Basque Surnames

Basque names are used in the Basque Country (northern Spain and southern France).
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ABAROABasque
Possibly from Basque abaro meaning "refuge".
ABASOLOBasque
Means "priest's meadow" from Basque abas "priest" and solo "meadow".
AIZASpanish, Basque
From Basque aitz meaning "rock, stone".
ALDANABasque
From the name of a Basque town, derived from aldats meaning "slope".
ARITZASpanish, Basque
From Basque aritz meaning "oak tree". This was a nickname of Iñigo, the first king of Pamplona, Spain (9th century).
ARRIOLASpanish, Basque
From Basque place names, themselves derived from Basque arri "stone" and -ola "place of, house".
AZAROLABasque
Possibly from Basque azeri meaning "fox".
BENGOETXEABasque
Means "the house furthest down" from Basque bengo "furthest down" and etxe "house".
GARRASTAZUBasque
From the Basque word arratz "bush" combined with the suffix sta denoting a place.
GEBARABasque
Habitational name for someone who lived in Gebara, a village in the province of Álava in Spain.
IBARRABasque, Spanish
From Basque place names derived from ibar meaning "meadow".
ITURBURUABasque
Means "by the fountain" in Basque.
JASOBasque
Derived from Basque jats "sorghum". Sorghum is a type of cereal grass.
LOYOLASpanish, Basque
From Basque loya meaning "mud". This was the surname of Saint Ignatius of Loyola (1491-1556), the founder of Jesuits.
MENDOZASpanish, Basque
From a Basque place name derived from mendi "mountain" and (h)otz "cold".
MICHEL (1)French, German, Dutch, Basque, Polish
Derived from the given name MICHEL, MITXEL or MICHAŁ.
OCHOABasque, Spanish
From a Basque nickname meaning "wolf".
OLASpanish, Basque
Means "forge" or "shepherd's cabin" from the Basque ola.
SALAZARBasque
From Spanish sala meaning "hall" and Basque zahar meaning "old". It can also refer to the town of Salazar in Burgos, Spain, which is of the same origin.
SOLOBasque
Means "rural estate" in Basque.
SOLOSBasque
Possibly a variant of SOLO.
UBIÑABasque
Possibly a variant of URBINA.
URBINABasque
Derived from Basque ur "water" and bi "two", indicating a place where two waterways met.
VITERISpanish, Basque
Meaning uncertain, possibly from a Basque place name.
ZABALABasque
Originally denoted someone who lived in a place of this name in Biscay. It is derived from Basque zabal meaning "large, wide".
ZAMBRANOBasque
Possibly a habitational name for someone from Zambrana, a town in the province of Álava in Spain.
ZUÑIGABasque
From the name of a Spanish town, formerly named Estuniga in Basque, possibly derived from Basque istuin "channel, strait".
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