Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
Aaronson is a patronymic surname from the personal name Aaron.
ABECASSIS אבקסיס Judeo-Spanish
From Hebrew אָב (áv)
meaning "father" and Arabic قَصَّاص (qaṣṣāṣ)
meaning "storyteller, narrator" (used as a title for community leaders and rabbis among North African Jews).
ABERGEL אברגיל Judeo-Spanish
Means "one-legged" or "one-footed" in Moroccan Arabic, from Arabic رِجْل (rijl)
meaning "leg, foot".
ABITBOL אביטבול Judeo-Spanish
Means "father of drums" (figuratively referring to a drum maker) from Arabic أَبُو (abū)
meaning "father" and طَبْل (ṭabl)
Variant spelling of Abulafia
, which was originally a Sephardi Jewish surname of Arabic etymological origin.
ABULAFIA אבולעפיה Judeo-Spanish
From Arabic أبو العافية (abū l-ʿāfiya)
meaning "father of health" from أبو (abū)
meaning "father" and عافية (ʿāfiya)
meaning "health, well-being".
ADI עֲדִי Hebrew (Rare)
Means "jewel; ornament" in Hebrew, this is more common as a given name than a surname.
ALBAZ אלבז Jewish, Northern African
Ashkenazic Jewish name meaning, "falconer" found mainly amongst Jewish peoples emigrating from Algeria and Morocco.
ALFES אלפס, אלפסי Jewish
Official website of the the City of Alfés (in the Province Lleida, Catalonia, Spain) says:... [more]
Possibly an occupational name for a weaver from Arabic الهداف (al-̣haddāf)
meaning "the weaver's shuttle". Alternately, it may be from Arabic الهدى (al-hadā)
meaning "the guided one".
ALT German, Jewish
From German alt
‘old’, typically applied as a distinguishing epithet to the older of two bearers of the same personal name.
AMBERG German, Jewish
German and possibly Jewish (Ashkenazic) habitational name from any of several settlements called Amberg (literally ‘by the mountain’), including a city in Bavaria. It could also be a topographic name of identical etymology... [more]
AROUSI ערוסי Jewish, Hebrew, Judeo-Arabic, Arabic
Yemenite Jewish and Arabic name possibly deriving from Arabic words aroosi
, "bridal, relating to a wedding", rousi
, "groom". El Aroussi
, a variant, is found densely in Morocco and Francophone populations (France, Canada).
ASHKENAZI אשכנזי Jewish
From a nickname given by Jews in Slavic countries to Jews from Germany. It was also used to denote a Yiddish-speaking Jew who had settled in an area where non-Ashkenazic Jews were the majority. The name ultimately comes from Hebrew אַשְׁכְּנַז (ashk'náz)
, a location mentioned in the Hebrew Bible, which is likely from Assyrian Aškūza
AUERBACH German, Jewish
Topographical name for someone who lived by a stream (Middle High German bach
) that was near a swamp or marsh (auer
AVIVI אֲבִיבִי Hebrew
Means "springlike" or "of the spring" in Hebrew. (see AVIV
AZOULAY אזולאי Judeo-Spanish
Meaning uncertain. It may be derived from French azur
or Spanish azul
both meaning "blue" (of Persian origin), from Tamazight izîl
meaning "good, pure, sublime", or from an acronym of the Biblical passage אִשָּׁ֨ה זֹנָ֤ה וַחֲלָלָה֙ לֹ֣א יִקָּ֔חוּ (’iš-šāh zō-nāh wa-ḥă-lā-lāh lō yiq-qā-ḥū)
meaning "They shall not take a wife that is a whore, or profane".
Bacharachas is a derivate of the Bacharach that is a town in Germany.
BAR בר Hebrew
From Aramaic בְּרָא (b'rā)
meaning "son, child" or Hebrew בָּר (bar)
meaning "grain, cereal".
