Jewish Submitted Surnames

These names are used by Jews. For more specific lists, see Hebrew names and Yiddish names. See also about Jewish names.
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Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
AARONSON Jewish
Aaronson is a patronymic surname from the personal name Aaron.
ABECASSIS אבקסיס‎ Judeo-Spanish
From Hebrew אָב (áv) meaning "father" and Arabic قَصَّاص (qaṣṣāṣ) meaning "storyteller, narrator" (used as a title for community leaders and rabbis among North African Jews).
ABERGEL אברגיל Judeo-Spanish
Means "one-legged" or "one-footed" in Moroccan Arabic, from Arabic رِجْل (rijl) meaning "leg, foot".
ABITBOL אביטבול Judeo-Spanish
Means "father of drums" (figuratively referring to a drum maker) from Arabic أَبُو (abū) meaning "father" and طَبْل (ṭabl) meaning "drum".
ABOULAFIA Jewish
Variant spelling of Abulafia, which was originally a Sephardi Jewish surname of Arabic etymological origin.
ABRAMCZYK Polish, Jewish, Belarusian
Derived from the given name ABRAHAM.
ABRAMOV אברהמוב Russian, Jewish
Means "son of Abram".
ABRAMOVA Russian, Jewish
feminine form of Abramov (Абрамов)
ABRAMSKI Jewish
Means "son of Abram."
ABRESCH German, Dutch, Jewish
From a pet form of the Biblical name ABRAHAM.
ABSALOM English, Jewish
Derived from the given name ABSALOM.
ABULAFIA אבולעפיה‎‎ Judeo-Spanish
From Arabic أبو العافية‎‎ (abū l-ʿāfiya) meaning "father of health" from أبو (abū) meaning "father" and عافية (ʿāfiya) meaning "health, well-being".
ADAMSKI Polish, Jewish
Originally denoted someone who came from the Polish village Adamy, a Polish village Adamowo, the Polish village Adamki, or the Belorussian city Adamki. These locations are derived from the given name ADAM.
ADAMSKY Jewish
Variant spelling of ADAMSKI.
ADI עֲדִי Hebrew (Rare)
Means "jewel; ornament" in Hebrew, this is more common as a given name than a surname.
ADUT אַדוּת Hebrew
AGAM אגם Hebrew (Modern)
Rare variant of the surname AGAMI, which came from the Hebrew name AGAM, means "lake".
AGAMI אגמי Hebrew (Modern)
From the given name AGAM, means "lake" in Hebrew.
AHARON אהרון Hebrew
Variant of AHARONI, from the given name AARON.
AHARONI אהרוני Hebrew
From the given name AHARON.
AKSAMIT Polish, Ukrainian, Jewish, Belarusian, Czech
Derived from Polish aksamit meaning "velvet".
ALAZRAKI אלזרקי Judeo-Spanish
From Arabic اَلأَزْرَق (al-ʾazraq) meaning "the blue one".
ALAZRAQI אלאזרקי Spanish, Judeo-Spanish
Variant of ALAZRAKI.
ALBAZ אלבז Jewish, Northern African
Ashkenazic Jewish name meaning, "falconer" found mainly amongst Jewish peoples emigrating from Algeria and Morocco.
ALBO Spanish, Italian, Jewish
It is derived from the name Albert, Alberto, Albino, and Alberico.... [more]
ALFES אלפס, אלפסי Jewish
Official website of the the City of Alfés (in the Province Lleida, Catalonia, Spain) says:... [more]
ALHADEFF Judeo-Spanish
Possibly an occupational name for a weaver from Arabic الهداف (al-̣haddāf) meaning "the weaver's shuttle". Alternately, it may be from Arabic الهدى (al-hadā) meaning "the guided one".
ALMOG אַלְמוֹג Hebrew
From the given name ALMOG, means "coral" in Hebrew.
ALPERT English, Jewish, German, Dutch
A variant of the Jewish surname Heilprin or HALPERN. In German and Dutch usage, it is derived from the given name ALBERT... [more]
ALT German, Jewish
From German alt ‘old’, typically applied as a distinguishing epithet to the older of two bearers of the same personal name.
ALTERMAN אַלטערמאַן Yiddish
It literally means "old man".
ALTSCHULER Jewish
It is derived from the Altschul, Old Synagogue in Prague.
AMBERG German, Jewish
German and possibly Jewish (Ashkenazic) habitational name from any of several settlements called Amberg (literally ‘by the mountain’), including a city in Bavaria. It could also be a topographic name of identical etymology... [more]
AMIR עמיר Hebrew
From the given name AMIR (2).
