Jewish Submitted Surnames

These names are used by Jews. For more specific lists, see Hebrew names and Yiddish names. See also about Jewish names.
Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
Aaronov Russian, Jewish
Means "son of Aaron".
Aaronson Jewish
Aaronson is a patronymic surname from the personal name Aaron.
Abad Judeo-Spanish
Nickname from abad ‘priest’ (from Late Latin abbas ‘priest’, genitive abbatis, from the Aramaic word meaning ‘father’). The application is uncertain: it could be a nickname, an occupational name for the servant of a priest, or denote an (illegitimate) son of a priest.
Abecasis אבקסיס Judeo-Spanish
Variant of Abecassis.
Abecassis אבקסיס‎ Judeo-Spanish
From Hebrew אָב (áv) meaning "father" and Arabic قَصَّاص (qaṣṣāṣ) meaning "storyteller, narrator" (used as a title for community leaders and rabbis among North African Jews).
Abergel אברגיל Judeo-Spanish
Means "one-legged" or "one-footed" in Moroccan Arabic, from Arabic رِجْل (rijl) meaning "leg, foot".
Abitbol אביטבול Judeo-Spanish
Means "father of drums" (figuratively referring to a drum maker) from Arabic أَبُو (abū) meaning "father" and طَبْل (ṭabl) meaning "drum".
Aboulafia Jewish
Variant spelling of Abulafia, which was originally a Sephardi Jewish surname of Arabic etymological origin.
Abramoff אברהמוב, אברמוב Russian (Anglicized), Jewish (Anglicized)
Anglicized form of Abramov.
Abramov אברהמוב Russian, Jewish
Means "son of Abram 1 or Abram 2".
Abramova Russian, Jewish
feminine form of Abramov (Абрамов)
Abramowitz Jewish
(Eastern Ashkenazic): patronymic from Abram, a reduced form of the personal name Abraham.
Abramski Jewish
Means "son of Abram."
Abravanel אַבַּרבְּנְאֵל Hebrew, Jewish
From Ab, meaning ‘father’, Rabban, meaning ‘priest’, and El, meaning ‘of God’.
Abresch German, Dutch, Jewish
From a pet form of the Biblical name Abraham.
Absalom English, Jewish
Derived from the given name Absalom.
Abulafia אבולעפיה‎‎ Judeo-Spanish
From Arabic أبو العافية‎‎ (abū l-ʿāfiya) meaning "father of health" from أبو (abū) meaning "father" and عافية (ʿāfiya) meaning "health, well-being".
Adamsky Jewish
Variant spelling of Adamski.
Adi עֲדִי Hebrew (Rare)
Means "jewel; ornament" in Hebrew, this is more common as a given name than a surname.
Adut אַדוּת Hebrew
Agam אגם Hebrew (Modern)
Rare variant of the surname Agami, which came from the Hebrew name Agam, means "lake".
Agami אגמי Hebrew (Modern)
From the given name Agam, means "lake" in Hebrew.
Aharon אהרון Hebrew
Variant of Aharoni, from the given name Aaron.
Aharoni אהרוני Jewish
From the given name Aharon.
Ahrens German, Dutch, Jewish
North German and Dutch: Patronymic from the personal name Arend (See Arndt). ... [more]
Alazraki אלזרקי Judeo-Spanish
From Arabic اَلأَزْرَق (al-ʾazraq) meaning "the blue one".
Alazraqi אלאזרקי Judeo-Spanish
Variant of Alazraki.
Albaz אלבז Jewish, Northern African
Ashkenazic Jewish name meaning, "falconer" found mainly amongst Jewish peoples emigrating from Algeria and Morocco.
Albo Spanish, Italian, Jewish
It is derived from the name Albert, Alberto, Albino, and Alberico.... [more]
Aleksandrowicz אלכסנדרוביץʹ Polish, Jewish
Means "son of Aleksander".
Alfes אלפס, אלפסי Jewish
Official website of the the City of Alfés (in the Province Lleida, Catalonia, Spain) says:... [more]
Alhadeff Judeo-Spanish
Possibly an occupational name for a weaver from Arabic الهداف (al-̣haddāf) meaning "the weaver's shuttle". Alternately, it may be from Arabic الهدى (al-hadā) meaning "the guided one".
