Slavic Surnames

These names are used by Slavic peoples.
usage
Król Polish
Means "king" in Polish. The name referred to one who acted like a king or was connected in some way with a king's household.
Krstevski Macedonian
Means "son of Krste".
Krupa Polish
Means "groats, grain" in Polish.
Krupin Russian
Derived from Russian крупа (krupa) meaning "grain".
Kučera Czech
Means "curl" in Czech, a nickname for a person with curly locks of hair.
Kudrna Czech
Means "curl" in Czech, a nickname for someone with curly hair.
Kumięga Polish
Possibly from Polish kum "godfather, friend" or komięga "raft, barge".
Kuznetsov Russian
Patronymic form of Russian кузнец (kuznets) meaning "blacksmith".
Kwiatkowski Polish
Habitational name for someone from any of the various locations named Kwiatków, Kwiatkowo or Kwiatkowice, named from a diminutive of Polish kwiat meaning "flower".
Kyselý Czech
Means "sour" in Czech. It was most likely used to denote a person known for having a bad mood.
Lagounov Russian
Alternate transcription of Russian Лагунов (see Lagunov).
Lagunov Russian
Patronymic name derived from Russian лагун (lagun) meaning "water barrel". It was used to denote the descendants of a person who made water barrels.
Láník Czech
Derived from Czech lán, a measure of land equal to approximately 18 hectares. The name loosely translates as "farmer" and is considered a Moravian equivalent of Sedlák.
Łaska Polish
Means "grace, mercy" in Polish.
Láska Czech, Slovak
Means "love" in Czech and Slovak.
Ławniczak Polish
From Polish ławnik meaning "alderman".
Lazarov Bulgarian
Means "son of Lazar".
Lebedev Russian
From Russian лебедь (lebed) meaning "swan".
Lenin Russian (Modern)
Surname adopted by the Russian revolutionary and founder of the former Soviet state Vladimir Ilyich Lenin (1870-1924), whose birth surname was Ulyanov. He probably adapted it from the name of the River Lena in Siberia.
Lewandowski Polish
From the Polish estate name Lewandów, which is itself possibly derived from a personal name or from lawenda "lavender".
Lis Polish
Means "fox" in Polish, a nickname for a sly person.
Lončar Croatian, Serbian, Slovene
Means "potter", from Serbo-Croatian lonac, Slovene lonec meaning "pot".
Lovrić Croatian
Means "son of Lovro".
Lučić Croatian, Serbian
Means "son of Luka".
Lukić Serbian
Means "son of Luka".
Macek Czech
Derived from a diminutive of the given name Matěj.
Macháň Czech
Derived from the given name Mach, a Czech diminutive of Matěj and other given names beginning with Ma.
Majewski Polish
Derived from Polish maj meaning "May". It may have been given in reference to the month the bearer was baptized.
Maksimov Russian
Means "son of Maksim".
Malinowski Polish
From Polish malina meaning "raspberry", originally indicating a person who lived near a raspberry patch.
Mały Polish
Polish cognate of Malý.
Malý Czech
Means "small" in Czech.
Marek Polish, Czech, Slovak
Derived from the given name Marek.
Marić Croatian, Serbian
Means "son of Marija".
Marinov Bulgarian
Means "son of Marin".
Markov Bulgarian, Russian
Means "son of Marko or Mark".
Marszałek Polish
Polish cognate of Marshall.
Martínek Czech
Derived from the given name Martin.
Martinov Bulgarian
Means "son of Martin".
Marušić Croatian
Matronymic name meaning "son of Marija".
Maruška Czech
Derived from the given name Marie.
Mašek Czech
Derived from the given name Mašek, which can be a diminutive of either Matěj or Tomáš.
Máselník Czech
Referred to one who churned or sold butter or buttermilk, derived from Czech máslo "butter".
Maślanka Polish
Polish cognate of Máselník.
Mateev Bulgarian
Means "son of Matey".
Matějka Czech
Derived from the given name Matěj.
Matić Croatian
Means "son of Matija".
Matoušek Czech
Derived from a diminutive of the given name Matouš.
Matveev Russian
Means "son of Matvey".
Mazur Polish
Indicated a person from either Mazovia (Polish Mazowsze) or Masuria (Polish Mazury), regions in Poland.
Medved Slovene, Croatian, Russian, Ukrainian
Means "bear" in several Slavic languages.