AMIT עָמִית Hebrew (Modern)
From a first name which means "friend", "companion", "colleague", or from a nickname given to a friendly person or a colleague.
AMRAM עמרם Hebrew, Jewish
From the given name AMRAM.
ANDRULEVIČUS אנדרולביץ, ענדרולביץ Jewish (Russified, Modern, Rare), Jewish (Anglicized, Modern, Rare)
"Ben-Adam" or "ben-ish" ("ben" being "son" in Hebrew; Adam meaning "man"). The Andrulevičuses were originally Sephardic kohanim whom immigrated to Lithuania, and then Poland, Latvia, and other countries.
ANDRULEWICZ Lithuanian (Modern, Rare), Polish (Modern, Rare), Jewish (Modern, Rare), Latvian
Originally ANDRULEVIČUS or Andrulevičius, it means "ben-ADAM" or "ben-ish" ("ben" being "son" in Hebrew; Adam meaning "man")... [more]
ANTURY Greek, Hebrew
Haifa, Israel.... [more]
APPEL German, Dutch, Jewish, Low German, Medieval Dutch, Yiddish
1. German: from the personal name APPEL, a pet form of Apprecht (common especially in Thuringia and Franconia), itself a variant of ALBRECHT... [more]
APT German, Yiddish
German: variant of Abt.... [more]
ARGAMAN אַרְגָּמָן Hebrew
Means "crimson" in Hebrew.
ARIEL אריאל Hebrew
From the given name ARIEL.
AROUSI ערוסי Jewish, Hebrew, Judeo-Arabic, Arabic
Yemenite Jewish and Arabic name possibly deriving from Arabic words aroosi, "bridal, relating to a wedding", rousi, "groom". El Aroussi, a variant, is found densely in Morocco and Francophone populations (France, Canada).
ASAF אסף Hebrew
From the given name ASAF.
ASHER אשר Hebrew
From the given name ASHER.
ASHKENAZI אשכנזי Jewish
From a nickname given by Jews in Slavic countries to Jews from Germany. It was also used to denote a Yiddish-speaking Jew who had settled in an area where non-Ashkenazic Jews were the majority. The name ultimately comes from Hebrew אַשְׁכְּנַז‎‎ (ashk'náz), a location mentioned in the Hebrew Bible, which is likely from Assyrian Aškūza.
ASTRUC Judeo-Provençal
Means "happy, lucky" in Occitan and Provençal (see ASTRUC).
AUERBACH German, Jewish
Topographical name for someone who lived by a stream (Middle High German bach) that was near a swamp or marsh (auer).
AVIGDORI אביגדורי Jewish (Rare)
Surname variation of AVIGDOR, used to distinguish from said first name Avigdor.
AVITAL אביטל Hebrew
From the given name AVITAL.
AVIV אביב Hebrew
From the given name AVIV, also meaning "spring (the season)" in Hebrew.
AVIVI אֲבִיבִי Hebrew
Means "springlike" or "of the spring" in Hebrew. (see AVIV)
AVNER אבנר Hebrew
From the given name AVNER.
AVNI אבני Hebrew (Modern)
Means "my stone" in Hebrew, a variant of the surname EVEN or a diminutive of AVNER.
AXELROD Jewish (Americanized)
Derived from the Yiddish given name Akslrod.
AZAR עזר Hebrew
Means "(he) helped" in Hebrew, a verb form of EZER or EZRA.
AZARIA עזריה Jewish
From the given name AZARIAH.
AZOULAI אזולאי Judeo-Spanish
Alternate transcription of AZOULAY.
AZOULAY אזולאי Judeo-Spanish
Meaning uncertain. It may be derived from French azur or Spanish azul both meaning "blue" (of Persian origin), from Tamazight izîl meaning "good, pure, sublime", or from an acronym of the Biblical passage אִשָּׁ֨ה זֹנָ֤ה וַחֲלָלָה֙ לֹ֣א יִקָּ֔חוּ (’iš-šāh zō-nāh wa-ḥă-lā-lāh lō yiq-qā-ḥū) meaning "They shall not take a wife that is a whore, or profane".
AZULAY אזולאי Hebrew
Variant of AZOULAY.
BABUSHKIN Russian, Jewish
Derived from Russian бабушка (babushka) meaning "grandmother".
BACHARACHAS Jewish
Bacharachas is a derivate of the Bacharach that is a town in Germany.
BĄKOWSKI Polish, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from a place called Bąkowa, Bąkowice, Bąkowiec, or Bąkowo.
