Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
It is a french surname that comes from the french word 'about', meaning "an extremity of a metallic or wooden element or piece." This surname is notably born by the French novelist Edmond François Valentin About... [more]
ABREO French, Italian
Abreo or its variant Abreu comes from the French Alfred (alf = Elf; fred = conseil). The meaning is wise counselor
ACE English, Norman, Medieval French
The surname Ace's origin is from a Norman and Old French personal name, Ace, Asse, from Germanic Frankish origin Azzo, Atso, a pet form of personal names containing adal ‘noble’ as a first element.
Derived from the medieval French masculine given name Albinet
, which was a diminutive (as the -et
suffix indicates) of the given name ALBIN
ALLEMAN French (Cajun), Spanish (Canarian), German
From the French and Spanish word for "German". Believed to have originated in the Alsace-Lorraine region. Some holders of the name migrated to the Canary Islands and are part of the larger Isleños population that settled throughout the Americas... [more]
ALLOR French (Quebec)
Common Canadian spelling of the French surname Allard, reflecting the French pronunciation.
ALYEA French (Huguenot)
. It can be traced back to France in 1400's. The family with this last name came over to the United States, mainly on the East Coast in the 16th century as huguenot refugees.
From Catalan anull
, meaning "slow worm". It is originally a nickname given to a spineless and slow person. The French author Jean Anouilh is a famous bearer of this surname.
Ethnic name denoting someone from Arabia or an Arabic-speaking person.
The name Archambeau is derived from the Latin personal name 'Arcambaldus'. In turn the name 'Arcambaldus', is derived from the Germanic word 'Ercan', which means precious in Germanic, and 'bald', meaning bold and daring.... [more]
A famous bearer was French philosopher Voltaire (1694-1778), whose birth name was François-Marie Arouet.
From arquet meaning "little bow" or "little arch" (diminutive of arche, from Latin arcus). It was originally an occupational name for an archer, but the French word arquet(te) is also found in the sense 'market trader' (originally, perhaps, one with a stall underneath an arch)... [more]
ARSENAULT French (Acadian)
From French arsenal
meaning "workshop". This is the occupational surname for someone who worked at an arsenal.
AUBINE French (Rare)
Derived from the medieval French feminine given name Aubine
, which was the French form of ALBINA
. But in other words, you could also say that Aubine was the feminine form of AUBIN
AUBINET French (Rare)
Derived from the medieval French masculine given name Aubinet
, which was a diminutive (as the -et
suffix indicates) of the given name AUBIN
AUBUCHON French (Modern, ?)
The Aubuchon name is French, but of uncertain origin. It is probably from the patronymic prefix au + buchon, a dialect term for a woodcutter (Standard French bûcheron).
Patronymic from the personal name CLAIR
or the nickname Leclair (‘the cheerful one’): (fils) à Leclair ‘(son) of Leclair’. It has also absorbed cases of Auclerc (from LeClerc).
Variant of ODELIN
, which is not to be confused with ODELÍN
as it is Spanish while the other one is French, though they could have similar origins in name.
Southern French nickname from Gascon dialect audet "bird", variant of standard Occitan ausèl (modern French oiseau).
AUTRY English, French
A habitational name from any of the places in France named Autrey or Autry. French: from the Old French personal name Audry, from Germanic Aldric ‘ancient power’.
Either (i) from the medieval French personal name Babel
, apparently adopted from that of St Babylas
, a 3rd-century Christian patriarch of Antioch, the origins of which are uncertain; or (ii) an invented Jewish name based on German or Polish Babel
BACON English, French, Norman
An occupational surname for someone who sold pork, from Middle English and Old French bacun
, meaning 'bacon', which is ultimately of Germanic origin. Can also be derived from the Germanic given names Baco
, or Bahho
, from the root bag-
, meaning 'to fight'... [more]
BALLOU Haitian Creole, French (Caribbean), French
The Ballou name comes from that Medieval landscape of northwestern France known as Brittany. The name Ballou was originally derived from the family having lived in Brittany, where this distinguished family was established from ancient times... [more]
Nickname for someone with a beard, Old French barbe
BARBON French (Quebec)
Derived from the nickname barbon
meaning "old codger" as well as referring to a "confirmed bachelor".