Medveď Slovak
Slovak cognate of Medved.
Mehmedović Bosnian
Means "son of Mehmed".
Melnik Russian
Means "miller" in Russian.
Melnyk Ukrainian
Means "miller" in Ukrainian.
Mencher Polish
Possibly an occupational name derived from Polish maczarz meaning "miller".
Miazga Polish
Derived from Polish miazga "pulp, crush".
Michalak Polish
Derived from the given name Michał.
Michalski Polish
Habitational name for a person from a village named Michale or Michały, both derived from the given name Michał.
Mihailović Serbian
Means "son of Mihailo".
Mihajlović Serbian
Means "son of Mihajlo".
Mihaljević Croatian
Means "son of Mihael".
Mihaylov Bulgarian
Means "son of Mihail".
Mihov Bulgarian
Means "son of Miho", the given name Miho being a diminutive of Mihail.
Mikhailov Russian
Means "son of Mikhail".
Mikolajczak Polish
From the Polish given name Mikołaj.
Milić Serbian, Croatian
Means "son of Mile".
Milojević Serbian
Means "son of Miloje".
Milošević Serbian
Means "son of Miloš".
Minkov Bulgarian
Means "son of Minko", a Bulgarian diminutive of Mihail.
Mlakar Slovene, Croatian
Referred to someone who lived near a pool, derived from South Slavic mlaka meaning "pool, puddle".
Mlynář Czech
Means "miller" in Czech.
Moravec Czech
Originally indicated a person from Moravia (Czech Morava).
Morozov Russian
Derived from Russian мороз (moroz) meaning "frost".
Moździerz Polish
Means "mortar" in Polish. It probably referred to someone who worked with or sold mortar.
Muratović Bosnian
Means "son of Murat".
Musiał Polish
Polish cognate of Musil.
Musil Czech
Possibly from a nickname meaning "the one who had to", from the past participle of the verb muset meaning "must" (of Germanic origin).
Myška Czech
From nickname derived from Czech myš meaning "mouse".
Naoumov Russian, Bulgarian
Alternate transcription of Russian/Bulgarian Наумов (see Naumov).
Naumov Russian, Bulgarian
Means "son of Naum".
Navrátil Czech
Means "returned" in Czech, from the verb navrátit "to return", perhaps used to denote a person who came home following a long absence.
Nedbálek Czech
From Czech nedbalý meaning "careless".
Nedvěd Czech
Czech cognate of Medved, derived from the dialectal nedvěd.
Němec Czech
Means "German" in Czech.
Němeček Czech
Diminutive form of Němec.
Niemczyk Polish
From Polish Niemiec meaning "German" and the patronymic suffix -czyk.
Niemec Polish
Means "German" in Polish.
Nikolov Bulgarian
Means "son of Nikolay".
Nosek Czech, Polish
Means "small nose" in Czech and Polish.
Nováček Czech
Diminutive of Novak.
Novák Czech, Slovak, Hungarian
Czech, Slovak and Hungarian form of Novak.
Novak Slovene, Croatian, Serbian
Derived from Slavic novy "new", originally a name for someone who was new to a village.
Novik Belarusian
From Belarusian новы (novy) meaning "new".
Novikov Russian
Derived from Russian новый (novy) meaning "new".
Novosad Czech
From place names meaning "new orchard" in Czech.
Novotný Czech
Czech variant of Novak.
Nowak Polish
Polish form of Novak.
Nowakowski Polish
Habitational name for a person from various towns called Nowakowo or similar, derived from Polish nowy meaning "new".
Nowicki Polish
Habitational name for a person from any of the towns in Poland called Nowice. The name is derived from Polish nowy meaning "new".
Ognianov Bulgarian
Alternate transcription of Bulgarian Огнянов (see Ognyanov).
Ognyanov Bulgarian
Means "son of Ognyan".
Oliynyk Ukrainian
Derived from Ukrainian олія (oliya) meaning "oil, fat".
Orlov Russian
Patronymic derived from the Russian nickname Орёл (Oryol) meaning "eagle".
Ostrowski Polish
From Polish ostrów meaning "river island".
Pakulski Polish
Originally denoted a person from Pakuly, Poland.
Pandev Macedonian
Means "son of Pande", Pande being a diminutive of Petar.
