Occupational name for a farmer, derived from Old High German huoba
"plot of land, farm".
HUMMEL (2) German, Dutch
Nickname for a busy person, from Middle Low German and Middle Dutch hommel
, Middle High German hummel
, all meaning "bee".
From the name of the town of Ingersleben, Germany, which meant "Inge's village".
Means "hunter" in German, from Old High German jagon
meaning "to hunt".
From the name of a village in western Germany, itself derived from the name of the Jölle, a small river, combined with Low German beck
Means "young" in German, from Middle High German junc
From a nickname meaning "bald-headed" in German.
From Middle High German keiser
meaning "emperor", originally a nickname applied to someone who acted kingly. The title ultimately derives from the Roman name CAESAR
Occupational surname that indicated a butcher who sold veal meat or a butcher who slaughtered calves. In German kalb
means "calf" and fleisch
KAPPEL German, Dutch
Means "a person who lives near or works at a chapel" from Middle High German kappel
From the Low German area around Paderborn. The ending of the name is derived from German meyer
Derived from the German word Katze
Means "wedge shaped" in German. It was used to denote a person who owned a wedge-shaped piece of land.
KELLER German, Hungarian
From Middle High German këller
meaning "cellar". This is either an occupational name for a cellarer or a name for a person who lived in a cellar.
German form of KEMP
. In order to Americanize the name, some people dropped the letter f
, altering the name to the English version.
Derived from German kern
"seed". It is an occupational name for one who sold or planted seeds.
KIEFER (2) German
Derived from German kufe
meaning "barrel". This was an occupational name for a barrel maker.
Derived from Middle High German kirche
"church". The name was probably given to someone who worked at a church or lived near one.
Occupational name meaning "chest maker, cabinetmaker" in German.
KLEID German, Jewish
Occupational name for a tailor, from German Kleid
meaning "garment, clothing".
KLEIN German, Dutch, Jewish
Means "small, little" from German klein
or Yiddish kleyn
. A famous bearer of this name is clothes designer Calvin Klein (1942-).
Occupational name for a shoemaker (derived from Low German knif
meaning "shoemaker's knife").
Originally a nickname for a noisy or disruptive person, derived from Old German knellen
"to make noise, to cause a disturbance".
From German knochen
"bone" and mus
"sauce". It probably referred to someone who worked in the butcher trade.
Means "button" in German, originally belonging to a button maker or button seller.
Derived from Middle High German kol
From Middle High German koler
meaning "charcoal burner" or "charcoal seller".
Means "mace" in German. A mace is a heavy medieval war club with a spiked or flanged metal head, used to crush armour.
From Middle High German kræmer, kramære, kromer
and Middle Low German kramer, kremer, kromer
meaning "shopkeeper, grocer".
From Middle High German krus
meaning "curly". Originally a nickname for a person with curly hair.
German word meaning "crab", perhaps a nickname for a person with a crab-like walk.
KRON German, Swedish
Means "crown", perhaps a nickname for one who worked in a royal household.
Nickname for a crippled person or someone who walked with a cane, from German krücke
KRÜGER (2) German
In southern Germany: Means "potter" from Middle High German kruoc
meaning "jug, pot".
KRUSE (2) German
Occupational surname meaning "potter", from Middle High German kruse
Occupational surname for a baker who made small cakes or cookies. It is derived from Middle High German kuoche
Occupational name for a maker of spindles (Middle German kunkel
"spindle", ultimately from Latin conus
From Middle High German lehenman
"vassal, liege man".
Referred to one who dwells on the hillside; one who came from the Leite
"slope". This is the name of several places in Germany.
Derived from either Leitzkau
, a town close to Magdeburg, Germany, or from LEITZ
Means "springtime" in German, from a nickname.
MANN German, English
From a nickname meaning "man". This may have originally been given in order to distinguish the bearer from a younger person with the same name.
From Old German marka
"border, boundary" and ward
"protector". This was an occupational name for a border guard.
Occupational name meaning "wall builder" in German.
From a nickname meaning "mouse" from the word mûs
(Middle High German, Old High German).
MENDEL Jewish, German
Derived from the given name MENDEL
. A famous bearer was Gregor Mendel (1822-1884), a Czech monk and scientist who did experiments in genetics.
Occupational surname for one who made knives, from German messer
METZ (1) German
Occupational name for a cutler derived from Middle High German metze
Means "butcher" in German, given to people who practiced that profession.
MEYER (1) German
From the Middle High German word meier
meaning "higher, superior". It was used for landholder's stewards or great farmers or leaseholders (nowadays a Meier
is a dairy farmer). Meier
are used more often in northern Germany while Maier
are used in southern Germany.
Name for someone who lived near a peat bog, from the Middle High German word mos
German equivalent of MILLER
, derived from Middle High German mülnære
NAGEL German, Dutch
Means "nail" in German and Dutch, and is probably related to the occupation of carpenter. It could also refer to a smith who specifically made nails.
Derived from the name of a city in Germany. It was first spelled Nurnberger and then Nuremberger.