During the middle ages, when people were named after their given job, Baril was what winemakers and brewers were named. Baril simply means "Barrel" or "Keg"
BARNO Italian, Ukrainian, French, Ancient Aramaic, Russian
The surname Barno was first found in the north of Italy, especially in Tuscany. The name occasionally appears in the south, usually in forms which end in "o," but the northern forms ending in "i" are much more common... [more]
BARON English, French
From the title of nobility, derived from Middle English & Old French baron
(ultimately of Germanic origin). Instead of referring to someone of rank, this surname referred to a service in a baronial household or a peasant with ideas above their station... [more]
Possibly a variant of Barreur
, an agent derivative of barrer ‘to bar’, ‘to close or block off’, hence possibly an occupational name for a jailer or doorkeeper.
Occupational name for a gatekeeper, from Old French barier
The history of the Barrineau family goes back to the Medieval landscape of northern France, to that coastal region known as Normandy. Barrineau is a habitation name, derived from the place name Barrault, in Normandy.... [more]
BASCÖURT French (French)
The Bascourt or Bascur surname is from France, from that place dates the beginning of the surname, however the French of previous centuries had no records of that surname. ... [more]
Meaning of this name is unknown. Possibly derived from SEBASTIAN
The surname Bastiat was first found in Poitou, where this family held a family seat since ancient times.
A French surname, coming from the word "baudelaire", which is a short, broad, and curved sword used in heraldry.
BAUDRIC French (Rare)
Derived from the medieval French given name Baudric
, which was a variant form of Baldéric
, the French form of Baldric
Derived from the medieval French given name Baudry
, which was a variant form of Baudric
, a given name that itself was a variant form of Baldéric
BAY English, French, Dutch
Derived from Middle English and Old French bay
and Middle Dutch bay
, all meaning "reddish brown". It was originally a nickname for someone with a hair color similar to that.
BEAUCHAMP English, French
From the name of various places in France, for example in Manche and Somme, which was derived from Old French beu
meaning "fair, lovely" and champ
BEAUFAY French (Rare)
In most cases, this surname is a locational surname that most likely took its name from the village of Beaufay
, which is nowadays located in the Sarthe department of France. The village was called Bello Faeto
during the Early Middle Ages, ultimately deriving its name from Latin bellus fagus
(or bellum fagetum
) meaning "beautiful beech tree(s)" or "beautiful beech woodland"... [more]
Habitational name from any of various places in France named Beauregard for their fine view or fine aspect, for example in Ain, Dordogne, Drôme, Lot, and Puy-de-Dôme, from beau
"fair, lovely" and regard
Variant of BEAUREGARD
used by one of the main characters in Roald Dahl's "Charlie and the Chocolate Factory" as well as its film and broadway adaptations.
BEAUSÉJOUR French (Rare)
Literally means "beautiful sojourn", derived from French beau
"beautiful, nice, fine" and French séjour
"sojourn, short stay". As such, this surname is most likely a locational surname, in that it originally referred to a scenic place to sojourn in... [more]
From French place names derived from "beautiful sight".
A notable bearer was French scientist Henri Becquerel (1852-1908) who discovered radioactivity. A becquerel (Bq), the SI unit for radioactivity, is named after him.
Probably from French béguin
"(male) Beguin", referring to a member of a particular religious order active in the 13th century, and derived from the surname of Lambert le Bègue, the mid-12th-century priest responsible for starting it... [more]
Derived from a toponym, meaning "beautiful watch-tower or look-out".
BERNADOTTE French, Swedish
Possibly from the name of a historical province in Southern France named Béarn
. This was originally a French non-noble surname. French general Jean Baptise Bernadotte (1763-1844) became the king of Sweden as Charles XIV John (Swedish: Karl XIV Johan) in 1818 and founded the current royal house in Sweden, House of Bernadotte.