Allyn Jewish
Means “descendant of Alleyne”.
Almog אַלְמוֹג Hebrew
From the given name Almog, means "coral" in Hebrew.
Alpert English, Jewish, German, Dutch
A variant of the Jewish surname Heilprin or Halpern. In German and Dutch usage, it is derived from the given name Albert... [more]
Alroy אלרעי, אלרואי Hebrew
Alt German, Jewish
From German alt ‘old’, typically applied as a distinguishing epithet to the older of two bearers of the same personal name.
Alterman אַלטערמאַן Yiddish
It literally means "old man".
Altman German, Jewish
Variant of Alt and Alterman.
Altschuler Jewish
It is derived from the Altschul, Old Synagogue in Prague.
Amberg German, Jewish
German and possibly Jewish (Ashkenazic) habitational name from any of several settlements called Amberg (literally ‘by the mountain’), including a city in Bavaria. It could also be a topographic name of identical etymology... [more]
Amir עמיר Jewish
From the given name Amir 2.
Amit עמית Jewish
From the given name Amit 2.
Amram עמרם Jewish
From the given name Amram.
Ananyan אנניאן Armenian, Jewish
Means "son of Anan 2".
Andrade Portuguese, Galician, Jewish (?)
Denoted a person hailing from one of the many areas that bear this name in Portugal and Galicia, Spain, derived from Latin andreas meaning "manly, masculine".
Andrulevičus אנדרולביץ, ענדרולביץ Jewish (Russified, Modern, Rare), Jewish (Anglicized, Modern, Rare)
"Ben-Adam" or "ben-ish" ("ben" being "son" in Hebrew; Adam meaning "man"). The Andrulevičuses were originally Sephardic kohanim whom immigrated to Lithuania, and then Poland, Latvia, and other countries.
Andrulewicz Lithuanian (Modern, Rare), Polish (Modern, Rare), Jewish (Modern, Rare), Latvian
Originally Andrulevičus or Andrulevičius, it means "ben-Adam" or "ben-ish" ("ben" being "son" in Hebrew; Adam meaning "man")... [more]
Antury Greek, Hebrew
Haifa, Israel.... [more]
Apfelbaum German, Jewish
Means "apple tree" in German.
Appel German, Dutch, Jewish, Low German, Medieval Dutch, Yiddish
1. German: from the personal name Appel, a pet form of Apprecht (common especially in Thuringia and Franconia), itself a variant of Albrecht... [more]
Apt German, Yiddish
German: variant of Abt.... [more]
Argaman אַרגָמָן Hebrew
Means "crimson" in Hebrew.
Ariel אריאל Hebrew
From the given name Ariel.
Arousi ערוסי Jewish, Hebrew, Judeo-Arabic, Arabic
Yemenite Jewish and Arabic name possibly deriving from Arabic words aroosi, "bridal, relating to a wedding", rousi, "groom". El Aroussi, a variant, is found densely in Morocco and Francophone populations (France, Canada).
Asaf אסף Hebrew
From the given name Asaf.
Asher אשר Jewish
From the given name Asher.
Ashkenazi אשכנזי Jewish
From a nickname given by Jews in Slavic countries to Jews from Germany. It was also used to denote a Yiddish-speaking Jew who had settled in an area where non-Ashkenazic Jews were the majority. The name ultimately comes from Hebrew אַשְׁכְּנַז‎‎ (ashk'náz), a location mentioned in the Hebrew Bible, which is likely from Assyrian Aškūza.
Astruc Judeo-Provençal
Means "happy, lucky" in Occitan and Provençal (see Astruc).
Attal אטאל Judeo-Spanish
Derived from Arabic عتال ('attal) meaning "porter, carrier".
Attali אטלי Judeo-Spanish
Variant of Attal.
Auerbach German, Jewish
Topographical name for someone who lived by a stream (Middle High German bach) that was near a swamp or marsh (auer).
