Old Norse Origin Surnames

This is a list of surnames in which the origin is Old Norse. Old Norse was the North Germanic language spoken by the peoples of ancient Scandinavia.
usage
origin
Åberg Swedish
From Swedish å meaning "river, stream" and berg meaning "mountain".
Agnarsson Icelandic
Means "son of Agnar".
Ahlberg Swedish
Ornamental name derived from Swedish al (Old Norse ǫlr) meaning "alder" and berg meaning "mountain".
Ahlgren Swedish
Ornamental name derived from Swedish al (Old Norse ǫlr) meaning "alder" and gren (Old Norse grein) meaning "branch".
Ahlström Swedish
Ornamental name derived from Swedish al (Old Norse ǫlr) meaning "alder" and ström (Old Norse straumr) meaning "stream".
Åkerman Swedish
Swedish form of Ackermann.
Åkesson Swedish
Means "son of Åke".
Alfson Swedish (Anglicized)
Americanized form of Alfsson.
Alfsson Swedish
Means "son of Alf 1".
Almstedt Swedish
Ornamental name derived from Swedish alm (Old Norse almr) meaning "elm" and stad (Old Norse staðr) meaning "town, city".
Alvarsson Swedish
Means "son of Alvar".
Amundsen Norwegian
Means "son of Amund".
Appleby English
From the name of various English towns, derived from Old English æppel "apple" and Old Norse býr "farm, settlement".
Arnesen Norwegian
Means "son of Arne 1".
Årud Norwegian
From Norwegian å meaning "river, stream" and the archaic word rud meaning "clearing".
Arvidsson Swedish
Means "son of Arvid".
Baardsen Norwegian
Means "son of Bård".
Bager Danish
Danish cognate of Baker.
Baggins Literature
Created by J. R. R. Tolkien for the hobbit Bilbo Baggins, the hero of The Hobbit (1937), and also for his cousin Frodo Baggins, the hero of The Lord of the Rings (1954). He probably derived it from the English word bag. The Baggins family home was called Bag End, and Tolkien himself had an aunt who owned a farm by this name, so that may have been his inspiration. Tolkien used English-like translations of many hobbit names; according to his notes the real hobbit-language form of the surname was Labingi.
Bakke Norwegian
Means "slope, hillside" in Norwegian, from Old Norse bakki "bank".
Bakken Norwegian
Means "the slope, the hillside" in Norwegian, from Old Norse bakki "bank".
Beck 1 English, German, Danish, Swedish, Norwegian
Cognate of Bach, from Middle English bekke (from Old Norse), Low German beke or Old Norse bekkr all meaning "stream".
Beckett English
Originally a diminutive of Beck 1 or Beck 3.
Begbie Scottish
From the name of a town in East Lothian, Scotland. It is derived from the Old Norse given name Baggi and býr "farm, settlement".
Berg German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
From a Germanic word meaning "mountain".
Bergfalk Swedish
Derived from Swedish berg meaning "mountain" and falk (Old Norse falki) meaning "falcon".
Berggren Swedish
From Swedish berg meaning "mountain" and gren (Old Norse grein) meaning "branch".
Berglund Swedish
Ornamental name from Swedish berg meaning "mountain" and lund (Old Norse lundr) meaning "grove".
Bergman Swedish
From Swedish berg meaning "mountain" and man (Old Norse maðr) meaning "man", originally a name for a person living on a mountain.
Bergström Swedish
Derived from Swedish berg meaning "mountain" and ström (Old Norse straumr) meaning "stream".
Bjarnesen Danish
Means "son of Bjarne".
Björk Swedish
From Swedish björk meaning "birch tree", Old Norse bjǫrk.
Björklund Swedish
From Swedish björk (Old Norse bjǫrk) meaning "birch tree" and lund (Old Norse lundr) meaning "grove".
Björkman Swedish
From Swedish björk (Old Norse bjǫrk) meaning "birch tree" and man (Old Norse maðr) meaning "man".
