Surnames of Length 4

This is a list of surnames in which the length is 4.
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AAIJ Dutch
Derived from the given name Aaij, a short form of ADRIAAN and other names.
ABBÀ Italian
Variant of ABATE.
ABEL (1) English, French, Danish, Spanish
Derived from the given name ABEL.
ABEL (2) German
Derived from a diminutive of the given name ALBERT.
ABEN Dutch
Means "son of ABE (2)".
ÁDÁM Hungarian
Hungarian form of ADAM.
ADAM English, French, German, Polish, Romanian, Jewish
Derived from the given name ADAM.
AGLI Italian
From place names like Agliè, Aglietti, Agliana and Agliate, all originating from the Latin name Allius or Alleius.
AGUA Spanish
Means "water" in Spanish, indicating a person who lived near water or worked with water.
AIRÒ Italian
From the given name AROLDO.
AITA Italian
Originally denoted a person from Aieta, Italy, a place name derived from Greek αετος (aetos) meaning "eagle".
AIZA Spanish, Basque
From Basque aitz meaning "rock, stone".
AJAM Arabic
From Arabic عَجَم ('ajam) meaning "foreigner, non-Arab".
ALAN English, Scottish
Derived from the given name ALAN.
ALBU Romanian
From Romanian alb meaning "white".
ALMA Frisian
Means "son of ALE (2)", the suffix -ma indicating that it is of Frisian origin.
ALOI Italian
From a dialectal form of the name ALOISIO.
AMOS Jewish
From the given name AMOS.
ARAP Turkish
Means "Arab" in Turkish.
ARCE Spanish
Means "maple tree" in Spanish.
ARTS (1) Dutch
Means "son of AART".
ARTS (2) Dutch
Dutch cognate of ARZT.
ARTZ Dutch
Means "son of AART".
ÅRUD Norwegian
From Norwegian å meaning "river, stream" and the archaic word rud meaning "clearing".
ARZT Dutch
Means "doctor, physician" in German, ultimately from Latin archiater.
ASÍS Spanish
Originally denoted a person from the Italian city of Assisi (called Asís in Spanish).
AUER German
From German aue meaning "meadow by a river, wetland".
AUST German
Derived from Aust, an archaic diminutive of AUGUST.
AVCI Turkish
Means "hunter" in Turkish.
BAAK Dutch
From the given name BAAK.
BAAR Dutch
Variant of BAARS.
BAAS Dutch
Means "boss, overseer" in Dutch.
BACH German
Topographic name for someone who lived by a stream, from Middle High German bach meaning "stream". This name was borne by members of the Bach musical family, notably the composer Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750).
BÄHR German
From Middle High German bër "bear" or ber "boar". This was originally a nickname for a strong or brave person.
BAKÓ Hungarian
Means "axeman" in Hungarian.
BALL English
From Middle English bal, Old English beall meaning "ball". This was either a nickname for a rotund or bald person, or a topographic name for someone who lived near a ball-shaped feature.
BARR English
Indicated a person who lived near a barrier, from Old French barre.
BASS English
English cognate of BASSO.
BAUM German, Jewish
Means "tree" in German.
BEAN English
English cognate of BOHN.
BECK (1) English, German, Danish, Swedish, Norwegian
Cognate of BACH, from Middle English bekke (from Old Norse), Low German beke or Old Norse bekkr all meaning "stream".
BECK (2) German
Variant of BECKER, from southern German beck.
BECK (3) English
From a nickname for a person with a big nose, from Middle English beke meaning "beak".
BECK (4) English
From Old English becca meaning "pickaxe", an occupational surname.
BELL (1) English
From Middle English belle meaning "bell". It originated as a nickname for a person who lived near the town bell, or who had a job as a bell-ringer.
BELL (2) English
Derived from the given name Bel, a medieval short form of ISABEL.
BELO Portuguese
Portuguese form of BELLO.
BENN English
From a short form of BENEDICT.
BERG German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
From a Germanic word meaning "mountain".
BEST (1) English
Derived from Middle English beste meaning "beast", an occupational name for a keeper of animals or a nickname for someone who acted like a beast. A famous bearer of this surname was soccer legend George Best (1946-2005).