Austerlitz German (Austrian), Jewish
Derived from Slavkov u Brna (historically known as Austerlitz in German), a town located in Vyškov District, in the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic. This was real surname of the American actor and dancer Fred Astaire (1899-1987), as well as his sister Adele Astaire (1896-1981), an actress, singer and dancer.
Avidan אֲבִידָן Hebrew
From the given name Avidan
Avigdori אביגדורי Jewish (Rare)
Surname variation of Avigdor, used to distinguish from said first name Avigdor.
Avital אביטל Jewish
From the given name Avital.
Avitov אֲבִיטוֹב Hebrew (Modern, Rare)
Means "my father is good", from Hebrew ’av meaning "father" and tov meaning "good".
Aviv אביב Jewish
From the given name Aviv.
Avivi אֲבִיבִי Hebrew
Means "springlike" or "of the spring" in Hebrew. (see Aviv)
Avner אבנר Hebrew
From the given name Avner.
Avni אבני Hebrew (Modern)
Means "my stone" in Hebrew, a variant of the surname Even or a diminutive of Avner.
Avrahami Hebrew (Americanized)
Americanized version of Abrahami.
Avramenko Ukrainian, Jewish
From the Ukrainian form of Abraham, Avraam.
Axelrod Jewish (Americanized)
Derived from the Yiddish given name Akslrod.
Azar עזר Hebrew
Means "(he) helped" in Hebrew, a verb form of Ezer or Ezra.
Azaria עזריה Jewish
From the given name Azariah.
Azoulai אזולאי Judeo-Spanish
Alternate transcription of Azoulay.
Azoulay אזולאי Judeo-Spanish
Meaning uncertain. It may be derived from French azur or Spanish azul both meaning "blue" (of Persian origin), from Tamazight izîl meaning "good, pure, sublime", or from an acronym of the Biblical passage אִשָּׁ֨ה זֹנָ֤ה וַחֲלָלָה֙ לֹ֣א יִקָּ֔חוּ (’iš-šāh zō-nāh wa-ḥă-lā-lāh lō yiq-qā-ḥū) meaning "They shall not take a wife that is a whore, or profane".
Azulay אזולאי Judeo-Spanish
Variant of Azoulay.
Babushkin Russian, Jewish
Derived from Russian бабушка (babushka) meaning "grandmother".
Bacal Romanian, Jewish
Derived from Romanian bacal, an alternative form of băcan meaning "grocer".
Bacall Romanian, Jewish
Variant spelling of Bacal. A famous bearer was the American actress Lauren Bacall (1924-2014).
Bacharach German, Jewish
Derived from Bacharach, a town in the Mainz-Bingen district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. This surname was borne by the American composer and pianist Burt Bacharach (1928-2023).
Bacharachas Jewish
Bacharachas is a derivate of the Bacharach that is a town in Germany.
Balaska Greek, Jewish, Polish
Feminine form of Balaskas (Greek) or Balaski (Jewish), it is used by Greeks and Slavic Jews.
Bar בר Hebrew
From Aramaic בְּרָא (b'rā) meaning "son, child" or Hebrew בָּר (bar) meaning "grain, cereal".
Barasch Hebrew
Acronym of the first two letters for the Hebrew phrase "son of the Rabbi Samuel." Bar Rabbi Schmul
Bar Deah בר דעה / ברדעה Hebrew (Modern, Rare)
Means "one who has opinion" from Hebrew Bar, "son" and de'ah, "opinion".
Bar Gil בר גיל Hebrew (Modern)
Combination of Bar and Gil, with the meaning of "son of Gil" or "one who is joyful".
Bar Haim בר חיים Hebrew
Combination of Bar and Haim, with the meaning of "son of Chayyim".
Barkai בַּרְקַאי‎ Hebrew
Means ''morning star'' in Hebrew.
Bar Lev בר לב Hebrew
Combination of the surnames Bar and Lev.
Bar Naim בר נעים / ברנעים Hebrew
Combination of Bar and Naim with the meaning of "son of pleasantness".
Baron Jewish
From German or Polish baron or Russian барон (baron) meaning "baron". In Israel the name is often interpreted to mean "son of strength" from Hebrew בר און‎ (bar on).
Barr Hebrew, Jewish
Possibly means “grain”, “son of Reuben”, or “wilderness”.
