Basque Surnames

Basque names are used in the Basque Country (northern Spain and southern France).
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ABAROA     Basque
Possibly from Basque abaro meaning "refuge".
ABASOLO     Basque
Means "priest's meadow" from the Basque abas "priest" and solo "meadow".
AIZA     Spanish, Basque
From Basque aitz meaning "rock, stone".
ALDANA     Basque
From the name of a Basque town, derived from aldats meaning "slope".
ARITZA     Spanish, Basque
From Basque aritz meaning "oak tree". This was a nickname of Iñigo, the first king of Pamplona, Spain (9th century).
ARRIOLA     Spanish, Basque
From Basque place names, themselves derived from Basque arri "stone" and -ola "place of, house".
AZAROLA     Basque
Possibly from Basque azeri meaning "fox".
BENGOCHEA     Basque
Variant of BENGOETXEA.
BENGOECHEA     Basque
Variant of BENGOETXEA.
BENGOETXEA     Basque
Means "the house furthest down" from Basque bengo "furthest down" and etxe "house".
ETXEBARRIA     Basque
Basque form of ECHEVERRÍA.
ETXEBERRIA     Basque
Basque form of ECHEVERRÍA.
GARRASTAZU     Basque
From the Basque word arratz "bush" combined with the suffix sta denoting a place.
GEBARA     Basque
Habitational name for someone who lived in Gebara, a place in the Basque province of Araba (Álava).
IBARRA     Basque, Spanish
From Basque place names derived from ibar meaning "meadow".
ITURBURUA     Basque
Means "by the fountain" in Basque.
JASO     Basque
Derived from Basque jats "sorghum". Sorghum is a type of cereal grass.
JASSO     Basque, Spanish
Variant of JASO.
LOYOLA     Spanish, Basque
From Basque loya meaning "mud". This was the surname of Saint Ignatius of Loyola (1491-1556), the founder of Jesuits.
MENDOZA     Spanish, Basque
From a Basque place name derived from mendi "mountain" and (h)otz "cold".
MICHEL (1)     French, German, Dutch, Basque, Polish
Derived from the given name MICHEL, MITXEL or MICHAŁ.
OCHOA     Basque, Spanish
From a Basque nickname meaning "wolf".
OLA     Spanish, Basque
Means "forge" or "shepherd's cabin" from the Basque ola.
SOLO     Basque
Means "dweller on a rural estate".
VITERI     Spanish, Basque
Meaning uncertain, possibly from a Basque place name.
YBARRA     Spanish, Basque
Variant of IBARRA.
ZABALA     Basque
Originally denoted someone who lived in a place of this name in Biscay. It is derived from Basque zabal meaning "large, wide".
ZAMBRANO     Basque
Possibly a habitational name for someone from Zambrana, a town in the province of Álava in Spain.
ZUÑIGA     Basque
From the name of a Spanish town, formerly named Estuniga in Basque, possibly derived from Basque istuin "channel, strait".
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