Surnames of Length 4

This is a list of surnames in which the length is 4.
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AAIJDutch
Derived from the given name Aaij, a short form of ADRIAAN and other names.
ABBÀItalian
Variant of ABATE.
ABEL (1)English, French, Danish, Spanish
Derived from the given name ABEL.
ABEL (2)German
Derived from a diminutive of the given name ALBERT.
ABENDutch
Means "son of ABE (2)".
ÁDÁMHungarian
Hungarian form of ADAM.
ADAMEnglish, French, German, Polish, Romanian, Jewish
Derived from the given name ADAM.
AGLIItalian
From place names like Agliè, Aglietti, Agliana and Agliate, all originating from the Latin name Allius or Alleius.
AGUASpanish
Means "water" in Spanish, indicating a person who lived near water or worked with water.
AIRÒItalian
From the given name AROLDO.
AITAItalian
Originally denoted a person from Aieta, Italy, a place name derived from Greek αετος (aetos) "eagle".
AIZASpanish, Basque
From Basque aitz meaning "rock, stone".
AJAMArabic
From Arabic عَجَم ('ajam) meaning "foreigner, non-Arab".
ALANEnglish, Scottish
Derived from the given name ALAN.
ALBURomanian
From Romanian alb meaning "white".
ALMAFrisian
Means "son of ALE (2)", the suffix -ma indicating that it is of Frisian origin.
ALOIItalian
From a dialectal form of the name ALOISIO.
AMOSJewish
From the given name AMOS.
ARAPTurkish
Means "Arab" in Turkish.
ARCESpanish
Means "maple tree" in Spanish.
ARTS (1)Dutch
Means "son of AART".
ARTS (2)Dutch
Dutch cognate of ARZT.
ARTZDutch
Means "son of AART".
ÅRUDNorwegian
From Norwegian å meaning "river, stream" and the archaic word rud meaning "clearing".
ARZTDutch
Means "doctor, physician" in German, ultimately from Latin archiater.
ASÍSSpanish
Originally denoted a person from the Italian city of Assisi (called Asís in Spanish).
AUERGerman
From German aue meaning "meadow by a river, wetland".
AUSTGerman
Derived from Aust, an archaic diminutive of AUGUST.
AVCITurkish
Means "hunter" in Turkish.
BAAKDutch
From the given name BAAK.
BAARDutch
Variant of BAARS.
BAASDutch
Means "boss, overseer" in Dutch.
BACHGerman
Topographic name for someone who lived by a stream, from Middle High German bach meaning "stream". This name was borne by members of the Bach musical family, notably the composer Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750).
BÄHRGerman
From Middle High German bër "bear" or ber "boar". This was originally a nickname for a strong or brave person.
BAKÓHungarian
Means "axeman" in Hungarian.
BALLEnglish
From Middle English bal, Old English beall meaning "ball". This was either a nickname for a rotund or bald person, or a topographic name for someone who lived near a ball-shaped feature.
BARREnglish
Indicated a person who lived near a barrier, from Old French barre.
BASSEnglish
English cognate of BASSO.
BAUMGerman, Jewish
Means "tree" in German.
BEANEnglish
English cognate of BOHN.
BECK (1)English, German, Danish, Swedish, Norwegian
Cognate of BACH, from Middle English bekke (from Old Norse), Low German beke or Old Norse bekkr all meaning "stream".
BECK (2)German
Variant of BECKER, from southern German beck.
BECK (3)English
From a nickname for a person with a big nose, from Middle English beke meaning "beak".
BECK (4)English
From Old English becca meaning "pickaxe", an occupational surname.
BELL (1)English
From Middle English belle meaning "bell". It originated as a nickname for a person who lived near the town bell, or who had a job as a bell-ringer.
BELL (2)English
Derived from the given name Bel, a medieval short form of ISABEL.
BELOPortuguese
Portuguese form of BELLO.
BENNEnglish
From a short form of BENEDICT.
BERGGerman, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
From a Germanic word meaning "mountain".
BEST (1)English
Derived from Middle English beste meaning "beast", an occupational name for a keeper of animals or a nickname for someone who acted like a beast. A famous bearer of this surname was soccer legend George Best (1946-2005).
