Jewish Surnames

These names are used by Jews. For more specific lists, see Hebrew names and Yiddish names. See also about Jewish names.
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AARON     Jewish, English
From the given name AARON.
ABRAHAM   אַבְרָהָם     Jewish, English, German, French, Spanish, Dutch
Derived from the given name ABRAHAM.
ABRAHAMS     Jewish, English, Dutch
Means "son of ABRAHAM".
ABRAHAMSON     Jewish, English
Means "son of ABRAHAM".
ABRAMS     Jewish, English
Means "son of ABRAHAM".
ADAM     English, French, German, Polish, Romanian, Jewish
Derived from the given name ADAM.
ADAMS     English, Jewish
Derived from the given name ADAM.
ADLER     German, Jewish
Means "eagle" in German.
AMOS   עָמוֹס     Jewish
From the given name AMOS.
AMSEL (1)     Jewish
Derived from the given name ANSHEL.
AVRAHAM     Jewish
From the given name ABRAHAM.
BAUM     German, Jewish
Means "tree" in German.
BAUMANN     German, Jewish
From Middle High German bumann meaning "farmer, builder".
BERKOVICH     Jewish
Means "son of Berko" in Yiddish, Berko being a derivative of BER.
BERKOWICZ     Jewish
Variant of BERKOVICH.
BERKOWITZ     Jewish
Variant of BERKOVICH.
BIEBER     German, Jewish
From Middle High German biber meaning "beaver", possibly a nickname for a hard worker.
BLUM     German, Jewish
Means "flower" in German and Yiddish.
BLUMENTHAL     German, Jewish
Derived from German Blumen "flowers" and Thal "valley".
BLUMSTEIN     Jewish
Yiddish ornamental surname meaning "flower stone" in German.
BÖHMER     German, Jewish
Variant of BÖHM.
BRAMSON     Jewish
Means "son of BRAM".
CHAIKIN   חײקין     Yiddish
From a diminutive of the given name CHAYA.
CLINE     German, Jewish
Anglicized spelling of KLEIN.
COHEN   כֹּהֵן     Jewish
Means "priest" from Hebrew כֹּהֵן (kohen). It originally denoted one of the priestly tribe of Levi.
DAVID     English, French, Scottish, Czech, Portuguese, Jewish
From the given name DAVID.
EZRA   עֶזְרָא     Jewish
From the given name EZRA.
FEIGENBAUM     German, Jewish
Means "a fig tree" in German.
FELD     German, Jewish
Means "field" in German. The name was originally given to someone who lived on land cleared of forest.
FELDT     German, Jewish
Variant of FELD.
FERMI     Italian, Jewish
Locative surname coming from the town of Fermo in Marche region, not far from Rome. It is often a Jewish surname. A Jewish community was in Fermo in the past centuries.
FISHER     English, Jewish
Cognate of FISCHER.
GASS     German, Jewish
Name for someone who lived on a street in a city, from German gasse.
Means "golden stag" in Yiddish.
GREENBERG     German, Jewish
Anglicized form of the German surname Grünberg, which is formed from the words grün "green" and Berg "mountain". This name indicated a person who lived on or near a forest-covered mountain.
GREENSPAN     Jewish
Anglicized form of German Grünspan which meant "verdigris". Verdigris is the green-blue substance that forms on copper.
HABER     German, Jewish
Derived from Middle High German haber "oats". This was an occupational name for one who grew or sold oats.
HAREL     Jewish
Means in Hebrew "mountain of God".
HAYES (3)     Yiddish
Matronymic surname from the Yiddish name Khaye "life".
HERSCHEL     German, Yiddish
Diminutive form of HIRSCH (1) or HIRSCH (2). A famous bearer was the British astronomer William Herschel (1738-1822), as well as his sister Caroline Herschel (1750-1848) and son John Herschel (1792-1871), also noted scientists.
HERSHEY     Jewish
Variant of HIRSCH (2).
