Occupational name for a farmer, derived from Old High German huoba
"plot of land, farm".
HUMMEL (2)German, Dutch
Nickname for a busy person, from Middle Low German and Middle Dutch hommel
, Middle High German hummel
, all meaning "bee".
From the name of the town of Ingersleben, Germany, which meant "Inge's village".
In the village of Jollenbeck Germany, there is a river called the Jölle river which gave Jöllenbeck its name.
From Middle High German junc
From a nickname meaning "bald-headed" in German.
From Middle High German keiser
meaning "emperor", originally a nickname applied to someone who acted kingly. The title ultimately derives from the Roman name CAESAR
Occupational surname that indicated a butcher who sold veal meat or a butcher who slaughtered calves. In German kalb
means "calf" and fleisch
Means "a person who lives near or works at a chapel" from Middle High German kappel
From the Low German area around Paderborn. The ending of the name is derived from German meyer
Derived from the German word Katze
Means "wedge shaped" in German. It was used to denote a person who owned a wedge-shaped piece of land.
From Middle High German këller
meaning "cellar". This is either an occupational name for a cellarer or a name for a person who lived in a cellar.
German form of KEMP
. In order to Americanize the name, some people dropped the letter f
, altering the name to the English version.
Derived from German kern
"seed". It is an occupational name for one who sold or planted seeds.
Derived from German kufe
meaning "barrel". This was an occupational name for a barrel maker.
Derived from Middle High German kirche
"church". The name was probably given to someone who worked at a church or lived near one.
Occupational name meaning "chest maker, cabinetmaker" in German.
Occupational name for a tailor, from German Kleid
meaning "garment, clothing".
KLEINGerman, Dutch, Jewish
Means "small, little" from German klein
or Yiddish kleyn
. A famous bearer of this name is clothes designer Calvin Klein (1942-).
Occupational name for a shoemaker (derived from Low German knif
meaning "shoemaker's knife").
Originally a nickname for a noisy or disruptive person, derived from Old German knellen
"to make noise, to cause a disturbance".
From German knochen
"bone" and mus
"sauce". It probably referred to someone who worked in the butcher trade.
Means "button" in German, originally belonging to a button maker or button seller.
Derived from Middle High German kol
From Middle High German koler
meaning "charcoal burner" or "charcoal seller".
Means "mace" in German. A mace is a heavy medieval war club with a spiked or flanged metal head, used to crush armour.
From Middle High German kræmer, kramære, kromer
and Middle Low German kramer, kremer, kromer
meaning "shopkeeper, grocer".
From Middle High German krus
meaning "curly". Originally a nickname for a person with curly hair.
German word meaning "crab", perhaps a nickname for a person with a crab-like walk.
Means "crown", perhaps a nickname for one who worked in a royal household.
Nickname for a crippled person or someone who walked with a cane, from German krücke
In southern Germany: Means "potter" from Middle High German kruoc
meaning "jug, pot".
Occupational surname meaning "potter", from Middle High German kruse
Occupational surname for a baker who made small cakes or cookies. It is derived from Middle High German kuoche
Occupational name for a maker of spindles (Middle German kunkel
"spindle", ultimately from Latin conus
From Middle High German lehenman
"vassal, liege man".
Referred to one who dwells on the hillside; one who came from the Leite
"slope". This is the name of several places in Germany.
Derived from either Leitzkau
, a town close to Magdeburg, Germany, or from LEITZ
Means "springtime" in German, from a nickname.
From a nickname meaning "man". This may have originally been given in order to distinguish the bearer from a younger person with the same name.
From Old German marka
"border, boundary" and ward
"protector". This was an occupational name for a border guard.
Occupational name meaning "wall builder" in German.
From a nickname meaning "mouse" from the word mûs
(Middle High German, Old High German).
Derived from the given name MENDEL
. A famous bearer was Gregor Mendel (1822-1884), a Czech monk and scientist who did experiments in genetics.
Occupational surname for one who made knives, from German messer
Occupational name for a cutler derived from Middle High German metze
Means "butcher" in German, given to people who practiced that profession.
From the Middle High German word meier
meaning "higher, superior". It was used for landholder's stewards or great farmers or leaseholders (nowadays a Meier
is a dairy farmer). Meier
are used more often in northern Germany while Maier
are used in southern Germany.
Name for someone who lived near a peat bog, from the Middle High German word mos
German equivalent of MILLER
, derived from Middle High German mülnære
Means "nail" in German and Dutch, and is probably related to the occupation of carpenter. It could also refer to a smith who specifically made nails.
Derived from the name of a city in Germany. It was first spelled Nurnberger and then Nuremberger.
Means "nut tree" from the Germanic words nuß
meaning "nut" and baum
Means "from the uppermost end of a village, top of a house" from Middle High German ober, obar
Means "oil hill" from the Germanic oel
"oil" and berg
Originally a name designating a person from Ursel, Germany.