Pasternak Polish, Ukrainian, Russian, Yiddish
Means "parsnip" in various Slavic languages, ultimately from Latin pastinaca. A famous bearer was Boris Pasternak (1890-1960), author of Doctor Zhivago.
Paszek Polish
Derived from a diminutive of Paweł.
Pavić Croatian
Means "son of Pavle".
Pavičić Croatian
Means "son of Pavao".
Pavletić Croatian
Derived from a diminutive of the given name Pavle.
Pavlov Russian, Bulgarian
Means "son of Pavel". A famous bearer of this surname was the Russian scientist Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936), known for his discovery of the conditioned reflex.
Pavlovski Macedonian
Means "son of Pavle".
Pavlovsky Russian
Means "son of Pavel".
Pawlak Polish
From the given name Paweł.
Pawłowski Polish
Habitational name for someone from a town named Pawłowo, derived from the given name Paweł.
Pecháček Czech
From a diminutive of the given name Petr.
Perić Croatian, Serbian
Means "son of Pero".
Perko Slovene, Croatian
Derived from an archaic diminutive of Peter.
Perković Croatian
Patronymic derived from an archaic diminutive of Petar.
Pešek Czech
From a diminutive of the given name Petr.
Petrić Croatian
Means "son of Petar".
Petrov Russian, Bulgarian
Means "son of Peter" in Russian and Bulgarian.
Petrovski Macedonian
Means "son of Petar".
Piątek Polish
Means "Friday" in Polish, derived from the word piąty meaning "fifth".
Piotrowski Polish
Habitational name for a person from towns named Piotrów, Piotrowo or Piotrowice, all derived from the given name Piotr.
Pleško Slovene
Nickname for a bald person, from Slovene pleša meaning "bald patch".
Podsedník Czech
Means "one who sits behind" in Czech, an equivalent to Zahradník mainly used in the region of Moravia.
Pokorny Polish
Polish form of Pokorný.
Pokorný Czech, Slovak
Means "humble" in Czech and Slovak.
Polák Czech
Means "Pole, person from Poland" in Czech.
Pololáník Czech
Derived from Czech polo "one half" and lán, a medieval Czech measure of land (approximately 18 hectares). The name denoted someone who owned this much land.
Popławski Polish
From Polish poplaw meaning "flowing water, flood".
Popov Russian, Bulgarian
Means "son of the priest", derived from Russian and Bulgarian поп (pop).
Popovski Macedonian
Means "son of the priest" in Macedonian.
Pospíšil Czech
Nickname for a person in a hurry, from Czech pospíšit "hurry".
Potočnik Slovene
From Slovene potok meaning "stream, brook".
Pražak Czech
Means "from Prague" in Czech.
Procházka Czech
Means "walk, wander, stroll" in Czech. This was an occupational name for a travelling tradesman.
Pulkrábek Czech
Derived from the medieval status name purkrabí meaning "burgrave". It is derived from German Burggraf meaning "castle count".
Putin Russian
From Russian путь (put) meaning "road, path". This surname is borne by the Russian president Vladimir Putin (1952-).
Radev Bulgarian
Means "son of Rade", a diminutive of Radoslav, Radomir, or other names beginning with рад (rad).
Radić Serbian, Croatian
Patronymic derived from the given name Rade.
Radkov Bulgarian
Means "son of Radko".
Rasputin Russian
From Russian распутье (rasputye) meaning "crossroads". A famous bearer was the Russian mystic Grigoriy Rasputin (1869-1916).
Řeha Czech
Derived from the given name Řehoř.
Resnik Slovene
Possibly from Slovene resa meaning "heather".
Řezníček Czech
Diminutive of Řezník.
Řezník Czech, Slovak
Means "butcher" in Czech and Slovak.
Róg Polish
Means "animal horn" in Polish.
Romanov Russian
Means "son of Roman". This was the surname of the last dynasty of Russian tsars.
Rudawski Polish
Indicated a person who lived near the Rudawa, a river in Poland.
Rusnak Polish
Means "Russian" in Polish.
Rutkowski Polish
Originally a name for a person from Rutki, Poland.
Růžička Czech
Means "little rose" in Czech.
Ryba Czech, Polish
Means "fish" in Czech and Slovak, an occupational name for a fisher.
Rybár Slovak
Slovak form of Rybář.
Rybář Czech
Means "fisher" in Czech, from ryba meaning "fish".
Sadowski Polish
Denoted someone who lived in Sadowo, Sadowice or other places beginning with Polish sad "garden, orchard".