Björnsson Swedish
Means "son of Björn".
Blom Swedish
Means "bloom, flower" in Swedish.
Blomgren Swedish
From Swedish blomma (Old Norse blóm) meaning "flower" and gren (Old Norse grein) meaning "branch".
Blomqvist Swedish
From Swedish blomma (Old Norse blóm) meaning "flower" and qvist (Old Norse kvistr) meaning "twig, branch".
Bodilsen Danish
Means "son of Bodil".
Borg Swedish
From Swedish borg meaning "fortification, castle".
Brand 1 German, English
Derived from the Germanic given name Brando or its Old Norse cognate Brandr.
Branson English
Means "son of Brandr".
Byqvist Swedish
Derived from Swedish by (Old Norse býr) meaning "village" and qvist (Old Norse kvistr) meaning "twig, branch".
Byström Swedish
From Swedish by (Old Norse býr) meaning "village" and ström (Old Norse straumr) meaning "stream".
Carr Scottish
Variant of Kerr.
Cason English
From the English place name Cawston, derived from the Old Norse given name Kálfr combined with Old English tun meaning "enclosure, yard, town".
Corey English
Derived from the Old Norse given name Kóri, of unknown meaning.
Cory English
Variant of Corey.
Dahl Norwegian, Swedish, Danish
From Old Norse dalr meaning "valley". A famous of this surname was author Roald Dahl (1916-1990) who is mostly remembered for children's stories such as Matilda and Henry Sugar.
Dahlman Swedish
From Swedish dal (Old Norse dalr) meaning "dale, valley" and man (Old Norse maðr) meaning "man".
Dalgaard Danish
From Old Norse dalr meaning "valley" and garðr meaning "yard, farmstead".
Dam Dutch, Danish
Means "dike, dam" in Dutch and Danish. In modern Danish it also means "pond".
Dane 2 English
Originally denoted a Dane, that is a person from Denmark.
Dustin English
From the Old Norse given name Þórsteinn.
Eerkens Dutch
Variant of Erkens.
Einarsson Swedish
Means "son of Einar".
Ek Swedish
Means "oak" in Swedish.
Eklund Swedish
From Swedish ek (Old Norse eik) meaning "oak" and lund (Old Norse lundr) meaning "grove".
Eld Swedish
From Old Norse eldr, modern Swedish eld, meaning "fire".
Engberg Swedish
Ornamental name derived from Swedish äng (Old Norse eng) meaning "meadow" and berg meaning "mountain".
Engman Swedish
From Swedish äng (Old Norse eng) meaning "meadow" and man (Old Norse maðr) meaning "man", originally a name for a person who lived in a meadow.
Engström Swedish
Ornamental name derived from Swedish äng (Old Norse eng) meaning "meadow" and ström (Old Norse straumr) meaning "stream".
Erckens Dutch
Variant of Erkens.
Erickson English
Means "son of Eric".
Ericson English, Swedish
Means "son of Eric".
Ericsson Swedish
Means "son of Eric".
Eriksen Danish, Norwegian
Means "son of Erik".
Eriksson Swedish
Means "son of Erik".
Erkens Dutch
Derived from the given name Erk, a variant of Erik.
Espensen Norwegian
Means "son of Espen".
Evensen Norwegian
Means "son of Even".
Fisker Danish
Means "fisherman" in Danish.
Forsberg Swedish
Derived from Swedish fors meaning "waterfall" and berg meaning "mountain".
Gulbrandsen Norwegian
Means "son of Gulbrand" in Norwegian.
Guldbrandsen Norwegian, Danish
Means "son of Gulbrand" in Norwegian and Danish.
Gundersen Norwegian
Means "son of Gunder".
Gustafsson Swedish
Means "son of Gustaf". The actress Greta Garbo (1905-1990) was originally named Greta Gustafsson.
Gustavsson Swedish
Means "son of Gustav".