BEST (2) German
Derived from the name of the river Beste, meaning unknown.
BIRD English
Occupational name for a person who raised or hunted birds.
BÍRÓ Hungarian
Derived from bíró meaning "judge" in Hungarian.
BLAU German
Means "blue" in German, most likely used to refer to a person who wore blue clothes.
BLOM Swedish
Means "bloom, flower" in Swedish.
BLUE English
From a nickname for a person with blue eyes or blue clothing.
BLUM German, Jewish
Means "flower" in German and Yiddish.
BOER Dutch
Dutch form of BAUER.
BÖHM German
Originally indicated a person from the region of BOHEMIA (Böhmen in German).
BOHN German
Occupational name for a bean grower, derived from Middle High German bone "bean".
BOND English
Occupational name for a peasant farmer, from Middle English bonde.
BONE (1) English
Derived from Old French bon meaning "good".
BOON (2) English
Originally indicated a person from the town of Bohon, in Manche in France. The town's name is of unknown origin.
BOON (3) Dutch
Dutch cognate of BOHN.
BORG Swedish
From Swedish borg meaning "fortification, castle".
BOTH Dutch
From the Low German given name BODE.
BOVE Italian
Derived from an Italian nickname meaning "bull, ox".
BOYD Scottish
From the name of the Scottish island of Bute (Bód in Gaelic), which is of unknown meaning.
BRAY English
From a place name derived from Cornish bre "hill".
BRET French
French form of BRETT.
BROZ Croatian
Derived from Broz, a diminutive of AMBROZIJE. This was the birth surname of the Yugoslavian dictator Josip Broz Tito (1892-1980).
BROŽ Czech
Derived from Brož, a diminutive of AMBROŽ.
BROŻ Polish
Derived from Broż, a diminutive of AMBROŻY.
BRUN German
From Middle High German brun meaning "brown". It was originally a nickname for a person who had brown hair or skin.
BUHR Low German
Low German form of BAUER.
BÜKI Hungarian
Derived from the name of the Bükk Mountains, which means "beech tree" in Hungarian (probably of Slavic origin).
BULL English
From a nickname for a person who acted like a bull.
BUSH English
Originally a name for a person who lived near a prominent bush or thicket.
BYRD English
Variant of BIRD.
CARL English, German
From the given name CARL.
CARO Spanish, Italian
From Spanish and Italian caro meaning "beloved".
CARR Scottish
Variant of KERR.
CARY Irish
Variant of CAREY.
ČECH Czech
Means "Czech". The name was used to differentiate a native of Bohemia from the natives of Silesia, Moravia and other regions that are now part of the Czech Republic.
CHAN Chinese (Cantonese)
Cantonese romanization of CHEN.
CHEN Chinese
From Chinese (chén) meaning "exhibit, display, old, ancient" and also referring to the former state of Chen, which existed in what is now Henan province from the 11th to 5th centuries BC.
CHEY Khmer
Means "victory" in Khmer, from Sanskrit जय (jaya).
CHOE Korean
Variant romanization of CHOI.
CHOI Korean
From Sino-Korean (choe) meaning "high, lofty, towering".
CHOU Chinese
Alternate transcription of Chinese (see ZHOU).
CHOW Chinese
Alternate transcription of Chinese (see ZHOU).
CINO Italian
From the given name Cino, a short form of names ending in cino.
CLAY English
Means simply "clay", originally referring to a person who lived near or worked with of clay.
COBB English
From a medieval English byname meaning "lump".
COCK English
Derived from the medieval nickname cok meaning "rooster, cock". The nickname was commonly added to given names to create diminutives such as Hancock or Alcock.
CODY Irish
Anglicized form of Irish Ó Cuidighthigh meaning "descendant of CUIDIGHTHEACH". A famous bearer was the American frontiersman and showman Buffalo Bill Cody (1846-1917).
COKE English
Variant of COOK.
COLA Italian
From the given name NICOLA (1).
COLE English
From the Old English byname COLA.