BALASKA Greek, Jewish, Polish
Feminine form of BALASKAS (Greek) or Balaski (Jewish), it is used by Greeks and Slavic Jews.
BAR בר Hebrew
From Aramaic בְּרָא (b'rā) meaning "son, child" or Hebrew בָּר (bar) meaning "grain, cereal".
BARASCH Hebrew
Acronym of the first two letters for the Hebrew phrase "son of the Rabbi Samuel." Bar Rabbi Schmul
BAR GIL בר גיל Hebrew (Modern)
Combination of BAR and GIL, with the meaning of "son of GIL" or "one who is joyful".
BAR HAIM בר חיים Hebrew
Combination of BAR and HAIM, with the meaning of "son of Chayyim".
BARKAI בַּרְקַאי‎ Hebrew
Means ''morning star'' in Hebrew.
BAR LEV בר לב Hebrew
Combination of the surnames BAR and LEV.
BARON Jewish
From German or Polish baron or Russian барон (baron) meaning "baron". In Israel the name is often interpreted to mean "son of strength" from Hebrew בר און‎ (bar on).
BAR SHAUL בר שאול, בר-שאול Hebrew
Combination of BAR and Shaul, with the meaning of "son of SAUL".
BAR YOSEF בר יוסף Hebrew
Combination of BAR and YOSEF, with the meaning of "son of JOSEPH".
BARZELAI Hebrew
Variant form of BARZILAI.
BARZELAIJ Dutch, Jewish
Dutch form (or "dutchization", if you will) of BARZILAI via BARZELAY. Also compare BARZILAIJ... [more]
BARZELAY Hebrew
Variant form of BARZILAI via BARZELAI. A known bearer of this surname is American-Israeli musician Eef Barzelay (b... [more]
BARZILAI ברזילי Hebrew
Derived from BARZILLAI, the name of a character from the Talmud. His name meant "man of iron" or "iron-hearted", derived from Hebrew בַּרְזֶל (barzél) "iron".
BARZILAIJ Dutch, Jewish
Dutch form (or "dutchization", if you will) of BARZILAI via BARZILAY. This name is found exclusively in the Dutch-Jewish community, and is considered quite rare: there were only 112 bearers in 1947 and only 51 bearers in 2007.
BARZILAY Hebrew
Variant form of BARZILAI.
BAR ZOHAR בר זוהר Hebrew
Combination of the surnames BAR and ZOHAR.
BASKIN Jewish
Means "son of Baske", a Yiddish female personal name (a pet-form of the Biblical name Bath Seba). Baskin-Robbins is a US chain of ice-cream parlours founded in Glendale, California in 1945 by Burt Baskin (1913-1969) and Irv Robbins (1917-2008).
BELFER Jewish
Occupational name from Yiddish be(he)lfer, ba(he)lfer "teacher’s assistant".
BELIN Yiddish
Metronymic from the Yiddish female personal name Beyle meaning ‘beautiful’ (related to French belle).
BELINSKY Russian, Jewish
Habitational surname for someone from Belin in Ukraine, which may be derived from Proto-Slavic *bělъ "white".
BELZER Jewish
Habitational name for someone from Belz in Ukraine.
BEN-AHARON בן אהרון Hebrew
Means "son of AARON" in Hebrew.
BEN ARI בן ארי Hebrew
Means "son of ARI (1)" in Hebrew.
BEN ASHER בן אשר Hebrew
Means "son of ASHER" in Hebrew.
BENAYOUN בניון Judeo-Spanish
Means "son of Ayoun", from a Tamazight transcription of the given name CHAYYIM.
BEN DAVID בן דוד Hebrew
Means "son of DAVID" in Hebrew.
BEN DAYAN בן דיין Hebrew
Means "son of DAYAN (a judge)" in Hebrew.
BEN DOR בן דור Hebrew
Means “son of DOR” in Hebrew.
BENESH בענעש, בנש Yiddish
From the given name BENESH, a Yiddish diminutive of BENEDICT.
BEN EZRA בן עזרא Hebrew
Means "son of EZRA" in Hebrew.
BEN HAIM בן חיים Hebrew
Means "son of CHAYYIM" in Hebrew.
BENHAIM בן חיים Judeo-Spanish, Northern African
Variant of BEN HAIM used by Jews in North Africa.
BEN HARUSH בן הרוש Hebrew
Son of HARUSH
BEN ISRAEL בן ישראל Hebrew
Means "son of ISRAEL" in Hebrew.
BEN MENACHEM בן מנחם Hebrew
Means "son of MENACHEM" in Hebrew.
BEN MOSHE בן משה Hebrew
Means "son of MOSHE" in Hebrew.