Salamon Hungarian, Polish
Derived from the given name Salamon or Salomon.
Salihović Bosnian
Means "son of Salih".
Schovajsa Czech
Means "hide yourself", of Moravian origin.
Sedláček Czech
Diminutive form of Sedlák.
Sedlák Czech
Means "farmer" in Czech. A sedlák had more land than a Zahradník or a Chalupník, but less land than a Dvořák.
Serafin Polish, Italian
Derived from the given name Serafin or Serafino.
Ševčík Czech
Occupational name derived from Czech švec meaning "shoemaker, cobbler".
Shevchenko Ukrainian
Derived from Ukrainian швець (shvets) meaning "shoemaker".
Shevchuk Ukrainian
Derived from Ukrainian швець (shvets) meaning "shoemaker".
Shvets Ukrainian, Russian
Means "shoemaker" in Ukrainian and Russian.
Sienkiewicz Polish
Patronymic from the given name Sienko, an old diminutive of Szymon. This was the surname of the Polish writer Henryk Sienkiewicz (1846-1916).
Sierżant Polish
Polish cognate of Sergeant.
Sikora Polish
Means "tit (bird)" in Polish.
Šimek Czech
Derived from the name Šimek, a diminutive of Šimon.
Simeonov Bulgarian
Means "son of Simeon".
Šimon Czech, Slovak
Derived from the given name Šimon.
Šimunović Croatian
Means "son of Šimun".
Sitko Polish
Means "fine sieve" in Polish, a diminutive of the Polish word sito "sieve".
Skála Czech
Means "rock" in Czech, indicating that the original bearer lived near a prominent rock.
Skała Polish
Polish cognate of Skála.
Skalický Czech, Slovak
Indicated the original bearer came from a place named Skalice, Skalica or Skalička in the Czech Republic or Slovakia, derived from the Slavic root skala meaning "rock".
Śląski Polish
Polish cognate of Slezák.
Slávik Slovak
Slovak cognate of Slavík.
Slavík Czech
Means "nightingale" in Czech.
Slavkov Bulgarian
Means "son of Slavko".
Ślązak Polish
Polish cognate of Slezák.
Slezák Czech
Originally a name for a person from Silesia, a historical region that is nowadays split between Poland, Germany and the Czech Republic.
Slovák Czech, Slovak
Originally described one who was from Slovakia.
Ślusarczyk Polish
Diminutive form of Ślusarski.
Ślusarski Polish
Occupational name for a locksmith, from Polish ślusarz, of Germanic origin.
Smirnov Russian
Derived from Russian смирный (smirny) meaning "quiet, peaceful, timid". This is one of the most common surnames in Russia.
Smola Czech
Variant of Smolak.
Smolak Polish, Czech
Occupational name for a distiller of pitch, derived from the Slavic word smola meaning "pitch, resin".
Śniegowski Polish
Habitational name for a person from Sniegow, Sniegowo or other places with a name derived from Polish śnieg "snow".
Soból Polish
Polish cognate of Sobol.
Sobol Russian, Ukrainian, Jewish
Occupational name for a fur trader, from the Slavic word soboli meaning "sable, marten". As a Jewish name it is ornamental.
Sokal Polish
Polish cognate of Sokol.
Sokół Polish
Polish cognate of Sokol.
Sokol Czech, Slovak, Jewish
From Czech and Slovak sokol meaning "falcon", a nickname or an occupational name for a falconer. As a Jewish name it is ornamental.
Sokolovsky Russian
Means "son of Sokol".
Sokołowski Polish
Usually refers to the city of Sokołów Podlaski in Poland. It may sometimes be derived from Polish sokół meaning "falcon".
Souček Czech
From Czech suk meaning "tree knot". This could either be a topographic name or a nickname for a stubborn person.
Sówka Polish
From a diminutive of Polish sowa meaning "owl".
Stanek 1 Polish
Derived from Stanek, a diminutive of the name Stanisław.
Stanek 2 Czech
Derived from Stanek, a diminutive of the name Stanislav.
Stanev Bulgarian
Means "son of Stane", Stane being a diminutive of Stanislav.
Stankiewicz Polish
From a diminutive of Stanisław.
Stanković Serbian
Means "son of Stanko".
Stárek Czech
Czech cognate of Starek.