HIRSCH (2)     Yiddish
Derived from the given name HERSH.
HOCHBERG     German, Jewish
Means "high hill" in German.
HOROWITZ     German, Jewish
From the German name for Horovice, a town in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic.
JÄGER     German, Jewish
From Middle High German jeger(e) meaning "hunter".
JORDAN (2)     Jewish
Derived from the name of the Jordan river in Israel, which is derived from yarad meaning "descend" or "flow down".
KAUFFMANN     German, Jewish
Variant of KAUFMAN.
KAUFMAN     German, Jewish
Means "merchant" in German.
KLEID     German, Jewish
Occupational name for a tailor, from German Kleid meaning "garment, clothing".
KLEIN     German, Dutch, Jewish
Means "small, little" from German klein or Yiddish kleyn. A famous bearer of this name is clothes designer Calvin Klein (1942-).
KRAKOWSKI     Polish, Jewish
Habitational name for a person from the city of Kraków in southern Poland.
KRAMER     German, Jewish
Variant of KRÄMER.
KRANTZ     Jewish, German, Dutch
Variant of KRANZ.
KRAVITZ     Jewish
Occupational name meaning "tailor" (from Polish krawiec). A famous bearer is singer Lenny Kravitz (1964-).
LANDAU     German, Jewish
Derived from the German town of Landau, which meant "land valley".
LANGER     German, Jewish
German cognate of LONG.
LEHRER     German, Jewish
German surname meaning "teacher".
LEVI     Jewish
From the given name LEVI.
LEVINE     Jewish
Derived from the given name LEVI.
LOWE (1)     Jewish
Germanized variant of LEVI.
MAIER (2)     Jewish
Variant of MAYER (2).
MANDEL     German, Jewish
Means "almond" in German.
Means "almond tree" in German.
MATOS     Portuguese, Jewish
Variant of MATA. Matos is also a name adopted by Jews of Portuguese and Spanish background. In 1589, Francisco Rodrigues de Matos was accused of being a Rabbi and convicted by the Inquisition, but it is doubtful that he was, in fact, a Rabbi.
MAYER (2)     Jewish
From Hebrew meir which means "enlightened".
MEIER (2)     Jewish
Variant of MAYER (2).
MEIR     Jewish
Variant of MAYER (2).
MENCHER     Polish, Jewish
Occupational surname for a miller or flour dealer (derived from Polish maczarz).
MENDEL     Jewish, German
Derived from the given name MENDEL. A famous bearer was Gregor Mendel (1822-1884), a Czech monk and scientist who did experiments in genetics.
MENDELSOHN     Jewish, German
Means "son of MENDEL".
MENDELSSOHN     Jewish, German
Means "son of MENDEL".
MEYER (2)     Jewish
Variant of MAYER (2).
MORGENSTERN     German, Jewish
Ornamental surname meaning "morning star" in German.
MOSES     Jewish, English
Derived from the given name MOSES.
NEUMAN     Jewish, German
Variant of NEUMANN.
NUSSBAUM     German, Jewish
Means "nut tree" from the Germanic words nuß meaning "nut" and baum meaning "tree".
NUSSENBAUM     German, Jewish
Variant of NUSSBAUM.
ORENSTEIN     Yiddish
Means "horn stone" in German.
ÖSTBERG     Swedish, Jewish
Means "mountain (or hill) in the east" from Swedish öst "east" and berg "mountain, hill".
PASCAL     French, Jewish
Derived from the given name PASCAL.
PASTERNACK     Polish, Jewish
Variant of PASTERNAK.
PASTERNAK     Polish, Ukrainian, Russian, Yiddish
Means "parsnip" in various Slavic languages, ultimately from Latin pastinaca. A famous bearer was Boris Pasternak (1890-1960), author of 'Doctor Zhivago'.
PENSAK     Yiddish
Variant of PENZIG.
PENZAG     Yiddish
Variant of PENZIG.
