Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
It is a french surname that comes from the french word 'about', meaning "an extremity of a metallic or wooden element or piece." This surname is notably born by the French novelist Edmond François Valentin About... [more]
ABREO French, Italian
Abreo or its variant Abreu comes from the French Alfred (alf = Elf; fred = conseil). The meaning is wise counselor
ALARIE French, French (Quebec)
French: reflex of the Visigothic personal name Alaric
, which is composed of Germanic elements meaning ‘all power’. This form was established in Quebec from 1681.
Derived from the medieval French masculine given name Albinet
, which was a diminutive (as the -et
suffix indicates) of the given name Albin
ALLEMAN French (Cajun), Spanish (Canarian), German
From the French and Spanish word for "German". Believed to have originated in the Alsace-Lorraine region. Some holders of the name migrated to the Canary Islands and are part of the larger Isleños population that settled throughout the Americas... [more]
ALYEA French (Huguenot)
Is traced back to France in 1400's. The family with this last name came over to the United States, mainly on the East Coast in the 16th century as huguenot refugees.
AMORY English, Norman
English from a Germanic personal name, Aimeri
, composed of the elements haim
‘home’ + ric
‘power’. (The same elements constitute the etymology of Henry
.) The name was introduced into England from France by the Normans... [more]
From Catalan anull
, meaning "slow worm". It is originally a nickname given to a spineless and slow person. The French author Jean Anouilh is a famous bearer of this surname.
Ethnic name denoting someone from Arabia or an Arabic-speaking person.
The name Archambeau is derived from the Latin personal name 'Arcambaldus'. In turn the name 'Arcambaldus', is derived from the Germanic word 'Ercan', which means precious in Germanic, and 'bald', meaning bold and daring.... [more]
A famous bearer was French philosopher Voltaire (1694-1778), whose birth name was François-Marie Arouet.
From arquet meaning "little bow" or "little arch" (diminutive of arche, from Latin arcus). It was originally an occupational name for an archer, but the French word arquet(te) is also found in the sense 'market trader' (originally, perhaps, one with a stall underneath an arch)... [more]
ATELIER French, English
From the French atelier
meaning "workshop," referring to the workplace of an artist in the fine or decorative arts, particularly during the Middle Ages and into the 19th century.
AUBINE French (Rare)
Derived from the medieval French feminine given name Aubine
, which was the French form of Albina
. But in other words, you could also say that Aubine was the feminine form of Aubin
AUBINET French (Rare)
Derived from the medieval French masculine given name Aubinet
, which was a diminutive (as the -et
suffix indicates) of the given name Aubin
AUBUCHON French (Modern, ?)
The Aubuchon name is French, but of uncertain origin. It is probably from the patronymic prefix au + buchon, a dialect term for a woodcutter (Standard French bûcheron).
Patronymic from the personal name Clair
or the nickname Leclair (‘the cheerful one’): (fils) à Leclair ‘(son) of Leclair’. It has also absorbed cases of Auclerc (from LeClerc).
Southern French nickname from Gascon dialect audet "bird", variant of standard Occitan ausèl (modern French oiseau).
Either (i) from the medieval French personal name Babel
, apparently adopted from that of St Babylas
, a 3rd-century Christian patriarch of Antioch, the origins of which are uncertain; or (ii) an invented Jewish name based on German or Polish Babel
BACON English, French, Norman
An occupational surname for someone who sold pork, from Middle English and Old French bacun
, meaning 'bacon', which is ultimately of Germanic origin. Can also be derived from the Germanic given names Baco
, or Bahho
, from the root bag-
, meaning 'to fight'... [more]
Nickname for someone with a beard, Old French barbe
BARBON French (Quebec)
Derived from the nickname barbon
meaning "old codger" as well as referring to a "confirmed bachelor".