Acronym of the first two letters for the Hebrew phrase "son of the Rabbi Samuel." Bar Rabbi Schmul
From German or Polish baron
or Russian барон (baron)
meaning "baron". In Israel the name is often interpreted to mean "son of strength" from Hebrew בר און (bar on)
BARZILAIJ Dutch, Jewish
Dutch form (or "dutchization", if you will) of BARZILAI
. This name is found exclusively in the Dutch-Jewish community, and is considered quite rare: there were only 112 bearers in 1947 and only 51 bearers in 2007.
Means "son of Baske
", a Yiddish female personal name (a pet-form of the Biblical name Bath Seba
). Baskin-Robbins is a US chain of ice-cream parlours founded in Glendale, California in 1945 by Burt Baskin (1913-1969) and Irv Robbins (1917-2008).
Occupational name from Yiddish be(he)lfer
Metronymic from the Yiddish female personal name Beyle meaning ‘beautiful’ (related to French belle).
BELINSKY Russian, Jewish
Habitational surname for someone from Belin
in Ukraine, which may be derived from Proto-Slavic *bělъ
Habitational name for someone from Belz in Ukraine.
BENATAR בֵּן עתר Jewish
Possibly from Hebrew בֵּן (ben
) meaning "son" and עתר ('atar
) meaning "petitioner".
BEN ZAKEN בן זקן Hebrew
Means "son of the old man" or "son of the elder" in Hebrew.
This is a German Jewish surname. Bern translates into English as bear and heim translates into English as home.
BICKEL German, German (Swiss), Jewish
German: from bickel ‘pickaxe’ or ‘chisel’, hence a metonymic occupational name for someone who made pickaxes or worked with a pickaxe or for a stonemason. South German: from a pet form of Burkhart... [more]
BIELER German, Jewish
Jewish (Ashkenazic): habitational name from any of the many places in eastern Europe whose name incorporates the Slavic element byel-
Regional name for someone in Central Europe originating from Italy or France, from Polish "Włoch" meaning "Italian" (originally "stranger / of foreign stock"), ultimately derived – like many names and words in various European languages – from the Germanic Walhaz.
Ornamental name composed of German Blume
"flower" and Berg
BLUTH German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): ornamental name from Middle High German bluot, German Blüte ‘bloom’, ‘flower head’. ... [more]
BOBROWSKI Polish, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from a place called Bobrowa, Bobrowo, Bobrowce, or Bobrowiec.
Means "son of Brayne", Brayne
being a short form of the Yiddish feminine name Brayndl
, literally "little brown one" (cf. BREINDEL
BRANDIS German, Jewish, Swiss
German & Swiss: Habitational name from a former Brandis castle in Emmental near Bern, Switzerland, or from any of the places so named in Saxony, Germany. A famous bearer of the name is Jonathan Brandis
From Polish, Belorussian, or Yiddish bruk
"pavement", possibly an occupational name for a paver.
From Polish brukarz
or Yiddish bruk
"pavement", possibly an occupational name for a paver.
CARBAJAL Spanish, Judeo-Spanish
Probably a habitational name demoting someone originally from any of the multiple locations called Carbajal
in León, Asturias, or Zamora in Spain. Alternatively, it may be of pre-Roman origin from the word carbalio
meaning "oak", denoting someone who either lived near an oak tree or who was like an oak tree in some way.... [more]
CASTIGLIONE Italian, Jewish
Habitational name from any of numerous places named with this word, from medieval Latin castellio
) ‘fortification’ or ‘small castle’.
Jewish occupational name derived from the Hebrew word חייט
CHERKASSKY צʹרקסקי Russian, Jewish
Name for someone from the city of Cherkasy (or Cherkassy) in Ukraine, which is of uncertain meaning.
CHERNOFF Russian, Jewish
Alternative spelling of CHERNOV
, a patronymic from the byname Chernyj
meaning ‘black’, denoting a black-haired or dark-skinned person.
