Chaykovsky Чайковский Russian
Russian form of Chayka
. A famous bearer was the Russian composer Pyotr Ilyich Chaykovsky (1840-1893), with the surname commonly Romanized as Tchaikovsky
Kozlov Козлов Russian
Patronymic from Russian козёл (kozyol)
meaning "male goat"
, probably used to denote a goatherd.
Lagunov Лагунов Russian
Patronymic name derived from Russian лагун (lagun)
meaning "water barrel"
. It was used to denote the descendants of a person who made water barrels.
Lenin Ленин Russian (Modern)
Surname adopted by the Russian revolutionary and founder of the former Soviet state Vladimir Ilyich Lenin (1870-1924), whose birth surname was Ulyanov
. He probably adapted it from the name of the River Lena in Siberia.
Orlov Орлов Russian
Patronymic derived from the Russian nickname Орёл (Oryol)
Pasternak Пастернак Polish, Ukrainian, Russian, Yiddish
in various Slavic languages, ultimately from Latin pastinaca
. A famous bearer was Boris Pasternak (1890-1960), author of Doctor Zhivago
Pavlov Павлов Russian, Bulgarian
Means "son of Pavel"
. A famous bearer of this surname was the Russian scientist Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936), known for his discovery of the conditioned reflex.
Putin Путин Russian
From Russian путь (put)
meaning "road, path"
. This surname is borne by the Russian president Vladimir Putin (1952-).
Rasputin Распутин Russian
From Russian распутье (rasputye)
. A famous bearer was the Russian mystic Grigoriy Rasputin (1869-1916).
Romanov Романов Russian
Means "son of Roman"
. This was the surname of the last dynasty of Russian tsars.
Smirnov Смирнов Russian
Derived from Russian смирный (smirny)
meaning "quiet, peaceful, timid". This is one of the most common surnames in Russia.
Sobol Соболь Russian, Ukrainian, Jewish
Occupational name for a fur trader, from the Slavic word soboli
meaning "sable, marten"
. As a Jewish name it is ornamental.
Vinogradov Виноградов Russian
in Russian (ultimately from German), referring to a person who worked at a vineyard or lived near one.
Zima Зима Czech, Slovak, Polish, Russian
From a Slavic word meaning "winter"
. This may have been a nickname for a person with a chilly personality.