Haakonsson Norwegian
Means "son of Håkon".
Hagen Norwegian, Dutch
From Old Norse hagi or Old Dutch hago meaning "enclosure, pasture".
Haig English, Scottish
From Old English haga or Old Norse hagi meaning "enclosure, pasture".
Håkansson Swedish
Means "son of Håkan".
Hallman Swedish
Occupational variant of Hall.
Halvorsen Norwegian
Means "son of Halvor".
Haraldsen Norwegian
Means "son of Harald".
Haraldsson Swedish
Means "son of Harald".
Heimisson Icelandic
Means "son of Heimir".
Hellström Swedish
From Swedish häll (Old Norse hallr), a type of flat rock, combined with ström (Old Norse straumr) meaning "stream".
Hjort Danish, Swedish
Danish and Swedish cognate of Hart.
Holgersson Swedish
Means "son of Holger".
Holm Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
From Swedish, Danish and Norwegian holme, holm meaning "islet" (Old Norse holmr).
Holmberg Swedish
Ornamental name derived from Swedish holme (Old Norse holmr) meaning "small island" and berg meaning "mountain".
Holme English, Scottish
Referred either to someone living by a small island (northern Middle English holm, from Old Norse holmr) or near a holly tree (Middle English holm, from Old English holegn).
Holmes English, Scottish
Variant of Holme. A famous fictional bearer was Sherlock Holmes, a detective in Arthur Conan Doyle's mystery stories beginning in 1887.
Holmström Swedish
From Swedish holme (Old Norse holmr) meaning "small island" and ström (Old Norse straumr) meaning "stream".
Holt English, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian
From Old English, Old Dutch and Old Norse holt meaning "forest".
Horn English, German, Norwegian, Danish
From the Germanic word horn meaning "horn". This was an occupational name for one who carved objects out of horn or who played a horn, or a person who lived near a horn-shaped geographical feature, such as a mountain or a bend in a river.
Howard 1 English
Derived from the given name Hughard or Hávarðr.
Howe English
Name for one who lived on a hill, from Middle English how "hill" (of Norse origin).
Howse English
Variant of Howe.
Hult Swedish
Swedish form of Holt.
Hume Scottish, English
Variant of Holme. A famous bearer was the philosopher David Hume (1711-1776).
Ingesson Swedish
Means "son of Inge".
Ivarsson Swedish
Means "son of Ivar".
Ivers English, Irish
Patronymic derived from the given name Ivor.
Iversen Norwegian, Danish
Means "son of Iver".
Keir Scottish
Variant of Kerr.
Kerr Scottish
From Scots kerr meaning "rough wet ground", ultimately from Old Norse kjarr.
Kirby English
From numerous towns in northern England named Kirby or Kirkby, derived from Old Norse kirkja "church" and býr "farm, settlement".
Kirk English
From northern Middle English kirk meaning "church", from Old Norse kirkja (cognate of Church). A famous fictional bearer is the starship captain James Kirk from the Star Trek television series (1966-1969), and subsequent films.
Kjær Danish
Topographic name for someone living near a wetland, from Danish kær "marsh", from Old Norse kjarr "thicket".
Kjeldsen Danish
Means "son of Kjeld".
Kjellsson Swedish
Means "son of Kjell".
Knudsen Danish
Means "son of Knud".
Knutsen Norwegian
Means "son of Knut".
Knutsson Swedish
Means "son of Knut".
Lång Swedish
Swedish cognate of Long.
Lang German, Danish, Norwegian
German, Danish and Norwegian cognate of Long.
Lange German, Danish, Norwegian
German, Danish and Norwegian cognate of Long.
Leifsson Icelandic, Swedish
Means "son of Leif".
Lie Norwegian
From Norwegian li, Old Norse hlíð meaning "hillside, slope".
Lien Norwegian
Variant of Lie.
Lind Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
Derived from Old Norse lind meaning "linden tree".