Habitational name from some minor place named with Old French bel ru
"beautiful stream", with the subsequent pleonastic addition of bé
, variant of bel
BETHENCOURT French, English, Portuguese (Rare)BETTENCOURT
and Bethencourt are originally place-names in Northern France. The place-name element -court (courtyard, courtyard of a farm, farm) is typical of the French provinces, where the Frankish settlements formed an important part of the local population... [more]
BETTENCOURT French, English, Portuguese (Rare)
Bettencourt and BETHENCOURT
are originally place-names in Northern France. The place-name element -court (courtyard, courtyard of a farm, farm) is typical of the French provinces, where the Frankish settlements formed an important part of the local population... [more]
BEVIER French (German)
From Old French bevier
, meaning "a measure of land". This was probably a nickname for someone who owned or worked such a piece of land. This surname was first found in Austria, where the name Bevier came from humble beginnings but gained a significant reputation for its contribution to the emerging medieval society.
From a personal name composed of the Germanic elements bil
"sword" (or possibly bili
"gentle") + wald
Mainly used in Southern France. Topographic name for someone who lived by an oak grove, originating in the southeastern French dialect word blache ‘oak plantation’ (said to be of Gaulish origin), originally a plantation of young trees of any kind.
The United State Version of Bodi is an alteration of the French name Baudin. The name also has roots from Hungary.
From a personal name composed of the Germanic elements boll "friend", "brother" + hard
Bolloré derives from bod which means bush and lore which means laurel in Breton
This is a surname formed from the Latin root "bonus" (= good) and the Germanic "wald" (waldan = govern). Bonwald meaning good governor.
Literally means "good house", derived from French bonne
"good" and French maison
"house". As such, this surname is most likely a locational surname, in that it originally either referred to someone who lived in a good house (probably more like a mansion) or to someone who was born in (or lived in) the place Bonnemaison, which is nowadays located in the Calvados department of France... [more]
Bonsor is from French origin mean good day Bon soir
BONUS French, German, Dutch
Humanistic Latinization of vernacular names meaning ‘good’, for example French Lebon or Dutch de Goede
Occupational name for a cooper, from an agent derivative of Old French bosse
BOSWELL French (Anglicized)
"The name Boswell is an Anglicization of the name of a French village: Boseville (Beuzeville)". This was a village of 1400 inhabitants near Yvetot, in Normandy. (from “A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames”, by Charles W. Bardsley, New York, 1901)... [more]
Variant of BEAUDREAU
. Originated in ancient area known as Languedoc, where the family was established. Comes from having lived in Languedoc, where the name was found since the early Middle Ages.
The Bourbons were one of the most important ruling houses of Europe . Its members were descended from Louis I, duc de Bourbon from 1327 to 1342, the grandson of the French king Louis IX (ruled 1226-70)... [more]
Occupational name for a herdsman, from Old French bouvier
, Late Latin boviarus
, a derivative of bos
, genetive bovis
It is the surname of the famous fictional character Emma Bovary protagonist of Gustave Flaubert's novel.
Means "Ox Gaurd," "Ox Leader", and/or "Boy". Origin is French.
Braille is a writing system used by people with vision impairment. It was named after its inventor LOUIS
From Old French branche
meaning ‘branch’ (which is from Late Latin branca
meaning ‘foot’, ‘paw’), the application of which as a surname is not clear. Compare BRANCH
French and English (of both Norman and Huguenot origin): occupational name for a brewer, from Old French brasser
‘to brew’. See also BRASHER
BRETON French, English
French and English: ethnic name for a Breton, from Old French bret
(oblique case breton
) (see BRETT
French: nickname from Old French bref ‘small’ + the derogatory suffix -ard.... [more]
BRUNETTE French (Quebec)
Variant of Brunet, reflecting the French Canadian pattern of pronouncing the final -t, which is not pronounced in metropolitan French.