NUSSBAUM German, Jewish
Means "nut tree" from the Germanic words nuß
meaning "nut" and baum
Means "from the uppermost end of a village, top of a house" from Middle High German ober, obar
Means "oil hill" from the Germanic oel
"oil" and berg
Originally a name designating a person from Ursel, Germany.
PAPP (2) German
Nickname perhaps related to Late Latin pappare
meaning "to eat".
From a nickname meaning "priest, cleric" from Old High German pfaffo
, from Latin papa
From Old High German pfenning
meaning "penny, coin". It was used in reference to feudal tax obligations.
PLANK German, English
Means "plank", from Old French, itself from Late Latin planca
. This could have referred to a person who lived by a plank bridge over a stream, someone who was thin, or a carpenter.
Possibly from the name of a field where cattle fodder was grown, from German Bletsch
From the name of a town in Pomerania, Poland (formerly part of Germany). In Polish it is called Połczyn.
PRINZ German, Jewish
Means "prince", used as an ornamental name by Jews or as a nickname for someone who acted in a princely manner.
From a nickname meaning "showy, pompous", derived from an old southern German word meaning "toad".
RAPP (2) German
From Middle High German raben
meaning "raven", a nickname for a person with black hair.
Possibly from German rasch
"quick" and Kopf
Means "heron" in German, a nickname for a person with long legs.
REIS German, Jewish
From Middle High German ris
meaning "twig, branch, bush", denoting a person who lived in an overgrown area. As a Jewish name it is ornamental.
Derived from Middle High German retich
, Middle Low German redik
meaning "radish", an occupational name for a grower or seller of radishes.
Means "judge" in German, from Middle High German rihtære
From Middle High German riter
meaning "rider, knight", a cognate of RYDER
ROSE (1) English, French, German, Jewish
Means "rose" from Middle English, Old French and Middle High German rose
, all from Latin rosa
. All denote a person of a rosy complexion or a person who lived in an area abundant with roses. As a Jewish surname it is ornamental, from Yiddish רויז (roiz)
ROTH German, Jewish
From Middle High German rot
meaning "red". It was originally a nickname for a person with red hair.
From Old High German riuten
"to clear land" and bur
ROTHENBERG German, Jewish
From Middle High German rot
meaning "red" and berg
meaning "mountain". As a Jewish name it may be ornamental.
Originally indicated a person from Saxony (German Sachsen
). The region was named for the Germanic tribe of the Saxons, ultimately derived from the Germanic word sahs
SALLER (1) German
Originally denoted a person from the town of Sallern in Bavaria, possibly from a Celtic element meaning "stream".
SALLER (2) German
Denoted a person who lived by a prominent sallow tree, from Middle High German salhe
Originally denoted a person from Salzwedel, Germany, which is of Old Saxon origin meaning "salt ford".
Occupational name for a cobbler, from Latin sutor
SCHENK German, Dutch
From Middle High German, Middle Dutch schenke
meaning "wine server" (from Old High German scenken
"to pour out").
Occupational name for a cutter of cloth or a sheep-shearer, from Old High German skeran
Occupational name for a roof tiler, from Middle High German schindel
"shingle". A famous bearer was Oskar Schindler (1908-1974), who saved over a thousand Polish Jews during World War II.
Means "fencer, fencing master", from Old High German skirmen
meaning "to defend".
From Middle High German slinderen
"to dawdle" or Middle Low German slinden
"to swallow, eat".
Occupational name for a locksmith, derived from Old High German sloz
Occupational name derived from Middle High German smit
"smith, metalworker", a cognate of SMITH
SCHNUR German, Jewish
From Old High German snuor
meaning "rope, cord", an occupational name for a maker of rope.
Originally indicated a person from Schötmar, Germany (now part of the city of Bad Salzuflen in North Rhine-Westphalia).
From Middle High German schrecken
meaning "to frighten, to scare".
SCHREIER German, Jewish
Occupational name for a town crier, from Old High German scrian
meaning "to shout, to yell".
Means "beer-porter, wine-porter" in German, an occupational name for a carrier of wine or beer barrels.
From Middle High German schuochwürte
meaning "shoemaker, cobbler".
From the Middle High German occupational name schuochmacher
Means "scholar, student" in German, ultimately from Latin schola
Occupational name derived from Middle High German schultheiße
meaning "mayor, judge".
Means "shoemaker, cobbler", from Middle High German schuoch
"shoe" and suter
, from Latin sutor
Means "watchman, guard" from Middle High German schützen
From the name of a town in southern Germany, possibly related to German Schwan
SCHWARZ German, Jewish
Means "black" in German, from Old High German swarz
. It originally described a person with black hair or a dark complexion.
From a place name, derived from Old High German swarz
meaning "black" and ecka
meaning "edge, corner". A famous bearer of this name is actor and politician Arnold Schwarzenegger (1947-).
Occupational name for a blacksmith, literally meaning "swing hammer" in German.
SENFT (1) German
Occupational name for a mustard seller, from German Senf
SENFT (2) German
Nickname for a helpful, kind person, from Old High German semfti
meaning "soft, accommodating".