Czech Surnames

Czech names are used in the Czech Republic in central Europe. See also about Czech and Slovak names.
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ADAMÍK Czech
Czech diminutive form of ADAM.
BÁRTA Czech
From a given name which was a diminutive of BARTOLOMĚJ.
BARTOŠ Czech, Slovak
Derived from Bartoš, a diminutive of BARTOLOMĚJ or BARTOLOMEJ.
BENEŠ Czech
Derived from a diminutive of the given name BENEDIKT.
BERAN Czech
Derived from Czech beran meaning "ram".
BERÁNEK Czech
Means "little ram, male lamb" in Czech.
BERNARD French, English, Dutch, Czech
From the given name BERNARD.
BISKUP Czech, Slovak
Czech and Slovak cognate of BISHOP.
BLÁHA Czech
Derived from a diminutive of BLAŽEJ.
BLAŽEK Czech
Derived from a given name which was a diminutive of BLAŽEJ.
BOBAL Czech
Derived from Czech bob meaning "bean".
BROŽ Czech
Derived from Brož, a diminutive of AMBROŽ.
BUREŠ Czech
Derived from a diminutive of the old Slavic given name Burian, of uncertain meaning.
ČECH Czech
Means "Czech". The name was used to differentiate a native of Bohemia from the natives of Silesia, Moravia and other regions that are now part of the Czech Republic.
ČERMÁK Czech
Means "redstart (bird)" in Czech.
CERMAK Czech
Anglicized form of ČERMÁK.
ČERNÝ Czech
Means "black" in Czech.
ČERVENY Czech
Means "red" in Czech.
CHALUPA Czech
Means "cottage" in Czech.
CHALUPNÍK Czech
Derived from Czech chalupa meaning "cottage". The name referred to a peasant farmer who owned a very small piece of land.
CHMELA Czech
Derived from Czech chmel "hops", referring to a person who grew hops, a plant used in brewing beer.
CHVÁTAL Czech
Derived from chvátat meaning "to hurry".
ČÍŽEK Czech
Means "siskin" in Czech, referring to a type of bird in the finch family.
ČTVRTNÍK Czech
Derived from Czech čtvrtlán meaning "one quarter of a lán", where a lán is a medieval Czech measure of land (approximately 18 hectares). The name denoted someone who owned this much land.
DOLEŽAL Czech
Nickname for a lazy person, derived from the past participle of the Czech verb doležat "to lie down".
DOUBEK Czech
Means "small oak" in Czech, derived from dub "oak".
DUŠEK Czech
Derived from a diminutive of DUŠAN.
DVOŘÁK Czech
Occupational name derived from Czech dvůr "manor", indicating a person who worked at such a place. This name was borne by the Czech composer Antonín Dvořák (1841-1904).
FIALA Czech
Means "violet" in Czech, referring to the flower. It may have originally referred to a person who lived near a sign bearing violets, or it may have been given to a person who lived in a place where violets grew.
FILIPEK Polish, Czech
Derived from a diminutive of the given name FILIP.
HÁJEK Czech
Means "thicket" in Czech, a diminutive of háj "woods".
HASEK Czech
From a diminutive of the given name HAVEL.
HAVEL Czech
Derived from the given name HAVEL.
HAVELKA Czech
Means "son of HAVEL" in Czech.
HAVLÍČEK Czech
From a diminutive of the given name HAVEL.
HLAVÁČ Czech
From a nickname for a person with an oddly-shaped head, derived from Czech hlava "head".
HLAVÁČEK Czech
Diminutive form of HLAVÁČ.
HOLUB Czech, Ukrainian
Means "dove, pigeon" in Czech and Ukrainian.
HORÁČEK Czech
Diminutive derived from Czech hora "mountain".
HORÁK Czech
Derived from Czech hora "mountain".
HORNÍK Czech, Slovak
Occupational name meaning "miner" in Czech and Slovak.
HRABĚ Czech
Means "count" in Czech, perhaps used to denote someone who worked for a count or acted like a count.
HRUBÝ Czech
Means "crude, coarse" in Czech.
HRUŠKA Czech
Means "pear" in Czech, most likely used to denote a person who grew or sold pears.
JAHODA Czech
Czech cognate of JAGODA.
JANDA Czech, Polish
Derived from the given name JAN (1).
JANDÁČEK Czech
From a diminutive of the given name JAN (1).
JANÍČEK Czech
Derived from the given name JAN (1).
JEDLIČKA Czech
Derived from Czech jedle meaning "fir tree", perhaps given to a person who lived near a prominent one.
JEHLIČKA Czech
From Czech jehla meaning "needle", most likely borne by tailors in reference to their occupation.
JELEN Czech
From a nickname meaning "stag" in Czech.
JELÍNEK Czech
Diminutive of JELEN.
JEŽ Slovene, Czech
Cognate of JEŻ.
JEŽEK Czech
Diminutive form of JEŽ.