Meaning "good" person in old french. Also means "bain"(exeptionaly tall) in old english
Descriptive nickname from Old French burnete
‘brown’ (see BURNETT
). Possibly also a reduced form of Buronet
, from a diminutive of Old French buron
Variant spelling of Cabanis
, a habitational name from any of various places in Gard named Cabanis, from Late Latin capannis ‘at the huts’, ablative plural of capanna 'hut'... [more]
CADEROUSSE French, Literature
A character in the classic novel The Count of Monte Cristo by Alexandre Dumas. In the novel, Caderousse is a tailor and inkeeper who aids in the arrest of Dantès.
From the name of a city in France, of origin I am not sure of (anyone who knows the name's etymology edit this). This is most notably the name of the car company of the same name, named after Detroit, Michigan founder Antoine de la Mothe, Sieur de Cadillac.
CAINE French, English
Originally from a French derogatory nickname for someone with a bad temper.
CAMPION Norman, French
English (of Norman origin) and French: status name for a professional champion (see CHAMPION
), from the Norman French form campion
CANADA French, English
It derives from the Middle English "cane", a development of the Old French "cane", meaning cane, reed.
Name of several places in France. The surname means "Song of the Wolf" from canta and loup as in "place where the wolves howl".
French (Carré): from Old French carré "square", applied as a nickname for a squat, thickset man.
French: from Old French quar(r)el ‘bolt (for a crossbow)’, hence a metonymic occupational name for a maker of crossbow bolts or a nickname for a short, stout man. The word also meant ‘paving slab’, and so it could also have been a metonymic occupational name for a street layer... [more]
CARTIER French, Norman
Original Norman French form of CARTER
. A notable bearer was Breton-French explorer Jacques Cartier (1491-1557), who is known for discovering the Gulf of St. Lawrence.
CARVILLE French, Irish
As a French location name it comes from a settlement in Normandy. As an Irish name it derives from a word for "warrior".
Origin uncertain. This is not known as a surname in Britain. It may be an Americanized form of a French name such as Casault
CASSEL English, French, German
A surname derived from the Latin military term castellum
"watchtower, fort". A variant spelling of the word castle. Denoted someone hailing from the commune of Cassel in the Nord départment in northern France or the city of Kassel (spelled Cassel until 1928) in Germany... [more]
CAVE Norman, French, English
A name of various possible origins. As a Norman French name Cave can mean "bald" from cauf
or it can mean "worker in a wine cellar" or "one who dwelt in or near a cave". As an English name Cave refers to a Yorkshire river whose fast current inspired the name meaning "swift".
From chabot ‘bull-head’, a species of fish with a large head, hence a nickname for someone with a big head and a small body.
CHALLONER French, Welsh
Derived from a town in France of the same name. This family derive their origin from Macloy Crum, of the line of chiefs in Wales, who resided several years in Challoner.
Name given to those who live in or around fields. Known barrer of the name is Samuel de Champlain who founded Quebec, Canada and after whom the lake is named.
CHAPIN French, Spanish
From a reduced form of French eschapin
or Spanish chapín
, a term for a light (woman's) shoe; perhaps a nickname for someone who habitually wore this type of footwear or possibly a metonymic occupational name for a shoemaker.
CHAPLIN English, French
Occupational name for a clergyman, or perhaps for the servant of one, from Middle English, Old French chapelain
"chantry priest", a priest endowed to sing mass daily on behalf of the souls of the dead (Late Latin capellanus
Middle English and Old French for one associated with or living near a chapel.
Of unknown meaning. It was used as a given name in honour of American actress and dancer Cyd Charisse (1921-2008).
Topographic name for someone who lived in or by a house, probably the occupier of the most distinguished house in the village, from a southern derivative of Latin casa
"hut, cottage, cabin".
Derived from Olde French castanh
meaning "chestnut". Possibly a location or occupation name.
French surname which indicated one who lived in an oak wood or near a conspicuous oak tree, derived from Old French chesne
"oak" (Late Latin caxinus
). In some cases it may be from a Louisiana dialectical term referring to "an area of shrub oak growing in sandy soil" (i.e., "beach ridge, usually composed of sand-sized material resting on clay or mud... [more]
CHENIER French (Cajun)
A sandy or shelly beach. Derived from the French word for wood, “chêne,” meaning oak.