PENZAK     Yiddish
Variant of PENZIG.
PENZIG     German, Yiddish
Denoted a person who came from Penzig, the German name for Pieńsk, a town in southwest Poland. Pieńsk is derived from Polish pień meaning "tree stump" or "tree trunk".
PENZIK     Yiddish
Variant of PENZIG.
PONTECORVO     Italian, Jewish
From the name of a village near Rome, where an Jewish community settled centuries ago.
PRINZ     German, Jewish
Means "prince", used as an ornamental surname by Jews or as a nickname for someone who acted in a princely manner.
RAPP (2)     German, Jewish
Means "dark haired" or "raven-like".
REGENBOGEN     German, Jewish
From a German word meaning "rainbow".
REIS     Jewish
Ornamental name from German Reis meaning "twig, branch".
REUTER (1)     German, Jewish
Means "dweller in a clearing" or "clearer of woodland" from Middle High German riute.
REUTER (2)     German, Jewish
Means "highwayman" from Middle High German riutœre.
RIESE     German, Jewish
Means "giant" from German Riese.
ROSE (1)     English, French, German, Scottish, Jewish
Means "rose" from the Middle English, Old French and Middle High German rose. All denote a person of a rosy complexion or a person who lived in an area abundant with roses. It is also found derived from the Yiddish royz, which always referred to the flower.
ROSENBERG     German, Jewish
Means "rose mountain" in German.
ROSENFELD     German, Jewish
Means "field of roses" in German.
ROT     German, Jewish
Variant of ROTH.
ROTH     German, Jewish
From Middle High German rot meaning "red". It was originally a nickname for a person with red hair.
ROTHENBERG     German, Jewish
Means "red mountain" from German rot meaning "red" and berg meaning "mountain".
ROTHSCHILD     German, Jewish
Means "red shield, sign" from German rot "red" and German or Yiddish s(c)hild "sign, shield". The surname originally came from a family who took their name from a house with a red shield or sign on it. It has since been adopted by unrelated Jews.
SALOMON     French, Jewish
Derived from the given name SALOMON.
SAMSON     English, French, Jewish, Dutch
Derived from the given name SAMSON.
SAMUEL     English, French, German, Jewish
Derived from the given name SAMUEL.
SCHEINBERG     German, Jewish
Means "lovely, beautiful mountain" from German schön "fine, beautiful" and berg meaning "mountain".
SCHENCK     German, Dutch, Jewish
From Middle High German, Middle Dutch schenke meaning "wine server" (from Old High German scenken "to pour out"). As a German name it also denoted a tavernkeeper.
SCHINDLER     German, Jewish
Means "shingler, roof tiler". A famous bearer was Oskar Schindler (1908-1974), who saved over a thousand Polish Jews during World War II.
SCHNEIDER     German, Jewish
From German schneider or Yiddish shnayder, making it a cognate of SNYDER.
SCHNUR     German, Jewish
Means "rope maker" from German schnur or Yiddish shnur.
SCHREIER     German, Jewish
German and Yiddish word meaning "screamer, shrieker, crier", perhaps an occupational name for a town crier. There are two main branches of people with the name: Lutherans from Bavaria, and Ashkenazi Jews from the area of the Austro-Hungarian Empire formerly known as Galicia, which is today in southwestern Ukraine.
SCHWARZ     German, Jewish
From Middle High German swarz meaning "black". It originally described a person with black hair or a black complexion.
SEELENFREUND     German, Jewish
From German seele meaning "soul" and freund meaning "friend".
SEGAL (1)     Jewish
Acronym of the Hebrew phrase SeGan Levia meaning "second rank Levite".
SEIDEL     German, Jewish
From the German word seidel meaning "beer mug".
SHAFIR     Jewish
Ornamental surname meaning "sapphire" from Yiddish shafir.
SHAIN     Jewish
Ornamental surname meaning "beautiful, handsome" from German schön.