BEST (2)German
Derived from the name of the river Beste, meaning unknown.
BIRDEnglish
Occupational name for a person who raised or hunted birds.
BÍRÓHungarian
Derived from bíró meaning "judge" in Hungarian.
BLAUGerman
Means "blue" in German, most likely used to refer to a person who wore blue clothes.
BLOMSwedish
Means "bloom, flower" in Swedish.
BLUEEnglish
From a nickname for a person with blue eyes or blue clothing.
BLUMGerman, Jewish
Means "flower" in German and Yiddish.
BOERDutch
Dutch form of BAUER.
BÖHMGerman
Originally indicated a person from the region of BOHEMIA (Böhmen in German).
BOHNGerman
Occupational name for a bean grower, derived from Middle High German bone "bean".
BONDEnglish
Occupational name for a peasant farmer, from Middle English bonde.
BONE (1)English
Derived from Old French bon meaning "good".
BOON (2)English
Originally indicated a person from the town of Bohon, in Manche in France. The town's name is of unknown origin.
BOON (3)Dutch
Dutch cognate of BOHN.
BORGSwedish
From Swedish borg meaning "fortification, castle".
BOTHDutch
From the Low German given name BODE.
BOVEItalian
Derived from an Italian nickname meaning "bull, ox".
BOYDScottish
From the name of the Scottish island of Bute (Bód in Gaelic), which is of unknown meaning.
BRAYEnglish
From a place name derived from Cornish bre "hill".
BRETFrench
French form of BRETT.
BROZCroatian
Derived from Broz, a diminutive of AMBROZIJE. This was the birth surname of the Yugoslavian dictator Josip Broz Tito (1892-1980).
BROŽCzech
Derived from Brož, a diminutive of AMBROŽ.
BROŻPolish
Derived from Broż, a diminutive of AMBROŻY.
BRUNGerman
From Middle High German brun meaning "brown". It was originally a nickname for a person who had brown hair or skin.
BUHRLow German
Low German form of BAUER.
BÜKIHungarian
Derived from the name of the Bükk Mountains, which means "beech tree" in Hungarian (probably of Slavic origin).
BULLEnglish
From a nickname for a person who acted like a bull.
BUSHEnglish
Originally a name for a person who lived near a prominent bush or thicket.
BYRDEnglish
Variant of BIRD.
CARLEnglish, German
From the given name CARL.
CAROSpanish, Italian
From Spanish and Italian caro meaning "beloved".
CARRScottish
Variant of KERR.
CARYIrish
Variant of CAREY.
ČECHCzech
Means "Czech". The name was used to differentiate a native of Bohemia from the natives of Silesia, Moravia and other regions that are now part of the Czech Republic.
CHANChinese (Cantonese)
Cantonese romanization of CHEN.
CHENChinese
From Chinese (chén) meaning "exhibit, display, old, ancient" and also referring to the former state of Chen, which existed in what is now Henan province from the 11th to 5th centuries BC.
CHEYKhmer
Means "victory" in Khmer, from Sanskrit जय (jaya).
CHOEKorean
Variant romanization of CHOI.
CHOIKorean
From Sino-Korean (choe) meaning "high, lofty, towering".
CHOUChinese
Variant transcription of ZHOU.
CHOWChinese
Variant transcription of ZHOU.
CINOItalian
From the given name Cino, a short form of names ending in cino.
CLAYEnglish
Means simply "clay", originally referring to a person who lived near or worked with of clay.
COBBEnglish
From a medieval English byname meaning "lump".
COCKEnglish
Derived from the medieval nickname cok which meant "rooster, cock". The nickname was commonly added to given names to create diminutives such as Hancock or Alcock.
CODYIrish
Anglicized form of Irish Ó Cuidighthigh meaning "descendant of CUIDIGHTHEACH". A famous bearer was the American frontiersman and showman Buffalo Bill Cody (1846-1917).
COKEEnglish
Variant of COOK.
COLAItalian
From the given name NICOLA (1).
COLEEnglish
From the Old English byname COLA.
