English Submitted Surnames
Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
This surname is of Anglo-Saxon origins, and is derived from the personal names Rabin, Robin, and Robert. It has the English prefix 'har', which means gray.... [more]
Variant of French Arbour
or a metonymic occupational name for a keeper of a lodging house, from Old English herebeorg
From a sporting phrase used to guide and incite hunting dogs.
HARKER English (British)
English (mainly northeastern England and West Yorkshire): habitational name from either of two places in Cumbria, or from one in the parish of Halsall, near Ormskirk, Lancashire. The Cumbrian places are probably named from Middle English hart ‘male deer’ + kerr ‘marshland’... [more]
HARKNESS Scottish, English (British), Northern Irish
Apparently a habitational name from an unidentified place (perhaps in the area of Annandale, with which the surname is connected in early records), probably so called from the Old English personal name Hereca
(a derivative of the various compound names with the first element here
‘army’) + Old English næss
‘headland’, ‘cape’... [more]
HARLESS English, German
English: probably a variant spelling of Arliss
, a nickname from Middle English earles
‘earless’, probably denoting someone who was deaf rather than one literally without ears.
English surname transferred to forename use, from the Norman French personal name Herluin
, meaning "noble friend" or "noble warrior."
HARMER English (British)
Meaning, of the Army or man of Armor, from the battle at Normandy, France. It was formerly a French last name Haremere after the battle at Normandy it moved on to England where it was shortened to Harmer.
HAROLD English, Norman, German
English from the Old English personal name Hereweald
, its Old Norse equivalent Haraldr
, or the Continental form Herold
introduced to Britain by the Normans. These all go back to a Germanic personal name composed of the elements heri
‘army’ + wald
‘rule’, which is attested in Europe from an early date; the Roman historian Tacitus
records a certain Cariovalda
, chief of the Germanic tribe of the Batavi, as early as the 1st century ad... [more]
Means "person from Harrow", the district of northwest Greater London, or various places of the same name in Scotland ("heathen shrine").
Habitational name from Hertford, or from either of two places called Hartford, in Cheshire and Cumbria; all are named with Old English heorot ‘hart’ + ford ‘ford’.
HARTLEY English, Scottish
Derived from the Old English words meaning heorot
meaning "hart" and leah
meaning "clearing". Also from Scottish Ó hArtghaile
meaning "descendant of Artghal". Hartley
is also an English given name.
This surname is a habitational one, denoting someone who lived in a village in County Durham or in North Yorkshire.... [more]
Habitational name from places in Buckinghamshire, Northamptonshire, and Staffordshire called Hartwell, from Old English heorot
‘stag’, ‘hart’ + wella
‘spring’, ‘stream’... [more]
From the Old English given name Hereweard
, composed of the elements here
"army" and weard
"guard", which was borne by an 11th-century thane of Lincolnshire, leader of resistance to the advancing Normans... [more]
HARWOOD English, Scots
Habitation name found especially along the border areas of England and Scotland, from the Old English elements har
meaning "gray" or hara
referring to the animals called "hares" plus wudu
for "wood"... [more]
Habitational name of uncertain origin. The surname is common in London, and may be derived from Alsa (formerly Assey) in Stanstead Mountfitchet, Essex (recorded as Alsiesheye in 1268). nother possible source is Halsway in Somerset, named from Old English hals
‘neck’ + weg
Means "person from Hassall", Cheshire ("witch's corner of land").
English (mainly Hampshire and Berkshire): topographic name from Middle English hacche ‘gate’, Old English hæcc (see Hatcher). In some cases the surname is habitational, from one of the many places named with this word... [more]
Southern English: topographic name for someone who lived by a gate, from Middle English hacche (Old English hæcc) + the agent suffix -er. This normally denoted a gate marking the entrance to a forest or other enclosed piece of land, sometimes a floodgate or sluice-gate.
From the Middle English male personal name Havelok
, from Old Norse Hafleikr
, literally "sea sport". It was borne by the British general Sir Henry Havelock (1795-1857).
