From Middle High German biber
meaning "beaver", possibly a nickname for a hard worker.
Means "priest" from Hebrew כֹּהֵן (kohen)
. It originally denoted one of the priestly tribe of Levi.
Means "field" in German. The name was originally given to someone who lived on land cleared of forest.
Means "joy" in German, a nickname for a cheerful person. A famous bearer was the psychologist Sigmund Freud (1856-1939).
Anglicized form of German Grünspan
meaning "verdigris". Verdigris is the green-blue substance that forms on copper.
From German grün
"green" and Berg
"mountain". This name indicated a person who lived on or near a forest-covered mountain.
Occupational name for one who grew or sold oats, derived from Old High German habaro
"oat". As a Jewish surname it is ornamental.
Ornamental name adopted from a biblical place name meaning "altar, mountain of God" in Hebrew.
Diminutive form of HIRSCH (1)
or HIRSCH (2)
. A famous bearer was the British-German astronomer William Herschel (1738-1822), as well as his sister Caroline Herschel (1750-1848) and son John Herschel (1792-1871), also noted scientists.
From the German name of Hořovice, a town in the Czech Republic. Its name is derived from Czech hora
Derived from the name of the Jordan river, which is from Hebrew יָרַד (yarad)
meaning "descend" or "flow down".
Occupational name for a tailor, from German Kleid
meaning "garment, clothing".
KLEINGerman, Dutch, Jewish
Means "small, little" from German klein
or Yiddish kleyn
. A famous bearer of this name is clothes designer Calvin Klein (1942-).
Occupational name meaning "tailor" (from Polish krawiec
). A famous bearer is singer Lenny Kravitz (1964-).
Variant of MATA
. Matos is also a name adopted by Jews of Portuguese and Spanish background. In 1589, Francisco Rodrigues de Matos was accused of being a Rabbi and convicted by the Inquisition, but it is doubtful that he was, in fact, a Rabbi.
Occupational surname for a miller or flour dealer (derived from Polish maczarz
Derived from the given name MENDEL
. A famous bearer was Gregor Mendel (1822-1884), a Czech monk and scientist who did experiments in genetics.
Nickname for a man of moderate means, ultimately from Old High German mittil
Means "nut tree" from the Germanic words nuß
meaning "nut" and baum
PASTERNAKPolish, Ukrainian, Russian, Yiddish
Means "parsnip" in various Slavic languages, ultimately from Latin pastinaca
. A famous bearer was Boris Pasternak (1890-1960), author of 'Doctor Zhivago'.
Denoted a person who came from Penzig, the German name for Pieńsk, a town in southwest Poland. Pieńsk
is derived from Polish pień
meaning "tree stump" or "tree trunk".
Means "prince", used as an ornamental name by Jews or as a nickname for someone who acted in a princely manner.
Ornamental name from German Reis
meaning "twig, branch".
ROSE (1)English, French, German, Scottish, Jewish
Means "rose" from the Middle English, Old French and Middle High German rose
. All denote a person of a rosy complexion or a person who lived in an area abundant with roses. It is also found derived from the Yiddish royz
, which always referred to the flower.
From Middle High German rot
meaning "red". It was originally a nickname for a person with red hair.
Means "red shield, sign" from German rot
"red" and German or Yiddish s(c)hild
"sign, shield". The surname originally came from a family who took their name from a house with a red shield or sign on it. It has since been adopted by unrelated Jews.
Ornamental name meaning "beautiful mountain" from old German schön
"beautiful" and berg
From Old High German snuor
meaning "rope, cord", an occupational name for a maker of rope.
Occupational name for a town crier, from Old High German scrian
meaning "to shout, to yell".
Means "black" in German, from Old High German swarz
. It originally described a person with black hair or a dark complexion.
Ornamental name meaning "sapphire" in Yiddish.
Means "beautiful, handsome" in Yiddish, from German schön
Means "pretty, lovely" in Hebrew, from Aramaic.
Ornamental name derived from German schön
"fine, beautiful" and feld
SOBOLRussian, Ukrainian, Jewish
Occupational name for a fur trader, from the Slavic word soboli
meaning "sable, marten". As a Jewish name it is ornamental.
From Czech sokol
meaning "falcon", a nickname or an occupational name for a falconer. As a Jewish name it is ornamental.
From Old High German stein
meaning "stone". It might indicate the original bearer lived near a prominent stone or worked as a stonecutter. As a Jewish name it is ornamental.
Ornamental name derived from old German stern
"star" and berg
Ornamental name derived from German Wald
meaning "forest" and Vogel
From Middle High German walch
meaning "foreigner (from a Romance country)".
Occupational name for an innkeeper, derived from German wirt
Occupational name for a silversmith from Yiddish zilber
"silver" and schlag
Ornamental name meaning "silver stone", from Yiddish זילבער (zilber)
and שׁטײן (shtain)
, both of Germanic origin.
From the German word for "carpenter", derived from Middle High German zimber
"timber, wood" and mann
From Middle High German zingel
"defensive wall". This name was originally applied to a person who lived near the outermost wall of a castle.
Ornamental name meaning "sweet child", from Yiddish זיס (zis)
meaning "sweet" and קינד (kind)
meaning "child", both words of Germanic origin.