Means "tall, thin, pole-like" from Old French piel
, although it may also have denoted a person who lived by a pole, or who worked with poles.
Means "glutton" from Late Latin pappare
meaning "to eat".
PATERNOSTEREnglish, French, German, Italian
Occupational name for a maker of rosaries, also called paternosters. They are derived from the Latin phrase pater noster
"our Father", the opening words of the Lord's Prayer.
Denoted a person who came from Penzig, the German name for Pieńsk, a town in southwest Poland. Pieńsk
is derived from Polish pień
meaning "tree stump" or "tree trunk".
From a nickname meaning "priest, cleric" in German.
Derived from the term pfenni(n)c
meaning "penny". It was used in reference to feudal tax obligations.
Means "plank" from Latin plancus
. This could have referred to a person who lived by a plank bridge over a stream, someone who was as thin as a board, or a carpenter.
Originally a name for someone who lived by a field where cattle fodder was grown or else grew cattle fodder, from pletsch
Derived from German pfoertner
, which means "gatekeeper".
Means "prince", used as an ornamental name by Jews or as a nickname for someone who acted in a princely manner.
From a nickname meaning "showy, pompous", derived from an old southern German word meaning "toad".
From Middle High German raben
meaning "raven", a nickname for a person with black hair.
Means "heron" in German, a nickname for a person with long legs.
From Middle High German ris
meaning "twig, branch, bush", denoting a person who lived in an overgrown area. As a Jewish name it is ornamental.
Derived from Middle High German retich
, Middle Low German redik
meaning "radish", an occupational name for a grower or seller of radishes.
Means "judge" in German, from Middle High German rihtære
From Middle High German riter
meaning "rider, knight", a cognate of RYDER
ROSE (1)English, French, German, Jewish
Means "rose" from Middle English, Old French and Middle High German rose
, all from Latin rosa
. All denote a person of a rosy complexion or a person who lived in an area abundant with roses. As a Jewish surname it is ornamental, from Yiddish רויז (roiz)
From Middle High German rot
meaning "red". It was originally a nickname for a person with red hair.
From Old High German riuten
"to clear land" and bur
From Middle High German rot
meaning "red" and berg
meaning "mountain". As a Jewish name it may be ornamental.
Originally indicated a person from Saxony (German Sachsen
). The region was named for the Germanic tribe of the Saxons, ultimately derived from the Germanic word sahs
Originally denoted a person from the town of Sallern in Bavaria, possibly from a Celtic element meaning "stream".
Denoted a person who lived by a prominent sallow tree, from Middle High German salhe
Originally denoted a person from Salzwedel, Germany, which is of Old Saxon origin meaning "salt ford".
Occupational name for a cobbler, from Latin sutor
From Middle High German, Middle Dutch schenke
meaning "wine server" (from Old High German scenken
"to pour out").
Occupational name for a cutter of cloth or a sheep-shearer, from Old High German skeran
Occupational name for a roof tiler, from Middle High German schindel
"shingle". A famous bearer was Oskar Schindler (1908-1974), who saved over a thousand Polish Jews during World War II.
Means "fencer, fencing master", from Old High German skirmen
meaning "to defend".
From Middle High German slinderen
"to dawdle" or Middle Low German slinden
"to swallow, eat".
Occupational name for a locksmith, derived from Old High German sloz
Occupational name derived from Middle High German smit
"smith, metalworker", a cognate of SMITH
From Old High German snuor
meaning "rope, cord", an occupational name for a maker of rope.
Originally indicated a person from Schötmar, Germany (now part of the city of Bad Salzuflen in North Rhine-Westphalia).
From Middle High German schrecken
meaning "to frighten, to scare".
Occupational name for a town crier, from Old High German scrian
meaning "to shout, to yell".
Means "beer-porter, wine-porter" in German, an occupational name for a carrier of wine or beer barrels.
From Middle High German schuochwürte
meaning "shoemaker, cobbler".
From the Middle High German occupational name schuochmacher
Means "scholar, student" in German, ultimately from Latin schola
Occupational name derived from Middle High German schultheiße
meaning "mayor, judge".
Means "shoemaker, cobbler", from Middle High German schuoch
"shoe" and suter
, from Latin sutor
Means "watchman, guard" from Middle High German schützen
From the name of a town in southern Germany, possibly related to German Schwan
Means "black" in German, from Old High German swarz
. It originally described a person with black hair or a dark complexion.
From a place name, derived from Old High German swarz
meaning "black" and ecka
meaning "edge, corner". A famous bearer of this name is actor and politician Arnold Schwarzenegger (1947-).
Occupational name for a blacksmith, literally meaning "swing hammer" in German.