Lindbeck Swedish
From Swedish lind meaning "linden tree" and bäck (Old Norse bekkr) meaning "stream".
Lindberg Swedish
From Swedish lind meaning "linden tree" and berg meaning "mountain".
Lindgren Swedish
From Swedish lind meaning "linden tree" and gren (Old Norse grein) meaning "branch". A famous bearer of this name was Swedish author Astrid Lindgren (1907-2002).
Lindholm Swedish
From Swedish lind meaning "linden tree" and holme (Old Norse holmr) meaning "small island".
Lindqvist Swedish
Ornamental name derived from Swedish lind meaning "linden tree" and qvist (Old Norse kvistr) meaning "twig, branch".
Lindström Swedish
Derived from Swedish lind meaning "linden tree" and ström (Old Norse straumr) meaning "stream".
Ljung Swedish
Means "heather" in Swedish.
Ljungborg Swedish
From Swedish ljung (Old Norse lyng) meaning "heather" and borg meaning "castle".
Ljunggren Swedish
Ornamental name derived from Swedish ljung (Old Norse lyng) meaning "heather" and gren (Old Norse grein) meaning "branch".
Ljungman Swedish
From Swedish ljung (Old Norse lyng) meaning "heather" and man (Old Norse maðr) meaning "man".
Ljungstrand Swedish
From Swedish ljung (Old Norse lyng) meaning "heather" and strand (Old Norse strǫnd) meaning "beach".
Löfgren Swedish
Ornamental name derived from Swedish löv (Old Norse lauf) meaning "leaf" and gren (Old Norse grein) meaning "branch".
Lund Danish, Swedish, Norwegian
Indicated a person who lived near a grove of trees, from Old Norse lundr meaning "grove". There are towns in Sweden named Lund.
Lundberg Swedish
Derived from Swedish lund (Old Norse lundr) meaning "grove" and berg meaning "mountain".
Lunde Norwegian
Variant of Lund.
Lundgren Swedish
Derived from Swedish lund (Old Norse lundr) meaning "grove" and gren (Old Norse grein) meaning "branch".
Lundin Swedish
Variant of Lund.
Lundqvist Swedish
Derived from Swedish lund (Old Norse lundr) meaning "grove" and qvist (Old Norse kvistr) meaning "twig, branch".
Lundström Swedish
From Swedish lund (Old Norse lundr) meaning "grove" and ström (Old Norse straumr) meaning "stream".
Mac Uileagóid Irish
Irish Gaelic form of McElligott.
McElligott Irish
Anglicized form of the Gaelic name Mac Uileagóid meaning "son of Uileagóid", a diminutive of Uilleag.
McIver Irish, Scottish
Means "son of Ivor" in Irish.
Moe Norwegian
Means "sandy ground" in Norwegian.
Moen Norwegian
Means "the sandy ground" in Norwegian.
Möller Low German, Swedish
Low German and Swedish form of Müller.
Monday 1 English
Derived from the Old Norse given name Mundi.
Næss Norwegian
Variant of Ness.
Naess Norwegian
Variant of Ness.
Nass Norwegian
Variant of Ness.
Ness English, Scottish, Norwegian
From English ness and Norwegian nes meaning "headland, promontory", of Old Norse origin, originally referring to a person who lived there.
Nickleby Literature
Created by Charles Dickens for the title character in his novel Nicholas Nickleby (1839). He probably based it on Nicol, a medieval vernacular form of Nicholas, with the common English place name suffix -by, which is derived from Old Norse býr meaning "farm, settlement".
Nordström Swedish
From Swedish nord (Old Norse norðr) meaning "north" and ström (Old Norse straumr) meaning "stream".
Nyberg Swedish
From Swedish ny (Old Norse nýr) meaning "new" and berg meaning "mountain".
Nylund Swedish
From Swedish ny (Old Norse nýr) meaning "new" and lund (Old Norse lundr) meaning "grove".