HAVERFORD Welsh, English
Haverford's name is derived from the name of the town of Haverfordwest in Wales, UK
HAWLEY English, Scottish
Means "hedged meadow". It comes from the English word haw
, meaning "hedge", and Saxon word leg
, meaning "meadow". The first name Hawley
has the same meaning.
HAWTHORNE English, Scottish
English and Scottish: topographic name for someone who lived by a bush or hedge of hawthorn (Old English haguþorn
, i.e. thorn used for making hedges and enclosures, Old English haga
, (ge)hæg), or a habitational name from a place named with this word, such as Hawthorn in County Durham... [more]
HAY English, Scottish, Irish, Welsh, French, Spanish, German, Dutch, Frisian
Scottish and English: topographic name for someone who lived by an enclosure, Middle English hay(e)
(Old English (ge)hæg
, which after the Norman Conquest became confused with the related Old French term haye
‘hedge’, of Germanic origin)... [more]
English (West Midlands): from a medieval personal name, a pet form of Hay
, formed with the Middle English hypocoristic suffix -cok (see Cocke
English habitational name from several places called Heyford in Northamptonshire and Oxfordshire, or Hayford in Buckfastleigh, Devon, all named with Old English heg
‘hay’ + ford
Either (i) "person from Hayling", Hampshire ("settlement of Hægel's people"); or (ii) from the Old Welsh personal name Heilyn
, literally "cup-bearer" (see also Palin
English surname of uncertain origin, possibly from the Old English given name Hægluc
, a diminutive of the unrecorded name *Hægel
, found in various place names. Alternatively it could be a topographic surname originally referring to a person who lived on or near a hillock (i.e. a small hill; compare Hillock
English: habitational name from Haywards Heath in Sussex, which was named in Old English as ‘enclosure with a hedge’, from hege ‘hedge’ + worð ‘enclosure’. The modern form, with its affix, arose much later on (Mills gives an example from 1544).
HAZARD English, French, Dutch
Nickname for an inveterate gambler or a brave or foolhardy man prepared to run risks, from Middle English, Old French hasard
, Middle Dutch hasaert
(derived from Old French) "game of chance", later used metaphorically of other uncertain enterprises... [more]
Means "person from Hazelden", the name of various places in England ("valley growing with hazel trees").
Hazel is referring to hazel trees, while ton is from old english tun meaning enclosure, so an enclosure of hazel trees, or an orchard of hazel trees.
Habitational name from any of various places, for example in Devon, Derbyshire, Suffolk, Surrey, and West Yorkshire, so called from Old English hæsel (or Old Norse hesli) ‘hazel (tree)’ + wudu ‘wood’; or a topographic name from this term.
HAZLETT English (British)
Topographic name for someone who lived by a hazel copse, Old English hæslett (a derivative of hæsel ‘hazel’). habitational name from Hazelhead or Hazlehead in Lancashire and West Yorkshire, derived from Old English hæsel ‘hazel’ + heafod ‘head’, here in the sense of ‘hill’; also a topographic name of similar etymological origin.
Habitational surname for a person from Healey near Manchester, derived from Old English heah
"high" + leah
"wood", "clearing". There are various other places in northern England, such as Northumberland and Yorkshire, with the same name and etymology, and they may also have contributed to the surname.
Occupational name for a tender of animals, normally a cowherd or shepherd, from Middle English herde
(Old English hi(e)rde
English habitational name from any of various places called Heathcote, for example in Derbyshire and Warwickshire, from Old English h?ð
‘heathland’, ‘heather’ + cot
Famous bearer is William Heddle Nash (1894-1961), the English lyric tenor.
Topographic name for someone who lived by a hedge, Middle English hegg(e)
. In the early Middle Ages, hedges were not merely dividers between fields, but had an important defensive function when planted around a settlement or enclosure.
From various place names in United Kingdom. Derived from Olde English elements of "halig" meaning holy, and "waella", a spring.
This English habitational name originates with the North Yorkshire village of Helmsley, named with the Old English personal name Helm
, meaning 'clearing'.
Habitational name from Helton in Cumbria, named in Old English probably with helde
"slope" and tun
"farmstead, settlement", or possibly a variant of Hilton
. This is a common name in TN, KY, OH, TX, and GA.