COMO (1)Italian
From the given name GIACOMO.
COMO (2)Italian
From the name of the city of Como in Lombardy, the rival city of Milan during the Middle Ages. Its name may come from a Celtic root meaning "valley".
COOKEnglish
Derived from Old English coc meaning "cook", ultimately from Latin coquus. It was an occupational name for a cook, a man who sold cooked meats, or a keeper of an eating house.
CORYEnglish
Variant of COREY.
CÔTÉFrench
French form of COSTA.
CRUZSpanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese cognate of CROSS.
CSEHHungarian
Means "Czech" in Hungarian.
DAHLNorwegian, Swedish, Danish
From Old Norse dalr meaning "valley". A famous of this surname was author Roald Dahl (1916-1990) who is mostly remembered for children's stories such as 'Matilda' and 'Henry Sugar'.
DALEEnglish
From Old English dæl meaning "valley", originally indicating a person who lived there.
DALÍSpanish
From a given name, itself a diminutive of names beginning with the Germanic element adal meaning "noble". This was the surname of the Spanish surrealist painter Salvador Dalí (1904-1989).
DALYIrish
Anglicized form of Irish Ó Dálaigh meaning "descendant of DÁLACH".
DANE (2)English
Originally denoted a Dane, that is a person from Denmark.
DEAN (1)English
Derived from Middle English dene meaning "valley".
DEAN (2)English
Occupational surname meaning "dean", referring to a person who either was a dean or worked for one. It is from Middle English deen (ultimately from Latin decanus meaning "chief of ten").
DÍAZSpanish
Means "son of DIEGO" in Spanish.
DICKEnglish
From the given name DICK (1).
DUFFScottish
Derived from Gaelic dubh meaning "dark".
DUKEEnglish
From the noble title, which was originally from Latin dux "leader". It was an occupational surname for a person who behaved like a duke, or who worked in a duke's household.
DUNNEnglish, Scottish, Irish
Derived from Old English dunn "dark" or Gaelic donn "brown", referring to hair colour or complexion.
DÜRRGerman
Means "thin" in German.
DYEREnglish
Occupational name for a cloth dyer, from Old English deah "dye".
EADSEnglish
Means "son of EDA (2)" or "son of ADAM".
EARLEnglish
From the aristocratic title, which derives from Old English eorl meaning "nobleman, warrior". It was either a nickname for one who acted like an earl, or an occupational name for a person employed by an earl.
ENNSGerman
Derived from a short form of the German given name ANSELM.
ERŐSHungarian
Means "strong" in Hungarian.
EZRAJewish
From the given name EZRA.
FALKSwedish, Danish, Norwegian, German
From Old Norse falkr or Middle High German valke "falcon".
FAVAItalian
From Italian fava referring to a type of broad bean.
FEAREnglish
Derived from Middle English feare meaning "friend, comrade".
FELDGerman, Jewish
Means "field" in German. The name was originally given to someone who lived on land cleared of forest.
FENNEnglish
From a name for someone who dwelt near a marsh, from Old English fenn meaning "fen, swamp, bog".
FINIItalian
Derived from given names ending in fino, such as SERAFINO.
FINNIrish
Derived from the given name FIONN.
FORDEnglish
Name given to someone who lived by a ford, possibly the official who maintained it.
FOSSEnglish
Variant of FOSSE.
FOTHLow German
From a nickname meaning "foot" in Low German.
FREIGerman
Means "free" in German, probably referring to someone outside the feudal system.
FRYEEnglish
Variant of FRY.
GAÁLHungarian
Variant of GÁL.
GAGEFrench, English
Occupational name derived either from Old French jauge "measure" (a name for an assayer) or gage "pledge, payment" (a name for a moneylender). Both words were ultimately of Frankish origin.
GANGKorean
Variant romanization of KANG.
GARBGerman
Variant of GARBER.
GARYEnglish
Variant of GEARY.
GASSGerman
Name for someone who lived on a street in a city, from German gasse.
GIBBEnglish
Derived from the given name GIB.
GLASGerman, Dutch
German and Dutch cognate of GLASS.
GLENScottish
Variant of GLENN.