Nyqvist Swedish
From Swedish ny (Old Norse nýr) meaning "new" and qvist (Old Norse kvistr) meaning "twig, branch".
Nyström Swedish
Ornamental name derived from Swedish ny (Old Norse nýr) meaning "new" and ström (Old Norse straumr) meaning "stream".
Olesen Danish
Means "son of Ole".
Oliver English, Catalan, German, French
Derived from the given name Oliver.
Oliversen Norwegian
Means "son of Oliver".
Oliverson English
Means "son of Oliver".
Oliversson Swedish
Means "son of Oliver".
Olivier French
Derived from the given name Olivier.
Olofsdotter Swedish
Means "daughter of Olof".
Olofsson Swedish
Means "son of Olof".
Olsen Danish
Means "son of Ole".
Olsson Swedish
Means "son of Olaf".
Ölvirsson Icelandic
Means "son of Ölvir".
Öman Swedish
From Swedish ö (Old Norse ey) meaning "island" and man (Old Norse maðr) meaning "man".
Osborne English
Derived from the given name Osborn.
Osbourne English
Derived from the given name Osborn.
Östberg Swedish
From Swedish öst (Old Norse austr) meaning "east" and berg meaning "mountain".
Østberg Norwegian
Norwegian form of Östberg.
Øster Danish
From Danish øst meaning "east", originally denoting a dweller on the eastern side of a place.
Østergård Danish
From Danish øst meaning "east" and gård meaning "enclosure, farm".
Ó Suaird Irish
Means "descendant of Suart" in Irish. Suart is derived from the Old Norse name Sigurd.
Ovesen Norwegian
Means "son of Ove".
Pilkvist Swedish
From Swedish pil (Old Norse píli) meaning "willow" and qvist (Old Norse kvistr) meaning "twig, branch".
Randal English
Derived from the given name Randel.
Randall English
Derived from the given name Randel.
Randell English
Derived from the given name Randel.
Ravn Danish
Means "raven" in Danish, from Old Norse hrafn.
Ray English
Variant of Rey 1, Rey 2, Rye or Wray.
Rolvsson Norwegian
Means "son of Rolf".
Rosenberg German, Swedish, Jewish
Means "rose mountain" in German and Swedish. As a Swedish and Jewish name it is ornamental.
Rowe 2 English
From the medieval name Row, which is either a variant of Roul or short form of Roland.
Rundström Swedish
Ornamental name derived from Swedish rund (from Latin rotundus) meaning "round" and ström (Old Norse straumr) meaning "stream".
Sandberg Swedish, Norwegian, Jewish
From Swedish and Norwegian sand (Old Norse sandr) meaning "sand" and berg meaning "mountain" (or in the case of the Jewish surname, from the Yiddish or German cognates).
Sandström Swedish
From Swedish sand (Old Norse sandr) meaning "sand" and ström (Old Norse straumr) meaning "stream".
Schofield English
From various northern English place names, which were derived from Old Norse skáli "hut" and Old English feld "field".
Selby English
From the name of a village that meant "willow farm" in Old English.
Seward 3 Irish
Anglicized form of Ó Suaird.
Shelby English
Variant of Selby.
Sjöberg Swedish
From Swedish sjö (Old Norse sær) meaning "lake, sea" and berg meaning "mountain".
Sjögren Swedish
From Swedish sjö (Old Norse sær) meaning "lake, sea" and gren (Old Norse grein) meaning "branch".
Skov Danish
Topographic name meaning "forest, wood" in Danish, from Old Norse skógr.
Skovgaard Danish
From a place name, derived from Danish skov "forest, wood" and gård "farm, yard".
Skywalker Popular Culture
From the English words sky and walker, created by George Lucas as the surname for several characters in his Star Wars movie series, notably the hero Luke Skywalker from the original trilogy (beginning 1977). Early drafts of the script had the name as Starkiller.
