Russian Surnames

Russian names are used in the country of Russia and in Russian-speaking communities throughout the world. See also about Russian names.
Aleksandrov Александров Russian, Bulgarian
Means "son of Aleksandr".
Alekseev Алексеев Russian
Means "son of Aleksey".
Andreev Андреев Russian, Bulgarian
Means "son of Andrey".
Antonov Антонов Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian
Means "son of Anton".
Bogdanov Богданов Russian, Bulgarian
Means "son of Bogdan".
Bogomolov Богомолов Russian
Patronymic derived from Russian богомол (bogomol) meaning "pious one, devotionalist".
Borisov Борисов Russian, Bulgarian, Ukrainian
Means "son of Boris".
Chaykovsky Чайковский Russian
Russian form of Chayka. A famous bearer was the Russian composer Pyotr Ilyich Chaykovsky (1840-1893), with the surname commonly Romanized as Tchaikovsky.
Fedorov Фёдоров Russian
Alternate transcription of Russian Фёдоров (see Fyodorov).
Filippov Филиппов Russian
Means "son of Filip".
Fyodorov Фёдоров Russian
Means "son of Fyodor".
Ignatiev Игнатьев Russian
Means "son of Ignatiy".
Ignatov Игнатов Bulgarian, Russian
Means "son of Ignat".
Isaev Исаев Russian
Means "son of Isay".
Isayev Исаев Russian
Alternate transcription of Russian Исаев (see Isaev).
Ivanov Иванов Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian, Macedonian
Means "son of Ivan". It is among the most common surnames in Bulgaria and Russia.
Konstantinov Константинов Russian, Bulgarian
Means "son of Konstantin".
Kovalchuk Ковальчук Ukrainian, Russian
Derived from Ukrainian and Russian коваль (koval) meaning "blacksmith".
Kovalev Ковалёв Russian
Alternate transcription of Russian Ковалёв (see Kovalyov).
Kovalyov Ковалёв Russian
Patronymic from Russian коваль (koval) meaning "blacksmith".
Kozlov Козлов Russian
Patronymic from Russian козёл (kozyol) meaning "male goat", probably used to denote a goatherd.
Krupin Крупин Russian
Derived from Russian крупа (krupa) meaning "grain".
Kuznetsov Кузнецов Russian
Patronymic form of Russian кузнец (kuznets) meaning "blacksmith".
Lagounov Лагунов Russian
Alternate transcription of Russian Лагунов (see Lagunov).
Lagunov Лагунов Russian
Patronymic name derived from Russian лагун (lagun) meaning "water barrel". It was used to denote the descendants of a person who made water barrels.
Lebedev Лебедев Russian
From Russian лебедь (lebed) meaning "swan".
Lenin Ленин Russian (Modern)
Surname adopted by the Russian revolutionary and founder of the former Soviet state Vladimir Ilyich Lenin (1870-1924), whose birth surname was Ulyanov. He probably adapted it from the name of the River Lena in Siberia.
Makarov Макаров Russian
Means "son of Makar".
Maksimov Максимов Russian
Means "son of Maksim".
Markov Марков Bulgarian, Russian
Means "son of Marko or Mark".
Matveev Матвеев Russian
Means "son of Matvey".
Medved Медведь Slovene, Croatian, Russian, Ukrainian
Means "bear" in several Slavic languages.
Melnik Мельник Russian
Means "miller" in Russian.
Mikhailov Михайлов Russian
Means "son of Mikhail".
Morozov Морозов Russian
Derived from Russian мороз (moroz) meaning "frost".
Naoumov Наумов Russian, Bulgarian
Alternate transcription of Russian/Bulgarian Наумов (see Naumov).
Naumov Наумов Russian, Bulgarian
Means "son of Naum".
Nikolaev Николаев Russian, Bulgarian
Means "son of Nikolay".
Novikov Новиков Russian
Derived from Russian новый (novy) meaning "new".
Orlov Орлов Russian
Patronymic derived from the Russian nickname Орёл (Oryol) meaning "eagle".
Pasternak Пастернак Polish, Ukrainian, Russian, Yiddish
Means "parsnip" in various Slavic languages, ultimately from Latin pastinaca. A famous bearer was Boris Pasternak (1890-1960), author of Doctor Zhivago.
Pavlov Павлов Russian, Bulgarian
Means "son of Pavel". A famous bearer of this surname was the Russian scientist Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936), known for his discovery of the conditioned reflex.
Pavlovsky Павловский Russian
Means "son of Pavel".
Petrov Петров Russian, Bulgarian
Means "son of Peter" in Russian and Bulgarian.
Popov Попов Russian, Bulgarian
Means "son of the priest", derived from Russian and Bulgarian поп (pop).
Putin Путин Russian
From Russian путь (put) meaning "road, path". This surname is borne by the Russian president Vladimir Putin (1952-).
Rasputin Распутин Russian
From Russian распутье (rasputye) meaning "crossroads". A famous bearer was the Russian mystic Grigoriy Rasputin (1869-1916).
Romanov Романов Russian
Means "son of Roman". This was the surname of the last dynasty of Russian tsars.
Shvets Швец Ukrainian, Russian
Means "shoemaker" in Ukrainian and Russian.
Smirnov Смирнов Russian
Derived from Russian смирный (smirny) meaning "quiet, peaceful, timid". This is one of the most common surnames in Russia.
Sobol Соболь Russian, Ukrainian, Jewish
Occupational name for a fur trader, from the Slavic word soboli meaning "sable, marten". As a Jewish name it is ornamental.
Sokolov Соколов Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian
Means "son of Sokol".
Sokolovsky Соколовский Russian
Means "son of Sokol".
Stepanov Степанов Russian
Means "son of Stepan".
Tchaikovsky Чайковский Russian
Alternate transcription of Russian Чайковский (see Chaykovsky).
Utkin Уткин Russian
From the Russian word утка (utka) meaning "duck".
Vasilev Васильев Bulgarian, Russian
Means "son of Vasil".
Vasilyev Васильев Russian
Means "son of Vasil".
Viktorov Викторов Russian, Bulgarian
Means "son of Viktor".
Vinogradov Виноградов Russian
Means "vineyard" in Russian (ultimately from German), referring to a person who worked at a vineyard or lived near one.
Volkov Волков Russian
Patronymic derived from Russian волк (volk) meaning "wolf".
Voronin Воронин Russian
Derived from Russian ворона (vorona) meaning "crow".
Yakovlev Яковлев Russian
Means "son of Yakov".
Yegorov Егоров Russian
Means "son of Yegor".
Zima Зима Czech, Slovak, Polish, Russian
From a Slavic word meaning "winter". This may have been a nickname for a person with a chilly personality.