CHOURAQUI שוראקי Judeo-Spanish
Means "the one who comes from the east" from Arabic شَرْقِيّ (šarqiyy)
CHRYSLER German, Jewish
From a German name referring to spinning or related to a Yiddish word, krayzl
meaning "spinning top." The name can refer to a potter who spun a wheel to make utensils or to a person with curly hair or someone known for being continually active... [more]
An invented Jewish name based on Yiddish tsitrin
COOKINHAM Jewish (Americanized)
This has the form of an English habitational name; however, there is no record of any such place name in the British Isles, and the surname does not appear in present-day records. It is probably an Americanized form of Jewish Guggenheim .
CRESS German, Jewish, Belarusian
A variant of the German surname Kress. From the Middle High German "kresse" meaning "gudgeon" (a type of fish) or the Old High German "krassig", meaning "greedy". Can also be from an altered form of the names Erasmus or Christian, or the Latin spelling of the Cyrillic "КРЕСС".
DAHAN דהן Jewish
Occupational name for a painter or a seller of oils from Arabic دُهْن (duhn)
meaning "grease, fat, oil".
DAUM German, Jewish
Nickname for a short person, from Middle High German doum
"tap", "plug", or dume
, German Daumen
Habitational name from the city of Dessau in Germany.
DIAMANT דיאמנט Jewish
Derived from Yiddish דימענט (diment)
Americanized form of a Jewish surname, spelled in various ways, derived from modern German Diamant
"diamond", or Yiddish dimet
, from the Middle High German diemant
(via Latin from Greek adamas ‘unconquerable’, genitive adamantos, a reference to the hardness of the stone)... [more]
DRABKIN Belarusian, Jewish
Jewish (from Belarus): metronymic from Yiddish drabke “loose woman”. Can also be from drabki Belarusian
'light cart' (+ the same suffix -in), an occupational name for a coachman (Alexander Beider).... [more]
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): occupational name for a thresher, German Drescher, Yiddish dresher, agent derivatives of Middle High German dreschen, Yiddish dresh(e)n 'to thresh'.... [more]
DREXEL German, Jewish
It originates from the pre 7th century word 'dreseler' meaning 'to turn', a verb which in medieval times had a wide range of meanings.
DREYFUSS German, Jewish
Originates from the German city of Trier. The Latin name for the city was "Treveris," whose pronunciation eventually developed into Dreyfuss. The spelling variants tend to correspond to the country the family was living in at the time the spelling was standardized: the use of one "s" tends to be more common among people of French origin, while the use of two tends to be found among those of German descent
Ornamental name derived from German Edelstein
"gemstone; precious stone".
EFRON אפרון Jewish
From a Biblical place name that was used for a mountain mentioned in Joshua 15:9 and a city mentioned in 2 Chronicles 13:19. It can also be considered to be derived from the given name EPHRON
EICHHORN German, Jewish
German topographic name for someone who lived on or near an oak-covered promontory, from Middle High German eich
(e) ‘oak’ + horn
‘horn’, ‘promontory’. German from Middle High German eichhorn
‘squirrel’ (from Old High German eihhurno
, a compound of eih
‘oak’ + urno
, from the ancient Germanic and Indo-European name of the animal, which was later wrongly associated with hurno
‘horn’); probably a nickname for someone thought to resemble the animal, or alternatively a habitational name for someone who lived at a house distinguished by the sign of a squirrel... [more]
EINSTEIN German, Jewish
From German ein
meaning “one” and stein
meaning “stone”; also a habitational name from any of the various locations from Middle High German einsteinen
meaning “to enclose or surround with stone”... [more]
EISEN German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): metonymic occupational name for an ironworker or smith, or an ironmonger, from Middle High German isen
‘iron’, German Eisen
. It may also have been used as a nickname, with reference to the strength and hardness of iron or to its color, while as a Jewish name it was also adopted as an ornamental name from modern German Eisen
‘iron’ or the Yiddish cognate ayzn
EISENBERGER German, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from any of the several places called Eisenberg. As a Jewish name it is also an ornamental name.