Bar Shaul בר שאול, בר-שאול Hebrew
Combination of bar and Shaul, with the meaning of "son of Saul".
Bar Yonah בר יונה / בריונה Hebrew
Means "son of Jonah" or "son of the dove" from Hebrew yonah "dove".
Bar Yosef בר יוסף Hebrew
Combination of Bar and Yosef, with the meaning of "son of Joseph".
Barzelai Hebrew
Variant form of Barzilai.
Barzelaij Dutch, Jewish
Dutch form (or "dutchization", if you will) of Barzilai via Barzelay. Also compare Barzilaij... [more]
Barzelay Hebrew
Variant form of Barzilai via Barzelai. A known bearer of this surname is American-Israeli musician Eef Barzelay (b... [more]
Barzilai ברזילי Jewish
From the given name Barzillai.
Barzilaij Dutch, Jewish
Dutch form (or "dutchization", if you will) of Barzilai via Barzilay. This name is found exclusively in the Dutch-Jewish community, and is considered quite rare: there were only 112 bearers in 1947 and only 51 bearers in 2007.
Barzilay Hebrew
Variant form of Barzilai.
Bar Zohar בר זוהר Hebrew
Combination of the surnames Bar and Zohar.
Barzvi ברצבי Jewish
Baskin Jewish
Means "son of Baske", a Yiddish female personal name (a pet-form of the Biblical name Bath Seba). Baskin-Robbins is a US chain of ice-cream parlours founded in Glendale, California in 1945 by Burt Baskin (1913-1969) and Irv Robbins (1917-2008).
Bauman German, Jewish, Scandinavian
Respelling of German Baumann or Jewish (Ashkenazic) or Scandinavian spelling of the same name.
Beilin ביילין Yiddish
Derived from the feminine given name Beile or Bayla; the given names themselves are Yiddish forms of English Bella... [more]
Belen Jewish
Variant of Belenky.
Belfer Jewish
Occupational name from Yiddish be(he)lfer, ba(he)lfer "teacher’s assistant".
Belin Yiddish
Metronymic from the Yiddish female personal name Beyle meaning ‘beautiful’ (related to French belle).
Belinsky Russian, Jewish
Habitational surname for someone from Belin (Bilyn) in Ukraine, which may be derived from Proto-Slavic *bělъ "white".
Belzer Jewish
Habitational name for someone from Belz in Ukraine.
Ben-Aharon בן אהרון Hebrew
Means "son of Aaron" in Hebrew.
Ben Ari בן ארי Hebrew
Means "son of Ari 1" in Hebrew.
Ben Asher בן אשר Jewish
Means "son of Asher" in Hebrew.
Benatar בֵּן עתר Jewish
Possibly from Hebrew בֵּן (ben) meaning "son" and עתר ('atar) meaning "petitioner".
Benayoun בניון Judeo-Spanish
Means "son of Ayoun", from a Tamazight transcription of the given name Chayyim.
Ben David בן דוד Jewish
Means "son of David" in Hebrew.
Ben Dayan בן דיין Hebrew
Means "son of Dayan (a judge)" in Hebrew.
Ben Dor בן דור Hebrew
Means “son of Dor” in Hebrew.
Benesh בענעש, בנש Yiddish
From the given name Benesh, a Yiddish diminutive of Benedict.
Ben Ezra בן עזרא Hebrew
Means "son of Ezra" in Hebrew.
Ben Haim בן חיים Jewish
Means "son of Chayyim" in Hebrew.
Benhaim בן חיים Judeo-Spanish, Northern African
Variant of Ben Haim used by Jews in North Africa.
Ben Harush בן הרוש Hebrew
Son of Harush
Ben Israel בן ישראל Hebrew
Means "son of Israel" in Hebrew.
Benjamin בנימין Jewish, English, French, German, Dutch, Danish, Indian (Christian)
From the given name Benjamin.
Ben Kol Hebrew
Meaning "son of Kol".
Ben Menachem בן מנחם Hebrew
Means "son of Menachem" in Hebrew.
Ben Moshe בן משה Hebrew
Means "son of Moshe" in Hebrew.
