Derived from the given name Aaij
, a short form of ADRIAAN
and other names.
Derived from medieval Italian accia
, ultimately from Latin ascia
in Spanish, indicating a person who lived near water or worked with water.
Derived from Spanish agua "water"
, indicating a person who lived near water or worked with water.
From a place name that was derived from Spanish águila
, ultimately from Latin aquila
From various place names in Italy, such as Aiello del Friuli, Aiello del Sabato and others. They are derived from Latin agellus
meaning "little field".
From Italian albero
, ultimately from Latin arbor
, referring to someone who lived in the woods or worked as a woodcutter.
AQUINO Italian, Spanish
From the name of an Italian town near Rome, derived from Latin aqua
meaning "water", the home town of the 13th-century saint Thomas Aquinas. In Italy the surname is derived directly from the town's name. As a Spanish-language surname, it was sometimes bestowed by missionaries in honour of the saint as they evangelized in Spanish colonies.
From various Spanish place names, which are derived from Spanish arena
Means "doctor, physician"
in German, ultimately from Latin archiater
Originally denoted a person from the Italian city of Assisi (called Asís
From the name of a town in the Netherlands, possibly from Baard
, a variant of BERT
, and wijk
meaning "neighbourhood, district".
Originally referred to a farmer whose farm was beside a stream, from Middle High German bach
"stream" and meier
"steward, tenant farmer".
Originally denoted a person from the Italian town of Baggio (now part of Milan). It is probably derived from Latin Badalocum
meaning "watch place".
From Middle English baili
, which comes via Old French from Latin baiulus
Originally a nickname for a short person, from Latin bassus "thick, low"
From a nickname for a combative person. In some cases it may come from the name of English places called Battle
, so named because they were sites of battles.
From French place names derived from beau
"beautiful" and chêne
From various French place names derived from beau
"beautiful" and fort
"strong place, fortress".
From various French place names derived from beau
"beautiful" and lieu
Indicated a person from Becske, a town in Hungary, which might be derived from the given name BENEDEK
From a Middle English version of Old French bel chiere
meaning "beautiful face"
. It later came to refer to a person who had a cheerful and pleasant temperament.
BELLO Spanish, Italian
in Spanish and Italian, originally a nickname for an attractive person.
From a nickname derived from Italian bello
"beautiful, fair" and uomo
Originally indicated a person from the region of BOHEMIA
From the name of the city of Bologna in northern Italy. It may derive from a Celtic word meaning "settlement".
Derived from Old French bon fils
meaning "good son"
From Old French bonne heure
meaning "good time"
From Middle English boneire "kind, courteous"
, derived from Norman French bon aire
Locative origin, from the common place name Borgo
Derived from an Italian nickname meaning "bull, ox"
From Old French bois
, originally given to someone who lived by or in a wood.
Originally a name given to someone who was a Breton or a person from Brittany.
Originally given to a person who was a Briton (a Celt of England) or a Breton (an inhabitant of Brittany).
in Italian, a nickname for a person with brown hair or brown clothes.
Originally denoted a person who came from Bulgaria, which is named after the Turkic tribe of the Bulgars, itself possibly from a Turkic root meaning "mixed".
Derived from Old French bon cuer
meaning "good heart"
BUSTO Spanish, Italian
From the name of towns in Spain and Italy, derived from Late Latin bustum
meaning "ox pasture".
From places named from Late Latin capralis
meaning "place of goats"
, derived from Latin capra
From various place names derived from Late Latin capraria
meaning "place of goats"
, from Latin capra
From the name of a city near Naples, originally Caiatia
in Latin, a derivative of the given name CAIUS
From the name of the town of Caivano near Naples, derived from Latin Calvianum
, derived from the Roman cognomen CALVUS
CAMPANA Italian, Spanish
Occupational name from Late Latin campana
, ultimately derived from the Italian region of Campania, where bells were produced.
CAPELLO (1) Italian
From Late Latin cappa
meaning "cloak, cape, hood"
. This was a name for one who made or wore cloaks.
Occupational name meaning "captain"
in Italian, ultimately from Latin caput
From a nickname for a person with dark features, from Italian carbone
From the name of a city in northern England. The city was originally called by the Romans Luguvalium
meaning "stronghold of LUGUS
". Later the Brythonic element ker
"fort" was appended to the name of the city.
CARMAN (1) English
Occupational name for a carter, from Middle English carre
"cart" (of Latin origin) and man
From the occupation, derived from Middle English carpentier
(ultimately from Latin carpentarius
meaning "carriage maker").
From the Spanish word casal
, ultimately from Late Late casalis
and Latin casa
Originally indicated a person from Castile, a region (and medieval kingdom) in Spain. The name of the region is derived from Late Latin castellum
From Middle English castel
, from Late Latin castellum
, originally indicating a person who lived near a castle.
in Italian, an occupational name for a horseman.
From the Welsh given name Seisyll
, which was derived from the Roman name Sextilius
, a derivative of SEXTUS
From the name of English towns meaning "settlement belonging to CHAD
" in Old English.
CHAPLIN English, French
Occupational name for a chaplin, or perhaps for the servant of one, from Middle English, Old French chapelain
. A famous bearer was the British comic actor Charlie Chaplin (1889-1977).
Occupational name derived from Old English ceapmann
meaning "merchant, trader"
From a diminutive of the Old French word chape
meaning "cloak, hood"
. The name referred to a person who made, sold or often wore cloaks.
Derived from a diminutive form of French charbon "charcoal"
, a nickname for a person with black hair or a dark complexion.
in Old French, used to denote a carter or a cartwright.
CHAVES Portuguese, Spanish
From the name of a Portuguese city, derived from the Roman name FLAVIUS
(being named for the emperor Vespasian, whose family name was Flavius).
Variant of CHAVES
. A famous bearer was the labour leader César Chávez (1927-1993).
Originally indicated a person from the county of Cheshire in England. Cheshire is named for its city CHESTER
From the name of a city in England, derived from Latin castrum
From a nickname derived from French chevalier
, itself from cheval
meaning "horse", ultimately from Latin caballus
From a diminutive of chèvre
, indicating a person who cultivated goats.
, from Old English clerec
meaning "priest", ultimately from Latin clericus
. A famous bearer was William Clark (1770-1838), an explorer of the west of North America.
Derived from the given name CLEMENT
. This was the surname of the author Samuel Clemens (1835-1910), also known as Mark Twain.
From the Portuguese word for "rabbit"
, either a nickname or an occupational name referring to a hunter or seller of rabbits.
From Italian cuoio
, ultimately from Latin corium
. This was an occupational surname for a leather worker or tanner.
From a derivative of Italian colomba "dove"
indicating a house where doves were held.
Either from Italian colomba "dove"
indicating a dove keeper, or from the given name COLOMBO
, which is derived from the same word. This was the Italian surname of the 15th-century explorer Christopher Columbus.
Derived from Old English coc
, ultimately from Latin coquus
. It was an occupational name for a cook, a man who sold cooked meats, or a keeper of an eating house.
COSTA Portuguese, Italian, Catalan
Means "riverbank, slope, coast"
in Portuguese, Italian and Catalan, ultimately from Latin meaning "side, edge".
From Middle English coupe
, a name for a barrel maker or cooper.
Locative name meaning "cross"
, ultimately from Latin crux
. It denoted one who lived near a cross symbol or near a crossroads.
CULLEN (1) English
From the name of the German city of Cologne
, which was derived from Latin colonia
Nickname for a courteous person, derived from Old French curteis
meaning "refined, courtly"