GOODEnglish
From a nickname meaning "good", referring to a kindly person.
GOREEnglish
From the Old English word gara meaning "a triangular plot of land".
GORIItalian
Derived from the given name GREGORIO.
GOTTGerman
Derived from the Germanic given name GODA.
GRAFGerman
From the German noble title Graf meaning "count", ultimately from Greek γραφευς (grapheus) meaning "scribe".
GRAYEnglish
From a nickname for a person who had grey hair or grey clothes.
GRECCatalan
Catalan cognate of GRECO.
GREYEnglish
Variant of GRAY.
GROSFrench
Means "thick, fat, big" in French, from Late Latin grossus, possibly of Germanic origin.
GUANChinese
From Chinese (guān) meaning "frontier pass".
HAAKDutch
Occupational name meaning "pedlar" in Dutch.
HAASDutch, German
Variant of HASE.
HAHNGerman
From a nickname for a proud or pugnacious person, from Old High German hano meaning "rooster, cock".
HAIGEnglish, Scottish
From Old English haga or Old Norse hagi meaning "enclosure, pasture".
HALEEnglish
Derived from Old English halh meaning "nook, recess, hollow".
HALLEnglish, German, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish
Means simply "hall", given to one who either lived in or worked in a hall (the house of a medieval noble).
HAMMEnglish
Means "river meadow" in Old English.
HARTEnglish
Means "male deer". It was originally acquired by a person who lived in a place frequented by harts, or bore some resemblance to a hart.
HASEGerman
From Middle High German and Middle Low German hase meaning "hare, rabbit". This was a nickname for a person who was quick or timid.
HASSGerman
From the given name HASSO.
HAWKEnglish
Originally a nickname for a person who had a hawk-like appearance or who acted in a fierce manner, derived from Old English heafoc "hawk".
HEADEnglish
From Middle English hed meaning "head", from Old English heafod. It may have referred to a person who had a peculiar head, who lived near the head of a river or valley, or who served as the village headman.
HEXTEnglish
From a nickname meaning "tallest" in Middle English. It is most common in the southwest of England in the county of Devon.
HIERWelsh
Means "tall, long" from Welsh hir.
HILLEnglish
Originally given to a person who lived on or near a hill, derived from Old English hyll.
HOCHGerman
Means "tall" in German.
HOEKDutch
From Dutch hoek meaning "corner".
HOLTEnglish, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian
From Old English, Old Dutch and Old Norse holt meaning "forest".
HOPEEnglish
Derived from Middle English hop meaning "small valley".
HORNEnglish, German, Norwegian, Danish
From the Germanic word horn meaning "horn". This was an occupational name for one who carved objects out of horn or who played a horn, or a person who lived near a horn-shaped geographical feature, such as a mountain or a bend in a river.
HOUKDutch (Anglicized)
Possibly an Americanized form of HOEK.
HOWEEnglish
Name for one who lived on a hill, from Middle English how "hill" (of Norse origin).
HUFFEnglish
Means "spur of a hill", from Old English hoh.
HULLEnglish
Variant of HILL.
HULTSwedish
Swedish form of HOLT.
HUMEScottish, English
Variant of HOLME. A famous bearer was the philosopher David Hume (1711-1776).
HUNTEnglish
Variant of HUNTER.
IKINEnglish
Derived from a diminutive of the medieval given name IDA.
ILIĆSerbian, Croatian
Means "son of ILIJA".
ITOUJapanese
From Japanese (i) meaning "this" and (tou) meaning "wisteria". The final character may indicate a connection to the Fujiwara clan.
IVOVBulgarian
Means "son of IVO (2)".
IYERTamil
Referred to a person belonging to the Iyer subcaste of the larger Brahmin caste. The Iyer subcaste is traditionally devoted to the God Vishnu.
JACKEnglish, Scottish
From the given name JACK.
JAINIndian, Hindi, Marathi, Gujarati
Referred to a person who followed the principles of Jainism, a religion practiced in India. Jains are the followers of Lord Mahavira (599-527 BC).
JANSDutch, German
Means "son of JAN (1)".
JANZGerman
Means "son of JAN (1)".