BEN NATAN בן נתן Hebrew
Means "son of NATAN" in Hebrew. (see NATHAN)
BENSAÏD בן סעיד Arabic (Maghrebi), Judeo-Spanish
Means "son of SAÏD".
BEN SHALOM בן שלום Hebrew
Means "son of peace" in Hebrew.
BEN SHIMON בן שמעון Hebrew
Means "son of Shimon" in Hebrew.
BEN SHUSHAN בן שושן Hebrew
Means "son of the lily" in Hebrew.
BEN SIMON בן סימון, בן שמעון Hebrew
Means "son of SIMON" or "son of Shimon" in Hebrew.
BENSIMON בן שמעון Judeo-Spanish
Means "son of SIMON (1)".
BENSOUSSAN בן שושן Judeo-Spanish
Means "son of SHOSHANNAH".
BEN TZVI בן צבי Hebrew
Means "son of TZVI" in Hebrew.
BEN YA'AKOV בן יעקב Hebrew
Means "son of YAAKOV" or "son of JACOB" in Hebrew.
BEN YAIR בן יאיר Hebrew
Means “son of YAIR” in Hebrew.
BEN YOSEF בן יוסף Hebrew
Means "son of YOSEF" in Hebrew.
BEN ZAKEN בן זקן Hebrew
Means "son of the old man" or "son of the elder" in Hebrew.
BENZAQUEN בןזקן Judeo-Spanish
Form of BEN ZAKEN used by Sephardi Jews.
BEN ZE'EV בן זאב Hebrew
Means "son of ZE'EV" in Hebrew.
BEN ZION בן ציון Hebrew
Means "son of Zion" in Hebrew.
BEN ZVI בן צבי Hebrew
Means "son of ZVI".
BERLIŃSKI Polish, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from Berlin.
BERMAN בערמאַן Yiddish
It literally means "bearman".
BERMANN בערמאַן Yiddish
Variant of BERMAN.
BERNHEIM Jewish
This is a German Jewish surname. Bern translates into English as bear and heim translates into English as home.
BERNSTEIN Jewish
“Amber” in German
BICKEL German, German (Swiss), Jewish
German: from bickel ‘pickaxe’ or ‘chisel’, hence a metonymic occupational name for someone who made pickaxes or worked with a pickaxe or for a stonemason. South German: from a pet form of Burkhart... [more]
BIELER German, Jewish
Jewish (Ashkenazic): habitational name from any of the many places in eastern Europe whose name incorporates the Slavic element byel- ‘white’.... [more]
BIELINSKI Polish, Jewish
Habitual surname for someone from Bielin in Volhynia or Bielina, Bielino, or Bieliny in Poland.
BIRNE English, German, Jewish
Means "pear" in German, making it the German equivalent of PERRY (1), perhaps originally referring to a person who harvested or sold pears... [more]
BIRNENBAUM Jewish
Means "pear tree" in German.
BLAUSTEIN German, Jewish
Ornamental name from German blau "blue" and Stein "stone", i.e. lapis lazuli.
BLITSTEIN German, Jewish
Stein is the German word for stone.
BLITZSTEIN German, Jewish
Blitz is the German word for lightening and stein is the German word for stone.
BLOCH Jewish
Regional name for someone in Central Europe originating from Italy or France, from Polish "Włoch" meaning "Italian" (originally "stranger / of foreign stock"), ultimately derived – like many names and words in various European languages – from the Germanic Walhaz.
BLOCK Jewish
Variant of BLOCH.
BLOOM Jewish (Americanized), Dutch
Americanized spelling of BLOEM and BLUM.
BLOOMINGDALE Jewish (Americanized)
Americanized form of German BLUMENTHAL or its Dutch cognate BLOEMENDAAL.
BLUMBARG בלומבאַרג Yiddish
It literally means "bloom barrow".
BLUMENBERG Jewish
Ornamental name composed of German Blume "flower" and Berg "mountain, hill".
BLUMENKRANTZ German, Jewish
Means "flower-wreath" in German.
BLUMSHTEYN בלומשטיין Yiddish
Original Yiddish form of BLUMSTEIN.
BLUTH German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): ornamental name from Middle High German bluot, German Blüte ‘bloom’, ‘flower head’. ... [more]
BOBECK Swedish, German, Jewish, Slavic
A respelling of the Swedish Bobäck, an ornamental name composed of the elements bo meaning "farm" and bäck meaning "stream".... [more]
BOBROWSKI Polish, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from a place called Bobrowa, Bobrowo, Bobrowce, or Bobrowiec.
