Basque Surnames

Basque names are used in the Basque Country (northern Spain and southern France) by speakers of Basque.
Abaroa Basque
Possibly from Basque abaro meaning "refuge".
Abasolo Basque
Means "priest's meadow" from Basque abas "priest" and solo "meadow".
Aiza Spanish, Basque
From Basque aitz meaning "rock, stone".
Aldana Basque
From the name of a Basque town, derived from aldats meaning "slope".
Aritza Spanish, Basque
From Basque aritz meaning "oak tree". This was a nickname of Iñigo, the first king of Pamplona, Spain (9th century).
Arriola Spanish, Basque
From Basque place names, themselves derived from Basque arri "stone" and -ola "place of, house".
Azarola Basque
Possibly from Basque azeri meaning "fox".
Bengoetxea Basque
Means "the house furthest down" from Basque bengo "furthest down" and etxe "house".
Etxebarria Basque
Original Basque form of Echeverría.
Etxeberria Basque
Original Basque form of Echeverría.
Garrastazu Basque
From the Basque word arratz "bush" combined with the suffix sta denoting a place.
Gebara Basque
Habitational name for someone who lived in Gebara, a village in the province of Álava in Spain.
Ibarra Basque, Spanish
From Basque place names derived from ibar meaning "meadow".
Iturburua Basque
Means "by the fountain" in Basque, from iturri "fountain, spring".
Jaso Basque
Derived from Basque jats meaning "sorghum", a type of cereal grass.
Jasso Basque
Variant of Jaso.
Loyola Spanish, Basque
From the name of a place name near the town of Azpeitia in the Basque Country of Spain, derived from Basque loi meaning "mud". This was the birthplace of Saint Ignatius of Loyola (1491-1556), the founder of Jesuits.
Mendoza Spanish, Basque
From a Basque place name derived from mendi "mountain" and hotz "cold".
Michel French, German, Dutch, Basque
Derived from the given name Michel, Michiel or Mitxel.
Ola Basque
From Basque ola meaning "hut, small house, forge".
Otxoa Basque
From Basque otso meaning "wolf".
Salazar Basque
From Spanish sala meaning "hall" and Basque zahar meaning "old". It can also refer to the town of Salazar in Burgos, Spain, which is of the same origin.
Solo Basque
Means "rural estate" in Basque.
Solos Basque
Possibly a variant of Solo.
Ubiña Basque
Possibly a variant of Urbina.
Urbina Basque
Derived from Basque ur "water" and bi "two", indicating a place where two waterways met.
Viteri Spanish, Basque
Meaning uncertain, possibly from a Basque place name.
Zabala Basque
Originally denoted someone who lived in a place of this name in Biscay. It is derived from Basque zabal meaning "large, wide".
Zubizarreta Basque
Means "old bridge", from Basque zubia "bridge" and zahar "old". A famous bearer is the Spanish soccer player Andoni Zubizarreta (1961-).
Zuñiga Basque
From the name of a Spanish town, formerly named Estuniga in Basque, possibly derived from Basque istuin "channel, strait".