JASOBasque
Derived from Basque jats "sorghum". Sorghum is a type of cereal grass.
JUDDEnglish
Derived from the medieval name JUDD.
JUNGGerman
From Middle High German junc meaning "young".
KALBGerman
Means "calf" (the animal) in German.
KANGKorean
Korean form of JIANG (2), from Sino-Korean (gang).
KARLGerman
From the given name KARL.
KATOJapanese
Variant transcription of KATOU.
KATÓHungarian
Derived from a diminutive of the Hungarian feminine given name KATALIN.
KATZGerman
Derived from the German word Katze "cat".
KAURIndian (Sikh)
Means "princess", ultimately from Sanskrit कुमारी (kumari) meaning "girl". In 1699 Guru Gobind Singh gave all his Sikh female followers the surname Kaur and all males Singh. In many instances, it is also used as a middle name with the family name serving as the surname.
KAVAPolish
Derived from Polish kawa "coffee", perhaps originally denoting one who worked in the coffee trade.
KEENEnglish
From Old English cene "bold, brave".
KEILGerman
Means "wedge shaped" in German. It was used to denote a person who owned a wedge-shaped piece of land.
KEIRScottish
Variant of KERR.
KEMPEnglish
Derived from Middle English kempe meaning "champion, warrior".
KERRScottish
From Scots kerr meaning "rough wet ground", ultimately from Old Norse kjarr.
KEYSEnglish
Variant of KAY (1).
KIDDEnglish, Scottish
From a nickname meaning "young goat, kid" in Middle English.
KINGEnglish
From Old English cyning, originally a nickname for someone who either acted in a kingly manner or who worked for or was otherwise associated with a king.
KISSHungarian
Variant of KIS.
KITAJapanese
From Japanese (kita) meaning "north".
KNEFGerman
Occupational name for a shoemaker (derived from Low German knif meaning "shoemaker's knife").
KOCHGerman
German cognate of COOK.
KOCKLow German
Low German cognate of COOK.
KÖHLGerman
Variant of KOHL.
KOHLGerman
Derived from Middle High German kol "cabbage".
KOOLDutch
Derived from the given name NICOLAAS.
KOPPGerman
Derived from the given name JACOB.
KRIŽCzech, Slovak, Slovene
Means "cross" in Czech.
KRÓLPolish
Means "king" in Polish. The name referred to one connected in some way with a king's household.
KRONGerman, Swedish
Means "crown", perhaps a nickname for one who worked in a royal household.
KUHNGerman
Derived from a diminutive of the German given name KONRAD.
KWANChinese (Cantonese)
Cantonese romanization of GUAN.
KWOKChinese (Cantonese)
Cantonese romanization of GUO.
LACYEnglish
Derived from Lassy, the name of a town in Normandy. The name of the town was Gaulish in origin, perhaps deriving from a personal name which was Latinized as Lascius.
LAMAItalian
Derived from the name place Lama, quite common around Italy.
LANE (1)English
Originally designated one who lived by a lane, a narrow way between fences or hedges, later used of any narrow pathway, including one between houses in a town.
LANE (2)French
Derived from a French word meaning "wool", designating one who worked in the wool trade.
LANE (3)Irish
From Irish Ó Luain meaning "descendant of Luan", a given name meaning "warrior".
LÅNGSwedish
Swedish cognate of LONG.
LANGGerman, Danish, Norwegian
German, Danish and Norwegian cognate of LONG.
LENZGerman
Means "springtime" in German, from a nickname.
LEVIJewish
From the given name LEVI.
LIAOChinese
From Chinese (liào) which refers to the ancient state of Liao, which was located in present-day Henan province.
LOBOSpanish, Portuguese
Originally a nickname meaning "wolf" in Spanish and Portuguese.
LONGEnglish
Originally a nickname for a person who had long limbs or who was tall.
LOSASpanish
From Spanish losa meaning "tile, slab".
LOVEEnglish
From the Old English given name Lufu meaning "love".
LÖWEGerman
Means "lion" in German.
LOWE (1)Jewish
Germanized variant of LEVI.