Starek Polish
From a nickname derived from Polish stary "old".
Starosta Polish
Means "mayor, leader, elder" in Polish.
Stasiuk Ukrainian, Polish
From a diminutive of the given name Stanislav.
Stawski Polish
Derived from Polish staw meaning "pond".
Stefanov Bulgarian
Means "son of Stefan".
Stefanović Serbian
Means "son of Stefan".
Štěpánek Czech
Derived from a diminutive of the given name Štěpán.
Stjepanić Croatian
Means "son of Stjepan".
Stojanov Macedonian
Means "son of Stojan".
Stolarz Polish
Occupational name from Polish stolarz meaning "joiner, maker of furniture".
Stoyanov Bulgarian
Means "son of Stoyan".
Strnad Czech, Slovene
Means "bunting" in Czech and Slovene.
Struna Slovene, Czech
From Slavic struna meaning "string, cord", possibly denoting a maker of rope.
Suchý Czech
Means "dry" in Czech. This was a nickname for a thin person.
Svoboda Czech
Means "freedom" in Czech. This was a medieval name for a freeman, someone who was not a serf.
Sýkora Czech, Slovak
Means "tit (bird)" in Czech and Slovak.
Szczepański Polish
Derived from the given name Szczepan.
Szewc Polish
Means "shoemaker" in Polish.
Szwarc Polish
Polish phonetic spelling of German Schwarz.
Szwed Polish
Variant of Szweda.
Szweda Polish
Derived from Polish Szwed meaning "Swede, person from Sweden".
Szwedko Polish
Variant of Szweda.
Szymański Polish
From the given name Szymon.
Tadić Croatian, Serbian
Means "son of Tadija".
Tahirović Bosnian
Means "son of Tahir".
Tchaikovsky Russian
Alternate transcription of Russian Чайковский (see Chaykovsky).
Terzić Bosnian
From Bosnian terzija meaning "tailor", ultimately of Persian origin.
Tesař Czech
Means "carpenter" in Czech, ultimately from the Slavic word tesla meaning "adze".
Tesařik Czech
Diminutive of Tesař.
Tkachenko Ukrainian
Derived from Ukrainian ткач (tkach) meaning "weaver".
Tkachuk Ukrainian
From Ukrainian ткач (tkach) meaning "weaver".
Todorov Bulgarian
Means "son of Todor".
Tomčić Serbian, Croatian
Derived from a diminutive of the given name Toma 2.
Tomczak Polish
From a diminutive of the given name Tomasz.
Tomić Serbian, Croatian
Means "son of Toma 2".
Tomov Bulgarian
Means "son of Toma 2".
Trifonov Bulgarian
Means "son of Trifon".
Tsvetanov Bulgarian
Means "son of Tsvetan".
Tsvetkov Bulgarian
Means "son of Tsvetko".
Utkin Russian
From the Russian word утка (utka) meaning "duck".
Vacek Czech
Derived from the given name Václav.
Vacík Czech
Derived from the given name Václav.
Valenta Czech
Derived from the given name Valentin.
Valeriev Bulgarian
Means "son of Valeri".
Vanchev Bulgarian
Means "son of Vancho" in Bulgarian.
Vančura Czech
Derived from the given name Václav.
Vaněk Czech
From an archaic diminutive of the given name Václav.
Vanev Bulgarian
Means "son of Ivan" in Bulgarian.
Vankov Bulgarian
Means "son of Ivan" in Bulgarian.
Vantchev Bulgarian
Alternate transcription of Bulgarian Ванчев (see Vanchev).
Vašek Czech
Derived from the given name Vašek.
Vasilev Bulgarian, Russian
Means "son of Vasil".
Vasilyev Russian
Means "son of Vasil".
Vasylyk Ukrainian
Derived from the given name Vasyl.
Vasylyshyn Ukrainian
Means "son of Vasyl".
Vávra Czech
Derived from the given name Vávra, a diminutive of Vavřinec.
Velitchkov Bulgarian
Alternate transcription of Bulgarian Величков (see Velichkov).
Vesela Czech
Moravian Czech variant of Veselý.
Veselý Czech
From a nickname meaning "cheerful" in Czech.
Vidović Croatian
Means "son of Vid".
Vinković Croatian
Means "son of Vinko".
Vinogradov Russian
Means "vineyard" in Russian (ultimately from German), referring to a person who worked at a vineyard or lived near one.