French and English: nickname for a heavy drinker, from Old French chopine, a large liquid measure (from Middle Low German schopen "ladle"). The derived Old French verb chopiner has the sense 'to tipple’, ‘to drink to excess’... [more]
Altered spelling of French Choquet, a Picard form of Old French soquet, which was the term for a tax on wines and foodstuffs, hence a metonymic occupational name for a collector of such taxes.
From the Greek Χρύσανθος
), meaning "golden flower". This surname was first given to children found on October 25, the feast day of Saint CHRYSANTHOS
Metonymic occupational name for a nail maker, ultimately from Latin clavellus
"nail", but in some cases possibly from the same word in the sense "smallpox, rash". A fictional bearer is Miss Clavel, a nun and teacher in Ludwig Bemelmans's 'Madeline' series of children's books (introduced in 1939).
The first documented records of the surname Clavell appear in Catalunya between 1291 and 1327. The word clavell traces back to the Indo-European words "kleu", later "klawo" meaning a metal tool. In Latin "clavus", it eventually became a surname "Clavell".
Probably derived from the French given name Clément. A famous bearer was Georges Clemenceau (1841-1929), a French politician who was the 54th Prime Minister of France during the First World War.
From the Germanic personal name Hlodald
, composed of the elements hlod
"famous, clear" and wald
"rule", which was borne by a saint and bishop of the 6th century.
Possibly an altered spelling of French Coache, from the Norman and Picard term for a damson, probably applied as a metonymic occupational name for a grower or seller of plums.
COIT Medieval Welsh, French, English
The surname Coit was first found in Carnarvonshire, a former country in Northwest Wales, anciently part of the Kingdom of Gwynedd, and currently is divided between the unitary authorities of Gwynedd and Conwy, where they held a family seat... [more]
COMMANDER Anglo-Saxon, French
From Middle English comander
and also from Old French comandeor
, all meaning "commander", "leader" or "ruler". The first recorded use of the name is through a family seat held in Somerset.
CORBIN English, French
Derived from French corbeau
meaning "raven," originally denoting a person who had dark hair.
Either from the French word corde
meaning "cord/rope/string", or from the Latin word cor
meaning "heart." This was the surname of Charlotte Corday, the assassin who killed Jacobin leader Jean-Paul Marat during the French revolution.
An occupational surname for a cordwainer or shoemaker, and derived from the Old French word "cordouanier" ("cordonnier"), literally meaning "cobbler".
French topographic name for someone who lived near a sorb or service tree, Old French cormier
, the name of the fruit for which the tree was cultivated, apparently of Gaulish origin).
COSSART English, French
From French, referring to "a dealer of horses" (related to the English word "courser"). This surname was brought to England in the wake of the Norman Conquest of 1066, and became one of the many Anglo-Norman words that made up Middle English.
COTTON English, French
English: habitational name from any of numerous places named from Old English cotum
(dative plural of cot
) ‘at the cottages or huts’ (or sometimes possibly from a Middle English plural, coten
COTTRELL English, French
First found in Derbyshire where the family "Cottrell" held a family seat and were granted lands by Duke William of Normandy, their liege lord for their distinguished assistance at the Battle of Hastings, 1066CE... [more]
The name of several places in France, Belgium and Canada. In Middle French the word courcelle was used to describe a "small court" or a "small garden". The word is derived from the medieval Gallo-Romance and Gallo-Italian word corticella
, which was formed from the Latin word cohors
, meaning "court" or "enclosure", and the diminutive –icella
COURT English, French, Irish
A topographic name from Middle English, Old French court(e)
, meaning ‘court’. This word was used primarily with reference to the residence of the lord of a manor, and the surname is usually an occupational name for someone employed at a manorial court.... [more]
COVERT English, French
The surname is probably topographical, for someone who either lived by a sheltered bay, or more likely an area sheltered by trees. The formation is similar to couvert, meaning a wood or covert, and originally from the Latin "cooperio", to cover... [more]
French (adjectival form Crété
‘crested’): nickname for an arrogant individual, from Old French creste
‘crest (of a hill)’ (Late Latin crista
), used with reference to the comb of a rooster... [more]