Ben Naim בן נעים Hebrew
Means "son of Naim" or "pleasant son" in Hebrew.
Ben Natan בן נתן Hebrew
Means "son of Natan" in Hebrew. (see Nathan)
Ben Nun בן נון Hebrew
Joshua or Yehoshua Ben Nun functioned as Moses' assistant in the books of Exodus and Numbers, and later succeeded Moses as leader of the Israelite tribes in the Hebrew Bible's Book of Joshua
Ben Or בן אור Hebrew
Means "son of the light" in Hebrew. (see Or)
Bensaïd בן סעיד Arabic (Maghrebi), Judeo-Spanish
Means "son of Saïd".
Ben Shalom בן שלום Hebrew
Means "son of peace" in Hebrew.
Ben Shimon בן שמעון Jewish
Means "son of Shimon" in Hebrew.
Ben Shushan בן שושן Hebrew
Means "son of the lily" in Hebrew.
Ben Simon בן סימון, בן שמעון Hebrew
Means "son of Simon 1" or "son of Shimon" in Hebrew.
Bensimon בן שמעון Judeo-Spanish
Means "son of Simon 1".
Bensoussan בן שושן Judeo-Spanish
Means "son of Shoshannah".
Ben Tal בן טל Hebrew
Means "son of the dew" in Hebrew. (see Tal)
Ben Tzvi בן צבי Hebrew
Means "son of Tzvi" in Hebrew.
Ben Ya'akov בן יעקב Hebrew
Means "son of Yaakov" or "son of Jacob" in Hebrew.
Ben Yair בן יאיר Hebrew
Means “son of Yair” in Hebrew.
Ben Yosef בן יוסף Hebrew
Means "son of Yosef" in Hebrew.
Ben Zaken בן זקן Hebrew
Means "son of the old man" or "son of the elder" in Hebrew.
Benzaquen בןזקן Judeo-Spanish
Form of Ben Zaken used by Sephardi Jews.
Ben Ze'ev בן זאב Hebrew
Means "son of Ze'ev" in Hebrew.
Ben Zion בן ציון Hebrew
Means "son of Zion" in Hebrew.
Ben Zvi בן צבי Hebrew
Means "son of Zvi".
Bergen German, Dutch, Flemish, Jewish
Originally denoted a person from any of the various places named Bergen in Germany and the Netherlands. It is also a variant of Berg. Famous bearers include the Americans Candice Bergen (1946-), an actress, and Polly Bergen (1930-2014), an actress, singer and television host.
Berlinerblau בערלינערבלאו German, Jewish
Means “Prussian blue” in German. A notable bearer of this surname is Jacques Berlinerblau, a professor of Jewish civilization, and Stefania Berlinerblau, an American anatomist and physician.
Berliński Polish, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from the city of Berlin in Germany.
Berman בערמאַן Yiddish
It literally means "bearman".
Bermann בערמאַן Yiddish
Variant of Berman.
Bernheim ברנהיים Jewish
From the Germanic elements bern meaning "bear" and heim meaning "home".
Bernstein Jewish
“Amber” in German
Bernthal ברנטל, בערנטאַל Jewish
Ornamental name derived from the Yiddish given name Ber meaning "bear" and German thal meaning "valley". A famous bearer is American actor Jon Bernthal (1976-).
Bialik Polish, Czech, Jewish
Derived from Polish biały meaning "white", originally a nickname for a person with blond hair or a pale complexion. A famous bearer of this name is American actress Mayim Bialik (1975-).
Bickel German, German (Swiss), Jewish
German: from bickel ‘pickaxe’ or ‘chisel’, hence a metonymic occupational name for someone who made pickaxes or worked with a pickaxe or for a stonemason. South German: from a pet form of Burkhart... [more]
Biedermann German, Jewish
nickname for an honest man from a compound of Middle High German biderbe "honorable" and man "man". Jewish surname adopted because of its honorific meaning from German bieder "honest, upright" and mann "man".
Bieler German, Jewish
Jewish (Ashkenazic): habitational name from any of the many places in eastern Europe whose name incorporates the Slavic element byel- ‘white’.... [more]
Bier German, Jewish
from Middle High German bier "beer" German bier Yiddish bir a metonymic occupational name for a brewer of beer or a tavern owner or in some cases perhaps a nickname for a beer drinker.
