CHAYKOVSKY Чайковский Russian
Russian form of CHAYKA
. A famous bearer was the Russian composer Pyotr Ilyich Chaykovsky (1840-1893), with the surname commonly Romanized as Tchaikovsky
KOZLOV Козлов Russian
Patronymic from Russian козёл (kozyol)
meaning "male goat"
, probably used to denote a goatherd.
LAGUNOV Лагунов Russian
Patronymic name derived from Russian лагун (lagun)
meaning "water barrel"
. It was used to denote the descendants of a person who made water barrels.
ORLOV Орлов Russian
Patronymic derived from the Russian nickname Орёл (Oryol)
PASTERNAK Пастернак Polish, Ukrainian, Russian, Yiddish
in various Slavic languages, ultimately from Latin pastinaca
. A famous bearer was Boris Pasternak (1890-1960), author of Doctor Zhivago
PAVLOV Павлов Russian, Bulgarian
Means "son of PAVEL"
. A famous bearer of this surname was the Russian scientist Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936), known for his discovery of the conditioned reflex.
RASPUTIN Распутин Russian
From Russian распутье (rasputye)
. A famous bearer was the Russian mystic Grigoriy Rasputin (1869-1916).
ROMANOV Романов Russian
Means "son of ROMAN"
. This was the surname of the last dynasty of Russian tsars.
SOBOL Соболь Russian, Ukrainian, Jewish
Occupational name for a fur trader, from the Slavic word soboli
meaning "sable, marten"
. As a Jewish name it is ornamental.
VINOGRADOV Виноградов Russian
in Russian (ultimately from German), referring to a person who worked at a vineyard or lived near one.
ZIMA Зима Czech, Slovak, Polish, Russian
From a Slavic word meaning "winter"
. This may have been a nickname for a person with a chilly personality.