COLT English
Occupational name for a keeper of horses, derived from Middle English colt.
COMO (1) Italian
From the given name GIACOMO.
COMO (2) Italian
From the name of the city of Como in Lombardy, the rival city of Milan during the Middle Ages. Its name may come from a Celtic root meaning "valley".
COOK English
Derived from Old English coc meaning "cook", ultimately from Latin coquus. It was an occupational name for a cook, a man who sold cooked meats, or a keeper of an eating house.
CORY English
Variant of COREY.
CÔTÉ French
French form of COSTA.
CRUZ Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese cognate of CROSS.
CSEH Hungarian
Means "Czech" in Hungarian.
DAHL Norwegian, Swedish, Danish
From Old Norse dalr meaning "valley". A famous of this surname was author Roald Dahl (1916-1990) who is mostly remembered for children's stories such as Matilda and Henry Sugar.
DALE English
From Old English dæl meaning "valley", originally indicating a person who lived there.
DALÍ Spanish
From a given name, itself a diminutive of names beginning with the Germanic element adal meaning "noble". This was the surname of the Spanish surrealist painter Salvador Dalí (1904-1989).
DALY Irish
Anglicized form of Irish Ó Dálaigh meaning "descendant of DÁLACH".
DANE (2) English
Originally denoted a Dane, that is a person from Denmark.
DEAN (1) English
Derived from Middle English dene meaning "valley".
DEAN (2) English
Occupational surname meaning "dean", referring to a person who either was a dean or worked for one. It is from Middle English deen (ultimately from Latin decanus meaning "chief of ten").
DÍAZ Spanish
Means "son of DIEGO" in Spanish.
DICK English
From the given name DICK (1).
DUFF Scottish
Derived from Gaelic dubh meaning "dark".
DUKE English
From the noble title, which was originally from Latin dux "leader". It was a nickname for a person who behaved like a duke, or who worked in a duke's household.
DUNN English, Scottish, Irish
Derived from Old English dunn "dark" or Gaelic donn "brown", referring to hair colour or complexion.
DÜRR German
Means "thin" in German.
DYER English
Occupational name meaning "cloth dyer", from Old English deah "dye".
EADS English
Means "son of EDA (2)" or "son of ADAM".
EADY English
From a diminutive of the given name EDA (2) or ADAM.
EARL English
From the aristocratic title, which derives from Old English eorl meaning "nobleman, warrior". It was either a nickname for one who acted like an earl, or an occupational name for a person employed by an earl.
ENNS German
Derived from a short form of the German given name ANSELM.
ERŐS Hungarian
Means "strong" in Hungarian.
EZRA Jewish
From the given name EZRA.
FALK Swedish, Danish, Norwegian, German
From Old Norse falkr or Middle High German valke meaning "falcon".
FAVA Italian
From Italian fava referring to a type of broad bean.
FEAR English
Derived from Middle English feare meaning "friend, comrade".
FELD German, Jewish
Means "field" in German. The name was originally given to someone who lived on land cleared of forest.
FENN English
From a name for someone who dwelt near a marsh, from Old English fenn meaning "fen, swamp, bog".
FINI Italian
Derived from given names ending in fino, such as SERAFINO.
FINN Irish
Derived from the given name FIONN.
FORD English
Name given to someone who lived by a ford, possibly the official who maintained it. A famous bearer was the American industrialist Henry Ford (1863-1947).
FOSS English
Variant of FOSSE.
FOTH Low German
From a nickname meaning "foot" in Low German.
FREI German
Means "free" in German, probably referring to someone outside the feudal system.
FRYE English
Variant of FRY.
GAÁL Hungarian
Variant of GÁL.
GAGE French, English
Occupational name derived either from Old French jauge "measure" (a name for an assayer) or gage "pledge, payment" (a name for a moneylender). Both words were ultimately of Frankish origin.
GANG Korean
Variant romanization of KANG.
GARB German
Variant of GARBER.
GARY English
Variant of GEARY.
GASS German
Name for someone who lived on a street in a city, from German gasse.
GIBB English
Derived from the given name GIB.