Birne English, German, Jewish
Means "pear" in German, making it the German equivalent of Perry 1, perhaps originally referring to a person who harvested or sold pears... [more]
Birnenbaum Jewish
Means "pear tree" in German.
Bitton ביטון Judeo-Spanish
From the medieval given name Viton or Vita, both derived from Latin vita meaning "life".
Blankenstein German, Jewish
From German blanken meaning "bare" and stein meaning "stone".
Blatt German, Jewish
Ornamental name derived from German blatt and Yiddish blat meaning "leaf", or a topographic name for someone who lived at a farm on a ledge on a mountainside, derived from Middle High German blate meaning "flat surface, ledge, plateau".
Blaustein German, Jewish
Ornamental name from German blau "blue" and Stein "stone", i.e. lapis lazuli.
Blitstein German, Jewish
Stein is the German word for stone.
Blitzstein German, Jewish
Blitz is the German word for lightening and stein is the German word for stone.
Bloch Jewish, German, French
Regional name for someone in Central Europe originating from Italy or France, from Polish "Włoch" meaning "Italian" (originally "stranger / of foreign stock"), ultimately derived – like many names and words in various European languages – from the Germanic Walhaz.
Block Jewish
Variant of Bloch.
Bloom Jewish (Americanized), Dutch
Americanized spelling of Bloem and Blum.
Bloomingdale Jewish (Americanized)
Americanized form of German Blumenthal or its Dutch cognate Bloemendaal.
Blumbarg בלומבאַרג Yiddish
It literally means "bloom barrow".
Blumenberg Jewish
Ornamental name composed of German Blume "flower" and Berg "mountain, hill".
Blumenkrantz German, Jewish
Means "flower-wreath" in German.
Blumshteyn בלומשטיין Yiddish
Original Yiddish form of Blumstein.
Bluth German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): ornamental name from Middle High German bluot, German Blüte ‘bloom’, ‘flower head’. ... [more]
Bobeck Swedish, German, Jewish, Slavic
A respelling of the Swedish Bobäck, an ornamental name composed of the elements bo meaning "farm" and bäck meaning "stream".... [more]
Bobrowski Polish, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from a place called Bobrowa, Bobrowo, Bobrowce, or Bobrowiec.
Bock German, Upper German, Jewish, English
Altered spelling of German Böck (see Boeck) or Bach.... [more]
Bonaparte Italian (Rare), French (Rare), Judeo-Italian (Rare), American (Rare), Caribbean (Rare)
Variant and French form of Buonaparte. This is also a Jewish surname. A notable bearer was Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1820), who ruled as Emperor of France from 1804 through 1814 and again briefly in 1815, who was of Italian (Tuscan) ancestry... [more]
Borsok Russian, Jewish, German (Austrian)
Pronouced "Boar-sook"... [more]
Bortnick Ukrainian, Jewish
Occupational name for a beekeeper, Ukrainian bortnik.
Bouaziz בועזיז Arabic (Maghrebi), Judeo-Spanish
Means "father of Aziz".
Bracha ברכה Hebrew
From the given name Bracha, means "blessing" in Hebrew.
Brainin Jewish
Means "son of Brayne", Brayne being a short form of the Yiddish feminine name Brayndl, literally "little brown one" (cf. Breindel).
Brandeis Jewish
Derived from Brandýs nad Labem-Stará Boleslav (known as Brandeis-Altbunzlau or Brandeis an der Elbe in German), a town located in the Prague-East District, in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic... [more]
Brandis German, Jewish, Swiss
German & Swiss: Habitational name from a former Brandis castle in Emmental near Bern, Switzerland, or from any of the places so named in Saxony, Germany. A famous bearer of the name is Jonathan Brandis (1976-2003).... [more]
Braunschweig German, Jewish
Denoted a person from the city of Braunschweig in Lower Saxony, Germany, which is of Old Saxon origin meaning "Bruno's settlement".
Braunstein German, Jewish
Ornamental name composed of German braun "brown" and stein "stone".
