This is a list of surnames in which the categories include landforms.
ACHTERBERGDutch, German From the name of various places in the Netherlands and Germany, for example the village of achterberg in Utrecht. The place names are derived from Low German achter "behind" and berg "mountain, hill".
BANKSEnglish Originally indicated someone who lived near a hillside or a bank of land.
BARLOWEnglish Derived from a number of English place names that variously mean "barley hill", "barn hill", "boar clearing" or "barley clearing".
HAYTEREnglish Name for a person who lived on a hill, from Middle English heyt meaning "height".
HEADEnglish From Middle English hed meaning "head", from Old English heafod. It may have referred to a person who had a peculiar head, who lived near the head of a river or valley, or who served as the village headman.
HEATHEnglish Originally belonged to a person who was a dweller on the heath or open land.
HILLEnglish Originally given to a person who lived on or near a hill, derived from Old English hyll.
HOPEEnglish Derived from Middle English hop meaning "small valley".
HORNEnglish, German, Norwegian, Danish From the Germanic word horn meaning "horn". This was an occupational name for one who carved objects out of horn or who played a horn, or a person who lived near a horn-shaped geographical feature, such as a mountain or a bend in a river.
HUFFEnglish Means "spur of a hill", from Old English hoh.
MARLOWEnglish Originally a name for a person from Marlow in Buckinghamshire, England. The place name means "remnants of a lake" from Old English mere "lake" and lafe "remnants, remains". A notable bearer was the English playwright and poet Christopher Marlowe (1564-1593).
PEAKEnglish Originally indicated a dweller by a pointed hill, from Old English peac"peak". It could also denote a person from the Peak District in Derbyshire, England.
PLATTEnglish From Old French plat meaning "flat, thin", from Late Latin plattus, from Greek πλατύς (platys) meaning "wide, broad, flat". This may have been a nickname or a topographic name for someone who lived near a flat feature.
POLLOCKScottish From the name of a place in Renfrewshire, Scotland, derived from a diminutive of Gaelic poll meaning "pool, pond, bog". A famous bearer was the American artist Jackson Pollock (1912-1956).
RADCLIFFEnglish From various place names in England that mean "red cliff" in Old English.
RAKEEnglish Originally a name for a dweller on a narrow pass or hillside, from Old English hrace meaning "throat".
RANTAFinnish Originally indicated a person who lived near the shore, from Finnish ranta meaning "shore, beach".
READ (2)English From Old English ryd, an unattested form of rod meaning "cleared land". It is also derived from various English place names with various meanings, including "roe headland", "reeds" and "brushwood".
RIBEIROPortuguese Means "little river, stream" in Portuguese, ultimately from Latin riparius meaning "riverbank".
RIDGEEnglish Denoted a person who lived near a ridge, from Old English hrycg.
RIVERSEnglish Denoted a person who lived near a river, from Middle English, from Old French riviere meaning "river", from Latin riparius meaning "riverbank".
ROACHEnglish From Middle English and Old French roche meaning "rock", from Late Latin rocca, a word that may be of Celtic origin. It indicated a person who lived near a prominent rock, or who came from a town by this name (such as Les Roches in Normandy).
ROTHENBERGGerman, Jewish From Middle High German rot meaning "red" and berg meaning "mountain". As a Jewish name it may be ornamental.
ROWBOTTOMEnglish Originally indicated a person who lived in an overgrown valley, from Old English ruh "rough, overgrown" and boðm "valley".
RYEEnglish Topographic name. It could be a misdivision of the Middle English phrases atter ye meaning "at the island" or atter eye meaning "at the river". In some cases it merely indicated a person who lived where rye was grown or worked with rye (from Old English ryge).