GLAS German, Dutch
German and Dutch cognate of GLASS.
GLEN Scottish
Variant of GLENN.
GOOD English
From a nickname meaning "good", referring to a kindly person.
GORE English
From the Old English word gara meaning "triangular plot of land".
GORI Italian
Derived from the given name GREGORIO.
GOTT German
Derived from the Germanic given name GODA.
GRAF German
From the German noble title Graf meaning "count", ultimately from Greek γραφευς (grapheus) meaning "scribe".
GRAY English
From a nickname for a person who had grey hair or grey clothes.
GREC Catalan
Catalan cognate of GRECO.
GREY English
Variant of GRAY.
GROS French
Means "thick, fat, big" in French, from Late Latin grossus, possibly of Germanic origin.
GUAN Chinese
From Chinese (guān) meaning "frontier pass".
HAAK Dutch
Occupational name meaning "peddler" in Dutch.
HAAS Dutch, German
Variant of HASE.
HAHN German
From a nickname for a proud or pugnacious person, from Old High German hano meaning "rooster, cock".
HAIG English, Scottish
From Old English haga or Old Norse hagi meaning "enclosure, pasture".
HALE English
Derived from Old English halh meaning "nook, recess, hollow".
HALL English, German, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish
Means simply "hall", given to one who either lived in or worked in a hall (the house of a medieval noble).
HAMM English
Means "river meadow" in Old English.
HART English
Means "male deer". It was originally acquired by a person who lived in a place frequented by harts, or bore some resemblance to a hart.
HASE German
From Middle High German and Middle Low German hase meaning "hare, rabbit". This was a nickname for a person who was quick or timid.
HASS German
From the given name HASSO.
HAWK English
Originally a nickname for a person who had a hawk-like appearance or who acted in a fierce manner, derived from Old English heafoc "hawk".
HEAD English
From Middle English hed meaning "head", from Old English heafod. It may have referred to a person who had a peculiar head, who lived near the head of a river or valley, or who served as the village headman.
HEXT English
From a nickname meaning "tallest" in Middle English. It is most common in the southwest of England in the county of Devon.
HIER Welsh
Means "tall, long" from Welsh hir.
HILL English
Originally given to a person who lived on or near a hill, derived from Old English hyll.
HOCH German
Means "tall" in German.
HOEK Dutch
From Dutch hoek meaning "corner".
HOLT English, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian
From Old English, Old Dutch and Old Norse holt meaning "forest".
HOPE English
Derived from Middle English hop meaning "small valley".
HORN English, German, Norwegian, Danish
From the Germanic word horn meaning "horn". This was an occupational name for one who carved objects out of horn or who played a horn, or a person who lived near a horn-shaped geographical feature, such as a mountain or a bend in a river.
HOUK Dutch (Anglicized)
Possibly an Americanized form of HOEK.
HOWE English
Name for one who lived on a hill, from Middle English how "hill" (of Norse origin).
HUFF English
Means "spur of a hill", from Old English hoh.
HULL English
Variant of HILL.
HULT Swedish
Swedish form of HOLT.
HUME Scottish, English
Variant of HOLME. A famous bearer was the philosopher David Hume (1711-1776).
HUNT English
Variant of HUNTER.
IKIN English
Derived from a diminutive of the medieval given name IDA.
ILIĆ Serbian, Croatian
Means "son of ILIJA".
ITOU Japanese
Alternate transcription of Japanese Kanji 伊藤 (see ITŌ).
IVOV Bulgarian
Means "son of IVO (2)".
IYER Tamil
Referred to a person belonging to the Iyer subcaste of the larger Brahmin caste. The Iyer subcaste is traditionally devoted to the God Vishnu.
JACK English, Scottish
From the given name JACK.
JAIN Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Gujarati
Referred to a person who followed the principles of Jainism, a religion practiced in India. Jains are the followers of Lord Mahavira (599-527 BC).
JANS Dutch, German
Means "son of JAN (1)".
JANZ German
Means "son of JAN (1)".
JASO Basque
Derived from Basque jats meaning "sorghum", a type of cereal grass.
