Basque Surnames

Basque names are used in the Basque Country (northern Spain and southern France).
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Possibly from Basque abaro meaning "refuge".
Means "priest's meadow" from Basque abas "priest" and solo "meadow".
AIZASpanish, Basque
From Basque aitz meaning "rock, stone".
From the name of a Basque town, derived from aldats meaning "slope".
ARITZASpanish, Basque
From Basque aritz meaning "oak tree". This was a nickname of Iñigo, the first king of Pamplona, Spain (9th century).
ARRIOLASpanish, Basque
From Basque place names, themselves derived from Basque arri "stone" and -ola "place of, house".
Possibly from Basque azeri meaning "fox".
Means "the house furthest down" from Basque bengo "furthest down" and etxe "house".
From the Basque word arratz "bush" combined with the suffix sta denoting a place.
Habitational name for someone who lived in Gebara, a village in the province of Álava in Spain.
IBARRABasque, Spanish
From Basque place names derived from ibar meaning "meadow".
Means "by the fountain" in Basque, from iturri "fountain, spring".
Derived from Basque jats "sorghum". Sorghum is a type of cereal grass.
LOYOLASpanish, Basque
From Basque loya meaning "mud". This was the surname of Saint Ignatius of Loyola (1491-1556), the founder of Jesuits.
MENDOZASpanish, Basque
From a Basque place name derived from mendi "mountain" and (h)otz "cold".
MICHEL (1)French, German, Dutch, Basque, Polish
Derived from the given name MICHEL, MITXEL or MICHAŁ.
OCHOABasque, Spanish
From a Basque nickname meaning "wolf".
OLASpanish, Basque
Means "forge" or "shepherd's cabin" from the Basque ola.
From Spanish sala meaning "hall" and Basque zahar meaning "old". It can also refer to the town of Salazar in Burgos, Spain, which is of the same origin.
Means "rural estate" in Basque.
Possibly a variant of SOLO.
Possibly a variant of URBINA.
Derived from Basque ur "water" and bi "two", indicating a place where two waterways met.
VITERISpanish, Basque
Meaning uncertain, possibly from a Basque place name.
Originally denoted someone who lived in a place of this name in Biscay. It is derived from Basque zabal meaning "large, wide".
Possibly a habitational name for someone from Zambrana, a town in the province of Álava in Spain.
From the name of a Spanish town, formerly named Estuniga in Basque, possibly derived from Basque istuin "channel, strait".