During the middle ages, when people were named after their given job, Baril was what winemakers and brewers were named. Baril simply means "Barrel" or "Keg"
BARON English, French
From the title of nobility, derived from Middle English & Old French baron
(ultimately of Germanic origin). Instead of referring to someone of rank, this surname referred to a service in a baronial household or a peasant with ideas above their station... [more]
Possibly a variant of Barreur
, an agent derivative of barrer ‘to bar’, ‘to close or block off’, hence possibly an occupational name for a jailer or doorkeeper.
Occupational name for a gatekeeper, from Old French barier
A French surname, coming from the word "baudelaire", which is a short, broad, and curved sword used in heraldry.
BAUDRIC French (Rare)
Derived from the medieval French given name Baudric
, which was a variant form of Baldéric
, the French form of Baldric
Derived from the medieval French given name Baudry
, which was a variant form of Baudric
, a given name that itself was a variant form of Baldéric
). A known bearer of this surname was the French painter Paul-Jacques-Aimé Baudry (1828-1886).
BAY English, French, Dutch, Scottish, German, Danish, Norwegian
English, French, and Dutch: nickname for someone with chestnut or auburn hair, from Middle English, Old French bay
, Middle Dutch bay
‘reddish brown’ (Latin badius
, used originally of horses).... [more]
BEAUCHAMP English, French
From the Old French "beau, bel" meaning "fair" and "lovely" and "champ(s)" meaning "field" or "plain." It is the name of several places in France. It is also the surname of the Beauchamp Family in the hit series Witches of East End.
BEAUFAY French (Rare)
In most cases, this surname is a locational surname that most likely took its name from the village of Beaufay
, which is nowadays located in the Sarthe department of France. The village was called Bello Faeto
during the Early Middle Ages, ultimately deriving its name from Latin bellus fagus
(or bellum fagetum
) meaning "beautiful beech tree(s)" or "beautiful beech woodland"... [more]
Habitational name from any of various places in France named Beauregard for their fine view or fine aspect, for example in Ain, Dordogne, Drôme, Lot, and Puy-de-Dôme, from beau
"fair, lovely" and regard
BEAUSÉJOUR French (Rare)
Literally means "beautiful sojourn", derived from French beau
"beautiful, nice, fine" and French séjour
"sojourn, short stay". As such, this surname is most likely a locational surname, in that it originally referred to a scenic place to sojourn in... [more]
From French place names derived from "beautiful sight".
Probably from French béguin
"(male) Beguin", referring to a member of a particular religious order active in the 13th century, and derived from the surname of Lambert le Bègue, the mid-12th-century priest responsible for starting it... [more]
BERNADOTTE French, Swedish
Possibly from the name of a building in the French city of Pau called de Bernadotte
. This was originally a French non-noble surname, but a member of the family later became King of Sweden.
BERNER English, Norman
From the Norman personal name Bernier
from Old English beornan
‘to burn’, hence an occupational name for a burner of lime (compare German Kalkbrenner
) or charcoal. It may also have denoted someone who baked bricks or distilled spirits, or who carried out any other manufacturing process involving burning... [more]
BETHENCOURT French, English, Portuguese (Rare)Bettencourt
and Bethencourt are originally place-names in Northern France. The place-name element -court (courtyard, courtyard of a farm, farm) is typical of the French provinces, where the Frankish settlements formed an important part of the local population... [more]
BETTENCOURT French, English, Portuguese (Rare)
Bettencourt and Bethencourt
are originally place-names in Northern France. The place-name element -court (courtyard, courtyard of a farm, farm) is typical of the French provinces, where the Frankish settlements formed an important part of the local population... [more]
From a personal name composed of the Germanic elements bil
"sword" (or possibly bili
"gentle") + wald
BINETTE French (Quebec)
Altered spelling of French Binet
, a short form of Robinet
, a pet form of Robert
. The spelling reflects the French Canadian custom of pronouncing the final -t, which would be silent in metropolitan French.
Mainly used in Southern France. Topographic name for someone who lived by an oak grove, originating in the southeastern French dialect word blache ‘oak plantation’ (said to be of Gaulish origin), originally a plantation of young trees of any kind.