Derived from the given name HEMMING
. It is the last name of the band member of Five Seconds of Summer (5sos), Luke Hemmings.
English: habitational name from either of two places in North Yorkshire called Helmsley. The names are of different etymologies: the one near Rievaulx Abbey is from the Old English personal name Helm
+ Old English leah
‘wood’, ‘clearing’, whereas Upper Helmsley, near York, is from the Old English personal name Hemele
+ Old English eg
‘island’, and had the form Hemelsey till at least the 14th century
HENCE German, English, Welsh
An American spelling variant of Hentz
derived from a German nickname for Hans
or from an English habitation name found in Staffordshire or Shropshire and meaning "road or path" in Welsh.
This name was derived from Hendrix
and means "home ruler". This name is the 25841st most popular surname in the US.
HENLEY English, Irish, German (Anglicized)
English: habitational name from any of the various places so called. Most, for example those in Oxfordshire, Suffolk, and Warwickshire, are named with Old English héan
(the weak dative case of heah
‘high’, originally used after a preposition and article) + Old English leah
‘wood’, ‘clearing’... [more]
HENNI EnglishA name coined by the contributor of this name, to describe himself HENSLEY English
Probably a habitational name from either of two places in Devon: Hensley in East Worlington, which is named with the Old English personal name Heahmund
+ Old English leah
‘(woodland) clearing’, or Hensleigh in Tiverton, which is named from Old English hengest
‘stallion’ (or the Old English personal name Hengest
) + leah
Habitational name from Hereford in Herefordshire, or Harford in Devon and Goucestershire, all named from Old English here
"army" + ford
HERITAGE English (Rare)
English status name for someone who inherited land from an ancestor, rather than by feudal gift from an overlord, from Middle English, Old French (h)eritage
‘inherited property’ (Late Latin heritagium
, from heres
From Herne, a cottage, and den, a valley. The cottage in the valley.
This surname is derived from a given name, which is the Latin form of Esther.
This possibly derived from a medieval diminutive, similar to Hobbs for Robert.
From the medieval personal name HICKE
. The substitution of H- as the initial resulted from the inability of the English to cope with the velar Norman R-.
HIDDLESTON English, Scottish
Habitational name from a place called Huddleston in Yorkshire, England. The place name was derived from the Old English personal name HUDEL
Habitational name from a place in Lancashire now known as Oakenbottom. The history of the place name is somewhat confused, but it is probably composed of the Old English elements ǣcen
"oaken" and botme
"broad valley"... [more]
HILBERT English, French, Dutch, German
English, French, Dutch, and German: from a Germanic personal name composed of the elements hild ‘strife’, ‘battle’ + berht ‘bright’, ‘famous’.
English: from the Norman female personal name Hildiarde
, composed of the Germanic elements hild
‘strife’, ‘battle’ + gard
‘fortress’, ‘stronghold’. The surname has been in Ireland since the 17th century.
From the name of a place in Leicestershire meaning "Hynca's wood", from the Old English byname Hynca
, derivative of hún
"bear cub", and leah
HIND English, Scottish
English (central and northern): nickname for a gentle or timid person, from Middle English, Old English hind
‘female deer’.... [more]
English (Lancashire): habitational name from a place near Manchester, so named from Old English hind
‘female deer’ + leah
The distribution of the Hingston surname appears to be based around the South Hams area of Devon. The English Place Name Society volumes for Devon give the best indication of the source of the name... [more]
HINTON English (Archaic)
Comes from Old English heah
meaning "high" and tun
meaning "enclosure" or "settlement." A notable person with the surname is female author S.E Hinton.
This indicates familial origin within the eponymous neighborhood of Tarvin, Cheshire West and Chester.
Nickname from Middle English hodge
"hog", which occurs as a dialect variant of hogge
, for example in Cheshire place names.
HODGSON English (British)
English patronymic form of the personal name Hodge, a pet form of Rodger. The surname in most cases originated in the North Yorskire Dales, where it is still common to the present day.
An occupational name for someone who herded swine.
