This is a list of submitted surnames in which the person who added the name is EncyclopediaBrown
Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
From a nickname for someone with light brown or reddish-brown hair or beard, from baio
meaning "bay horse", ultimately derived from Late Latin badius
BARRERA Spanish, Catalan
Either a topographic name for someone who lived near a gate or fence, from Spanish and Catalan barrera
meaning "barrier", or a topographic name for someone who lived by a clay pit, from Spanish barrero
, derived from the Spanish word barro
meaning "mud, clay".
Patronymic name from the Medieval personal name Ben Avid
, of Arabic origin, derived from ibn Abd
meaning "son of the servant of God".
BEVIER French (German)
From Old French bevier
, meaning "a measure of land". This was probably a nickname for someone who owned or worked such a piece of land. This surname was first found in Austria, where the name Bevier came from humble beginnings but gained a significant reputation for its contribution to the emerging medieval society.
COSSART English, French
From French, referring to "a dealer of horses" (related to the English word "courser"). This surname was brought to England in the wake of the Norman Conquest of 1066, and became one of the many Anglo-Norman words that made up Middle English.
GINSBURG German, Jewish
Habitational name for someone who came from Gunzberg in Bavaria, Günsburg in Swabia, or Gintsshprik (Königsburg) in East Prussia. Its origin is from the name of the river Günz, written in early Latin documents as Guntia
, which was probably of Celtic origin, and Old High German burg
meaning "Fortress, walled town".
Nickname for a reliable friend or neighbor, from Middle English gode
meaning "good", and frend
meaning "friend". It is an English translation and cognate of German Gutfreund
, from Middle High German guot
meaning "good" and vriunt
Habitational name from the hamlet of Gorsuch, Lancashire, earlier Gosefordsich, derived from Old English gosford
meaning "goose ford" and sic
meaning "small stream".
Either from the Middle English personal name KNUT
, or denoting a person who lived "at the knot", which is the summit of a rocky hill.
Metonymic occupational name for a producer or seller of must, i.e. unfermented grape juice, from Middle High German most
, ultimately derived from Latin mustum vinum
meaning "young (i.e. fresh) wine"... [more]
Topographic name for someone who lived in a place where moss grew.
MOST Polish, Jewish
Topographic name from Slavic most
meaning "bridge", or a habitational name from any of several places named with this word.
From the Middle English word neighbor
, derived from neghebour
, which in turn comes from the Old English words neah
, meaning "near", and gebur
, meaning "a dweller". This may have been used as a nickname for someone who was a 'good neighbor', more likely it evolved from the term of address for someone living nearby.
A topographic surname for someone who lived in the lodge at the entrance to a manor house, derived from Middle English port
, meaning "gateway" or "entrance", and hous
meaning "house". It can also be an occupational name with similar meaning, derived from Latin portarius
meaning "porter"... [more]
From the Middle English word pile
, meaning "stake" or "post", which is derived via Old English from Latin pilum
, meaning "spike" or "javelin". This was a topographic name for someone who lived near a stake or post serving as a landmark, a metonymic occupational name for a stake maker, or a nickname for a tall, strong man.
Metonymic occupational name for a marksman or an arrowsmith, from pijl
Habitational name derived from Scalea in the province of Cosenza, deriving ultimately from medieval Greek skaleia
SOUTER English, Scottish
Occupational name for a cobbler or shoemaker, derived from Middle English soutere
, from Old Norse sutare
, ultimately derived from Latin sutor
meaning "to sew".
Derived from the Latin word vacca
which means "cow". This was either an occupational name for a cowherd or a nickname for a gentle person.
Habitational name for a person from a place bearing the same name in the province of Utrecht, which is itself derived from the Middle Dutch word vrede
, meaning "legal protection against armed violence".