HERSCHEL German, Yiddish
Diminutive form of HIRSCH (1)
or HIRSCH (2)
. A famous bearer was the British astronomer William Herschel (1738-1822), as well as his sister Caroline Herschel (1750-1848) and son John Herschel (1792-1871), also noted scientists.
PASTERNAK Polish, Ukrainian, Russian, Yiddish
Means "parsnip" in various Slavic languages, ultimately from Latin pastinaca
. A famous bearer was Boris Pasternak (1890-1960), author of 'Doctor Zhivago'.
PENZIG German, Yiddish
Denoted a person who came from Penzig, the German name for Pieńsk, a town in southwest Poland. Pieńsk
is derived from Polish pień
meaning "tree stump" or "tree trunk".
From Middle High German walch
meaning "foreigner (from a Romance country)".