HOLBROOK English, German (Anglicized)
English: habitational name from any of various places, for example in Derbyshire, Dorset, and Suffolk, so called from Old English hol
‘hollow’, ‘sunken’ + broc
‘stream’. ... [more]
Habitational name from any of various places, for example in Devon, Dorset, Gloucestershire, Greater Manchester, Oxfordshire, and Somerset, so named from Old English hol meaning "hollow", "sunken", "deep" + cumb meaning "valley".
Topographic name for someone who lived by a depression or low-lying spot, from Old English holh
"hole, hollow, depression".
English: from Old English haligdæg
‘holy day’, ‘religious festival’. The reasons why this word should have become a surname are not clear; probably it was used as a byname for one born on a religious festival day.
English (chiefly Yorkshire) topographic name from Middle English holing
‘holly tree’. Compare Hollen
HOLLIER English, French
Occupational name for a male brothel keeper, from a dissimilated variant of Old French horier
"pimp", which was the agent noun of hore
"whore, prostitute". Hollier
was probably also used as an abusive nickname in Middle English and Old French.... [more]
Habitational name from a lost place in County Durham called Hollingside or Holmside, from Old English hole(g)n
"holly" and sīde
"hillside, slope"; there is a Hollingside Lane on the southern outskirts of Durham city... [more]
Topographic name for someone who lived where holly trees grew.
HOLTER English, German, Norwegian
Derived from English holt
meaning "small wood". A topographic name for someone who lived near a small wooden area, as well as a habitational name from a place named with that element.
Originating from "Haligwiella", this surname means "Lives by the Holy Spring"
, a medieval personal name of uncertain origin: perhaps an alteration of Annabel
, or alternatively from a Germanic compound name meaning literally "bear-cub brave" (i.e. deriving from the elements hun
"warrior, bear cub" and bald
HOOD English, Scottish, Irish
English and Scottish: metonymic occupational name for a maker of hoods or a nickname for someone who wore a distinctive hood, from Middle English hod(de)
‘hood’. Some early examples with prepositions seem to be topographic names, referring to a place where there was a hood-shaped hill or a natural shelter or overhang, providing protection from the elements... [more]
This surname is derived from a geographical locality. "at the hook," from residence in the bend or sudden turn of a lane or valley.
This surname may derive from Old English hóc
meaning "hook, angle" and hám
meaning "village, hamlet, dwelling."
A habitational name from locations called Hornby in northern England, though predominantly associated with Lancashire. Derived from the Norse horni
meaning "horn" and býr
meaning "farm" or "settlement".
A habitational name from Cumbria, derived from the Norse Ormr
meaning "serpent" and býr
meaning "farm". Similar in form to Hornby
, Hornsby is a widespread surname in northern England.
HORVITZ English (American)
Surname of Richard Steven Horvitz, a voice actor in Angry Beavers, The Grim Adventures of Billy & Mandy, and Invader Zim.
Means "son of Hosea
", a personal name that was originally probably Osie
, a pet-form of Oswald
, but came to be associated with the biblical personal name Hosea
From the Old English name Osmaer, a combination of the Old English elements oss
, meaning "god", and maer
, meaning "fame".
HOTALING English (American)
Americanized spelling of Dutch Hoogteijling, an indirect occupational name for a productive farmer, from hoogh ‘high’ + teling ‘cultivation’, ‘breeding’.
English: habitational name from any of various places, for example in Cheshire and Derbyshire, so named from Old English hoh ‘spur of a hill’ (literally ‘heel’). This widespread surname is especially common in Lancashire... [more]
English habitational name from any of the various places so called. The majority, with examples in at least fourteen counties, get the name from Old English hoh
‘ridge’, ‘spur’ (literally ‘heel’) + tun
‘enclosure’, ‘settlement’... [more]
"From a hedged estate", from Old English haga
("hedge, haw") and worð
("farm, estate"). Likely originating from the Yorkshire village of the same name. Common in Lancashire and recorded from at least 1518, as Howorthe
, with an earlier version of Hauewrth
in Gouerton dated 1317 recorded in the Neubotle charters.
