From Italian abate
meaning "abbot, priest", derived via Latin and Greek from an Aramaic word meaning "father". This was used either as a nickname or an occupational name for a worker in a priest's house.
Means "little abbot" from Italian abate
and the diminutive suffix -elli
Means "little abbot" from Italian abate
and the diminutive suffix -icchio
, from Latin -iculus
Derived from medieval Italian accia
meaning "axe", ultimately from Latin ascia
ACKER German, English
Denoted a person who lived near a field, derived from Middle English aker
or Middle High German acker
Means "ploughman", derived from Middle English aker
"field" and man
Means "water" in Spanish, indicating a person who lived near water or worked with water.
Derived from Spanish agua
"water", indicating a person who lived near water or worked with water.
From various place names in Italy, such as Aiello del Friuli, Aiello del Sabato and others. They are derived from Latin agellus
meaning "little field".
From an Italian nickname derived from allegro
meaning "quick, lively".
Indicated a person who was from a farm called Aperloo, probably a derivative of appel
From various Spanish place names, which are derived from Spanish arena
Means "doctor, physician" in German, ultimately from Latin archiater
From Old English æsc
meaning "ash tree", indicating a person who lived near ash trees.
Means "dweller at the fortified town" from Middle English at
From German meaning "meadow by a river, wetland". There are many places with this name in Germany, Austria and Switzerland.
Topographic name for someone who lived by a stream, from Middle High German bach
meaning "stream". This name was borne by members of the Bach musical family, notably the composer Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750).
From Middle English baili
meaning "bailiff", which comes via Old French from Latin baiulus
BAINES (2) English
From a nickname derived from Old English ban
"bones", probably for a thin person.
Occupational name meaning "baker", derived from Middle English bakere
Occupational name for a flag carrier, derived from Old French baniere
meaning "banner", ultimately of Germanic origin.
From Norman French banastre
meaning "basket". This was originally a name for a maker of baskets.
Derived from Old English bærnet
meaning "a place cleared by burning".
Indicated a person who lived near a barrier, from Old French barre
Probably derived from a Middle English word meaning "strife", originally given to a quarrelsome person.
BARROS Portuguese, Spanish
From the Portuguese and Spanish word barro
meaning "clay, mud". This could either be an occupational name for a person who worked with clay or mud such as a builder or artisan, or a topographic name for someone living near clay or mud.
Meaning uncertain, possibly derived from the Germanic word baro
"man, warrior, servant".
Originally a nickname for a short person, from Latin bassus
From a nickname for a combative person. In some cases it may come from the name of English places called Battle
, so named because they were sites of battles.
From Old High German bur
meaning "peasant, farmer".
BECK (3) English
From a nickname for a person with a big nose, from Middle English beke
Derived from Middle High German becker
BELLO Spanish, Italian
Means "beautiful" in Spanish and Italian, originally a nickname for an attractive person.
Derived from a place name, which was derived from Old English burh
From Middle High German biutel
meaning "bag", originally belonging to a person who made or sold bags.
From Italian bianco
meaning "white", originally given to a person who was white-haired or extremely pale.
BIEBER German, Jewish
From Middle High German biber
meaning "beaver", possibly a nickname for a hard worker.
Means "fair-haired, blond" in Italian. This name was borne by the American swimmer Matt Biondi (1965-).
Occupational name for a person who raised or hunted birds.
Means simply "bishop", ultimately from Greek επισκοπος (episkopos)
meaning "overseer". It probably originally referred to a person who served a bishop.
From Old French bis
meaning "drab, dingy", a nickname for someone who looked drab.
Means either "black" (from Old English blæc
) or "pale" (from Old English blac
). It could refer to a person with a pale or a dark complexion, or a person who worked with black dye.
Variant of BLACK
. A famous bearer was the poet and artist William Blake (1757-1827).
Means "white" in French. The name referred to a person who was pale, or whose hair was blond.
Means "white" in Spanish. The name most likely referred to a person who was pale or had blond hair.
Means "blue" in German, most likely used to refer to a person who wore blue clothes.
From a nickname for a person with blue eyes or blue clothing.
Occupational name for a bean grower, derived from Middle High German bone
Topographic name derived from Hungarian bokor
"bush". This is also the name of a village in Hungary.
Topographic name derived from Middle English both
meaning "hut, stall".
From Frankish bord
meaning "board, plank". This name belonged to a person who lived in a house made of planks.
From Swedish borg
meaning "fortification, castle".
Locative origin, from the common place name Borgo
From nickname derived from the Piedmontese dialect word borgno
meaning "one-eyed". This was the real surname of American actor Ernest Borgnine (1917-2012).
Occupational name meaning "cooper, barrel maker" in German.
Derived from an Italian nickname meaning "bull, ox".
From Old French bois
meaning "wood", originally given to someone who lived by or in a wood.
Derived from Old High German brant
"fire". This was a name for a person who lived near an area that had been burned.
Originally a name given to someone who was a Breton or a person from Brittany.
Originally given to a person who was a Briton (a Celt of England) or a Breton (an inhabitant of Brittany).
Denoted a person who lived near a brook, a word derived from Old English broc
Originally a nickname for a person who had brown hair or skin. A notable bearer is Charlie Brown from the 'Peanuts' comic strip by Charles Schulz.