SHAPIRO     Jewish
From Hebrew shapir which means "pretty, lovely".
SHEINFELD     German, Jewish
Means "lovely, beautiful field" from German schön "fine, beautiful" and feld meaning "field".
SHERMAN (2)     Jewish
Means "tailor" in Yiddish, derived from sher "scissors".
SIEGEL (3)     Jewish
Variant of SEGAL (1).
SILVERSTEIN     German, Jewish
Means "silver stone" from German Silber and Stein. It was adopted when Jews in Europe were compelled to take surnames in the early part of the 19th century.
SIMON     Czech, Dutch, English, French, German, Hungarian, Jewish
Derived from the given name SIMON (1).
SISKIN     German, Jewish
Means "sweet child" from the words suess meaning "sweet" and kind meaning "child".
SISKIND     German, Jewish
Variant of SISKIN.
SITZ (1)     German, Jewish
Derived from a given name beginning with the Germanic element sigi meaning "victory".
SITZ (2)     German, Jewish
Means "house owner" from Middle High German siz "seat, domicile".
SOBOL     Polish, Jewish
Derived from either Polish sobol meaning "marten" or Old High German zobel meaning "sable".
SOKOL     Czech, Jewish
From Czech sokol meaning "falcon", a nickname or an occupational name for a falconer. As a Jewish name it is ornamental.
SOKOLL     Jewish
Variant of SOKOL.
SOKOLOF     Jewish
Means "son of SOKOL".
SOKOLOFF     Jewish
Means "son of SOKOL".
SOKOLSKY     Jewish
Means "son of SOKOL".
SOLOMON     English, Jewish
Derived from the given name SOLOMON.
SPITZNOGLE     German, Jewish
Means "sharp nail" in German.
STEIN     German, Jewish
From the Old High German word stein meaning "stone". It is common in German-Jewish names like Bernstein and Orenstein.
STOLARZ     Polish, Jewish
Occupational name meaning "joiner" from Polish stolarz.
STUECK     German, Jewish
Means "piece, part" from Middle High German stuck.
SUESS     German, Jewish
From Middle High German süss meaning "sweet".
TOBIAS     English, French, German, Jewish
From the given name TOBIAS.
TOLEDANO     Jewish
Derived from the name of the city of Toledo. During the banishing of the Jews of Spain into Morocco and Africa, many kept their surnames signifying their city of origin.
VANG (2)     Yiddish
Variant of WANG (4).
WALDFOGEL     Jewish
Variant of WALDVOGEL.
WALDVOGEL     Jewish
Ornamental Jewish name derived from German Wald meaning "forest" and Vogel meaning "bird".
WALLACH     Yiddish
From Middle High German walch meaning "foreigner (from a Romance country)".
WANG (4)     Yiddish
Name for a Jew from Hungary, ultimately from Russian Венгрия (Vengriya) "Hungary".
Variant of WARSZAWSKI.
WARSZAWSKI     Polish, Jewish
Place name for someone from the Polish city of Warsaw, itself derived from the given name Warsz, a short form of WARCISŁAW.
WECHSLER     German, Jewish
Means "money changer, banker", from German wechseln "to exchange".
WEXLER     Jewish
Variant of WECHSLER.
WINOGRAD   וינוגרד     Jewish
Jewish form of VINOGRADOV.
WIRTH     German, Jewish
Occupational name for an innkeeper, derived from German wirt meaning "host".
WOLFF     German, Danish, Norwegian, Jewish
Variant of WOLF.
Occupational name for a silversmith from Yiddish zilber "silver" and schlag "strike".
ZIMMAN     Jewish
Possibly a variant of ZIMMERMANN.
ZIMMERMANN     German, Jewish
From the German word for "carpenter", derived from Middle High German zimber "timber, wood" and mann "man".
ZINGEL     Jewish
From Middle High German zingel "defensive wall". This name was originally applied to a person who lived near the outermost wall of a castle.
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