Metonymic occupational name for a sailor, from Middle Dutch hoey
Generally a topographical name for someone who lived on a hill or other high ground. As such Hoyt is related to words such as heights or high. Hoyt is also possibly a nickname for a tall, thin person where the original meaning is said to be "long stick".
Variant of Hubert
. "Old Mother Hubbard" is a traditional nursery rhyme. This was additionally borne by American author and religious leader L. Ronald Hubbard (1911-1986), the founder of the Church of Scientology.
From the Norman personal name Hubald
, composed of the Germanic elements hug
"heart, mind, spirit" and bald
HUCK English, Dutch
From the medieval male personal name Hucke
, which was probably descended from the Old English personal name Ucca
, perhaps a shortened form of Ūhtrǣd
, literally "dawn-power".
Means "person from Huccaby", Devon (perhaps "crooked river-bend"), or "person from Uckerby", Yorkshire ("Úkyrri's or Útkári's farmstead").
Means "Uffa's town". A famous bearer is Arianna Huffington, born Αριάδνη-Άννα Στασινοπούλου
Nickname for a meek or lowly person, from Middle English, Old French (h)umble
"lowly", a derivative of humus
A habitational name from Old English hund,'hound', and Old Norse gata, 'gate'.
English: habitational name from any of several places so called, named with the genitive plural huntena
of Old English hunta
‘hunter’ + tun
‘enclosure’, ‘settlement’ or dun
‘hill’ (the forms in -ton and -don having become inextricably confused)... [more]
HUNTLEY English, Scottish
Habitational name from a place in Gloucestershire, so named from Old English hunta 'hunter' (perhaps a byname (see Hunt) + leah 'wood', 'clearing'). Scottish: habitational name from a lost place called Huntlie in Berwickshire (Borders), with the same etymology as in 1.
HURLEY English, Irish
Meaning is "from a corner clearing" in Old English. Also an anglicized form of an Irish name meaning "sea tide" or "sea valor".
HURRELL English, Norman
English (of Norman origin) from a derivative of Old French hurer
‘to bristle or ruffle’, ‘to stand on end’ (see Huron
From a Norman form of the Middle English personal name Wol(f)rich (with the addition of an inorganic initial H-).
HUSSEY English, Irish
As an English surname, it comes from two distinct sources. It is either of Norman origin, derived from Houssaye
, the name of an area in Seine-Maritime which ultimately derives from Old French hous
"holly"; or it is from a Middle English nickname given to a woman who was the mistress of a household, from an alteration of husewif
Southern English patronymic from the medieval personal name Hutchin
, a pet form of Hugh
HUTTON English, Scottish
Scottish and northern English habitational name from any of the numerous places so called from Old English hoh
‘ridge’, ‘spur’ + tun
Habitational name from a place in Devon called Huxford (preserved in the name of Huxford Farm), from the Old English personal name Hōcc or the Old English word hōc ‘hook or angle of land’ + ford ‘ford’.
English (mainly London and Surrey): possibly a topographic name from Middle English hegh, hie ‘high’ + yate ‘gate’. ... [more]
Topographic name for someone living on (and farming) a hide of land, Old English hī(gi)d
. This was a variable measure of land, differing from place to place and time to time, and seems from the etymology to have been originally fixed as the amount necessary to support one (extended) family (Old English hīgan
IDDENDEN English (Rare)
Iden as a village name is to be found in both the counties of Kent and Sussex, and describes a pasture, or strictly speaking an area within a marsh suitable for pasture. The origination is the pre 6th century phrase ig-denn
meaning an island... [more]
From the Old Norse female personal name Idunn
, literally probably "perform love" (cf. Idony
Habitational name from a place called Iden Green in Benenden, Kent, or Iden Manor in Staplehurst, Kent, or from Iden in East Sussex. All these places are named in Old English as meaning "pasture by the yew trees", from ig meaning "yew" + denn meaning "pasture".
ILES English (British), French
English (mainly Somerset and Gloucestershire): topographic name from Anglo-Norman French isle ‘island’ (Latin insula) or a habitational name from a place in England or northern France named with this element.