BOCK German, Upper German, Jewish, English
Altered spelling of German Böck (see Boeck) or BACH.... [more]
BOGUSŁAWSKI Polish, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from a place called Boguslaw or Boguslawice, from the personal name BOGUSŁAW (composed of Slavic Bog "God" and slav "glory").
BONAPARTE Italian (Rare), French (Rare), Judeo-Italian (Rare), American (Rare), Caribbean (Rare)
Variant and French form of BUONAPARTE. This is also a Jewish surname. A notable bearer was Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1820), who ruled as Emperor of France from 1804 through 1814 and again briefly in 1815, who was of Italian (Tuscan) ancestry... [more]
BORKOWSKI Polish, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from a place called Borki, Borkowice, or Borek, all named with Polish bór 'pine forest', or from Borków, which derives from the personal name Borek + the possessive suffix -ow.
BORSOK Russian, Jewish, German (Austrian)
Pronouced "Boar-sook"... [more]
BORTNICK Ukrainian, Jewish
Occupational name for a beekeeper, Ukrainian bortnik.
BOUAZIZ בועזיז Arabic (Maghrebi), Judeo-Spanish
Means "father of AZIZ".
BRACHA ברכה Hebrew
From the given name BRACHA, means "blessing" in Hebrew.
BRAININ Jewish
Means "son of Brayne", Brayne being a short form of the Yiddish feminine name Brayndl, literally "little brown one" (cf. BREINDEL).
BRANDIS German, Jewish, Swiss
German & Swiss: Habitational name from a former Brandis castle in Emmental near Bern, Switzerland, or from any of the places so named in Saxony, Germany. A famous bearer of the name is Jonathan Brandis (1976-2003).... [more]
BRAUNSTEIN German, Jewish
Ornamental name composed of German braun "brown" and stein "stone".
BRAVERMAN Jewish, Ukrainian, Polish
A fairly common Jewish surname from Ukraine,Poland,and in some cases Russia.
BREINES Yiddish
From the German braun "brown".
BRENARI Jewish, Italian
Jewish family and possible place-name in N.E.Italy in 1500's.
BRICK Irish (Anglicized), English, German, Jewish
Irish Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó Bruic ‘descendant of BROC’, i.e. ‘Badger’ (sometimes so translated) or Ó Bric ‘descendant of Breac’, a personal name meaning ‘freckled’... [more]
BROOK German, Jewish
Americanized spelling of German BRUCH and Jewish BRUCK.
BROYNSHTEYN ברוינשטיין Yiddish
It literally means "brownstone".
BRUCK Jewish
From Polish, Belorussian, or Yiddish bruk "pavement", possibly an occupational name for a paver.
BRUCKER Jewish
From Polish brukarz or Yiddish bruk "pavement", possibly an occupational name for a paver.
BRUNSVIG Danish, Jewish
Danish form of the German "Braunschweig", a German city.
BUXBAUM German, Jewish
Means "box tree" in German.
CARBAJAL Spanish, Judeo-Spanish
Probably a habitational name demoting someone originally from any of the multiple locations called Carbajal in León, Asturias, or Zamora in Spain. Alternatively, it may be of pre-Roman origin from the word carbalio meaning "oak", denoting someone who either lived near an oak tree or who was like an oak tree in some way.... [more]
CARLIN Jewish (Anglicized)
Americanized spelling of KARLIN.
CASTIGLIONE Italian, Jewish
Habitational name from any of numerous places named with this word, from medieval Latin castellio (genitive castellionis) ‘fortification’ or ‘small castle’.
CEBREIRO Jewish, Portuguese
Cebreiro is an olive tree.
CERFBEER French, Jewish
Combination of the Medieval French and Jewish given names CERF and Beer.
CHAIT Jewish
Jewish occupational name derived from the Hebrew word חייט‎ meaning "tailor".
CHASEN Jewish
From the Hebrew חזן "cantor".
CHERKASSKIY Ukrainian, Jewish
Derived from Ukrainian Черкас (Cherkas) meaning "Circassian".
CHERKASSKY Russian, Jewish
Derived from Russian Черкес (Cherkes) meaning "Circassian", referring to a Muslim ethnic group native to the North Caucasus. This was the name of a noble Russian family of ethnic Circassian origin.
CHERNOFF Russian, Jewish
Alternative spelling of CHERNOV, a patronymic from the byname Chernyj meaning ‘black’, denoting a black-haired or dark-skinned person.
CHETRIT שטרית Judeo-Spanish
Alternate transcription of Shitrit.
