AkabaneJapanese From Japanese 赤 (aka) meaning "red" and 羽 (hane) meaning "feather". A notable bearer of this surname was professional midget wrestler Shigeru Akabane (赤羽 茂 Akabane Shigeru, 1941–2011), who is best known under his ring name Little Tokyo.
AkashiJapanese From Japanese 明 (aka) meaning "bright" and 石 (shi) meaning "stone".
BladeEnglish Metonymic occupational name for a cutler, from Middle English blade "cutting edge, sword".
BreedEnglish Habitational name from any of various minor places, for example Brede in Sussex, named with Old English brǣdu "breadth, broad place" (a derivative of brād "broad").
CanavanIrish (Anglicized) Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó Ceanndubháin "descendant of Ceanndubhán", a byname meaning "little black-headed one", from ceann "head" combined with dubh "black" and the diminutive suffix -án.
CattEnglish Nickname from the animal, Middle English catte "cat". The word is found in similar forms in most European languages from very early times (e.g. Gaelic cath, Slavic kotu). Domestic cats were unknown in Europe in classical times, when weasels fulfilled many of their functions, for example in hunting rodents... [more]
ChaseFrench Topographic name for someone who lived in or by a house, probably the occupier of the most distinguished house in the village, from a southern derivative of Latin casa "hut, cottage, cabin".
CotterIrish Reduced Anglicized form of Gaelic Mac Oitir "son of Oitir", a personal name borrowed from Old Norse Óttarr, composed of the elements ótti "fear, dread" and herr "army".
CromwellEnglish Habitational name from places in Nottinghamshire and West Yorkshire named Cromwell, from Old English crumb "bent, crooked" and well(a) "spring, stream".
DamianFrench, Spanish, Italian, Czech, Slovak, Polish From the medieval personal name Damian, Greek Damianos (from damazein "to subdue"). St. Damian was an early Christian saint martyred in Cilicia in ad 303 under the emperor Domitian, together with his brother Cosmas... [more]
DamonEnglish, Scottish From the personal name Damon, from a classical Greek name, a derivative of damān "to kill". Compare Damian.
DateJapanese From Japanese 伊 (da) meaning "this" and 達 (te) meaning "achieve, arrive at, intelligent".
FalknerGerman Occupational name for a falconer, Middle High German vakenoere. In medieval times falconry was a sport practised only by the nobility; it was the task of the falconer to look after the birds and train young ones.
FellEnglish, German, Jewish Metonymic occupational name for a furrier, from Middle English fell, Middle High German vel, or German Fell or Yiddish fel, all of which mean "skin, hide, pelt". Yiddish fel refers to untanned hide, in contrast to pelts "tanned hide" (see Pilcher).
FellerEnglish, German, Jewish Occupational name for a furrier, from an agent derivative of Middle English fell, Middle Low German, Middle High German vel, or German Fell or Yiddish fel "hide, pelt". See also Fell.
FellerGerman Habitational name for someone from a place called Feld(e) or Feld(a) in Hesse.
FeuerJewish Ornamental name from modern German Feuer "fire".
FeuerGerman Metonymic occupational name for a stoker in a smithy or public baths, or nickname for someone with red hair or a fiery temper, from Middle High German viur "fire".
FilsFrench From fils "son", used to identify the younger of two bearers of the same personal name in a family.
FlamJewish Ornamental name from Yiddish flam "flame".
FreeEnglish Nickname or status name from Old English frēo "free(-born)", i.e. not a serf.
FucciItalian From the plural of Fuccio, a short form of any of various personal names with a root ending in -f (as for example Rodolfo, Gandolfo) to which has been attached the hypocoristic suffix -uccio, or alternatively from a reduced form of a personal name such as Fantuccio, Feduccio.
HaberlandGerman Topographic name from Middle High German haber(e) "oats" and land "land", or a habitational name from any of various places so called.
HackneyEnglish, Scottish Habitational name from Hackney in Greater London, named from an Old English personal name Haca (genitive Hacan) combined with ēg "island, dry ground in marshland".
HackneyEnglish, Scottish From Middle English hakenei (Old French haquenée), an ambling horse, especially one considered suitable for women to ride; perhaps therefore a metonymic occupational name for a stablehand... [more]
HardacreEnglish Topographic name for someone who lived on a patch of poor, stony land, from Middle English hard "hard, difficult" and aker "cultivated land" (Old English æcer), or a habitational name from Hardacre, a place in Clapham, West Yorkshire, which has this etymology.
HarlacherGerman Habitational name for someone from Ober- or Unter-Harlachen, near Überlingen.