The United State Version of Bodi is an alteration of the French name Baudin. The name also has roots from Hungary.
From a personal name composed of the Germanic elements boll "friend", "brother" + hard
Literally means "good house", derived from French bonne
"good" and French maison
"house". As such, this surname is most likely a locational surname, in that it originally either referred to someone who lived in a good house (probably more like a mansion) or to someone who was born in (or lived in) the place Bonnemaison, which is nowadays located in the Calvados department of France... [more]
BONUS French, German, Dutch
Humanistic Latinization of vernacular names meaning ‘good’, for example French Lebon or Dutch de Goede
BOSWELL French (Anglicized)
"The name Boswell is an Anglicization of the name of a French village: Boseville (Beuzeville)". This was a village of 1400 inhabitants near Yvetot, in Normandy. (from “A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames”, by Charles W. Bardsley, New York, 1901)... [more]
Variant of Beaudreau
. Originated in ancient area known as Languedoc, where the family was established. Comes from having lived in Languedoc, where the name was found since the early Middle Ages.
The Bourbons were one of the most important ruling houses of Europe . Its members were descended from Louis I, duc de Bourbon from 1327 to 1342, the grandson of the French king Louis IX (ruled 1226-70)... [more]
Occupational name for a herdsman, from Old French bouvier
, Late Latin boviarus
, a derivative of bos
, genetive bovis
It is the surname of the famous fictional character Emma Bovary protagonist of Gustave Flaubert's novel.
Means "Ox Gaurd," "Ox Leader", and/or "Boy". Origin is French.
French and English (of both Norman and Huguenot origin): occupational name for a brewer, from Old French brasser
‘to brew’. See also Brasher
BRETON French, English
French and English: ethnic name for a Breton, from Old French bret
(oblique case breton
) (see Brett
French: nickname from Old French bref ‘small’ + the derogatory suffix -ard.... [more]
BRUNETTE French (Quebec)
Variant of Brunet, reflecting the French Canadian pattern of pronouncing the final -t, which is not pronounced in metropolitan French.
Descriptive nickname from Old French burnete
‘brown’ (see Burnett
). Possibly also a reduced form of Buronet
, from a diminutive of Old French buron
Variant spelling of Cabanis
, a habitational name from any of various places in Gard named Cabanis, from Late Latin capannis ‘at the huts’, ablative plural of capanna 'hut'. This name was established in North American in the 18th century, probably by Huguenots.
CAMPION Norman, French
English (of Norman origin) and French: status name for a professional champion (see Champion
), from the Norman French form campion
CANADA French, English
It derives from the Middle English "cane", a development of the Old French "cane", meaning cane, reed.
CARLIN Irish (Anglicized), Scottish, French, Swedish, Italian, Jewish (Anglicized), German
Irish (now also common in Scotland) anglicized form of Gaelic Ó Cairealláin
, an Ulster family name, also sometimes Anglicized as Carlton
, meaning ‘descendant of Caireallán’, a diminutive of the personal name Caireall
French (Carré): from Old French carré "square", applied as a nickname for a squat, thickset man.
CARTIER French, Norman
Original Norman French form of Carter
. A notable bearer was Breton-French explorer Jacques Cartier (1491-1557), who is known for discovering the Gulf of St. Lawrence.
Origin uncertain. This is not known as a surname in Britain. It may be an Americanized form of a French name such as Casault
From chabot ‘bull-head’, a species of fish with a large head, hence a nickname for someone with a big head and a small body.
CHALLONER French, Welsh
Derived from a town in France of the same name. This family derive their origin from Macloy Crum, of the line of chiefs in Wales, who resided several years in Challoner.
Name given to those who live in or around fields. Known barrer of the name is Samuel de Champlain who founded Quebec, Canada and after whom the lake is named.
CHAPIN French, Spanish
From a reduced form of French eschapin
or Spanish chapín
, a term for a light (woman's) shoe; perhaps a nickname for someone who habitually wore this type of footwear or possibly a metonymic occupational name for a shoemaker.