JOHN English
Derived from the given name JOHN. A famous bearer is British musician Elton John (1947-), born Reginald Dwight.
JUDD English
Derived from the medieval name JUDD.
JUNG German
Means "young" in German, from Middle High German junc.
KALB German
Occupational name meaning "calf (animal)" in German.
KANG Korean
Korean form of JIANG (2), from Sino-Korean (gang).
KARL German
From the given name KARL.
KATO Japanese
Alternate transcription of Japanese Kanji 加藤 (see KATŌ).
KATÓ Hungarian
Derived from a diminutive of the Hungarian feminine given name KATALIN.
KATŌ Japanese
From Japanese (ka) meaning "add, increase" and () meaning "wisteria". The latter character may indicate a connection to the Fujiwara clan.
KATZ Jewish
Derived from Hebrew כֹּהֵן צֶדֶק (kohen tzedek) meaning "priest of justice", indicating a descendant of Aaron.
KAUR Indian (Sikh)
Means "princess", ultimately from Sanskrit कुमारी (kumari) meaning "girl". In 1699 Guru Gobind Singh gave all his Sikh female followers the surname Kaur and all males Singh. In many instances, it is also used as a middle name with the family name serving as the surname.
KAWA Polish
Derived from Polish kawka "jackdaw".
KEEN English
From Old English cene meaning "bold, brave".
KEIL German
Means "wedge shaped" in German. It was used to denote a person who owned a wedge-shaped piece of land.
KEIR Scottish
Variant of KERR.
KEMP English
Derived from Middle English kempe meaning "champion, warrior".
KERR Scottish
From Scots kerr meaning "rough wet ground", ultimately from Old Norse kjarr.
KEYS (2) Irish
Anglicized form of MAC AODHA.
KIDD English
From a nickname meaning "young goat, kid" in Middle English, of Old Norse origin.
KING English
From Old English cyning "king", originally a nickname for someone who either acted in a kingly manner or who worked for or was otherwise associated with a king.
KIRK English
From northern Middle English kirk "church", from Old Norse kirkja (cognate of CHURCH).
KISS Hungarian
Variant of KIS.
KITA Japanese
From Japanese (kita) meaning "north".
KNEF German
Occupational name for a shoemaker, derived from Low German knif meaning "shoemaker's knife".
KOCH German
German cognate of COOK.
KOCK Low German
Low German cognate of COOK.
KÖHL German
Variant of KOHL.
KOHL German
Derived from Middle High German kol "cabbage".
KOOL Dutch
Derived from the given name NICOLAAS.
KOPP German
Derived from a diminutive of the given name JAKOB.
KRÁL Czech, Slovak
Czech and Slovak form of KRÓL.
KŘÍŽ Czech
Means "cross" in Czech, ultimately from Latin crux.
KRÓL Polish
Means "king" in Polish. The name referred to one who acted like a king or was connected in some way with a king's household.
KRON German, Swedish
From German Krone and Swedish krona meaning "crown" (from Latin corona), perhaps a nickname for one who worked in a royal household.
KUHN German
Derived from a diminutive of the German given name KONRAD.
KUNZ German
Derived from a diminutive of the given name KONRAD.
KURZ German
Means "short" in German, ultimately from Latin curtus.
KWAN Chinese (Cantonese)
Cantonese romanization of GUAN.
KWOK Chinese (Cantonese)
Cantonese romanization of GUO.
LACY English
Derived from Lassy, the name of a town in Normandy. The name of the town was Gaulish in origin, perhaps deriving from a personal name that was Latinized as Lascius.
LAMA Italian
Derived from the name place Lama, common in Italy.
LANE (1) English
Originally designated one who lived by a lane, a narrow way between fences or hedges, later used of any narrow pathway, including one between houses in a town.
LANE (2) French
Derived from a French word meaning "wool", designating one who worked in the wool trade.
LANE (3) Irish
From Irish Ó Luain meaning "descendant of Luan", a given name meaning "warrior".
LÅNG Swedish
Swedish cognate of LONG.
LANG German, Danish, Norwegian
German, Danish and Norwegian cognate of LONG.