CHOURAQUI שוראקי Judeo-Spanish
Means "the one who comes from the east" from Arabic شَرْقِيّ (šarqiyy) meaning "eastern".
CHRIQUI שריקי Judeo-Spanish
Alternate transcription of CHOURAQUI.
CHRYSLER German, Jewish
From a German name referring to spinning or related to a Yiddish word, krayzl meaning "spinning top." The name can refer to a potter who spun a wheel to make utensils or to a person with curly hair or someone known for being continually active... [more]
CITRINE Jewish
An invented Jewish name based on Yiddish tsitrin "lemon tree".
CONNICK Yiddish
Variation on KOENIG.
CORT Polish, Russian, Jewish
Derived from the surname "Kutalczuk", "Kotelchik", "Cuttlechuck", or "Kuttlechuck"
CRESS German, Jewish, Belarusian
A variant of the German surname Kress. From the Middle High German "kresse" meaning "gudgeon" (a type of fish) or the Old High German "krassig", meaning "greedy". Can also be from an altered form of the names Erasmus or Christian, or the Latin spelling of the Cyrillic "КРЕСС".
CUCOLO Italian, Austrian, Judeo-Italian
Used in Austria, and in southern regions of Italy.
CZARNECKI Polish, Jewish
habitational name for someone from a place called Czarnca in Kielce voivodeship, or any of the various places called Czarnocin or Czarnia, all named with Polish czarny 'black'.
DAHAN דהן Jewish
Occupational name for a painter or a seller of oils from Arabic دُهْن (duhn) meaning "grease, fat, oil".
DAUM German, Jewish
Nickname for a short person, from Middle High German doum "tap", "plug", or dume, German Daumen "thumb".
DAVIDIAN Armenian, Jewish
Alternate transcription of DAVTYAN.
D'AVIGDOR Jewish
Means "son of AVIGDOR" (a Jewish personal name, from Hebrew avi-Gedor "father of Gedor").
DAYAN דיין Hebrew
Means "judge" in Hebrew.
DEGELOS Jewish (Rare), French
Most probable origin - Jewish adapting French sounding names... [more]
DESSER Jewish
Habitational name from the city of Dessau in Germany.
DEUTCH German (Rare), Jewish (Rare)
"German". Used as a last name for those who had none in the 17-18th century. Continues to today, albeit rarely.
DIAMANT דיאמנט Hebrew, Jewish
Jewish surname derived from French and German diamant meaning "diamond", used to denote a jeweler.
DIAMOND Jewish
Americanized form of a Jewish surname, spelled in various ways, derived from modern German Diamant, Demant "diamond", or Yiddish dimet or diment, from the Middle High German diemant (via Latin from Greek adamas ‘unconquerable’, genitive adamantos, a reference to the hardness of the stone)... [more]
DICKERMAN English, German, Jewish
Possibly derived from Middle High German dic(ke) "strong, thick" and Mann "man, male, husband".
DOR דור Hebrew (Modern)
From the given name DOR, means "generation" in Hebrew.
DORON דוֹרוֹן Hebrew
From the given name DORON.
DRABKIN Belarusian, Jewish
Jewish (from Belarus): metronymic from Yiddish drabke “loose woman”. Can also be from drabki Belarusian 'light cart' (+ the same suffix -in), an occupational name for a coachman (Alexander Beider).... [more]
DRAPKIN Belarusian, Jewish
Phonetic spelling in Belarus of DRABKIN... [more]
DREXEL German, Jewish
It originates from the pre 7th century word 'dreseler' meaning 'to turn', a verb which in medieval times had a wide range of meanings.
DREYFUS French, German, Jewish
French-influenced variant of DREYFUSS, popular amongst people of Alsatian Jewish descent.
DREYFUSS German, Jewish
Originates from the German city of Trier. The Latin name for the city was "Treveris," whose pronunciation eventually developed into Dreyfuss. The spelling variants tend to correspond to the country the family was living in at the time the spelling was standardized: the use of one "s" tends to be more common among people of French origin, while the use of two tends to be found among those of German descent
DROPKIN Jewish, Belarusian
Jewish (from Belarus): nickname from Belorussian drobka ‘crumb’+ the eastern Slavic patronymic suffix -in.... [more]
DWORKIN Jewish
From a pet-form of the Yiddish female personal name Dvoyre, from Hebrew DEVORAH (source of English DEBORAH), literally "bee"... [more]
EDELSTEIN Jewish
Ornamental name derived from German Edelstein "gemstone; precious stone".
EFRATI אפרתי Hebrew
From the given name Efrat.
EGERT German, Jewish
Variant spelling of EGGERT.