From Middle High German brun
meaning "brown". It was originally a nickname for a person who had brown hair or skin.
Means "brown" in Italian, a nickname for a person with brown hair or brown clothes.
Originally denoted a person who came from Bulgaria, which is named after the Turkic tribe of the Bulgars, itself possibly from a Turkic root meaning "mixed".
From a nickname for a person who acted like a bull.
From Old French burel
, diminutive of bure
, a type of woolen cloth. It may have originated as a nickname for a person who dressed in the material or as an occupational name for someone who worked with it.
BURKE English, Irish
Derived from Middle English burgh
meaning "fortress, fortification, castle". It was brought to Ireland in the 12th century by the Norman invader William FitzAdelm de Burgo.
BURNS (1) English, Scottish
Derived from Old English burna
"stream, spring". A famous bearer was the Scottish poet Robert Burns (1759-1796).
Means "bush" in German, a name for someone who lived close to a thicket.
Originally a name for a person who lived near a prominent bush or thicket.
Occupational name for a butcher, derived from Old French bouchier
BUTLER English, Irish
Occupational name derived from Norman French butiller
"wine steward", ultimately from Late Latin butticula
"bottle". A famous bearer of this surname is the fictional character Rhett Butler, created by Margaret Mitchell for her novel 'Gone with the Wind' (1936).
From places named from Late Latin capralis
meaning "place of goats", derived from Latin capra
From various place names derived from Late Latin capraria
meaning "place of goats", from Latin capra
CAMPANA Italian, Spanish
Occupational name from Late Latin campana
meaning "bell", ultimately derived from the Italian region of Campania, where bells were produced.
CAPELLO (1) Italian
From Late Latin cappa
meaning "cloak, cape, hood". This was a name for one who made or wore cloaks.
Occupational name meaning "captain" in Italian, ultimately from Latin caput
From a nickname for a person with dark features, from Italian carbone
From an Italian nickname meaning "carnival", perhaps given to a festive person.
From the occupation, derived from Middle English carpentier
(ultimately from Latin carpentarius
meaning "carriage maker").
From the Spanish word casal
meaning "house", ultimately from Late Late casalis
and Latin casa
From Middle English castel
meaning "castle", from Late Latin castellum
, originally indicating a person who lived near a castle.
Means "horse" in Italian, an occupational name for a horseman.
From a diminutive of the Old French word chape
meaning "cloak, hood". The name referred to a person who made, sold or often wore cloaks.
Derived from a diminutive form of French charbon
"charcoal", a nickname for a person with black hair or a dark complexion.
Meant "cart" in Old French, used to denote a carter or a cartwright.
From Chinese 陈 (chén)
meaning "exhibit, display, old, ancient" and also referring to the former state of Chen, which existed in what is now Henan province from the 11th to 5th centuries BC.
From a nickname derived from French chevalier
meaning "knight", itself from cheval
meaning "horse", ultimately from Latin caballus
From a diminutive of chèvre
meaning "goat", indicating a person who cultivated goats.
Means "victory" in Khmer, from Sanskrit जय (jaya)
Derived from Czech chmel
"hops", referring to a person who grew hops, a plant used in brewing beer.
From the English word, derived from Old English cirice
, ultimately from Greek κυριακον (kyriakon)
meaning "(house) of the lord". It probably referred to a person who lived close to a church.
Means "siskin" in Czech, referring to a type of bird in the finch family.
Means "cleric" or "scribe", from Old English clerec
meaning "priest", ultimately from Latin clericus
. A famous bearer was William Clark (1770-1838), an explorer of the west of North America.
Means simply "clay", originally referring to a person who lived near or worked with of clay.
Derived from the medieval nickname cok
meaning "rooster, cock". The nickname was commonly added to given names to create diminutives such as Hancock
From the Portuguese word for "rabbit", either a nickname or an occupational name referring to a hunter or seller of rabbits.
From Italian cuoio
meaning "leather", ultimately from Latin corium
. This was an occupational surname for a leather worker or tanner.
Either from Italian colomba
"dove" indicating a dove keeper, or from the given name COLOMBO
, which is derived from the same word. This was the Italian surname of the 15th-century explorer Christopher Columbus.
Occupational name for a keeper of horses, derived from Middle English colt
Derived from Old English coc
meaning "cook", ultimately from Latin coquus
. It was an occupational name for a cook, a man who sold cooked meats, or a keeper of an eating house.
From Old English cumb
meaning "valley", the name of several places in England.
COSTA Portuguese, Italian, Catalan
Means "riverbank, slope, coast" in Portuguese, Italian and Catalan, ultimately from Latin meaning "side, edge".
From Middle English coupe
meaning "barrel", a name for a barrel maker or cooper.
Locative name meaning "cross", ultimately from Latin crux
. It denoted one who lived near a cross symbol or near a crossroads.
DAHL Norwegian, Swedish, Danish
From Old Norse dalr
meaning "valley". A famous of this surname was author Roald Dahl (1916-1990) who is mostly remembered for children's stories such as 'Matilda' and 'Henry Sugar'.
From Old English dæl
meaning "valley", originally indicating a person who lived there.
DAM Dutch, Danish
Means "dike, dam" in Dutch and Danish. In modern Danish it also means "pond".