Middle English and Old French for one associated with or living near a chapel.
Derived from Olde French castanh
meaning "chestnut". Possibly a location or occupation name.
French surname which indicated one who lived in an oak wood or near a conspicuous oak tree, derived from Old French chesne
"oak" (Late Latin caxinus
). In some cases it may be from a Louisiana dialectical term referring to "an area of shrub oak growing in sandy soil" (i.e., "beach ridge, usually composed of sand-sized material resting on clay or mud... [more]
CHENIER French (Cajun)
A sandy or shelly beach. Derived from the French word for wood, “chêne,” meaning oak.
French and English: nickname for a heavy drinker, from Old French chopine, a large liquid measure (from Middle Low German schopen "ladle"). The derived Old French verb chopiner has the sense 'to tipple’, ‘to drink to excess’... [more]
Altered spelling of French Choquet, a Picard form of Old French soquet, which was the term for a tax on wines and foodstuffs, hence a metonymic occupational name for a collector of such taxes.
CHRISTIAN English, German, French
From the personal name Christian
, a vernacular form of Latin Christianus
"follower of Christ" (see Christ
). This personal name was introduced into England following the Norman conquest, especially by Breton settlers... [more]
From the Greek Χρύσανθος
), meaning "golden flower". This surname was first given to children found on October 25, the feast day of Saint Chrysanthos
The first documented records of the surname Clavell appear in Catalunya between 1291 and 1327. The word clavell traces back to the Indo-European words "kleu", later "klawo" meaning a metal tool. In Latin "clavus", it eventually became a surname "Clavell".
From the Germanic personal name Hlodald
, composed of the elements hlod
"famous, clear" and wald
"rule", which was borne by a saint and bishop of the 6th century.
COMMANDER Anglo-Saxon, French
From Middle English comander
and also from Old French comandeor
, all meaning "commander", "leader" or "ruler". The first recorded use of the name is through a family seat held in Somerset.
COTTON English, French
English: habitational name from any of numerous places named from Old English cotum
(dative plural of cot
) ‘at the cottages or huts’ (or sometimes possibly from a Middle English plural, coten
The name of several places in France, Belgium and Canada. In Middle French the word courcelle was used to describe a "small court" or a "small garden". The word is derived from the medieval Gallo-Romance and Gallo-Italian word corticella
, which was formed from the Latin word cohors
, meaning "court" or "enclosure", and the diminutive –icella
COVERT English, French
The surname is probably topographical, for someone who either lived by a sheltered bay, or more likely an area sheltered by trees. The formation is similar to couvert, meaning a wood or covert, and originally from the Latin "cooperio", to cover... [more]
French (adjectival form Crété
‘crested’): nickname for an arrogant individual, from Old French creste
‘crest (of a hill)’ (Late Latin crista
), used with reference to the comb of a rooster... [more]
DAME French, English
From the old French dame
, "lady" ultimately from Latin domina
Nickname for a foppish or effeminate young man, Old French dameron
, a derivative of Latin dominus
"lord", "master" plus two diminutive endings suggestive of weakness or childishness.
D'Aoust, denotes someone from Aoust(e) in France. Aouste is situated in the Ardennes department (Champagne-Ardenne region) in the north-east of France at 29 km from Charleville-Mézières, the department capital... [more]
D'ARTAGNAN French, Literature
Surname given to a person from Artagnan, France. It is also used by Charles de Batz-Castelmore d'Artagnan, the captain of the Musketeers from the novel, "The Three Musketeers".
DAUGHTRY English, Norman, French
English (of Norman origin) habitational name, with fused French preposition d(e), for someone from Hauterive in Orne, France, named from Old French haute rive
‘high bank’ (Latin alta ripa
D'AUREVALLE French (Archaic)
This medieval surname literally means "from Aurevalle". Aurevalle can refer to any of the three French communes that are nowadays known by the more modern spelling Orival. All of them ultimately derive their name from Latin aurea vallis
meaning "golden vale" or "golden valley".
