ACHTERBERG Dutch, German
From the name of various places in the Netherlands and Germany, for example the village of achterberg
in Utrecht. The place names are derived from Low German achter
"behind" and berg
Originally indicated someone who lived near a hillside or a bank of land.
Derived from a number of English place names that variously mean "barley hill", "barn hill", "boar clearing" or "barley clearing".
From Old High German berg
"mountain" and man
"man", originally denoting someone who lived on a mountain.
From a place name derived from Cornish bre "hill"
Denoted a person who lived near a brook, a word derived from Old English broc
From Old English brun
meaning "brown" and hlaw
meaning "mound, small hill". The name was probably given to a family living on a small hill covered with bracken.
BURNS (1) English, Scottish
Derived from Old English burna "stream, spring"
. A famous bearer was the Scottish poet Robert Burns (1759-1796).
COMO (2) Italian
From the name of the city of Como in Lombardy, the rival city of Milan during the Middle Ages. Its name may come from a Celtic root meaning "valley".
From various English place names, which meaning either "coal valley", "coal hill" or "cow pasture" in Old English.
From Old English dæl
, originally indicating a person who lived there.
DAM Dutch, Danish
Means "dike, dam"
in Dutch and Danish. In modern Danish it also means "pond".
From Middle English dene
"valley" combined with man
Name for someone who lived on or near a down, which an English word meaning "hill"
From various Scottish place names that are derived from Gaelic drumainn
, a derivative of druim
From the name of a town in East Lothian, Scotland, derived from Gaelic dùn
meaning "fort" and barr
meaning "summit", so called from its situation on a rock that projects into the sea.
FONSECA Spanish, Portuguese
Originally belonged to a person who lived near a dry spring, from Latin fons
"well, spring" and siccus
GRÜNBERG German, Jewish
From German grün
"green" and Berg
"mountain". This name indicated a person who lived on or near a forest-covered mountain.
From a place name meaning "hare valley" in Old English.
Ornamental name adopted from a biblical place name meaning "altar, mountain of God" in Hebrew.
Name for a person who lived on a hill, from Middle English heyt
From Middle English hed
, from Old English heafod
. It may have referred to a person who had a peculiar head, who lived near the head of a river or valley, or who served as the village headman.
Originally belonged to a person who was a dweller on the heath or open land.
Originally given to a person who lived on or near a hill, derived from Old English hyll
Derived from Middle English hop
meaning "small valley"
HORN English, German, Norwegian, Danish
From the Germanic word horn
. This was an occupational name for one who carved objects out of horn or who played a horn, or a person who lived near a horn-shaped geographical feature, such as a mountain or a bend in a river.
Means "spur of a hill"
, from Old English hoh
From an English place name meaning "Cenel's island", from the Old English name Cenel
"fierce" in combination with eg
From an English place name meaning derived from Old English cærse
"watercress" and eg
From Middle English knagg
meaning "small mound, projection"
. It is found most commonly in the north of England, in particular Yorkshire.
From Middle English knoll
, Old English cnoll
meaning "small hill, knoll"
. A famous bearer is American singer Beyoncé Knowles (1981-).
From Finnish kulma
with the suffix -la
indicating a place.
Derived from Gaelic caol
meaning "narrows, channel, strait"
, originally given to a person who lived by a strait.
Derived from various places names, of Old English origin meaning "long hill"
Referred to one who lived on a hillside, from Middle High German lite "slope"
Originally from a place name meaning "linden tree hill" in Old English.
Originally a name for a person from Marlow in Buckinghamshire, England. The place name means "remnants of a lake" from Old English mere
"lake" and lafe
"remnants, remains". A notable bearer was the English playwright and poet Christopher Marlowe (1564-1593).
MERRILL (2) English
From the name of various places in England, derived from Old English myrige
"pleasant" and hyll
MOORE (1) English
Originally indicated a person who lived on a moor, from Middle English mor
meaning "open land, bog"
Means "meadow, field"
in Finnish. It was the surname of the athlete Paavo Nurmi (1897-1973).
Originally indicated a dweller by a pointed hill, from Old English peac "peak"
. It could also denote a person from the Peak District in Derbyshire, England.
From Old French plat
meaning "flat, thin"
, from Late Latin plattus
, from Greek πλατύς (platys)
meaning "wide, broad, flat". This may have been a nickname or a topographic name for someone who lived near a flat feature.
From the name of a place in Renfrewshire, Scotland, derived from a diminutive of Gaelic poll
meaning "pool, pond, bog"
. A famous bearer was the American artist Jackson Pollock (1912-1956).
From various place names in England that mean "red cliff" in Old English.
Originally a name for a dweller on a narrow pass or hillside, from Old English hrace
Originally indicated a person who lived near the shore, from Finnish ranta
meaning "shore, beach"
READ (2) English
From Old English ryd
, an unattested form of rod
meaning "cleared land"
. It is also derived from various English place names with various meanings, including "roe headland", "reeds" and "brushwood".
Means "little river, stream"
in Portuguese, ultimately from Latin riparius
Denoted a person who lived near a ridge, from Old English hrycg
Denoted a person who lived near a river, from Middle English, from Old French riviere
, from Latin riparius
From Middle English and Old French roche
, from Late Latin rocca
, a word that may be of Celtic origin. It indicated a person who lived near a prominent rock, or who came from a town by this name (such as Les Roches in Normandy).
ROTHENBERG German, Jewish
From Middle High German rot
meaning "red" and berg
meaning "mountain". As a Jewish name it may be ornamental.
Originally indicated a person who lived in an overgrown valley, from Old English ruh
"rough, overgrown" and boðm
Topographic name. It could be a misdivision of the Middle English phrases atter ye
meaning "at the island"
or atter eye
meaning "at the river"
. In some cases it merely indicated a person who lived where rye was grown or worked with rye (from Old English ryge
Ornamental name meaning "beautiful mountain"
from old German schön
"beautiful" and berg
Originally a name for someone from Sharrow, England, derived from Old English scearu
"boundary" and hoh
"point of land, heel".
Denoted a person hailing from any of the various places called Sherborne or Sherburn in England, derived from Old English scir
"bright" and burna
"spring, fountain, stream".
Originally indicated a dweller on a hill range or ridge, from Spanish sierra "mountain range"
, derived from Latin serra
From the names of Italian places like Somma Lombardo or Somma Vesuviana, derived from Latin summa
in German, indicating the original bearer lived near a pointed hill.
From the place name Swinglehurst
in the Forest of Bowland in central Lancashire, derived from Old English swin
"swine, pig", hyll
"hill" and hyrst
, the name of a town in Cumbria, derived from the name of the river Tyne combined with Old English dæl
Means "dweller at the foot of a hill"
, from Old English under
Derived from Basque ur
"water" and bi
"two", indicating a place where two waterways met.