Russian form of CHAYKA
. A famous bearer was the Russian composer Pyotr Ilyich Chaykovsky (1840-1893), with the surname commonly Romanized as Tchaikovsky
Patronymic from the Slavic word kozel
"goat", probably used to denote a goatherd.
Patronymic name derived from Russian lagun
"water barrel". It was most likely used to denote the descendants of a person who made water barrels.
Patronym derived from the Russian nickname Орёл (Oryol)
PASTERNAKПастернакPolish, Ukrainian, Russian, Yiddish
Means "parsnip" in various Slavic languages, ultimately from Latin pastinaca
. A famous bearer was Boris Pasternak (1890-1960), author of 'Doctor Zhivago'.
Means "son of PAVEL
". A famous bearer of this surname was the Russian scientist Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936), known for his discovery of the conditioned reflex.
From Russian распутье (rasputye)
meaning "crossroads". A famous bearer was the Russian mystic Grigoriy Rasputin (1869-1916).
Means "son of ROMAN
". This was the surname of the last dynasty of Russian tsars.
SOBOLСобольRussian, Ukrainian, Jewish
Occupational name for a fur trader, from the Slavic word soboli
meaning "sable, marten". As a Jewish name it is ornamental.
Means "vineyard" in Russian (ultimately from German), referring to a person who worked at a vineyard or lived near one.