguese and Spanish, ultimately from Latin sanctus
. This was a nickname for a pious person.
Derived from the name of the Sepúlveda Valley in the mountains of Segovia, and was originally used to denote people from that region. It is possibly derived from Spanish sepultar
Originally indicated a dweller on a hill range or ridge, from Spanish sierra "mountain range"
, derived from Latin serra
SILVA Portuguese, Spanish
From Spanish or Portuguese silva
. This is the most common surname in Portugal and Brazil.
SOLER Occitan, Catalan
Denoted a person from any of the numerous places in the area whose names derive from Occitan or Catalan soler
meaning "ground, floor".