Braverman ברוורמן Jewish
Variant of Braver.
Breines Yiddish
From the German braun "brown".
Brenari Jewish, Italian
Jewish family and possible place-name in N.E.Italy in 1500's.
Brenner German, German (Austrian), Jewish
Derived from Middle High German brennen "to burn". Both as a German and a Jewish name, this was an occupational name for a distiller of spirits. As a German surname, however, it also occasionally referred to a charcoal or lime burner or to someone who cleared forests by burning.
Breuer German, Jewish
occupational name for a brewer of beer or ale from Middle High German briuwer "brewer". Cognitive of Brewer.
Brick Irish (Anglicized), English, German, Jewish
Irish Anglicized form of Gaelic $Ó Bruic] "descendant of Broc", i.e. "badger" (sometimes so translated) or Ó Bric "descendant of Breac", a personal name meaning "freckled"... [more]
Brizendine French, English, Jewish
Derived from a personal name, probably of Celtic origin (Latinized as Britus), which was borne by a 5th century saint, who succeeded St. Martin as bishop of Tours.
Brod Jewish
Either derived from German Brot "bread" or taken from one of the various towns named Brod in Bosnia, Croatia and Macedonia or from one of the towns named Brody in Ukraine and Poland.
Brook German, Jewish
Americanized spelling of German Bruch and Jewish Bruck.
Broynshteyn ברוינשטיין Yiddish
It literally means "brownstone".
Bruck Jewish
From Polish, Belorussian, or Yiddish bruk "pavement", possibly an occupational name for a paver.
Brucker Jewish
From Polish brukarz or Yiddish bruk "pavement", possibly an occupational name for a paver.
Brühl German, Jewish
Topographic name for someone who lived by a swampy area, derived from Middle High German brüel and Middle Low German brul meaning "swampy land with brushwood". It may also be a habitational name from various places named Brühl in Germany.
Brún בראַן Frisian, Jewish
Frisian form of Brun.
Brunner German (Austrian), Upper German, Jewish
Derived from one of various places named Brunn or Brunnen as well as a habitational name denoting someone from the Czech city of Brno (Brünn in German).
Brunner Upper German, German (Austrian), German (Swiss), Jewish
Derived from Middle High German brunne "spring, well", this name denoted someone who lived beside a spring.
Brunsvig Danish, Jewish
Danish form of the German "Braunschweig", a German city.
Buxbaum German, Jewish
Means "box tree" in German.
Caan Scottish, German, Jewish
Altered spelling of Jewish Cohen, or probably denoted a person from the city of Aberdeen in Scotland. Famous bearers of this surname include American actor James Caan (1940-2022), as well as his son Scott Caan (1976-), also a noted actor.
Cabrit Medieval Occitan, Provençal, Judeo-Provençal, Occitan
Occitanian byname meaning ""billy-goat"" see: Vulgar Latin "cabritus", from "cabrire" from older Latine "caper". ... [more]
Cahana כהנא Jewish (Rare, Archaic)
Jewish surname, originally of Eastern European Ashkenazi origin, found in Russia, Ukraine, Romania, Moldova. Currently a relatively common surname in Israel. Aramaic equivalent of Cohen.
Canner Jewish (Anglicized, Modern, Rare)
Anglicized (American) version of one of many Eastern European Ashkenazi surnames including Cahana, Cahane, Kahana, Kahane, etc. Cahana et al is a version of the common surname Cohen.
Caplan Jewish
Variant of Kaplan
Carbajal Spanish, Judeo-Spanish
Probably a habitational name denoting someone originally from any of the multiple locations called Carbajal in León, Asturias, or Zamora in Spain. Alternatively, it may be of pre-Roman origin from the word carbalio meaning "oak", denoting someone who either lived near an oak tree or who was like an oak tree in some way.... [more]
Carlin Jewish (Anglicized)
Americanized spelling of Karlin.
Caslari Jewish (Archaic), Judeo-Provençal, Judeo-Catalan, Judeo-French
Abraham ben David Caslari was a Catalan-Jewish physician. Abraham Caslari (presumably a different man) is also listed in the index of known Jews in France in the late middle ages in the book Judaia Gallica by Heinrich Gross.