This surname literally means "from Aureville". Aureville is a commune in southwestern France, which was established in late medieval times. It derives its name from Latin aurea villa
or villa aurea
which literally means "golden country-house, golden farm" but of course later came to mean "golden village".
This indicates familial origin within the commune of Bailleu.
From the given name Debus
, a variant of Thebs
, which was an altered short form of Mattheus
. This was borne by American union leader Eugene V. Debs (1855-1926).
DE CLERMONT French
Means "of the bright hill" from the French de
meaning "of" and clair
'bright', 'clear' + mont
Meaning uncertain. Probably a habitual surname for someone from Deaux in Gare.
Habitational name for someone from Lagardelle, a place in Haute Garonne.
DELEURAN French (Huguenot), Danish
Huguenot surname of unknown origin. This family emigrated to Denmark in the 16th century, and now most members of the family are Danish
From French meaning "of the seas". A famous bearer of this surname was Modeste Demers, a bishop in 18th century Vancouver.
It's an occupational word coming from Latin. It means "master". It is of French origin.
"Chenes" is French for "oak tree". In French, "Des" means more than one. "Des"+ "Chenes"= Deschenes meaning "Many oak trees."
DESLAURIERS French (Quebec)
A topographic name for someone living among laurels, a combination of the fused preposition and plural definite article des ‘from the’ + the plural of Old French lorier ‘laurel’.
Habitational name for someone from any of various places named with Old French mareis, maresc ‘marsh’, as for example Les Marets, in Seine-et-Marne, Centre, Nord, and Picardy.
DESNOYERS French (Quebec)
Means "of the walnut trees", from French word "noyer", meaning walnut. "Des noyers" literally translates to "the walnuts".
DES ROCHES French
Either a topographic name for someone living among rocks or a habitational name from any of several places named with this word, meaning "from the rocks" in French.
French surname meaning, 'The Village', from French De- 'the' and Ville- 'Village'.
French: variant of De Var
, a habitational name for someone from a place named Var, for example in Charente. Respelling of French Devors
, a habitational name, with the preposition de
, for someone from Vors in Aveyron.
DRAGON French, English
Nickname or occupational name for someone who carried a standard in battle or else in a pageant or procession, from Middle English, Old French dragon
"snake, monster" (Latin draco
, genitive draconis
, from Greek drakōn
, ultimately from derkesthai
"to flash")... [more]
DRAGOO American, French (Huguenot)
Americanized form of Dragaud
, a French (Huguenot) surname derived from the Germanic given name Dragwald
, itself derived from the elements drag-
meaning "to carry" and wald
Derived from the Old Norse given name Draki or the Old English given name Draca both meaning "dragon".
DRURY English, French, Irish
Originally a Norman French nickname, derived from druerie
"love, friendship" (itself a derivative of dru
"lover, favourite, friend" - originally an adjective, apparently from a Gaulish word meaning "strong, vigourous, lively", but influenced by the sense of the Old High German element trut
"dear, beloved").... [more]
DuBosque means 'of the forest' in french and was a surname given typically to someone from a rural treed area.
Alternate spelling of Dufau, meaning "of the beech tree."
Topographic name for someone who lived near a prominent ash tree from Old French fraisne fresne
"ash" from Latin fraxinus
Topographic name for someone who lived in a hamlet, from Old French hamel, a diminutive of ham "homestead", with fused preposition and definite article du.
From the French words du
meaning "from" and pain
Derived from the place called D'urban or D'urbin in Languedoc
Derived from French dur
meaning "hard, tough".
EMERY English, French, Norman
English and French from a Germanic personal name, Emaurri
, composed of the elements amja
‘busy’, ‘industrious’ + ric
‘power’. The name was introduced into England from France by the Normans... [more]
ENGELBERT German, English, French
From a Germanic personal name composed of engel
) + berht
‘bright’, ‘famous’. The widespread popularity of the name in France during the Middle Ages was largely a result of the fact that it had been borne by a son-in-law of Charlemagne
; in the Rhineland it was more often given in memory of a bishop of Cologne (1216–25) of this name, who was martyred.
