Surnames Categorized "place names"

This is a list of surnames in which the categories include place names.
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Possibly from Basque abaro meaning "refuge".
Originally denoted a person from Anholt in the Netherlands, which means "hold, rest" in Dutch (a place where people could rest for the night).
AYERS (3) English
Indicated a person from the town of Ayr in Scotland. The town was named for the river that flows through it, itself derived from an Indo-European root meaning "water".
From an English place name meaning "Becca's homestead". The byname Becca means "pickaxe" in Old English. A famous bearer is retired English soccer player David Beckham (1975-).
From the name of a town in Northamptonshire, itself meaning "Blæcwulf's meadow" in Old English. Blæcwulf is a byname meaning "black wolf".
BOLTON English
From any of the many places in England called Bolton, derived from Old English bold "house" and tun "enclosure".
BOON (2) English
Originally indicated a person from the town of Bohon, in Manche in France. The town's name is of unknown origin.
Originally denoted one who came from the town of Breisach, in Germany. The town's name is possibly from a Celtic word meaning "breakwater".
BUCKLEY (1) English
From an English place name derived from bucc "buck, male deer" and leah "woodland, clearing".
From the name of various towns in England, typically derived from Old English burna "stream, spring" and ham "home, settlement".
CAMPANA Italian, Spanish
Occupational name from Late Latin campana meaning "bell", ultimately derived from the Italian region of Campania, where bells were produced.
CARDOSO Portuguese, Spanish
From a place name meaning "thorny" in Portuguese and Spanish, ultimately from Latin carduus.
From a place name meaning "cold field", from Old English ceald "cold" and feld "pasture, field".
From a place name, itself derived from Old French chalenge meaning "disputed" and Middle English wode meaning "woods".
From a derivative of Italian colomba "dove" indicating a house where doves were held.
Indicated a person from Franche-Comté, a province in eastern France, which translates to "free county".
DUNBAR Scottish
From the name of a town in East Lothian, Scotland, derived from Gaelic dùn meaning "fort" and barr meaning "summit", so called from its situation on a rock that projects into the sea.
ELY English
From the name of a town in eastern England meaning "eel district".
FREITAS Portuguese
Means "broken" in Portuguese, a name for one who lived on broken, stony ground.
From various English place names, derived from Old English hamel "crooked, mutilated" and tun "enclosure, yard, town".
From Old English heord "herd" and wíc "village, town".
Derived from the name of the English town of Hunnacott, derived from Old English hunig "honey" or the given name Huna combined with cot "cottage".
HORTON English
From the names of various places in England, which are derived from Old English horh "dirt, mud" and tun "enclosure, yard, town".
KEITH Scottish
From a place name that is probably derived from the Brythonic element cet meaning "wood". This was the surname of a long line of Scottish nobles.
KELSEY English
From an English place name meaning "Cenel's island", from the Old English name Cenel "fierce" in combination with eg "island".
KERR Scottish
From Scots kerr meaning "rough wet ground", ultimately from Old Norse kjarr.
KILLAM English
Denoted one who hailed from the English town of Kilham, meaning "kiln homestead".
KIRBY English
From numerous towns in northern England named Kirby or Kirkby, derived from Old Norse kirkja "church" and býr "farm, settlement".
Derived from various places names, of Old English origin meaning "long hill" (effectively "ridge").
LANGLEY (1) English
From any of the various places with this name, all derived from Old English lang "long" and leah "woodland, clearing".
From the name of the town of Laterza near Taranto in Apulia. It is typical of southern Italy.
LONDON English
From the name of the capital city of the United Kingdom, the meaning of which is uncertain.
LYNDON English
Originally from a place name meaning "linden tree hill" in Old English.
MEDINA Spanish
Means "(Arab) city" in Spanish, derived from Arabic مدينة (madinah).
MILANO Italian
Originally indicated someone who came from MILAN.
MONROE Scottish
Designated a person who had originally lived near the mouth of the Roe River in Derry, Ireland.
MURRAY (1) Scottish
Derived from the region in Scotland called Moray meaning "seaboard settlement". A notable bearer of this surname was General James Murray (1721-1794), who was the first British Governor-General of Canada.
Originally denoted one who came from a town of this name England, meaning "north farm".
ORTEGA Spanish
From a Spanish place name (belonging to various villages) derived from ortiga "nettle".
PEAK English
Originally indicated a dweller by a pointed hill, from Old English peac "peak". It could also denote a person from the Peak District in Derbyshire, England.
From the name of various English places meaning "priest's cottage" in Old English.
RHODES English
Topographic name derived from Old English rod meaning "cleared land", or a locational name from any of the locations named with this word.
Derived from the name of a town in Spain, ultimately from Latin saltus "forest, glade" and novalis "unploughed land".
From the name of the English city of Stafford, Staffordshire, derived from Old English stæð meaning "wharf, landing place" and ford meaning "ford, river crossing".
SUTTON English
From various English place names meaning "south town".
TRENT English
Denoted one who lived near the River Trent in England.
Means "from Amstel", a Dutch river that means "water area".
Means "from Breda", a city in the province of Noord-Brabant in the Netherlands. It is derived from Dutch breed meaning "wide" and Aa, the name of a river.
Originally denoted someone who lived in a place of this name in Biscay. It is derived from Basque zabal meaning "large, wide".
ZELLWEGER German (Swiss)
Originally denoted a person from the Appenzell region of Switzerland. The place name is derived from Latin abbatis cella meaning "estate of the abbot". A famous bearer is actress Renée Zellweger (1969-).