EISNER German, Jewish
Occupational name for an ironworker, smith, or ironmonger, from an agent derivative of Middle High German īsen
and German Eisen
, meaning ‘iron’ (see EISEN
ELEAZAR אלעזר Jewish, Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, French, German, Greek, Filipino, Assyrian, Indian (Christian), Malayalam
From the given name ELEAZAR
ELKAYAM אלקיים, אל-קיים Hebrew
Means "God is exist" in Hebrew. From the words el
, "God" and kayam
ELLENBERG German, Jewish, German (Swiss)
Derived from two municipalities and a village called Ellenberg
in Germany. As an ornamental name, it is derived from German ölenberg
, literally meaning "olive mountain".
ENGLANDER German, Jewish
Ethnic name derived from German Engländer
, meaning 'Englishman', thus denoting an incomer from England. In some cases, the Jewish name may be an ornamental adoption.
EPLBOYM עפּלבוים Yiddish
It means "apple tree", denoting either someone who planted them or lived near them.
EPSHTEYN German, Jewish
This surname may be derived from a German town known as Eppstein in Hesse. Epp probably came from Gaulish apa which means water or river and stein translates into English as stone.
EPSTEIN German, Jewish
A habitational name for someone from a place named Eppstein, which is from Old High German ebur
meaning ‘wild boar’ and stein
ERBER Jewish, German
Meaning uncertain. Either a habitational name for someone living in a place named Erb or Erp, a name for a owner of a farm named Erbhof (derived from MIddle High German erbære
"honorable, noble"), or derived from the given name ERPO
EULER German, Jewish
Occupational name for a potter, most common in the Rhineland and Hesse, from Middle High German ul(n)ære
(an agent derivative of the dialect word ul
"pot", from Latin olla
EZER עזר Hebrew
Means "helping" or "to help" in Hebrew.
Possibly derived from the German Falke
, meaning "falcon."
FALLOW English, Jewish
English: topographic name for someone who lived by a patch of fallow land, Middle English falwe
(Old English f(e)alg
). This word was used to denote both land left uncultivated for a time to recover its fertility and land recently brought into cultivation.... [more]
FEIT German, Jewish
Variant of Veit
. Also, nickname from Middle High German feit ‘adorned’, ‘pretty’ (the same word as French fait, Latin factus).
FELL English, German, Jewish
Metonymic occupational name for a furrier, from Middle English fell
, Middle High German vel
, or German Fell
or Yiddish fel
, all of which mean "skin, hide, pelt". Yiddish fel
refers to untanned hide, in contrast to pelts
"tanned hide" (see PILCHER
FELLER English, German, Jewish
Occupational name for a furrier, from an agent derivative of Middle English fell
, Middle Low German, Middle High German vel
, or German Fell
or Yiddish fel
"hide, pelt". See also FELL
Ornamental name from modern German Feuer
FIELD English, Scottish, Irish, Jewish (Anglicized)
English: topographic name for someone who lived on land which had been cleared of forest, but not brought into cultivation, from Old English feld
‘pasture’, ‘open country’, as opposed on the one hand to æcer
‘cultivated soil’, ‘enclosed land’ (see ACKER
) and on the other to weald
‘wooded land’, ‘forest’ (see WALD
FINGER English, German, Jewish
Probably applied as a nickname for a man who had some peculiarity of the fingers, such as possessing a supernumerary one or having lost one or more of them through injury, or for someone who was small in stature or considered insignificant... [more]
FINK German, Slovene, English, Jewish
Nickname for a lively or cheerful person, Jewish ornamental name derived from the Germanic word for "finch", and German translation of Slovene Šinkovec
which is from šcinkovec
FINKELSTEIN פֿינקעלשׁטײַן, פינקלשׁטין, פינקלשׁטיין Yiddish
Jewish (eastern Ashkenazic) ornamental compound name, literally 'sparkle stone', from Yiddish finkl
'sparkle' + stein
'stone'. See also GARFINKEL
FISH Medieval English, Jewish
From Middle English fische
, fish ‘fish’, a metonymic occupational name for a fisherman or fish seller, or a nickname for someone thought to resemble a fish.... [more]
Ornamental name from Yiddish flam
Means "french blue" in German. One of the many names assigned to Jews during the rule of Emperor Joseph II, who required all Jews in the Hapsburg Empire to adopt surnames.