Russian form of CHAYKA
. A famous bearer was the Russian composer Pyotr Ilyich Chaykovsky (1840-1893), with the surname commonly Romanized as Tchaikovsky
Patronymic from the Slavic word kozel
"goat", probably used to denote a goatherd.
Patronymic name derived from Russian lagun
"water barrel". It was most likely used to denote the descendants of a person who made water barrels.
Patronym derived from the Russian nickname Орёл (Oryol)
Пастернак Polish, Ukrainian, Russian, Yiddish
Means "parsnip" in various Slavic languages, ultimately from Latin pastinaca
. A famous bearer was Boris Pasternak (1890-1960), author of 'Doctor Zhivago'.
Павлов Russian, Bulgarian
Means "son of PAVEL
". A famous bearer of this surname was the Russian scientist Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936), known for his discovery of the conditioned reflex.
Occupational name designating a merchant who engaged in transactions for profit in Russia.
Means "son of ROMAN
". This was the surname of the last dynasty of Russian tsars.
Means "vineyard" in Russian (ultimately from German), referring to a person who worked at a vineyard or lived near one.