ERMAN German (Modern), French (Modern)
Erman is a shortened French adaption of the Swiss-German surname Ermendinger
, itself derived from the older surname Ermatinger
, a name connected to the village of Ermatingen on the Swiss shore of Lake Constance, and came into existence during the early or middle 18th century when Jean-Georges Ermendinger (1710-1767), a Swiss fur trader from Geneva, married into a French speaking Huguenotte family... [more]
Possibly derived from the french 'fard' meaning 'made-up' or 'make-up'. This is in a theatrical sense and does not imply lying. Very possibly a derivation form a theatrical occupation
FARRAGUT Breton, French, Catalan, American
A Breton-French surname of unknown origin. A notable bearer was American naval flag officer David Farragut (1801-1870), who is known for serving during the American Civil War. His father was of Catalan ancestry... [more]
FAYE French, English
Refers to one who came from Fay or Faye (meaning "beech tree") in France.
FERRAND French, English
This French surname can be derived from a given name (thus making it a patronymic surname) as well as from a nickname (thus making it a descriptive surname). In the case of a patronymic surname, the surname is derived from the medieval French masculine given name Ferrand
, which was a variant form of the name Fernand
, itself a contraction of Ferdinand
FERRANDIN French (Rare)
This French surname can be derived from a given name (thus making it a patronymic surname) as well as from the name of a profession (thus making it an occupational surname). In the case of a patronymic surname, the surname is derived from the masculine given name Ferrandin
, which was a diminutive of the medieval French given name Ferrand
This is actually a standard word in French, correctly pronounce like "furry" without the r's. It means "leaf", or "sheet" (i.e. feuille de papier).
FORET French, French Creole
From Old French forest
‘forest’, a topographic name for someone who lived in or near a royal forest, or an occupational name for a keeper or worker in one. See also Forrest
. This surname is frequent in Louisiana.
Means 'strong shield' from French elements fort
meaning "strong" and escu
From a medieval nickname based on Old French foi
"faith", applied either to a notably pious person or to one who frequently used the word as an oath; also, from the medieval French female personal name Foy
, from Old French foi
Topographic name for someone who lived near a prominent ash tree from Old French fraisne fresne
"ash" from Latin fraxinus
Ethnic name for an inhabitant of France, a country in Europe.
FRAY English, French, Norwegian
Meaning "peace" or "brother," descended from the French term "Frere" in turn descended from the name of ancient Norse deity Frey, the deity of peace and prosperity.
Dutch spelling of Frere (brother); another variant spelling is Frear.
GAINES English, Norman, Welsh
English (of Norman origin): nickname for a crafty or ingenious person, from a reduced form of Old French engaine
‘ingenuity’, ‘trickery’ (Latin ingenium
‘native wit’). The word was also used in a concrete sense of a stratagem or device, particularly a trap.... [more]
GALANTE Italian, French, Jewish
Comes from the ancient French word "galant" meaning someone in love or who has fun. In the case of Mordecai Galante, a Spanish exile in 16th century Rome, his courteous manners won for him from the Roman nobles the surname "Galantuomo" (gentleman), from which Galante was eventually derived.... [more]
From pet form of any of the compound personal names formed with gamal, related to Old Norse gamall, Old German gamel "old", "aged". ... [more]
Derived from given name Warinhari
which is ultimately derived from the etymological elements warin
meaning "guard" and hari
meaning "army". "Garnier" is also a brand of skin products and cosmetics.
From a Germanic personal name composed of the elements wald
meaning 'rule' and hari
Variant of Gauthier
. In this spelling, the name has been established in both Italy (Turin) and Germany (Brunswick) since about 1700
GAY English, French
Nickname for a lighthearted or cheerful person, from Middle English, Old French gai
GAY English, Norman
Habitational name from places in Normandy called Gaye, from an early proprietor bearing a Germanic personal name cognate with Wade.