Söderberg Swedish
From Swedish söder (Old Norse suðr) meaning "south" and berg meaning "mountain".
Solberg Norwegian, Swedish
From a place name, derived from Old Norse sól meaning "sun" and berg meaning "mountain". As a Swedish name it may be ornamental.
Sowards English, Irish
Possibly a variant of Seward 1 or Seward 3.
Stack English
From a nickname for a big person, derived from Middle English stack "haystack", of Old Norse origin.
Stacks English
Variant of Stack.
Steensen Danish
Means "son of Steen".
Steinsson Icelandic
Means "son of Steinn".
Stenberg Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
Derived from Scandinavian sten (Old Norse steinn) meaning "stone" and berg meaning "mountain". As a Swedish name it is ornamental.
Stendahl Swedish
Ornamental name derived from Swedish sten (Old Norse steinn) meaning "stone" and dal (Old Norse dalr) meaning "valley".
Stigsson Swedish
Means "son of Stig".
Strand Norwegian, Swedish, Danish
From Old Norse strǫnd meaning "beach, sea shore". It was originally given to someone who lived on or near the sea.
Ström Swedish
Means "stream" in Swedish.
Strøm Norwegian, Danish
Means "stream" in Norwegian and Danish.
Sundberg Swedish
From Swedish sund meaning "strait" and berg meaning "mountain".
Sundén Swedish
From Swedish sund meaning "sound, strait".
Sundström Swedish
From Swedish sund meaning "strait" and ström (Old Norse straumr) meaning "stream".
Svéd Hungarian
Means "Swedish" in Hungarian.
Svendsen Danish, Norwegian
Means "son of Svend".
Svensen Norwegian
Means "son of Svend".
Svensson Swedish
Means "son of Sven".
Swanson English
Patronymic form of Middle English swein meaning "servant" (of Old Norse origin). This word was also used as a byname, and this surname could be a patronymic form of that.
Szwed Polish
Variant of Szweda.
Szweda Polish
Derived from Polish Szwed meaning "Swede, person from Sweden".
Szwedko Polish
Variant of Szweda.
Taft English
Variant of Toft.
Thorburn English, Scottish
Derived from the Old Norse given name Þórbjǫrn.
Thorn English, Danish
Originally applied to a person who lived in or near a thorn bush.
Thorpe English
From Old Norse þorp meaning "village".
Thorsen Danish, Norwegian
Means "son of Thor".
Thurstan English
Derived from the Old Norse name Þórsteinn.
Tifft English
Variant of Toft.
Toft English
Denoted a person hailing from one of the many places in Britain of that name, derived from Old Norse topt meaning "homestead".
Troelsen Danish
Means "son of Troels".
Trudeau French (Quebec)
From a diminutive of the given name Thouroude, a medieval French form of the Norse name Torvald. This name has been borne by two Canadian prime ministers, Pierre Elliott Trudeau (1919-2000) and his son Justin Trudeau (1971-).
Ulfsson Swedish
Means "son of Ulf".
Vestergaard Danish
From a place name, derived from Danish vest "west" and gård "farm, yard".
Vinter Danish, Norwegian, Swedish
Scandinavian variant of Winter.
Voll 1 Norwegian
Originally indicated a person who lived in a meadow, from Old Norse vǫllr "meadow, field".
Westerberg Swedish
Derived from Swedish *väster (Old Norse vestr) meaning "west" and berg meaning "mountain".
Willoughby English
From the name of various English towns, derived from Old English wilig "willow" and Old Norse býr "farm, settlement".
Winter English, German, Swedish
From Old English winter or Old High German wintar meaning "winter". This was a nickname for a person with a cold personality.
Winther Danish, Swedish
Danish and Swedish variant of Winter.
Wragge English
Derived from the Old Danish given name Wraghi, a variant of Vragi.
Wray English
Originally denoted someone who came from any of the various places of this name in northern England, from Old Norse vrá meaning "corner, nook".