KADER (1) Czech
Archaic variant of KUDRNA.
KADLEC Czech
Means "weaver" in Czech.
KLADIVO Czech
Means "hammer" in Czech. The name most likely started as a nickname for a blacksmith.
KLIMA Czech
Derived from Klima, a diminutive of KLIMENT.
KLÍMEK Czech
Derived from Klímek, a diminutive of KLIMENT.
KLIMY Czech
Means "descendant of Klima", Klima being a diminutive of KLIMENT.
KOHOUT Czech
Means "rooster" in Czech.
KOLÁŘ Czech
Means "wheelwright", a derivative of Czech kolo "wheel".
KOPECKY Czech
Derived from Czech kopec "hill". The name was perhaps given to a person who lived close to a hill.
KOSTELECKY Czech
Originally denoted a person from a village named Kostelec. The place name Kostelec is derived from the Czech word kostel "church".
KOVÁČ Slovak, Czech
Slovak and Czech cognate of KOVAČ.
KOVAC Slovak, Croatian, Serbian, Czech
Simplified spelling of KOVÁČ or KOVAČ.
KOVÁŘ Czech
Czech cognate of KOVAČ.
KRALL Czech
From Czech král "king". It referred to one connected in some way with a king's household or one who played the part of a king in a pageant or play.
KRAMR Czech
Czech form of KRAMER.
KRATOCHVIL Czech
Derived from the Czech kratochvile "pastime".
KREJCI Czech
Means "tailor" in Czech.
KRIŽ Czech, Slovak, Slovene
Means "cross" in Czech.
KUCERA Czech
Means "curl" in Czech, a nickname for a person with curly locks of hair.
KUDRNA Czech
Cognate of KUCERA.
KYSELY Czech, Slovak
Means "sour" in Czech. It was most likely used to denote a person known for his bad mood.
LANIK Czech
Derived from Czech lan, a measure of land equal to approximately 18 hectares. The name loosely translates as "farmer" and thus is considered a Moravian cognate of Sedlák.
LÁSKA Czech, Slovak
Means "love" in Czech and Slovak.
LUKSKA Czech
Derived from the given name LUKAS.
MACEK Czech
Derived from the name Macek, a diminutive of MATEJ.
MACHÁN Czech
Derived from the given name Mach (a Czech diminutive of MICHAEL or MATĚJ).
MALY Polish, Czech
Means "small" in the Slavic languages.
MAREK Czech, Polish, Hungarian
Derived from the given name MAREK.
MARTIN English, French, German, Czech
Derived from the given name MARTIN.
MARTÍNEK Czech
Derived from the given name MARTIN.
MARUŠKA Czech
Derived from the given name MARIE.
MAŠEK Czech
Derived from the given name Mašek which can be a diminutive of either MATĚJ or TOMÁŠ.
MÁSELNÍK Czech
Referred to one who churned or sold butter or buttermilk, derived from Czech máslo "butter".
MATĚJKA Czech
Derived from the given name MATĚJ.
MATOUŠEK Czech
Derived from a diminutive of the given name MATOUŠ.
MLYNARIK Czech
Means "a miller" in Czech.
MORAVEC Czech
Originally indicated a person from Moravia.
MUSIAŁ Czech
Polish form of MUSIL.
MUSIL Czech
Means "the one who had to", from the past participle of the verb must.
MYSKA Czech
Means "a mouse" in Czech.
NAVRÁTIL Czech
Derived from the past participle of the verb navrátit "to return". The name was perhaps used to denote a person who came back to his home following a long absence.
NEDBALEK Czech
Refers to one who is careless. It is of Czech and Polish origin.
NEDVĚD Czech
Variant of MEDVED, derived from the dialectal nedvěd.
NEMEC Czech
Means "German" in Czech.
NEMEČEK Czech
Diminutive of NEMEC.
NOSEK Czech, Polish
Means "small nose" in Czech and Polish.
NOVÁČEK Czech
Diminutive of NOVAK.
NOVÁK Czech, Slovak, Hungarian
Czech, Slovak and Hungarian form of NOVAK.
NOVOSAD Czech
Means "new settler", "new land" or "new orchard". It is Moravian in origin.
NOVOTNY Czech
Czech variant of NOVAK.
PECHÁČEK Czech
From a diminutive of the given name PETR.
PEŠEK Czech
From a diminutive of the given name PETR.
PODSEDNÍK Czech
Means "one who sits behind" in Czech, an equivalent to Zahradník mainly used in the region of Moravia.
POKORNÝ Czech, Slovak
Means "humble" in Czech and Slovak.
POLÁK Czech
Means "Pole, person from Poland" in Czech.
POLOLÁNÍK Czech
Derived from Czech polo "one half" and lán, a medieval Czech measure of land (approximately 18 hectares). The name denoted someone who owned this much land.
POSPÍŠIL Czech
Nickname for a person in a hurry, from Czech pospíšit "hurry".