LUNDDanish, Swedish, Norwegian, English
Indicated a person who lived near a grove of trees, from Old Norse lundr meaning "grove". There are towns in Sweden and Britain called Lund.
LUPOItalian
From an Italian nickname meaning "wolf".
LUSKScottish
Possibly means "cave" in Gaelic.
LYNEScottish
Habitational name for someone who lived in places of this name in Ayrshire, Peeblesshire, and Wigtownshire.
LYNNEnglish
From the Welsh word llyn meaning "lake".
LYON (1)English, French
Habitational name from either the Lyon in southern central France, or Lyons-la-Forêt in Eure, Normandy.
LYON (2)English, French
Either from the given name LEON or else a nickname meaning "lion".
MAASDutch, Low German
From the given name MAAS.
MACYEnglish
Variant of MASSEY.
MAESFlemish
Flemish form of MAAS.
MAKI (1)Japanese
From Japanese (maki) meaning "shepherd, tend cattle".
MAKI (2)Japanese
From Japanese (ma) meaning "real, genuine" and (ki) meaning "tree".
MALYPolish, Czech
Means "small" in the Slavic languages.
MANNGerman, English
From a nickname meaning "man". This may have originally been given in order to distinguish the bearer from a younger person with the same name.
MARIItalian
Aphetic form of ALTIMARI.
MARKEnglish
Derived from the given name MARK.
MASIItalian
From the given name Maso a short form of TOMMASO.
MATASpanish, Portuguese, Catalan
From the Old Spanish mata meaning "plantation of trees".
MAUSGerman
From a nickname meaning "mouse" from the word mûs (Middle High German, Old High German).
MEINGerman
Derived from the given name MEINO.
MELOPortuguese
Portuguese form of MERLO.
METZ (1)German
Occupational name for a cutler derived from Middle High German metze "knife".
METZ (2)German
Derived from Mätz, a diminutive form of the given name MATTHIAS.
MOON (1)Korean
Korean form of WEN, from Sino-Korean (mun).
MOON (2)English
Originally indicated a person from the town of Moyon in Normandy.
MOON (3)Irish
Variant of MOHAN.
MORIJapanese
From Japanese (mori) meaning "forest".
MOTOJapanese
From Japanese (moto) meaning "base, root, origin". More commonly it is the final character in Japanese surnames.
NAGIArabic
Variant transcription of NAAJI.
NAGYHungarian
From a nickname meaning "big" or "great" in Hungarian, referring to one's characteristics. This is a very common Hungarian surname.
NAJMArabic
From the given name NAJM.
NANAItalian
From a diminutive of GIOVANNI.
NANIItalian
Variant of NANA.
NASHEnglish
Derived from the Middle English phrase atten ash "at the ash tree". A famous bearer was the mathematician John Nash (1928-).
NASSNorwegian
From the Norwegian word næs meaning "a promontory".
NAVEItalian
From Italian places called Nave.
NEALEnglish
Derived from the given name NEIL.
NEILIrish, Scottish, English
Derived from the given name NEIL.
NEPIItalian
From the town Nepi, which is believed to have been founded by Jewish Italians.
NERIItalian
From the Italian word nero "black". It indicated a person with a dark complexion or dark hair.
NESSScottish, English, Norwegian
Means "headland" in Middle English, originally referring to a person who lived there.
NISIItalian
Means "son of Niso", where Niso is from the Greek name Nisus.
NOELFrench, English
Either from the given name NOËL, or else derived directly from Old French noel "Christmas" and given to a person who had a particular connection with the holiday.
OHMEGerman
Means "uncle".
OLÁHHungarian
Derived from Hungarian volách meaning "Romanian".
OLMOSpanish
Means "elm tree" in Spanish, ultimately from Latin ulmus. The name originally indicated a person who lived near such a tree.
ÖMANSwedish
From the Swedish words ö meaning "island" and man meaning "man". Thus the meaning is "man from the island".
OTISEnglish
Means "son of ODE".
OTTOGerman
From the German given name OTTO.
OWENWelsh
From the Welsh given name OWAIN.
PACEItalian
Derived from the Italian given name Pace which meant "peace".
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