EGGERT German, Jewish
Derived from the Proto-Germanic root agi meaning "edge".
EHRENBERG Jewish (Anglicized, Rare, Archaic), German
"In German it means 'mountain of honor'"
EHRENREICH German, Jewish, Yiddish
Jewish/Yiddish German ornamental surname meaning “Rich in honour”
EICHHORN German, Jewish
German topographic name for someone who lived on or near an oak-covered promontory, from Middle High German eich(e) ‘oak’ + horn ‘horn’, ‘promontory’. German from Middle High German eichhorn ‘squirrel’ (from Old High German eihhurno, a compound of eih ‘oak’ + urno, from the ancient Germanic and Indo-European name of the animal, which was later wrongly associated with hurno ‘horn’); probably a nickname for someone thought to resemble the animal, or alternatively a habitational name for someone who lived at a house distinguished by the sign of a squirrel... [more]
EINSTEIN German, Jewish
From German ein meaning “one” and stein meaning “stone”; also a habitational name from any of the various locations from Middle High German einsteinen meaning “to enclose or surround with stone”... [more]
EISEN German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): metonymic occupational name for an ironworker or smith, or an ironmonger, from Middle High German isen ‘iron’, German Eisen. It may also have been used as a nickname, with reference to the strength and hardness of iron or to its color, while as a Jewish name it was also adopted as an ornamental name from modern German Eisen ‘iron’ or the Yiddish cognate ayzn.
EISENBERG German, Jewish
Means "iron hill" from German isen meaning "iron" and berg meaning "hill".
EISENBERGER German, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from any of the several places called Eisenberg. As a Jewish name it is also an ornamental name.
EISNER German, Jewish
Occupational name for an ironworker, smith, or ironmonger, from an agent derivative of Middle High German īsen and German Eisen, meaning ‘iron’ (see EISEN).
ELBAZ אלבז Judeo-Spanish, Arabic
Alternate transcription of ALBAZ.
ELIAS Greek, Catalan, Portuguese, English, Welsh, German, Dutch, Jewish
Derived from the medieval given name ELIAS. Compare ELLIS.
ELIMELECH אלימלך, אלי-מלך Hebrew
Means "My God is a King" in Hebrew.
ELIYAHU אליהו Hebrew
From the given name ELIYAHU.
ELKAYAM אלקיים, אל-קיים Hebrew
Means "God is exist" in Hebrew. From the words el, "God" and kayam, "exist".
ELLENBERG German, Jewish, German (Swiss)
Derived from two municipalities and a village called Ellenberg in Germany. As an ornamental name, it is derived from German ölenberg, literally meaning "olive mountain".
ELMALEH אלמלח‎ Judeo-Spanish, Arabic
From Arabic مَالِح (māliḥ) meaning "salty, savoury", probably used to refer to a salt trader.
ELZEA Hebrew (Francized, Rare), American (South, Francized, Rare)
The name means G-d’s help It is a French transition of the Hebrew name Eleazar applied to Jews that came to France by way of Egypt. Later it was carried over to the French Caribbean mainly St. Martinique which was the first major Jewish settlement in the Caribbean, but the name also spread to other Latin American Islands including Mexico... [more]
EMER Jewish, Anglo-Saxon
Jewish (eastern Ashkenazic): metonymic occupational name from Yiddish emer ‘pail’, ‘bucket’. ... [more]
ENGLANDER German, Jewish
Ethnic name derived from German Engländer, meaning 'Englishman', thus denoting an incomer from England. In some cases, the Jewish name may be an ornamental adoption.
EPLBOYM עפּלבוים Yiddish
It means "apple tree", denoting either someone who planted them or lived near them.
EPSHTEYN German, Jewish
This surname may be derived from a German town known as Eppstein in Hesse. Epp probably came from Gaulish apa which means water or river and stein translates into English as stone.
EPSTEIN German, Jewish
A habitational name for someone from a place named Eppstein, which is from Old High German ebur meaning ‘wild boar’ and stein meaning ‘stone’.
ERBER Jewish, German
Meaning uncertain. Either a habitational name for someone living in a place named Erb or Erp, a name for a owner of a farm named Erbhof (derived from MIddle High German erbære "honorable, noble"), or derived from the given name ERPO.
EREZ אֶרֶז Hebrew (Modern)
Means "cedar" in Hebrew.... [more]
EULER German, Jewish
Occupational name for a potter, most common in the Rhineland and Hesse, from Middle High German ul(n)ære (an agent derivative of the dialect word ul, aul "pot", from Latin olla).
EVEN אבן Hebrew
Means "stone" in Hebrew.