PRAŽAK Czech
Means "from PRAGUE" in Czech.
PROCHÁZKA Czech
Means "walk, wander, stroll" in Czech. This was an occupational name for a travelling tradesman.
PULKRÁBEK Czech
Derived from the medieval status name purkrabí meaning "burgrave". It is derived from German Burggraf meaning "castle count".
ŘEHA Czech
Derived from the given name ŘEHOŘ.
ŘEZNÍČEK Czech
Diminutive of ŘEZNÍK.
ŘEZNÍK Czech, Slovak
Means "butcher" in Czech and Slovak.
RŮŽIČKA Czech
Means "little rose" in Czech.
RYBA Czech, Polish
Means "fish" in Czech and Slovak, an occupational name for a fisher.
RYBÁŘ Czech
Means "fisher" in Czech, from ryba meaning "fish".
SCHOVAJSA Czech
Means "hide yourself", of Moravian origin.
SEDLÁČEK Czech
Diminutive form of SEDLÁK.
SEDLÁK Czech
Means "farmer" in Czech. A sedlák had more land than a Zahradník or a Chalupník, but less land than a Dvořák.
ŠEVČÍK Czech
Occupational name derived from Czech švec meaning "shoemaker, cobbler".
ŠIMEK Czech
Derived from the name Šimek, a diminutive of ŠIMON.
ŠIMON Czech, Slovak
Derived from the given name ŠIMON.
SKÁLA Czech
Means "rock" in Czech, indicating that the original bearer lived near a prominent rock.
SKALICKÝ Czech, Slovak
Indicated the original bearer came from a place named Skalice, Skalica or Skalička in the Czech Republic or Slovakia, derived from the Slavic root skala meaning "rock".
SLAVÍK Czech
Means "nightingale" in Czech.
SLEZÁK Czech
Originally a name for a person from SILESIA, a historical region that is nowadays split between Poland, Germany and the Czech Republic.
SLOVÁK Czech, Slovak
Originally described one who was from Slovakia.
SMOLA Czech
Variant of SMOLAK.
SMOLAK Polish, Czech
Occupational name for a distiller of pitch, derived from the Slavic word smola meaning "pitch, resin".
SOKOL Czech, Jewish
From Czech sokol meaning "falcon", a nickname or an occupational name for a falconer. As a Jewish name it is ornamental.
SOUČEK Czech
From Czech suk meaning "tree knot". This could either be a topographic name or a nickname for a stubborn person.
STANEK (2) Czech
Derived from Stanek, a diminutive of the name STANISLAV.
STÁREK Czech
Czech cognate of STAREK.
ŠTĚPÁNEK Czech
Derived from a diminutive of the given name ŠTĚPÁN.
STRNAD Czech, Slovene
Means "bunting" in Czech and Slovene.
STRUNA Slovene, Czech
From Slavic struna meaning "string, cord", possibly denoting a maker of rope.
SUCHÝ Czech
Means "dry" in Czech. This was a nickname for a thin person.
SVOBODA Czech
Means "freedom" in Czech. This was a medieval name for a freeman, someone who was not a serf.
SÝKORA Czech, Slovak
Means "tit (bird)" in Czech and Slovak.
TESAŘ Czech
Means "carpenter" in Czech, ultimately from the Slavic word tesla meaning "adze".
TESAŘIK Czech
Diminutive of TESAŘ.
VACEK Czech
Derived from the given name VÁCLAV.
VACÍK Czech
Derived from the given name VÁCLAV.
VALENTA Czech
Derived from the given name VALENTIN.
VANČURA Czech
Derived from the given name VÁCLAV.
VANĚK Czech
From an archaic diminutive of the given name VÁCLAV.
VAŠEK Czech
Derived from the given name VAŠEK.
VÁVRA Czech
Derived from the given name Vávra, a diminutive of VAVŘINEC.
VESELA Czech
Moravian Czech variant of VESELÝ.
VESELÝ Czech
From a nickname meaning "cheerful" in Czech.
VLASÁK Czech
Derived from Czech vlas "hair", probably referring to a barber or a person who bought and sold hair.
VLČEK Czech
Diminutive form of Czech vlk meaning "wolf".
VRUBEL Czech
From a nickname derived from Czech vrabec meaning "sparrow".
ZAHRADNÍK Czech
Derived from Czech zahrada meaning "garden". It referred to someone who owned less land than a Sedlák or a Dvořák, but more land than a Chalupník.
ZELENKA Czech
Czech cognate of ZIELIŃSKI.
ZEMAN Czech
Means "landowner", derived from Czech zem "land". A famous bearer is the soccer coach Zdeněk Zeman (1947-).
ZIMA Czech, Slovak, Polish, Russian, Ukrainian
From a Slavic word meaning "winter". This may have been a nickname for a person with a chilly personality.
ŽITNIK Slovene, Czech
From the Slavic root žito meaning "rye". This was an occupational name for a dealer in rye or a baker.