LEHR German
From Old High German loh meaning "meadow, clearing".
LENZ German
From a nickname meaning "springtime" in German.
LEVI Jewish
From the given name LEVI.
LIAO Chinese
From Chinese (liào) referring to the ancient state of Liao, which was located in present-day Henan province.
LOBO Spanish, Portuguese
Originally a nickname meaning "wolf" in Spanish and Portuguese.
LONG English
Originally a nickname for a person who had long limbs or who was tall.
LOSA Spanish
From Spanish losa meaning "tile, slab".
LOVE English
From the Old English given name Lufu meaning "love".
LÖWE German, Jewish
Means "lion" in German.
LOWE (1) Jewish (Anglicized)
Americanized form of LÖWE.
LOWE (2) English
Variant of LAW.
LUND Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, English
Indicated a person who lived near a grove of trees, from Old Norse lundr meaning "grove". There are towns in Sweden and Britain called Lund.
LUPO Italian
From an Italian nickname meaning "wolf".
LUPU Romanian
From Romanian lup meaning "wolf".
LUSK Scottish
Possibly means "cave" in Gaelic.
LYNE Scottish
Habitational name for someone who lived in places of this name in Scotland.
LYNN English
From the name of a town in Norfolk (King's Lynn), derived from Welsh llyn meaning "lake".
LYON (1) English, French
Originally denoted a person from the city of Lyon in central France, originally Latin Lugdunum, of Gaulish origin meaning "hill fort of LUGUS". It could also denote a person from the small town of Lyons-la-Forêt in Normandy.
LYON (2) English, French
From a nickname derived from Old French and Middle English lion meaning "lion".
LYON (3) French, English
From the given name LEON.
MAAS Dutch, Low German
From the given name MAAS.
MACY English
Variant of MASSEY.
MAES Flemish
Flemish form of MAAS.
MAKI (1) Japanese
From Japanese (maki) meaning "shepherd, tend cattle".
MAKI (2) Japanese
From Japanese (ma) meaning "real, genuine" and (ki) meaning "tree".
MAŁY Polish
Polish cognate of MALÝ.
MALÝ Czech
Means "small" in Czech.
MANN German, English
From a nickname meaning "man". This may have originally been given in order to distinguish the bearer from a younger person with the same name.
MANZ German
From a diminutive of the given name MANAGOLD.
MARI Italian
Aphetic form of ALTIMARI.
MARK English
Derived from the given name MARK.
MASI Italian
From the given name Maso a short form of TOMMASO.
MATA Spanish, Portuguese, Catalan
From Spanish, Portuguese and Catalan mata meaning "trees, shrubs", possibly from Late Latin matta meaning "reed mat".
MAUS German
From a nickname meaning "mouse", from Old High German mus.
MEIN German
Derived from the given name MEINO.
MEIR Jewish
Variant of MEYER (2).
MELO Portuguese
Portuguese form of MERLO.
MERX Dutch, Flemish
From the given name MARK.
METZ (1) German
Occupational name for maker of knives, from Middle High German metze "knife".
METZ (2) German
Derived from Mätz, a diminutive of the given name MATTHIAS.
MOON (1) Korean
Korean form of WEN, from Sino-Korean (mun).
MOON (2) English
Originally indicated a person from the town of Moyon in Normandy.
MOON (3) Irish
Variant of MOHAN.
MORI Japanese
From Japanese (mori) meaning "forest".
MOTO Japanese
From Japanese (moto) meaning "base, root, origin". More commonly it is the final character in Japanese surnames.
NAGI Arabic
Alternate transcription of Arabic ناجي (see NAAJI).
NAGY Hungarian
From a nickname meaning "big, great" in Hungarian, referring to one's characteristics. This is the most common Hungarian surname.
NAJM Arabic
From the given name NAJM.
NANA Italian
From a diminutive of GIOVANNI.
NANI Italian
Variant of NANA.
NASH English
Derived from the Middle English phrase atten ash "at the ash tree". A famous bearer was the mathematician John Nash (1928-2015).
NASS Norwegian
Variant of NESS.