EVEN KHEN אבן חן Hebrew (Modern)
Combination of the surnames EVEN and HEN, which create the meaning of "precious stone".
EZER עזר Hebrew
Means "helping" or "to help" in Hebrew.
FAGIN Jewish
Jewish (eastern Ashkenazic): variant spelling of Feigin.
FALCON Jewish
Possibly derived from the German Falke, meaning "falcon."
FALLOW English, Jewish
English: topographic name for someone who lived by a patch of fallow land, Middle English falwe (Old English f(e)alg). This word was used to denote both land left uncultivated for a time to recover its fertility and land recently brought into cultivation.... [more]
FAYERMAN פֿײַערמאַן Yiddish
It literally means "fireman".
FAYNSHTEYN פֿײַנשטײַן Yiddish
It literally means "fine stone".
FEDERMAN פֿעדערמאַן Yiddish
It literally means "feather man".
FEFERBARG פֿעפֿערבאַרג Yiddish
It literally means "pepperbarrow".
FEINGOLD Jewish
A Jewish name, from German, literally "fine gold".
FEIT German, Jewish
Variant of Veit. Also, nickname from Middle High German feit ‘adorned’, ‘pretty’ (the same word as French fait, Latin factus).
FELDMAN Jewish
Americanized spelling of FELDMANN
FELDMANN Jewish
From the surname FELD combined with the German suffix mann "man"
FELL English, German, Jewish
Metonymic occupational name for a furrier, from Middle English fell, Middle High German vel, or German Fell or Yiddish fel, all of which mean "skin, hide, pelt". Yiddish fel refers to untanned hide, in contrast to pelts "tanned hide" (see PILCHER).
FELLER English, German, Jewish
Occupational name for a furrier, from an agent derivative of Middle English fell, Middle Low German, Middle High German vel, or German Fell or Yiddish fel "hide, pelt". See also FELL.
FEUER Jewish
Ornamental name from modern German Feuer "fire".
FIELD English, Scottish, Irish, Jewish (Anglicized)
English: topographic name for someone who lived on land which had been cleared of forest, but not brought into cultivation, from Old English feld ‘pasture’, ‘open country’, as opposed on the one hand to æcer ‘cultivated soil’, ‘enclosed land’ (see ACKER) and on the other to weald ‘wooded land’, ‘forest’ (see WALD)... [more]
FINE Jewish (Anglicized)
Jewish Americanized spelling of Fein.
FINGER English, German, Jewish
Probably applied as a nickname for a man who had some peculiarity of the fingers, such as possessing a supernumerary one or having lost one or more of them through injury, or for someone who was small in stature or considered insignificant... [more]
FINK German, Slovene, English, Jewish
Nickname for a lively or cheerful person, Jewish ornamental name derived from the Germanic word for "finch", and German translation of Slovene Šinkovec which is from šcinkovec or šcinkavec meaning "finch".
FINKELSTEIN פֿינקעלשׁטײַן‎, פינקלשׁטין, פינקלשׁטיין Yiddish
Jewish (eastern Ashkenazic) ornamental compound name, literally 'sparkle stone', from Yiddish finkl 'sparkle' + stein 'stone'. See also GARFINKEL.
FISH Medieval English, Jewish
From Middle English fische, fish ‘fish’, a metonymic occupational name for a fisherman or fish seller, or a nickname for someone thought to resemble a fish.... [more]
FLAM Jewish
Ornamental name from Yiddish flam "flame".
FORSTER English (Anglicized), German, Jewish
English: occupational and topographic name for someone who lived or worked in a forest (see FORREST). ... [more]
FRAIDSTERN פרייד שטערן Jewish (Anglicized, Rare)
Anglicized version of Freydshtern, Yiddish for "Joyful Star" literally "Joy Star".
FRANZBLAU Jewish
Means "french blue" in German. One of the many names assigned to Jews during the rule of Emperor Joseph II, who required all Jews in the Hapsburg Empire to adopt surnames.
FREDMAN Swedish, Jewish
Swedish: ornamental name composed of the elements fred ‘peace’ + man ‘man’.... [more]
FREYDNTOL פֿריידנטאָל Yiddish
FRIEDMAN Upper German (Modern), German (Swiss), Jewish
Respelling of South German and Swiss FRIEDMANN. ... [more]
FRIEDMANN German, German (Swiss), Jewish
German and Swiss German from a derivative of FRIEDRICH. ... [more]
FRISCH Jewish
Ornamental name or nickname from modern German frisch, Yiddish frish "fresh".
FRISH פֿריש Yiddish
Yiddish form of FRISCH.
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