JuradoSpanish, Portuguese Occupational name for any of various officials who had to take an oath that they would perform their duty properly, from jurado "sworn", past participle of jurar "to swear" (Latin iurare).
KunimotoJapanese From Japanese 国 (kuni) meaning "country" and 本 (moto) meaning "base, root, origin".
KuramotoJapanese From Japanese 倉, 蔵 (kura) meaning "warehouse, storehouse" and 本 (moto) meaning "base, root, origin".
KurosuJapanese From Japanese 黒 (kuro) meaning "black" and 須 (su) meaning "mandatory, necessary".
KusanagiJapanese From Japanese 草 (kusa) meaning "grass" and 彅 (nagi) meaning "cutter". A notable bearer of this surname is actor Tsuyoshi Kusanagi (草彅 剛, Kusanagi Tsuyoshi, 1974–).
LancerJewish Ornamental name from German Lanze "lance, spear" combined with the agent suffix -er.
LeemingEnglish Habitational name from either of two places, in West Yorkshire near Keighley and in North Yorkshire near Northallerton. Both are named with a river name, derived from the Old English word lēoma "gleam, sparkle".
LiebGerman From a short form of the various compound Slavic personal names formed with lubo- "love" as the first element.
LindnerGerman, Jewish Habitational name from any of numerous places called Lindenau, Linde, Linden, or Linda.
LindnerJewish Ornamental name from German Linde "lime tree" combined with the agent suffix -ner.
LöwensteinGerman Habitational name from any of several places called Löwenstein.
LuciusDutch From the personal name Lucius (Latin Lucius, an ancient Roman personal name probably derived from lux "light", genitive lucis).
ManchesterEnglish Habitational name from the city in northwestern England, formerly part of Lancashire. This is so called from Mamucio (an ancient British name containing the element mammā "breast", and meaning "breast-shaped hill") combined with Old English ceaster "Roman fort or walled city" (Latin castra "legionary camp").
MarkEnglish, German, Dutch Topographic name for someone who lived on a boundary between two districts, from Middle English merke, Middle High German marc, Middle Dutch marke, merke, all meaning "borderland"... [more]
MarkerGerman Status name for someone who lived on an area of land that was marked off from the village land or woodland, Middle High German merkære.
MatsukiJapanese From Japanese 松 (matsu) meaning "pine tree, fir tree" and 木 (ki) meaning "tree, wood".
NatalPortuguese, Spanish From the personal name Natal (from Latin Natalis), bestowed on someone born at Christmas or with reference to the Marian epithet María del Natal.
NatividadSpanish From the personal name Natividad "nativity, Christmas", from Latin nativitas "birth", genitive nativitatis, usually bestowed with reference to the Marian epithet María de la Natividad... [more]
NishiharaJapanese From Japanese 西 (nishi) meaning "west" and 原 (hara) meaning "meadow, field, plain".
PicóCatalan Probably a nickname from Catalan picó "having a thick upper lip".
PilchEnglish From Middle English pilch, a metonymic occupational name for a maker or seller of pilches or a nickname for a habitual wearer of these. A pilch (from Late Latin pellicia, a derivative of pellis "skin, hide") was a kind of coarse leather garment with the hair or fur still on it.
PilcherEnglish Occupational name for a maker or seller of pilches, from an agent derivative of Pilch. In early 17th-century English, pilcher was a popular term of abuse, being confused or punningly associated with the unrelated verb pilch "to steal" and with the unrelated noun pilchard, a kind of fish.
QingChinese From Chinese 青 (qīng) meaning "blue, green, young".
RégisFrench Occupational name for a local dignitary, from a derivative of Old French régir "to rule or manage".
RichmondEnglish Habitational name from any of the numerous places so named, in northern France as well as in England. These are named with the Old French elements riche "rich, splendid" and mont "hill"... [more]
ToriumiJapanese From Japanese 鳥 (tori) meaning "bird" and 海 (umi) meaning "sea, ocean".
ToyosakiJapanese From Japanese 豊 (toyo) meaning "abundant, lush, bountiful, plenty" and 崎 (saki) meaning "cape, peninsula".
TrumpEnglish Metonymic occupational name for a trumpeter, from Middle English trumpe "trumpet".
TsukiokaJapanese From Japanese 月 (tsuki) meaning "moon" and 岡 (oka) meaning "hill, ridge". A notable bearer of this surname was Tsukioka Yoshitoshi (月岡 芳年, 1839–1892), a Japanese artist who is widely recognized as the last great master of the ukiyo-e genre of woodblock printing and painting.