Castelli Judeo-Italian, Italian, Spanish
Italian patronymic or plural form of Castello. ... [more]
Castelnuovo Italian, Judeo-Italian
From Italian castello "castle" and nuovo "new".
Caylar Medieval Occitan, Judeo-Provençal
Mediaeval Occitan word for ""Castle"". This lives on in the Occitanian commune "Le Caylar-en-Larzac"
Cebreiro Jewish, Portuguese
Cebreiro is an olive tree.
Cerfbeer French, Jewish
Combination of the Medieval French and Jewish given names Cerf and Beer.
Chaimowitz טשיימאוויץ, חיימוביץ Jewish
Variant form of Yiddish Chaimovich, which meant "son of Chaim".
Chait Jewish
Jewish occupational name derived from the Hebrew word חייט‎ meaning "tailor".
Chamoun שאמון Arabic, Arabic (Maghrebi), Assyrian, Jewish
French-influenced variant of Arabic شمعون (see Shamoun), mainly used in Lebanon, Syria, Iraq and parts of North Africa. This name was borne by Lebanese president Camille Chamoun (1900-1987).
Chasen Jewish
From the Hebrew חזן "cantor".
Cherkasskiy Ukrainian, Jewish
Derived from Ukrainian Черкас (Cherkas) meaning "Circassian".
Cherkassky צʹרקסקי Russian, Jewish
Name for someone from the city of Cherkasy (or Cherkassy) in Ukraine, which is of uncertain meaning.
Chernoff Russian, Jewish
Alternative spelling of Chernov, a patronymic from the byname Chernyj meaning ‘black’, denoting a black-haired or dark-skinned person.
Chetrit שטרית Judeo-Spanish
Alternate transcription of Shitrit.
Chouraqui שוראקי Judeo-Spanish
Means "the one who comes from the east" from Arabic شَرْقِيّ (šarqiyy) meaning "eastern".
Chriqui שריקי Judeo-Spanish
Alternate transcription of Chouraqui.
Chrysler German, Jewish
From a German name referring to spinning or related to a Yiddish word, krayzl meaning "spinning top." The name can refer to a potter who spun a wheel to make utensils or to a person with curly hair or someone known for being continually active... [more]
Ciechanover Polish, Jewish
Variant of Ciechanower. It is borne by the Israeli biologist Aaron Ciechanover (1947-), who is known for characterising the method that cells use to degrade and recycle proteins using ubiquitin.
Ciechanower Polish, Jewish
Denoted a person who came from one of the places in Poland called Ciechanów, for example the city in the Mazovia province.
Citrine Jewish
An invented Jewish name based on Yiddish tsitrin "lemon tree".
Connick Yiddish
Variation on Koenig.
Cookinham Jewish (Americanized)
This has the form of an English habitational name; however, there is no record of any such place name in the British Isles, and the surname does not appear in present-day records. It is probably an Americanized form of Jewish Guggenheim .
Copenhagen Jewish
From the name of the capital city of Denmark.
Cort Polish, Russian, Jewish
Derived from the surname "Kutalczuk", "Kotelchik", "Cuttlechuck", or "Kuttlechuck"
Cress German, Jewish, Belarusian
A variant of the German surname Kress. From the Middle High German "kresse" meaning "gudgeon" (a type of fish) or the Old High German "krassig", meaning "greedy". Can also be from an altered form of the names Erasmus or Christian, or the Latin spelling of the Cyrillic "КРЕСС".
Cucolo Italian, Austrian, Judeo-Italian
Used in Austria, and in southern regions of Italy.
Dahan דהן Jewish
Occupational name for a painter or a seller of oils from Arabic دُهْن (duhn) meaning "grease, fat, oil".
Danneberg Jewish
Jewish (Ashkenazic): possibly a habitational name from any of various places in Germany named Dannenberg.
Dantzscher Jewish
Swiss Austrian Jewish origin ... [more]
Daum German, Jewish
Nickname for a short person, from Middle High German doum "tap", "plug", or dume, German Daumen "thumb".
Davidian Armenian, Jewish
Alternate transcription of Davtyan.